"Metacognition is a critically important, yet often overlooked component of learning. Effective learning involves planning and goal-setting, monitoring one's progress, and adapting as needed. All of these activities are metacognitive in nature. By teaching students these skills - all of which can be learned - we can improve student learning. There are three critical steps to teaching metacognition:
Teaching students that their ability to learn is mutableTeaching planning and goal-settingGiving students ample opportunities to practice monitoring their learning and adapting as necessary"
Via Howard Rheingold