The words “geodesic dome” are synonymous with Buckminster Fuller.
Popularized in the 1940s, it is a spherical or partially spherical structure built from a network of circles that intersect to form rigid triangular segments that make up a shell. Fuller proposed geodesic domes for numerous projects, from the built Montreal Biosphère to a concept that would have covered all of midtown Manhattan in a dome containing clean air. While Bucky’s legacy is most often associated his with spheres, the architect was not the first to theorize or construct them.
The first constructed geodesic dome was designed by Walther Bauersfield, a german engineer for the Carl Zeiss company. Built on the company’s roof in Jena, Germany, Bauersfield’s sphere contained a planetarium and was opened to the public in July 1926.
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Via Lauren Moss