Aux origines
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Aux origines de l'univers de la vie et de l'humanité...
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De Darwin à Lévi-Strauss

De Darwin à Lévi-Strauss | Aux origines | Scoop.it

De Darwin à Lévi-Strauss, un livre de Pascal Picq qui présente les grands enjeux et les conséquences de l'expansion humaine non seulement pour la planète, mais également pour l'espèce humaine elle-même...

 

À mesure que des espèces disparaissent et que des cultures et des langues meurent, c’est notre avenir et celui de la Terre qui sont compromis. Darwin et Lévi-Strauss nous avaient avertis. Pourquoi ne les a-t-on pas compris ?Finalement le plus terrible ennemi de l'homme... c'est l'homme !

 
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New dig suggests Stonehenge was built to align with summer and winter solstice

New dig suggests Stonehenge was built to align with summer and winter solstice | Aux origines | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —New excavations conducted by English Heritage appear to confirm a theory that suggests that Stonehenge was built where it was because of natural land formations.
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Stonehenge non centra con il Sole?

 Il celebre sito preistorico di Stonehenge, nell'Inghilterra centrale, non ha nulla a che fare con la venerazione del sole da parte degli uomini del neolitico che lo realizzarono. È quanto emerge da nuovi scavi archeologici condotti da English Heritage, l'ente che tutela il patrimonio artistico e archeologico inglese.

La scoperta viene definita come un fondamentale pezzo nel 'puzzlè di misteri che riguarda la struttura. Gli scavi hanno fatto emergere come il sito sia stato realizzato lungo una formazione di terreno risalente all'Era glaciale che si trovava allineato sull'asse del solstizio.

"Questo è molto significativo - ha spiegato l'archeologo Mike Parker Pearson - e ci dice molto sul perché fosse stato scelto questo luogo e perchè la gente preistorica fosse così interessata ai solstizi. Non era per pregare il sole, o per qualche tipo di calendario o osservazione astronomica, ma per l'importanza che questo luogo aveva per loro".

 
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Archaeology: 7000-year-old defensive wall emerges near Bulgaria’s Shoumen

Archaeology: 7000-year-old defensive wall emerges near Bulgaria’s Shoumen | Aux origines | Scoop.it

The dry spell blanketing Bulgaria for the past two months has resulted in an unexpected archaeological discovery, with the remains of a 7000-year-old defensive wall emerging from the waters of the Ticha accumulation lake near the town of Shoumen in northeastern Bulgaria.

The wall is more than five meters tall, made of rocks that are being held together by clay. The wall has an arrowslit and appears to be better built than other fortifications dating back to the same period in this part of Europe, historian Stefan Chohadjiev from Veliko Turnovo University told Bulgarian National Television.

On the southern approach of the hill, the fortification is at its strongest, with three parallel lines of defence built to repel attackers. The inhabitants of the stronghold appear to have been a frequent target of attacks, this being the most likely reason why its defences have been built up, instead of featuring only the more traditional moat, according to Chohadjiev.

Remains of a village that had been inhabited for several centuries can be found inside the wall – most likely, it was the stronghold of the local warlords who ruled the surrounding vale, Chohadjiev said. The items found on the site, including luxury items (marble and jade jewellery) and military equipment, appear to confirm such a hypothesis, he said.

 
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Ancient Road Leading to Stonehenge Found

Ancient Road Leading to Stonehenge Found | Aux origines | Scoop.it
Removal of a modern road, combined with a dry summer, has revealed traces of an ancient road that once led up to the Stone Circle, as well as evidence that the stone circle was once complete.
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New tomb and passage found at Newgrange

New tomb and passage found at Newgrange | Aux origines | Scoop.it
ARCHAEOLOGISTS who discovered a new passage tomb near Newgrange want it declared a national monument.

 

Using light detection and ranging imaging known as LiDar, an underground passageway and several other previously undetected features have been discovered near the river Boyne, Co Meath, on private land south-west of Newgrange.

The LiDar imagery showed a mound with a circular enclosure, while further work involving new technologies, known as magnetic radiometry and resistivity, unveiled a definite passage, leading northeast out of the newly discovered tomb.

 
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Processed Food: A 2-Million-Year History

Processed Food: A 2-Million-Year History | Aux origines | Scoop.it
It is the dark force, we're told, behind the obesity epidemic, the death of the family farm and Tang. But humans have been “processing” food ever since we learned how to cook, preserve, ferment, freeze, dry or extract.
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Evidence of Solomon's mines: Archaeologists dates mines in south of Israel to days of King Solomon

Evidence of Solomon's mines: Archaeologists dates mines in south of Israel to days of King Solomon | Aux origines | Scoop.it
New findings from an archaeological excavation provide evidence that copper mines in Israel thought to have been built by the ancient Egyptians in the 13th century BCE actually originated three centuries later, during the reign of the legendary...
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Jomon pottery found in shape of human face

Jomon pottery found in shape of human face | Aux origines | Scoop.it
HIROSAKI, Aomori—A shallow earthenware bowl, sculpted with human facial features and believed to have been used for rituals in the late Jomon period, has been excavated from an archaeological site in Goshogawara, Aomori Prefecture, according to the...
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New work sets timeline for the first pharaohs

New work sets timeline for the first pharaohs | Aux origines | Scoop.it

Archaeologists drawing on a wide range of tools said they had pinpointed the crucial time in world history when Egypt emerged as a distinct state. Experts have wrangled for decades as to when turbulent upper and lower Egypt were brought together under a stable, single ruler for the first time.

Conventional estimates, based on the evolving styles of ceramics found in human burials, vary hugely, from 3400 to 2900 BC.

A team led by Oxford University's Michael Dee, reporting in the British journal Proceedings of the Royal Society A, widen the methods used for estimating the date.

 
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Even Ancient Peoples Liked To Get Lucky

Even Ancient Peoples Liked To Get Lucky | Aux origines | Scoop.it
A fascinating find in southeastern Turkey may provide clues to the leisure activities of ancient cultures in the region thousands of years ago.
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DNA study uncovers mystery genealogy of the Orkney vole

IT is a mystery that has long perplexed scientists, but questions about the origins of the Orkney vole have at last been solved by DNA analysis.
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Jurassic jaws: How ancient crocodiles flourished during the age of the dinosaurs

Jurassic jaws: How ancient crocodiles flourished during the age of the dinosaurs | Aux origines | Scoop.it
New research has revealed the hidden past of crocodiles, showing for the first time how these fierce reptiles evolved and survived in a dinosaur dominated world.
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Archeologists date human femur found in northern Britain to 10,000 years ago

Archeologists date human femur found in northern Britain to 10,000 years ago | Aux origines | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —A trio of archeologists has found that a human femur unearthed in a cave in the early 1990s, in northern Britain dates back to over 10,000 years ago.
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Túmulos funerarios de siete milenios

Túmulos funerarios de siete milenios | Aux origines | Scoop.it
Adentrarse en los cortados de Gorafe es entrar en la mayor concentración megalítica de la península con 240 dólmenes
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The Archaeology News Network: Sourcing obsidian artefacts in only 10 seconds

The Archaeology News Network: Sourcing obsidian artefacts in only 10 seconds | Aux origines | Scoop.it

Researchers at the University of Sheffield have developed a method of sourcing obsidian artefacts that takes only 10 seconds -- dozens of times faster than the current methods -- with a handheld instrument that can be used at archaeological excavations.

 
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The Archaeology News Network: Stonehenge was built on solstice axis, dig confirms

The Archaeology News Network: Stonehenge was built on solstice axis, dig confirms | Aux origines | Scoop.it
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New passage-tomb discovery near Newgrange

New passage-tomb discovery near Newgrange | Aux origines | Scoop.it

Details of the “first passage-tomb to be discovered in in Boyne Valley in 200 years” have been reported in the Sept 7 edition of the Meath Chronicle. It was recently discovered along with many other previously unknown features by archaeologists using light detection and ranging imaging (LiDAR).

 

The archaeologists, led by Kevin Barton, have called for a fully comprehensive research project in order to fully assess the results of the entire LiDAR survey performed in and around the Brú na Bóinne UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 
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Yeast: Making Food Great for 5,000 Years. But What Exactly Is it?

Yeast: Making Food Great for 5,000 Years. But What Exactly Is it? | Aux origines | Scoop.it
Fire was the first force of nature tamed for cooking. Yeast was second.



In the early days of ancient Egypt, around 3100 B.C., there lived a ruler ...
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Une nouvelle chronologie pour l'origine de l'ancienne Egypte

Une nouvelle chronologie pour l'origine de l'ancienne Egypte | Aux origines | Scoop.it
Un nouvelle chronologie pour l'origine de l'Egypte ancienne a été établi par les scientifiques.
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Evolution Is an Opportunist

Evolution Is an Opportunist | Aux origines | Scoop.it
A computational study reveals surprising flexibility hidden within metabolic networks, providing new evidence for an evolutionary concept called exaptation
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The Archaeology News Network: Neolithic burials found at Hasankeyf tumulus

The Archaeology News Network: Neolithic burials found at Hasankeyf tumulus | Aux origines | Scoop.it

Excavations carried out by a Japanese team in Batman’s ancient city of Hasankeyf (Greek Kiphas) have revealed painted graves from the Neolithic age 11,500 years ago. Human skeletons were found in the graves. Hasankeyf attracts 500,000 visitors from all around the world each year, yet part of Hasankeyf’s historical area will be flooded once the Ilısu Dam project starts.

 
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Carbon dating shows ancient Egypt's rapid expansion

Carbon dating shows ancient Egypt's rapid expansion | Aux origines | Scoop.it
Ancient Egypt, the prototype state, became a powerful civilisation surprisingly fast, according to radiocarbon dating that sets the first solid chronology
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