Aux origines
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Aux origines de l'univers de la vie et de l'humanité...
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Archaeologists unearth earliest complete human figurine in Cyprus

Archaeologists unearth earliest complete human figurine in Cyprus | Aux origines | Scoop.it

EXCAVATIONS at Ayia Varvara-Asprokremnos have uncovered the earliest complete human figurine currently known on Cyprus, the Antiquities Department said yesterday.

The age of the statue could range from 10,500 to 11,000 years old based on the fact it was discovered at a site that has been radio-carbon dated to between 8800-8600 BC.

 
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Biblical-Era Town Discovered Along Sea of Galilee

Biblical-Era Town Discovered Along Sea of Galilee | Aux origines | Scoop.it
The ancient town may be Dalmanutha, described in the Gospel of Mark as the place Jesus sailed to after miraculously feeding 4,000 people by multiplying a few fish and loaves of bread.
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La vie sur les continents est apparue bien plus tôt qu'on ne pensait

La vie sur les continents est apparue bien plus tôt qu'on ne pensait | Aux origines | Scoop.it
De nouveaux fossiles découverts en Afrique du Sud et mesurant autour d'un millimètre, repoussent les origines de la vie sur les continents à il y a environ 2,2 milliards d'années. La vie terrestre pourrait être quatre fois plus vieille que ce que...
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Neolithic agriculture on the European western frontier: the boom and bust of early farming in Ireland

Neolithic agriculture on the European western frontier: the boom and bust of early farming in Ireland | Aux origines | Scoop.it

A multi-disciplinary study assessing the evidence for agriculture in Neolithic Ireland is presented, examining the timing, extent and nature of settlement and farming. Bayesian analyses of palaeoenvironmental and archaeological 14C data have allowed us to re-examine evidential strands within a strong chronological framework. While the nature and timing of the very beginning of the Neolithic in Ireland is still debated, our results – based on new Bayesian chronologies of plant macro-remains – are consistent with a rapid and abrupt transition to agriculture from c. 3750 cal BC, though there are hints of earlier Neolithic presence at a number of sites. 

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Escocia tiene polvos más viejos que Stonehenge

Escocia tiene polvos más viejos que Stonehenge | Aux origines | Scoop.it
El descubrimiento de un complejo con más de 100 edificaciones, además de cuatro formaciones megalíticas, colocan a las islas Orcadas como la puerta al neolítico
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El 'Stonehenge' escocés

El 'Stonehenge' escocés | Aux origines | Scoop.it
El Stonehenge escocés Las espectaculares estructuras desenterradas en las Islas Orcadas han revelado que esta zona fue la cuna del Neolítico británico.
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Artifacts in northern Quebec could be 7,000 years old

Artifacts in northern Quebec could be 7,000 years old | Aux origines | Scoop.it
The rough-looking stone blades and arrowheads found on Waskaganish territory could reveal how people lived in Canada thousands of years ago.
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Who was eating salmon 45,000 years ago in the Caucasus?

Why did anatomically modern humans replace Neandertals in Europe around 40,000 years ago?
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Neolithic man and the Gold of the Getae in the runoff for the TOP 20 Wonders of Bulgaria

Sofia. The Neolithic man from village of Krum (Dimitrovgrad) and the Gold of the Getae of the Omurtagov mound are the two archeological discoveries which are going to the runoff of the Top 20 Wonders of Bulgaria.
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Artefacts looted from ancient Memphis

Artefacts looted from ancient Memphis | Aux origines | Scoop.it

An investigation is underway into the looting of Ancient Egyptian artefacts from Mit-Rahina (once known as Memphis). Egypt's prosecutor-general is investigating the theft of hundreds of objects from galleries in Mit Rahina – known in Ancient Egypt as Memphis {Credit: Ahram] Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim has asked the prosecutor-general to question representatives from the Ancient Egyptian department at the antiquities...

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Ancient path leading to Stonehenge discovered

Ancient path leading to Stonehenge discovered | Aux origines | Scoop.it

A pair of ditches discovered during work to cover up the main road running through Stonehenge have proven that the famous monuments were once connected to the River Avon by a formal processional approach.

Found near the Heel Stone lying about 24 metres from the entrance to Stonehenge, the ditches represent either side of The Avenue, a long, linear feature to the north-east of the site which has been severed for centuries by the A344.

 
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Des archéologues auraient trouvé la Dalmanutha de l’Évangile de Marc

Des archéologues de l’université britannique de Reading affirment avoir découvert, au bord du lac de Tibériade (nord d’Israël), l’antique ville de Dalmanutha, mentionnée dans l’Évangile de Marc.

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Une collision, de la glace et hop de la vie

Des chercheurs anglais viennent de publier un papier où ils expliquent comment le cosmos peut se transformer en une fabrique d'acides aminés, les éléments indispensables à l'apparition de la vie telle que nous la connaissons sur terre. Pour obtenir cette soupe magique, ce n'est finalement pas si compliqué. Il faut une bonne collision, de la glace et un peu de chance. Avec ce cocktail, la réaction au début de la vie peut se faire un peu partout... dans l'espace. Le procédé présenté par les anglais demande quelques molécules de base et engendre des éléments plus complexes comme les acides aminés. Ce principe alliant météorites et glace permettrait d'expliquer pourquoi la vie est apparue de façon aussi rapide sur terre. Au final, il n'a fallu que quelques centaines de millions d'années pour provoquer le déclenchement de la vie sur terre. Certainement juste après une période d'intenses chutes de comètes et de météorites. La terre n'est pas l'unique endroit où le procédé peut fonctionner. Par exemple, la lune de Jupiter, Europe, présente des quantités importantes de glace. Cette lune, en recevant des impacts réguliers de météorites est une bonne candidate pour devenir une usine à acides aminés.

 
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La vie sur les continents est apparue bien plus tôt qu'on ne pensait

La vie sur les continents est apparue bien plus tôt qu'on ne pensait | Aux origines | Scoop.it
De nouveaux fossiles découverts en Afrique du Sud et mesurant autour d'un millimètre, repoussent les origines de la vie sur les continents à il y a environ 2,2 milliards d'années. La vie terrestre pourrait être quatre fois plus vieille que ce que...
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Neanderthal diet more varied than previously thought

Neanderthal diet more varied than previously thought | Aux origines | Scoop.it

Why did anatomically modern humans replace Neanderthals in Europe around 40,000 years ago? One hypothesis suggests that Neandertals were rigid in their dietary choice, targeting large herbivorous mammals, such as horse, bison and mammoths, while modern humans also exploited a wider diversity of dietary resources, including fish. This dietary flexibility of modern humans would have been a big advantage when competing with Neanderthals...

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Ancient genomes mirror mode of subsistence rather than geography in prehistoric Europe

Recent ancient DNA studies have provided new evidence for prehistoric population structure associated with the contentious transition to an agricultural lifestyle in Europe. In this study, we infer human population structure and history in Holocene Europe by generating ancient genomic sequence data from 9 Scandinavian individuals associated with the foraging Pitted Ware Culture and the agricultural Funnel Beaker Culture (TRB). We obtained up to 1.1x coverage of the genomes for the nine individuals allowing direct comparisons of the two groups. We show that the Neolithic Scandinavian individuals show remarkable population structure corresponding to their cultural association...


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Peru discovers 40 million year old whale fossils in desert

Peru discovers 40 million year old whale fossils in desert | Aux origines | Scoop.it

A team of palaeontologists have unearthed a trove of ancient whale fossils, believed to be more than 40 million years old, in Peru’s Ocucaje desert. The ancient fossil of a 40 million-year-old 'walking whale' has been unearthed by Peruvian palaeontologists [Credit: Euronews] The discovery provides new evidence of the evolutionary link between sea mammals and their land-dwelling ancestors. Palaeontologist Rodolfo Salas...

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Dinosaur wind tunnel test provides new insight into the evolution of bird flight (w/ Video)

Dinosaur wind tunnel test provides new insight into the evolution of bird flight (w/ Video) | Aux origines | Scoop.it
A study into the aerodynamic performance of feathered dinosaurs, by scientists from the University of Southampton, has provided new insight into the evolution of bird flight.
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Mt. Zion dig reveals possible second temple period priestly mansion

Mt. Zion dig reveals possible second temple period priestly mansion | Aux origines | Scoop.it
In excavating sites in a long-inhabited urban area like Jerusalem, archaeologists are accustomed to noting complexity in their finds—how various occupying civilizations layer over one another during the site's continuous use over millennia.
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Excavation may reveal secret of the Hurlers

Excavation may reveal secret of the Hurlers | Aux origines | Scoop.it

A Bronze Age crystal pavement described as "unique" by archaeologists is to be uncovered for the first time since the 1930s. The monument, at the Hurlers stone circle on Bodmin Moor, is believed to be the only one of its kind in the British Isles. Scientists and historians hope that by studying it they will gain a better understanding of early civilisations.
Organised by the Caradon Hill Area Heritage Project, "Mapping the Sun" will be led by a team from Cornwall Council's Historic Environment department. Archaeologists will be setting up at the site close to the village of Minions this weekend and the excavation will be open to the public between Tuesday and Saturday.


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Significance of Megalithic Monuments in Atlantic Europe?

Significance of Megalithic Monuments in Atlantic Europe? | Aux origines | Scoop.it
An archaeologists analysis on how the construction of megalithic monuments in Atlantic Europe are not restricted to a single purpose, nor how they reflect one aspect of the community that built them.
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Chype à lâge du bronze était un centre important du commerce méditerranéen

Chype à lâge du bronze était un centre important du commerce méditerranéen | Aux origines | Scoop.it
Le site de l'âge du bronze, Hala Sultan Tekke, à Chypre était un centre d'échange important pour la région mais aussi pour le commerce longue distance.
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