The Uluzzian is a stone tool industry found stratigraphically between the late Mousterian and the early Upper Palaeolithic at sites in Italy and Greece. It’s a flake-based industry with lunates, crescent-shaped backed pieces, as type fossil. Alongside these lithic types bone points, perforated shell beads and mineral pigments are found. Only at one site, Cavallo Cave, the Uluzzian is associated with human remains; two deciduous teeth which were recently reassigned to modern humans. The Uluzzian is therefore a crucial entity to better understand ‘transitional’ technocomplexes and the early arrival of modern humans in Europe. A recent study, published in Journal of Human Evolution, aimed to shed new light on the actual chronology of this industry.