The temple, which was built before the invention of writing, held humanlike figurines, sacrificed animal remains and possible altars. It was part of a sprawling settlement in the Ukraine, archaeologists found using geomagnetic surveys.
Dans une bonne partie du monde, et pendant presque un millénaire, les formes alphabétiques les plus visibles et identifiables furent gravées dans la pierre, sur les statues et monuments romains. Carrée, austère, solide: si vous lisiez (ou plus probablement, si vous regardiez) une...
Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.
The passage of the millennia has brought us traces of ancient civilizations that shone enough to make their cultural glimpses last through the ages. Humanity itself has featured in the art, culture, and funerary rites of these civilizations, so while from a mollusk we only find a trace of fossilized shell, from a human we find much more than just remains, we find pyramids, mounds, sculptures, coins, tools, weapons, scripts, treasures, houses, palaces, altars, and more.
Scientists have identified some of the earliest cave paintings produced by humans. The artworks are in a rural area on the Indonesian Island of Sulawesi. Until now, paintings this old had been confirmed in caves only in Western Europe. Researchers tell the journal Nature that the Indonesian discovery transforms ideas about how humans first developed the ability to produce art.
The Trypillia (Russian Tripolye) mega-sites in the Kirovograd and Cherkassy regions of Ukraine constitute the largest sites in fourth millennium BC Europe (Videiko 2004). Discovered in the 1970s, aerial photography and geophysical prospection were used to produce plans of these sites in what has been termed 'the first mega-site methodological revolution' (Videiko 2012). The five largest mega-sites are Taljanky (340ha), Nebelivka (260ha), Dobrovody (250ha), Tomashivka (220ha) and Maydanetskoe (200ha) (Videiko 2012). At Taljanky, over 2000 structures have been documented by geophysical prospection and excavation (Burdo et al. 2012). The resulting population estimates, together with an apparent three-level settlement hierarchy (Ellis 1984), imply the possibility of state-level societies contemporary with Uruk developments in Iraq. The rationale, origins and collapse of these large sites, however, has remained unclear, as has their impact on the local environment and their place in local and regional settlement structures.
C'est le plus ancien exemple connu d'organes sexuelles. Des chercheurs australiens auraient découvert la pratique reproductrice de ces poissons appelés Dicki, de la famille des Microbrachius, par l'observation de fossiles. L'espèce aurait vécu dans les lacs écossais il y a plus de 385 millions d'années, et profiterait de relations sexuelles depuis 365 millions d'années.
Le suspens qui tient en haleine la Grèce mais aussi l’ensemble de la communauté archéologique mondiale depuis plusieurs mois pourrait bientôt toucher à sa fin. L’identité de la personnalité reposant depuis près de deux mille trois cents ans dans le vaste tombeau d’Amphipolis (nord-est de la Grèce) pourrait être révélée par l’analyse méticuleuse d’une imposante mosaïque découverte, dimanche 12 octobre, sur le sol de la seconde salle du tumulus.
A l'occasion des 40 ans de la découverte de Lucy, La Tête au carré réunit les deux célèbres paléontologues Yves Coppens et Michel Brunet pour une discussion animée sur Lucy, Toumaï et de l'East side story...
Biologist Mark Pagel shares an intriguing theory about why humans evolved our complex system of language. He suggests that language is a piece of "social technology" that allowed early human tribes to access a powerful new tool: cooperation.
Artwork in an Indonesian cave has been found to date back at least 40,000 years, making it the oldest sign yet of human creative art — likely pre-dating art from European caves.
The analysis hints at “just what a wealth of undiscovered information there is in Asia”, says Alistair Pike, an archaeologist at the University of Southampton, UK, who in 2013 identified what had been considered the world’s oldest cave art, in Europe2, and had no involvement in the current project. “This paper will likely prompt a hunt.”