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Informationen zu Landschaft, Landwirtschaft, Geschichte, Politik Australiens
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Sojaanbau in der Donauregion wächst weiter

Sojaanbau in der Donauregion wächst weiter | Australien | Scoop.it
Im Anschluss an ihr Ost-West-Eiweißforum wies die Initiative vergangene Woche in Berlin darauf hin, dass in diesem Jahr in der Donauregion voraussichtlich bereits 2,8 Mio. t Soja produziert würden. Zuzüglich des Aufkommens, das die Landwirte in der Ukraine und Frankreich produzieren, werde eine Gesamtmenge von 7,7 Mio. t Soja erreicht. „In zehn Jahren könnte Europa diese Menge ohne weiteres mehr als verdoppeln“, zeigte sich der Vorstandsvorsitzende von Donau-Soja, Matthias Krön, überzeugt.

Zusammen mit anderen europäischen Eiweißquellen, dem reduzierten Konsum von tierischem Eiweiß und mehr Importen an zertifiziertem Soja wie Pro-Terra könnte Europa bis 2025 durchaus den Umstieg in eine nachhaltige Eiweißversorgung schaffen. Deutschland habe derzeit einen jährlichen Bedarf von 5,9 Mio. t und sei damit der größte Sojaverbraucher Europas, so Krön. Allein mit dem Zuwachs der Sojaanbaufläche im Jahr 2015 könnte man den österreichischen Bedarf von etwa 600.000 t decken.
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George the Farmer - PR für Landwirtschaft in Australien

George the Farmer - PR für Landwirtschaft in Australien | Australien | Scoop.it

Eigentlich ist das Bild der Landwirtschaft in Australien besser als Deutschland, aber auch "down under" verlieren die Menschen den Kontakt zur Produktion. Hier wurde jetzt ein Charakter geschaffen, um Kinder über  Landwirtschaft zu informieren.  

AckerbauHalle's insight:

Eigentlich ist das Bild der Landwirtschaft in Australien besser als Deutschland, aber auch "down under" verlieren die Menschen den Kontakt zur Produktion. Hier wurde jetzt ein Charakter geschaffen, um Kinder über  Landwirtschaft zu informieren.  

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Umweltbelastende Stoffeinträge aus der Landwirtschaft

Umweltbelastende Stoffeinträge aus der Landwirtschaft | Australien | Scoop.it
Umweltbelastende Stoffeinträge aus der Landwirtschaft
Möglichkeiten und Maßnahmen zu ihrer Minderung in der konventionellen Landwirtschaft und im ökologischen Landbau
Die Landwirtschaft ist mit über 50 Prozent der mit Abstand größte Flächennutzer Deutschlands. Trotz ihres geringen Anteils am Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) von unter einem Prozent ist sie ein bedeutender Wirtschaftszweig der deutschen Volkswirtschaft. Während in den letzten 30 Jahren die meisten Branchen durch Innovation und technischen Fortschritt große Erfolge bei der Reduzierung der Stoffeinträge in die Umwelt erreichen konnten, zeigen sich bei den landwirtschaftlichen Emissionen nur geringe Verbesserungen.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

UBA Studie zur Landwirtschaft jetzt vollständig verfügbar zum Download. 

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Kidman cattle properties up for sale

Kidman cattle properties up for sale | Australien | Scoop.it
Australia's biggest private landholding, which includes the world's largest cattle station, is up for sale by S. Kidman and Co.

Sir Sidney Kidman in photos


Sir Sidney Kidman's great-grandson Christo Reid documents the life of the 'cattle king' with family photos.
Eleven cattle stations covering more than 100,000 square kilometres are being offered, including all stock and equipment.

S. Kidman and Co. is a majority family owned business, with 98 per cent of the shares in the unlisted public company owned by members of the Kidman family.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Der größte private Landbesitz in Australien steht zum Verkauf. Wer also den ein oder anderen EURO in seinem Sparschwein gehortet hat, kann mitbieten. Es sollte allerdings ein großes Sparschwein (wo sparen eigentlich Veganer, aber egal?) sein, denn der Landbesitz umfasst 100.000 km2 (10 Mio. ha). 

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Carbon balance of an intensively grazed temperate dairy pasture over four years

Carbon balance of an intensively grazed temperate dairy pasture over four years | Australien | Scoop.it
Abstract
We estimated the net ecosystem carbon (C) balance (NECB) of a temperate pasture in the North Island of New Zealand for four years (2008–2011). The pasture was intensively managed with addition of fertiliser and year-round rotational grazing by dairy cows. Climatic conditions and management practices had a large impact on CO2 exchange, with a severe drought in one year and cultivation in another both causing large short-term (∼3 months) net losses of CO2–C (100–200 g C m−2). However, CO2 was regained later in both of these years so that on annual timescales, the site was a CO2 sink or CO2 neutral. Management practices such as effluent application and harvesting silage also influenced non-CO2–C fluxes, and had a large impact on annual NECB. Despite these major environmental or management perturbations, both NEP and NECB were relatively constant on annual timescales. It is likely that this apparent resilience of the CO2 and C balance to perturbations was at least partly attributable to the relatively warm temperatures, also in winter, providing good growing conditions year-round (in the absence of major perturbations such as moisture stress). In several instances, the farmer’s decisions aimed at maintaining a constant milk yield between years also appeared to contribute to a relatively stable C balance.

Averaged over the full four-year study period, the site was a net sink for both CO2 (NEP = 165 ± 51 g C m−2 y−1), and total C (NECB = 61 ± 53 g C m−2 y−1) after non-CO2–C fluxes were accounted for. Annual NEP and NECB values were similar to results collated from other managed temperate grasslands on mineral soils globally, for which average NEP and NECB were 188 ± 44 g C m−2 y−1 and 44 ± 33 g C m−2 y−1, respectively. In the global dataset, we noted a general trend for increased C sequestration with increasing NEP, suggesting that it may be possible to meet the dual goal of increased pasture production (thus milk, meat and fiber production) and increasing soil C storage in managed temperate grasslands. Identification of management practices that increase C storage while maintaining or enhancing pasture production requires more standardised reporting between NECB studies, and experiments involving side-by-side comparison of treatment and control plots.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Interesting publication on system analysis of a pasture with carbon balances

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Causes of yield stagnation in irrigated lowland rice systems in the Senegal River Valley: Application of dichotomous decision tree analysis

Causes of yield stagnation in irrigated lowland rice systems in the Senegal River Valley: Application of dichotomous decision tree analysis | Australien | Scoop.it
Abstract
In the Senegal River Valley (SRV), there was substantial yield gap between potential and actual yield obtained by farmers in irrigated rice production systems. Integrated crop management (ICM), covering almost all the agricultural practices from land preparation to harvest, was introduced to farmers for boosting yields since the early 2000s. A repeated farm survey was conducted over the period 2002–2010 to monitor farmers’ agricultural practices during the wet season in the Delta and Middle Valley of the SRV. The objectives of this study were to: (i) assess spatial and temporal variation in on-farm yields, and (ii) determine factors affecting variation in the yields through Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. The data set consists of 829 farmer-year observations. While mean yields across nine years were 5.0 and 5.6 t/ha in the Delta and Middle Valley, respectively, mean attainable yields (upper 10 percentile) were 7.2 and 8.6 t/ha, respectively. Yield gap between attainable yield and mean yield was 2.2–3 t/ha. There were no temporal trends in yield or yield gap in either zone. CART analysis identified six and eight yield determining factors. The primary factor was sowing time, and delayed sowing resulted in yield reduction by around 1 t/ha in both zones. The major reasons behind delayed sowing were related to availability of credit, machinery, and irrigation water. The two other commonly identified factors were fertilizer management and bird control. We conclude that creating enabling environment through institutional arrangements for improving access to resources and machineries is essential for enhancing the adoption of ICM and breaking the yield stagnation. Development of alternative agricultural practices such as no tillage system is also needed to help farmers practice timely sowing.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Yield gap analysis for lowland rice production systems

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Under the sun: Australia's largest solar farm set to sprout in a Queensland field

Under the sun: Australia's largest solar farm set to sprout in a Queensland field | Australien | Scoop.it
A sea of glass panels may soon be sprawling across a paddock in Queensland’s Darling Downs cranking out two gigawatts of energy – 100 times more than the largest solar farm in Australia today – and a former top flight barrister is the unusual shining light behind its development
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Australien plant große Solaranlage 

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Kangaroo population boom costly for farmers - Agriculture - General - News - The Land

Kangaroo population boom costly for farmers - Agriculture - General - News - The Land | Australien | Scoop.it

SINCE the demise of the Russian export market for kangaroo meat, which collapsed in 2008, roo populations have boomed. 

A perfect storm of factors, such as cash-flow stagnation due to drought, high labour costs and poor market demand have created an environment where this native to the outback is now eating itself, and farmers, out of house and home. 

To do nothing is too destructive to the land. To act is expensive. 

Forced into action, Coolabah graziers Noel and Lynette Dunn have installed high cost exclusion fencing on their property "Bundong", to protect their pastures and water resources. 

"A lot of time and money goes into excluding kangaroos," Mr Dunn said. 

"We are running as many kangaroos and wildlife as we are profitable livestock. 

"As dry times come and go we find ourselves without feed and feral animals play a huge role in that. 

"So we were running into trouble, and noticing we were losing feed to these animals that we don't make a dollar out of." 

The Dunns have installed about 50 kilometres of fencing at their own cost to encompass 6500 hectares of their 8500ha property.

AckerbauHalle's insight:

Der Zusammenbruch des Exportmarktes für Känguru-Fleisch nach Russland bringt in Australien Probleme. 

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Probleme mit Mykotoxinen?

Probleme mit Mykotoxinen? | Australien | Scoop.it
Aus verschiedenen Regionen Deutschlands und Europas wird über Maispartien mit erheblicher Belastung mit dem Mykotoxin Desoxynivalenol (DON) berichtet. Auch in den NRW Landessortenversuchen mit Körnermais wurden an einigen Standorten und…
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New laws for raw milk in Victoria

New laws for raw milk in Victoria | Australien | Scoop.it
The Victorian government will introduce laws to make raw or bath milk undrinkable.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Nach einem Todesfall auf Grund des Konsums von Rohmilch, will der Bundesstaat ein klares Verkaufsverbot aussprechen. 

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▶ The Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia - YouTube

▶ The Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia - YouTube | Australien | Scoop.it

Video zu dem This animation explores the science and technology behind the Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia. The Grid is the most comprehensive nation-wide soil and l...

AckerbauHalle's insight:

Schönes Video zu einem Projekt aus dem Bereich Bodenkunde in Australien

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Nutzung von Kamelen in Australien

Nutzung von Kamelen in Australien | Australien | Scoop.it
PIP COURTNEY, PRESENTER: Australia's wild camel industry is struggling after an estimated 160,000 head was shot in a national culling program.

While reducing the number of feral camels has taken the pressure off sensitive environmental areas and farm infrastructure, critics say it wasted millions of dollars and raised questions about the welfare of animals shot from helicopters. With demand for camel meat rising, the question is being asked: should wild camels be seen as a pest or a resource?

And a warning: this report from Tahmina Ansari contains some distressing images.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Noch ein Bericht von ABC Landline. Hier geht es um die Frage, ob die Kamele aus Gründen der Umweltsicherung (es sind nicht heimische, eingeführte Tiere) getötet werden sollen, oder soll eine Nutzung für Fleischzwecke forciert werden.

Tolle historische Bilder, aber was sag ich hier an einem kalten Novembertag in Sachsen.  Vielleicht hätten wir uns 1992 doch anders entscheiden sollen? Zu spät. 

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▶ I'm So Farmer (Farm Parody Medley) - Peterson Brothers

Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/PetersonFarmBros Website: http://www.petersonfarmbros.com Twitter: @gregpeterson33 @npete16 @kmerle7 Instagram: @grego...
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Bin nicht ganz sicher, ob sich die Adaptionen der Peterson Brothers nicht inzwischen etwa überlebt haben. Entscheiden sie selbst. 

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Blick zurück #13 - YouTube

Kurz und knapp, ohne Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit und völlig subjektiv in der Auswahl. Was ist mir aufgefallen in der letzten Woche in Umfeld Agrarwissenscha...
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Kurz und knapp, ohne Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit und völlig subjektiv in der Auswahl.

 

Was ist mir aufgefallen in der letzten Woche in Umfeld Agrarwissenschaften, Landwirtschaft, Nachhaltigkeit usw. usw.

Ganz persönlich auf der Basis der aktuellen Meldungen aus Scoop.it:

http://www.scoop.it/t/agrarforschung

Dort finden sich dann auch die entsprechende Links zur den Originalartikel oder Videos.

 

Hier sind die Links zu den Videos dieser Folge:

 

http://blog.globalplantcouncil.org/global-change/the-nature-of-crop-domestication/

 

http://buel.bmel.de/index.php/buel/article/view/64/Pelka-93-1-html

 

http://www.sciencemag.org/content/348/6235/1261071

 

http://www.abc.net.au/landline/content/2015/s4232840.htm

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Wie "Work and Travel"-Urlauber ausgebeutet werden

Wie "Work and Travel"-Urlauber ausgebeutet werden | Australien | Scoop.it
Ausländische Gelegenheitsarbeiter sollen auf australischen Farmen unterbezahlt, schikaniert und sogar sexuell belästigt worden sein. Das berichtet ein australisches TV-Magazin.
Durch den Missbrauch von "Work-and-Travel"-Arbeitern senken die betroffenen Firmen ihre Produktionspreise. Damit verdrängen sie ihre Mitbewerber vom Markt.
"Work-and-Travel"-Urlaube, bei denen sich Reisende mit Gelegenheitsjobs ihren Unterhalt verdienen, sind bei jungen Europäern sehr populär.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

nicht gut

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Pflanzenschutz/GVO-Saatgut-Kombi "Enlist Duo" in weiteren US-Staaten zugelassen

Pflanzenschutz/GVO-Saatgut-Kombi "Enlist Duo" in weiteren US-Staaten zugelassen | Australien | Scoop.it
US-amerikanische Farmer in neun weiteren Bundesstaaten dürfen ab jetzt das Herbizid „Enlist Duo“, das neben Glyphosat auch 2,4-D enthält, einsetzen. Das berichtet der Informationsdienst Gentechnik unter Berufung auf die Umweltbehörde EPA. Hersteller Dow Agrosciences hat dazu das passende, tolerante Mais- und Sojasaatgut im Programm.
„Enlist Duo“ ist demnach nun in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota und Oklahoma auf dem Markt. Seit Oktober durfte es bereits in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, South Dakota und Wisconsin eingesetzt werden.
Dow hofft, mit der Kombination der Gentechnik-Pflanzen und der neuen Mischung das gravierende Resistenzproblem in den Griff zu bekommen, das vor allem bei „Roundup Ready“ besteht. Das „Enlist“-System könne Abhilfe schaffen, verspricht der Konzern.
Umweltschützer warnen dagegen, die Wirkstoffe Glyphosat und 2,4-D könnten bei Menschen zu Erkrankungen des Lymphsystems und Krebs führen.
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Banned pesticide used to grow 70pc of Australian strawberries

Banned pesticide used to grow 70pc of Australian strawberries | Australien | Scoop.it
About 70 per cent of Australian strawberries are being grown on runners that have been fumigated with an environmentally damaging pesticide that has been banned around the world.

Methyl bromide is an odourless and colourless gas which was banned under the United Nations Montreal Protocol in 1989 because it depletes the ozone layer.

Australia agreed to phase it out by 2005 but a decade later, nine strawberry runner growers at Toolangi, in Victoria's Yarra Valley, are still using nearly 30 tonnes a year.

They produce 100 million strawberry runners annually, which in turn generate about 70 per cent of Australian strawberries.

Each year they apply to the UN for a critical use exemption from the ban, claiming the alternatives are financially crippling.

The co-chair of the UN Methyl Bromide Technical Options committee, Dr Ian Porter, said the situation was frustrating.

"Internationally, we've gotten rid of 85 per cent of methyl bromide, and it's a great win for mankind — in fact it's the best environmental gain that's been made," he said.

"[The strawberry runner growers] want to get rid of it, but there's a responsibility to provide high-health runners for the industry.

"It's frustrating ... but we don't want industries to fall over economically or technically. We don't want more disease or pests in Australia."

Environmental Justice Australia said it was concerned the growers were using a loophole to continue their use of methyl bromide.

"I think if people did know more about this issue, they'd be very concerned that the strawberries they're consuming are contributing to this significant environmental issue," chief executive Brendan Sydes said.

"There was a commitment to phase out this chemical by 2005 and yet, despite that, we're continuing to use it in this industry. It's a real concern.

"I think it's a real failure of the industry to come up with some alternative methods of producing strawberry runners, but also of the government to insist on compliance with this important regulatory regime."
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Da dachte ich doch bis eben, das Methylbromid als Pflanzenschutzmittel im Rahmen des Montreal-Protokolls nicht mehr in der Nutzung wäre und dann das hier. 

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Corn residue, tillage, and nitrogen rate effects on soil properties

Harvesting corn (Zea mays L.) residue for use as a biofuel feedstock may alter important chemical and physical properties of soils. Long-term residue removal, linked with tillage and fertilizer practices, could lower soil organic carbon (SOC), as well as increase soil compaction and susceptibility to erosion. A study initiated in 2006 included three levels of residue removal (none, partial, or full removal), two tillage treatments (no-till or chisel plow), and two N application rates (134 and 268 kg N/ha). These experiments were established in continuous corn (CC) at four Illinois sites, with treatments remaining in the same plots each year. In the spring at the beginning of the eighth growing season, we measured total carbon stocks (SOC), water aggregate stability (WAS), soil bulk density (BD), and penetration resistance (PR). Results showed that with all crop residue retained in the field, SOC stocks 13% lower under chisel tillage than in no-tilled plots, but removal of some or all of the residue lowered the SOC levels of no-tilled plots to those of tilled plots. On average for the studied depths, no-till plots had 5% and 39% higher BD and PR, respectively, than tilled plots, and residue removal significantly increased PR under no-till. Regardless of tillage treatment, the highest WAS values were found without residue removal at the lower N rate and with partial removal at the higher N rate. The higher N rate slightly lowered the BD under partial removal of residue for both tillage treatments at both studied depths. Our results indicate that residue harvest generates modest changes in soil properties under continuous corn, likely smaller than the effects of tillage and N fertilizer use in these systems. But as long as residue amount and tillage practices are sufficient to limit losses of soil by erosion to acceptable levels, we believe that corn residue represents a viable feedstock for a sustainable bioenergy industry in the U.S. Midwest.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Effect of residue remove to soil properties 

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Mohair Produktion in Australien

Mohair Produktion in Australien | Australien | Scoop.it

2015 is the Chinese Year of the Goat. How very appropriate then that good fortune is at last shining on Australia's mohair goat producers. Fine mohair is in short supply around the world and that's propelling prices on an upward climb. Naturally, Australian producers are keen to capitalise, as Tim Lee reports.

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Startschuss für Trabi-Expedition durch Australien

Startschuss für Trabi-Expedition durch Australien | Australien | Scoop.it
Mit zwei gelben Trabis will der tschechische Abenteurer Dan Priban die Wüste von Australien durchqueren. «Wir fahren durch die Mitte des Kontinents, durch die größte Wildnis», sagte der 39-Jährige der Deutschen Presse-Agentur.
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Mehr Nahrung für mehr Menschen: Die Chinesen: zum Kartoffel-Essen verdammt

Mehr Nahrung für mehr Menschen: Die Chinesen: zum Kartoffel-Essen verdammt | Australien | Scoop.it
Für Reis und Weizen gibt es in China eigentlich zu wenig Wasser und zu viele Menschen. Jetzt lässt der Staat Rezepte für Kartoffel-Mahlzeiten verbreiten.
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Rain turns Australia's Red Centre green

Rain turns Australia's Red Centre green | Australien | Scoop.it
Pastoralists welcome green transformation with lots of feed for cattle but worry about fires.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

In den Köpfen ist das australische Zentrum immer nur trocken und rot. Dass dort große Rinderherden gehalten werden, bleibt daher ein Mysterium. Nun hat es geregnet und das Land ist grün! Das erklärt die Nutztierhaltung im roten Zentrum. 

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Orange ag college closes its door - Agriculture - General - News - The Land

Orange ag college closes its door - Agriculture - General - News - The Land | Australien | Scoop.it

A CHAPTER in rural education will come to a close at Orange next year with the old ag college no longer offering its name-sake course. 

Due to low enrolments Charles Sturt University (CSU) will not offer a Bachelor of Agricultural Business Management course on-campus at Orange in 2015. 

CSU course director for the school of agriculture and wine sciences Dr Yann Guisard said the college itself was not closing down, with health courses still running strong at the campus. 

But he lamented the fact agriculture courses would no longer be offered face to face. 

"It is a sad situation and we're not trying to hide from it," Dr Guisard said.

AckerbauHalle's insight:

Im australischen Bundesstaat NSW muss ein weiterer Studiengang für Landwirtschaft wg. geringer Nachfrage schließen.

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Geoscientists struggling to find work

Geoscientists struggling to find work | Australien | Scoop.it
Geoscientists are struggling to find work, with an unemployment rate more than twice the national average.
AckerbauHalle's insight:

Der Wirtschaftsboom in Australien beruht auf der Nutzung von Bodenschätzen und seit einigen Jahren gibt es aus diesem Grund erhebliche Konflikte zwischen Landwirtschaft und dem Ausbau von Minen. Jetzt scheint dieser Boom langsam zu einem Ende zu kommen, denn die Zahler der arbeitslosen Geowissenschaftler wachsen.

 

Gut für die Landwirtschaft "down under", schlecht für die Geowissenschaften in Australien und schwierig für die australische Wirtschaft. 

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Landverluste wg. Bauland - was können die Anbauer von Zuckerrohr in Australien machen

Landverluste wg. Bauland - was können die Anbauer von Zuckerrohr in Australien machen | Australien | Scoop.it

PIP COURTNEY, PRESENTER: One of the most noticeable ways the North Queensland sugar city of Mackay has been transformed by the mining boom is the conversion of farmland into housing subdivisions. 

The loss of so much caneland close to the city has put pressure on an already-shrinking sugar industry. But the local mill is doing something about it. Mackay Sugar is using a range of measures to get thousands more hectares planted to cane, including welcoming the sale of farms to foreign investors.

AckerbauHalle's insight:

In Australien gibt es derzeit eine massive Konkurrenz zwischen Landwirtschaft und der Ausdehnung der Minen (einschließlich Land für die Stadtentwicklung). In der Nähe der Stadt Mackay (Bundesstaat Queensland) gibt es jetzt Überlegungen, dies zu stoppen, oder neues Land für den Anbau für Zuckerrohr nutzbar zu machen. Es geht dabei auch um Investitionen und zusätzlich natürlich schöne Bilder aus Australien. 

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