austrailan contact history
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Australian uranium discovery threatens ancient indigenous cave art - The Guardian

Australian uranium discovery threatens ancient indigenous cave art - The Guardian | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it
Australian uranium discovery threatens ancient indigenous cave art The Guardian One of the world's biggest uranium producers has found a significant deposit in a remote tropical Australian mountain range near sandstone galleries holding some of the...

Via David Connolly, Shannon Pulver, gemima pearson, Lachlan Wilks
leo hamilton's insight:

They should leave the cave art alone! Why does this need to be ruined all because of Uranium?!?!

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gemima pearson's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:57 PM

During thier drilling, a mining compant has found aborignal paintings dating back 15,000 years ago adoring the walls of cave.

Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:01 PM

They should leave the cave art alone! Why does this need to be ruined all because of Uranium?!?!

lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

This scoop tells informs us about the threats to the very old and sacred cave art works that the original custodians of the land created.

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The First Fleet – Australia 1787 – View from England

The First Fleet – Australia 1787 – View from England | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it
I thought as a born and bred Portsmouth chap I thought I would list the first fleet to Australia that left Portsmouth, England in 1787. Portsmouth is famous for its many famous events and people.

Via paul cuthbertson, daisy fomm-kelso, Lachlan Wilks
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Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

Information about where and when the First Fleet settled.

gemima pearson's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:04 PM

The english view on the first fleet

layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:07 PM

what would the convicts be thinking when thry get sent to see for 9 months to this different country where the climet is different. what would the free setterlers be think , what is this place going to be like and are there any natives and will they be hostal or friendly.

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At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago

At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it

Indirect estimates based on carbon dating point to intentional settlement by a large population. At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived in Australia some 50,000 years ago, a reconstruction indicates — numbers that could be evidence of an intentional migration rather than the accidental stranding of a few individuals at a time. The study also finds that the population was devastated during the latest Ice Age, but later rebounded.

 

The prehistoric settlement of Australia has long been considered a simple story: a founding group of 150 people or fewer made it to the Australian mainland 50 millennia ago and grew to no more than 1.2 million by the time European settlers arrived in 1788. Debate focused on whether the founding population grew immediately after colonization or boomed later, in the past 5,000 years.

 

To tease out a demographic signal from the past, Alan Williams, an archaeologist at the Australian National University in Canberra, amassed the most comprehensive radiocarbon data set ever put together for the continent, from both published and unpublished sources. He analysed the dates of 4,575 artefacts from 1,750 archaeological sites.

 

Applying methods that others had developed to analyse a similar dataset from North American artifacts, Williams graphed the number of data points for each 200-year period, and made the assumption that for each given area, changes in the number of data points from one period to the next were a good indication of changes in population size — while correcting for the fact that some types of archaeological site can be lost over time owing to processes such as erosion. Assuming that the population would be between 750,000 and 1.2 million by the eighteenth century, he fit a smooth population curve to the data.

 

According to Williams' curve, 1,000–2,000 founders would be necessary to reach the population that was in place when the Europeans arrived. After the founders arrived, the population would have stabilized at low levels, but crashed during the most recent Ice Age, around 20,000 years ago. “To quantify the impacts of the last glacial maximum — and see a 60% reduction in population — is quite horrendous,” says Williams. After the Ice Age, population growth rates began to increase in pulses, starting 12,000 years ago.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, James Miles, Zack Aislabie, Lachlan Wilks
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Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:36 PM

Helps with some research. Should read if doing the First Fleet or Contact history.

 

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:38 PM

This will be really good for history studies I would suggest you to read over.

James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:09 PM

The origin of the Aboriginal people in Australia.

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Convicts and the British colonies in Australia - australia.gov.au

Convicts and the British colonies in Australia - australia.gov.au | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it

On 18 January 1788 the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay, which Joseph Banks had declared suitable for a penal colony after he returned from a journey there in 1770.


Via Kel Hathaway, Patrick L., Lachlan Wilks
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angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:50 PM

a detailed summary with many facts about colanising in Australia.

megan hooper's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:01 PM

On 18 January, the fist fleet arrived in Botany Bay. The convicts were employed according to their skills. Last shipment of convicts disembarked in Western Australia in 1868, the total number of transported convicts stood at around 162,000 men and women. They were transported here on 806 ships.

teigan cotterill's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:05 PM

this website has a lot of information and i learnt a lot of new things about the convicts

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Sirius Shipwreck 1790

Sirius Shipwreck 1790 | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it
The sinking of the HMS Sirius on the reef at Kingston at Norfolk Island on 19 March 1790 was a tragic event for the young colony.
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HMS Sirius, the flagship of the First Fleet on 14 February 1790 was ordered to proceed to China to purchase further supplies for the struggling Colony. This journey was delayed as, with the Supply, it was needed to take more convicts to Norfolk Island, in an endeavour to reduce the strain on the dwindling supplies in Sydney.

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Colonial Australia

Colonial Australia | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it
Early European settlement of Australia

Via Kel Hathaway, James Miles, chloe bear, Lachlan Wilks
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Zack Aislabie's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

The settlement of Australia by convicts and the English

Manoli's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:01 PM

this is linked to contact history becaise it tells you about the early settlement Australia

James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:07 PM

What life was like for the convicts in Australia.

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Year 4 First Fleet & Convicts in Australia

Year 4 First Fleet & Convicts in Australia | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it
For the first few decades of life in Australia, most of the inhabitants were either convicts, or the troops who had brought them here.

Via Maree Whiteley, megan hooper, Lachlan Wilks
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lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:59 PM

This is all about the convicts that inhabited Australia and did hard larbour for example build farms, houses and roads etc

Cassidy Graham's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:02 PM

convicts arrived in australia in 1788, on the first fleet,this article tells you about the first fleet and what happened to onvicts.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:04 PM

Some key points about the First Fleet.

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LINC Tasmania Online - Convicts in Tasmania

LINC Tasmania Online - Convicts in Tasmania | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it
RT @InsideHistory: Convict records at the LINC Tasmania :: http://t.co/n1ywmdIBRa | Search for a Tasmanian convict :: http://t.co/h7nNwdICah #ozhst

Via LizKelly, James Miles, Taine Barker, Lachlan Wilks
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Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:43 PM

Convict records!

James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:04 PM

Click on a link to learn more.

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The First Fleet

The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia. This is their story.
leo hamilton's insight:

Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia. This is their story.

Captain James Cook discovered the east coast of New Holland in 1770 and named it New South Wales.

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Journals of the First Fleet | State Library of New South Wales

Journals of the First Fleet | State Library of New South Wales | austrailan contact history | Scoop.it

Explore our incredible stories online through a unique selection of digitised items from the Library's vast collections, including books, journals, letters, pictures, photos, plans, maps and ephemera


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world's largest collection of original First Fleet journals and correspondence. Of the eleven known journal manuscripts, nine are held in the Mitchell Library and Dixson Library collections, State Library of New South Wales.

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layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

there were many different methods that they used to get here. some of them include maps photos and books.

cy.osaki's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:00 PM

this sight is useful because it has the journals of the first fleet

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

Diarys' and Pictures made by convicts. in 1788 and beyond.