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Augmented Collective Intelligence
Technology enables all of us to know more than any of us
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From Conservation to Crowdsourcing: A Typology of Citizen Science

"Citizen science is a form of research collaboration involving members of the public in scientific research projects to address real-world problems. Often organized as a virtual collaboration, these projects are a type of open movement, with collective goals addressed through open participation in research tasks. Existing typologies of citizen science projects focus primarily on the structure of participation, paying little attention to the organizational and macrostructural properties that are important to designing and managing effective projects and technologies. By examining a variety of project characteristics, we identified five types-Action, Conservation, Investigation, Virtual, and Education- that differ in primary project goals and the importance of physical environment to participation."

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The role of Twitter in Personal Learning Networks

"Abstract

 

This qualitative phenomenological study involving in-depth interviews with seven educators in K-12 and higher education examines the role that the microblogging service Twitter plays in the formation and development of Personal Learning Networks (PLN) among educators. A double hermeneutic data analysis shows that Twitter plays a role in the formation and development of PLNs by allowing educators to; engage in consistent and sustained dialogue with their PLN, access the collective knowledge of their PLN, amplify and promote more complex thoughts and ideas to a large audience, and expand their PLN using features unique to Twitter. This research also examines the nature of a PLN and shows that participants believe their PLN extends beyond their Twitter network to encompass both face-to-face and other ICT mediated relationships. Secondary research questions examine how Twitter differs from other social networking tools in mediating relationships within a PLN, what motivates an educator to develop a PLN, how trust is established in a PLN, what the expectations of reciprocity are within a PLN, and what is the nature of informal learning within a PLN.

 

http://dspace.royalroads.ca/docs/handle/10170/451"


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PARTICIPATORY SENSING 1/4 – the data-citizen driven city

PARTICIPATORY SENSING 1/4 – the data-citizen driven city | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

"Using open source technologies, like Arduino-based sensor units or mobile apps, data-citizens will be able to gather their own real-time data regarding issues they are really concerned about, such as air quality, noise levels, street deficiencies, plagues, etc. All data will be shared in open public repositories, like Pachube, available for everyone. Long term data archival will allow citizens to gain a better understanding of the urban environment and to improve their daily personal habits."

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Hastily Formed Networks

"This website provides you with information on how to set up and deploy hastily formed networks (HFns) to support disaster relief efforts."

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LMGTFY, Shame, and Collective Intelligence | Trevor Owens

"Thinking like Google and Thinking like the Crowd
Who was president in 1832? What’s the best way to steam carrots? How does !important works in css? Which iPhone 4 case is best? Where can I find some good Indian food in Fairfax, VA? All of these questions have relatively straight forward online answers available. In each case, we have developed a sense of specific, limited, notions of collective intelligence and our internal representation of the kind of information that should be out there to help make a given decision. The successful individual searcher has internalized a representation, a map, of both the way a database organizes information (search terms, where google maps data comes from, etc) as well as what kind of people would share that information (the kinds of folks that review restaurants on Yelp, the extent to which a given problem would be shared, the biases of reviewers of bargain hunters on a given do-it-yourself home improvement forum). Effectively, information literacy is developing this model. In essence this is about knowing three things."

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Draft discussion paper on Collective Intelligence

Draft discussion paper on Collective Intelligence | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

"Would you like to contribute to our draft paper on Collective Intelligence ? Click the link below to go to Google Docs where you can post comments inside the document and share it with others. This is a working paper on Collective Intelligence ."

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How crowdsourcing is changing science - The Boston Globe

"Want to help cure AIDS, decipher ancient texts, and spot new galaxies? Now you can."

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Connected knowledge, collective learning

"A unique aspect of collective learning is it generates a new paradigm for learning in which the individual and ‘the many’ are indivisible, in the same way as an individual user of a social network is inseparable from the set of connections that comprises the network itself. Traditionally, learning has been viewed as either cognitive (individualistic) or social (participatory) (Sfard, 1998). This third metaphor of learning through social knowledge creation breaks from the dichotomy of learning as individual knowledge acquisition or as participation in social practice (Paavola, & Hakkarainen, 2005; Paavola, Lipponen & Hakkarainen, 2004). Individual people learn by both drawing on and, at the same time, contributing to collective knowledge."

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The Power of Really Smart Crowds - Forbes

"Anthony Goldbloom, who we featured on our recently launched 30 Under 30 list, is harnessing what might just be the best and the brightest minds in a grand crowdsourcing experiment. He is aiming to get people to answer some of the more complex riddles in academia and big companies.


The Australian native is doing this with Kaggle, a San Francisco-based Web site where chunky data sets are shared in competitions. Mathematic thinkers then compete to come up with the best future-predicting algorithms. The owners of this data already know the answers. They are looking for formulas to apply to future data sets."

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Collective Intelligence as Community Discourse and Action

"11th February 2012 – Seattle, Washington
Humanity now finds itself faced with a range of highly complex problems – such as climate change, the spread of disease, international security, scientific collaborations, product development, and so on – that call upon us to harvest the collective intelligence of large numbers of globally distributed experts and stakeholders.
Collective Intelligence (CI) research investigates the design of infrastructures to enable collectives to think and act intelligently, and intriguingly, more intelligently than individuals. Technologies such as idea management or argumentation tools, blogs, wikis, chats, forums, Q&A sites, and social networks provide unprecedented opportunities for entire communities or organizations to express a discourse and act at a massive scale, but very little is known on:

When does effective discourse help a collective outperform individuals?
What functions should the next generation of social platforms support?
How can we allow communities to efficiently manage many diverse ideas, argument, and deliberate?
What patterns in discourse and action can be modelled computationally?"

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Let's Play! Turning Serious Business Issues Into Games - Forbes

"If you scoff at this or think playing video games is a waste of time, consider the remarkable success of “Fold-it.”

In just three weeks this fall, thousands of people playing the free downloadable game helped map the structure of an enzyme that could fight HIV and AIDS. Scientists at the University of Washington created Fold-it to turn research about protein folding into a game, dishing up puzzles made up of spirals and clumps that represent amino acids. Players compete to see who can fold the most efficiently, while researchers crunch the data from their moves to gain insights.

This and other academic projects around the globe are showing just how powerful “collective intelligence” can be when it’s harnessed through games"

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MIT TechTV – Social Cognition and Collective Intelligence

MIT TechTV – Social Cognition and Collective Intelligence | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

One hour video. Participants: 5 

Moderator: Thomas Malone, Patrick J. McGovern Professor of Management, Sloan School of Management; Director, Center for Collective Intelligence, MIT

* Andrew W. Lo, Harris & Harris Group Professor; Director, Laboratory for Financial Engineering, MIT
* Martin A. Nowak, Professor of Biology and Mathematics; Director, Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University
* Alexander (Sandy) Pentland PhD '82, Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences; Director, Human Dynamics Laboratory; Director, Media Lab Entrepreneurship Program, MIT
* 
Rebecca Saxe PhD '03, Fred and Carole Middleton Assistant Professor, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT

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Forecast 2020: Web 3.0+ and Collective Intelligence

Forecast 2020: Web 3.0+ and Collective Intelligence | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

"Let’s focus on the resulting element — the “collective intelligence”. Think about it as billions of human brains working using future super computers as a platform. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) professor Srini Devadas described “collective intelligence” as consisting of two pillars: cloud computing and crowd computing. Cloud computing is using the Internet as a platform and making access to information available to everyone. Crowd computing, according to him, involves the analysis of information into “collective intelligence” far beyond what we have today."

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Saberes Sin Fronteras OVS's curator insight, January 29, 10:45 AM

#inteligencia_colectiva 

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IBM Collective Intelligence

"Can an organization that chooses to ignore the insights of employees, customers and business partners expect to thrive? For many, the answer is no. In a global environment where innovation cycles are shrinking, customer expectations are rising and talent is becoming more distributed, companies are seeing the need to more effectively apply the knowledge and experience of individuals, regardless of their vocation, affiliation or organization status.
Fortunately, the opportunity to more effectively apply Collective Intelligence – the aggregated knowledge, insight and expertise of a diverse group – has become a reality. As individuals become more adept and comfortable sharing thoughts and ideas in virtual spaces, companies can use these insights to address critical business challenges. Harnessing Collective Intelligence can play an important role in generating new ideas, solving age-old problems, disaggregating and distributing work in new and innovative ways, and making better, more informed decisions about the future."


Via Viktor Markowski
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Boston Review — Lindsey Gilbert: The Networked Era (Michael Nielsen)

Boston Review — Lindsey Gilbert: The Networked Era (Michael Nielsen) | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

"The Internet may well have its downsides, but it also has the potential to make us collectively smarter, according to open-science advocate Michael Nielsen. In Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science, Nielsen argues that networked digital tools, such as discussion boards and online marketplaces, can make it easier for scientists to pool their data, share methodologies, and find far-flung collaborators. Even non-scientists are participating in large-scale citizen science projects. In Nielsen’s view, however, public policy has yet to catch up to technology. The digital environment will amplify our collective intelligence, but only if there are incentives for people to share. Editorial assistant Lindsey Gilbert asks Nielsen about what science looks like now, the changing role of academia, and whether collective intelligence might also transform politics."

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Video Tutorial: Diigo V3: Highlight & Share the Web! Social Bookmarking 2.0

Diigo ~ more than a research tool - a knowledge sharing community. Easy-to-use and so powerful... Check it out!

 

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Social bookmarking with Diigo blends many web 2.0 powertools into on comprehensive program that 'lives in the cloud' making it accessible from any computer.  It's a great way to manage and share information. This video tutorial will give you a solid conceptual overview of Diigo. 


Via Dennis T OConnor
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Notes on cultivating a personal learning network

Notes on cultivating a personal learning network | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

I decided that this very quick guide, developed by thinking aloud with my Twitter PLN, counts as useful info on augmented collective intelligence. A personal learning network IS a tool for augmented collective intelligence. -- Howard

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Ledface – The Iceberg | Ledface Blog

Ledface – The Iceberg | Ledface Blog | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

"Collective Intelligence (CI) systems are complex by nature, and you don’t have to understand them as the sum of a certain group’s intelligence but, rather, the intelligence that emerges from it. The nature of this “emergent” behavior is different from the sum of agent parts, and it’s the reason why there are perfectly balanced ecosystems in nature or swarming behavior in many animal species.

A glimpse of human collective intelligence can be seen in Wikipedia. In 2001, few anticipated that it would become the most popular, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia in the world. Does Wikipedia have powerful algorithms that quickly remove false or misleading information? No, the reliability comes from its collective intelligence."

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Co-Creation & Collective Intelligence: Why combining co-creation and collective intelligence?

Co-Creation & Collective Intelligence: Why combining co-creation and collective intelligence? | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

" Co-creating and collective intelligence/wisdom are forming a hybrid forces, a calling to reclaim the participation of people in groups as positive, useful, healing, life affirming. We alter the way that we see the world in order to solve problems together.
It is a fact that humans today love to participate in problem-solving online, to have a voice and to express themselves, to be a part of the story-telling of new media, and to be a part of the collective intelligence process. The cultural, economic and political changes brought on by online intelligence sharing, via different media, have been truly amazing and reflect extraordinary cultural shifts in the 21st century. There is a huge opportunity out of there, people feel right to collaborate to solve higher issues, higher order of problems or matters."

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collective learning examples | littlebylittlejohn.com

"Collective learning is fundamentally a type of learning that happens ‘in the real world’. There are lots of examples from industry so we (Anoush Margaryan, Collin Milligan, Lou McGill and I) collated together some examples below. Most of these examples are from industry. However there are examples from formal education. For example there are instances of teaching and learning in universities using real world datasets (case 3). There are also examples of blurring the boundaries between education and work through large scale, authentic tasks involving learner groups in teams with employees in the workplace (case 6). We plan to build this bank of examples by adding your examples and ideas."

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Harold Jarche » Collective sense-making

Harold Jarche » Collective sense-making | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it

"The increasing importance of fluid knowledge requires a different perspective on how we think of it and use it. If change is constant, then the half-life of codified knowledge (stock) decreases. We see this with the increasingly combative debates on intellectual property (IP) expressed as copyright. Both vestiges of an economy dominated by knowledge as stock. The digital world is harshly bumping against the analog world and we are caught in-between.
I think the only way to navigate this change is collaboratively. No one has the right answer, but together we can explore new models of sense-making and knowledge-sharing."

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Why a Democracy Needs Uninformed People - Miller-McCune

In a lesson taught by schools of fish, researchers determine that uninformed individuals are actually a benefit to democracy by sanding off extreme views.
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How the internet transforms scientific discovery - Technology & Science - CBC News

How the internet transforms scientific discovery - Technology & Science - CBC News | Augmented Collective Intelligence | Scoop.it
Internet users with no scientific training have helped discover a new type of galaxy and crack a problem in protein biochemistry that stumped experts, thanks to the power of the internet.
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A Billion Brains are Better Than One

"MIT Sloan's Thomas W. Malone, author of The Future of Work, on how the smartest companies will use emerging technology to tap the power of collective intelligence."

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MIT TechTV – Google's Eric Schmidt at MIT Sloan: "The Future of the Global Mind"

Video: "With knowledge and data, a smarter world will divide work between humans and computers, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt said in this Nov. 15, 2011 talk at MIT Sloan.
Featuring an introduction by Patrick J. McGovern (1959) Professor of Management Thomas Malone, the talk was part of the MIT Sloan Dean's Innovative Leader Series."

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