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Concept Mapping as a Tool for Group Problem Solving

(Video) Concept mapping with a group can be a powerful exercise in augmenting collective intelligence -- Howard



"An animated presentation about concept mapping. Focuses on how groups can employ the technique as a tool for collaborative planning and problem solving".

Robin Good's comment, July 23, 2012 1:18 AM
Thanks Beth.

P.S.: A possible overlook "he did simply do a re-scoop"
Beth Kanter's comment, July 23, 2012 2:31 PM
Hi Robin, thanks for catching that! Sort of a funny typo, don't you think? That is the essence of what you did - you didn't just click a button - you added value for your audiences. Thanks again for being a great role model for all of us who want to learn better curation skills.
Robin Good's comment, July 23, 2012 4:04 PM
Thank you Beth, for going "meta" and showing the process. Great move. Great job.
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Group Brainstorming Tools | Home - GroupMap

Group Brainstorming Tools | Home - GroupMap | Augmented Collective Intelligence |
GroupMap's easy and effective online group brainstorming tools with visual templates puts your ideas against everyone's ideas on one single unique platform.
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Haven't tried this. Just came across it. Will offer it as a possibility for my students. If you have experience with this service, let me know!

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Lessons in Mass Collaboration (SSIR)

Recent experience with government-convened hackathons has generated insights into the methods and instruments used to design effective mass collaboration efforts.
Howard Rheingold's insight:

The application of mass collaboration to social problems has been explored through Hackathons. This brief, multi-author article from Stanford Social Innovation Review offers insights from government-sponsored hackathons in which a variety of private sphere organizations and individuals contributed, 

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My Research in a Nutshell

My Research in a Nutshell | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"The human species can be defined by its special ability to manipulate symbols. Each great augmentation in this ability has brought enormous economic, social, political, religious, epistemological, educational (and so on) changes.

I think that there has been only 4 of these big changes. The first one is related to the invention of writing, when symbols became permanent and reified. The second one corresponds to the invention of the alphabet, indian numerals and other small groups of symbols able to represent “almost everything” by combination. The third one is the invention of the printing press and the subsequent invention of electronic mass media. In this case, the symbols were reproduced and transmitted by industrial machines. We are currently at the beginning of a fourth big anthropological change, because the symbols can now be transformedby massively distributed automata in the digital realm. My main hypothesis is that we still did not have invented the symbolic systems and cultural institutions fitting the new algorithmic medium. "

Howard Rheingold's insight:

Pierre Levy has been thinking deeply about augmented collective intelligence for a long time and has written extensively. In this blog post, he succinctly summarizes his research into what he calls "Information Economy MetaLanguage."

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Medical researcher turns to crowdfunding

Medical researcher turns to crowdfunding | Augmented Collective Intelligence |
Spurned by universities, a scientist plans to raise $1.5 million through online solicitations to try to find treatments for rare metabolic disorders.
Howard Rheingold's insight:

What tingled my collective intelligence antennae about this crowdfunding story is the hybrid of scientific research -- the use of technical equipment and well-described public experimentation -- and crowdfunding. In the olden days, scientists were usually aristocrats, or they depended on wealthy patrons. The university-defense-health-industry complex have constituted multiple but still very small numbers of gatekeepers for government and corporate research dollars. I don't think we know what lies down this road. Will populist funding of knowledge discovery be a healthier mechanism than NSF, DOD & Monstanto?

Anne-Marie Grandtner's curator insight, February 9, 2014 1:55 PM

As a way to raise awareness on the help research can bring to solving important problems ?

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Citizen science draws amateurs into scientific research | Harvard Magazine Jan-Feb 2014

Citizen science draws amateurs into scientific research | Harvard Magazine Jan-Feb 2014 | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"FOLDIT IS PART of a growing trend toward citizen science: enabling ordinary people, often without formal training, to contribute to scientific research in their spare time. The range of involvement varies. Some citizen scientists donate idle time on their home computers for use in solving problems large in scale (the search for intergalactic objects, as in Einstein@home) or small (folding proteins). Other projects encourage participants to contribute small bits of data about themselves or their environments. The Great Sunflower Project, for instance, provides a platform for logging and sharing observations of pollinators like bees and wasps. Still other efforts enlist laypeople to tag and analyze images: Eyewire, for example, a game developed by Sebastian Seung ’86, Ph.D. ’90, a professor of computational neuroscience at MIT, involves participants in mapping neurons in the brain."

Howard Rheingold's insight:

Citizen science, enabled by inexpensive but highly accurate sensors and the use of digital media and networks to aggregate and qualify citizen-gathered data, is a form of augmented collective intelligence with a potentially rich future. This Harvard Magazine article is a good contemporary summary. For an in-depth look at this potential, I recommend the book Reinventing Discovery.

Chad Gaffield's curator insight, January 27, 2014 8:34 AM

The full blossoming of `citizen science` has a long history in the social sciences and humanities that is now becoming much more important thanks to enabling digital technologies. One major example is the ways in which genealogists and academic researchers have collaborated to study demographic change by using sources such as church parish registers to track births, marriages and deaths. The former paper methodology now involves sophisticated digitization, computation and visualization that underpins both academic research and global businesses such as Ancestry. Other examples include public participation in developing museum exhibits and scholarly editions of significant texts.

ghbrett's curator insight, January 28, 2014 11:17 AM

See Howard Rheingold's comments below.

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Can Participatory Mapping Save the Commons?

Can Participatory Mapping Save the Commons? | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"Imagine if Twitter were to digest for you the range of agreement, disagreement, and mood of your friends. By pre-digesting information -- self-synthesizing, if you will -- modern maps have been able to foreshadow coming revolutions in information. Unlike the web tools of the early 2000s – chat rooms, forums, wikis, blogs, and podcasts – crowd-sourced maps actually analyze the data given to them, sorting social information into patterns of local, regional, and global patterns. The maps do not merely collect information, as a “memory hole” like Wikileaks does; rather, the maps show the community back to itself, revealing hot-spots of local corruption and pollution, giving activists the tools to target particular places with investigation or protest."

Howard Rheingold's insight:

h/t the indefatigable Michel Bauwens:  I don't know whether it can save the commons, but participatory mapping is a particularly useful platform for augmented collective intelligence by all sorts of communities -- from public fruit trees to political protests.

(I wrote the following in 1998: 

Maps + Databases + Internet = New Scientific, Civic, and Political Tools)
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Collective intelligence: an interview with Pierre Levy | Masters of Media

"Levy is currently working on a research program, called IEML (Information Economy Meta Language). IEML is a metalanguage and proposes itself as the language of collective intelligence. As a metalanguage it differs fundamentally from natural languages we know. This can be best understood in the way it is conceived. Natural languages are, in the first place, the results of a process of documenting the spoken word. A metalanguage is artificial and is a result of formalizing ideas, instead of words. The practice of formalizing ideas in a universally adopted metalanguage is well established in the realm of natural sciences. For centuries now, ideas are being documented in terms of formulas, numbers, equations, molecules etc. There is a finite, well structured toolset at the hands of every natural scientist. "

Via Pierre Levy, juandoming, luigi vico
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Pierre Levy has been thinking about augmented collective intelligence for a long time. How can the disparate pieces of knowledge contributed by myriad online postings in blogs, question and answer sites, Twitter, etc. be connected in various automatic frameworks? Levy believes a metalanguage (HTML can be seen as a metalanguage) is need. 

luiy's curator insight, December 19, 2013 4:30 PM

The scientific revolution in the human sciences will culminate in collective intelligence, a common good which will throttle human development. In a recent book, Levy proposed a “loose IEML model” to monitor the coordination of human development. The axis of human development are defined by “education, health, sustainable economic prosperity, security, human rights, conservation and enrichment of cultural heritage, environmental balance, scientific and technical innovation” which are in accordance with the United Nations Development Program, Levy assures me. I wondered whether a metalanguage which positions itself functionally as neutral (as opposed to Berners Lee universal ontology) should contain assumptions on how western democratic society is structured to which Levy partly agrees that any metalanguage can’t be neutral:


There can be a lot of disagreements about the right ways or methods to improve human development. IEML, as a universal semantic code, can accomodate any method. Above all, IEML provides a common semantic sphere where all disciplines of human sciences can compare their theories and methods and can coordinate their findings at the service of human development. (…) Now, you can say: “Okay, but what if I am against improving health and education because these are western values and / or it has been used to justify western imperialism”. My response is: “It’s up to you!” In general, I do not think that any theory or metalangage can be neutral. Every act, being practical or theoretical, occurs in a hypercomplex context and has an effect on this context. I do not claim any impossible neutrality or objectivity. The objection “you’re not neutral” is besides the point. I have a very precise goal. My aim is to improve human development, collective intelligence and knowledge management in the humanities.

Patricia Soumarmon's curator insight, December 22, 2013 7:50 AM

Levy... ou la difficulté d'être (trop) en avance sur son temps...

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Stanford computer scientists create crowdsourcing website to draw ... crowds

Stanford computer scientists create crowdsourcing website to draw ... crowds | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"Stanford computer scientists have created a website to help organizers plan events that are more likely to succeed or allow them to pull the plug on impending flops before they occur.

The website, called Catalyst, is based on a behavioral science concept known as the threshold model of collective action, which posits that people may be reluctant to commit to participating in activity until they see others taking part, at which point interest surges and the activity becomes successful. But if participation doesn’t reach this threshold point, the event is likely to fail.

Catalyst builds this principle into software. The website allows people to enter a few details, such as date, time, description of the event and the number of participants needed to make it a success. If signups don't hit this threshold point by the deadline, Catalyst emails organizers and would-be participants a warning."

Howard Rheingold's insight:

In my 2002 book (12 years ago!) Smart Mobs, I called it "technologies of cooperation" -- working with Institute for the Future, I co-authored a report on Technologies of Cooperation -- and now we're beginning to see computer scientists converge with what social scientists know about collective action to design software that can help people crowdsource.

Stuart Shulman's curator insight, December 9, 2013 9:26 AM

Howard was indeed ahead of his time and an early influence on my own digital divide and digital citizenship research.

Vonny~'s curator insight, December 13, 2013 6:49 PM

Has possibilities!!! :)

Terre Tulsiak's curator insight, December 15, 2013 10:47 PM

Good concept but like meetup- what about those serial signer-uppers that don't show? You have to make an event seem VIP to get certain demographic to attend.

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A wiki platform for self moderated groups that work online

A wiki platform for self moderated groups that work online | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"The VE wiki continuously monitors and measures how well structured are the groups that collaborate on its pages. If needed, it can also be used to maintain collaborative work within certain levels of equity and evenness. Thus the tool serves a double purpose. On the one hand, it can be used as a monitoring tool, for understanding how collaboration is structured. On the other, it can be employed for adjusting collaboration along particular parameters desired by the instructor or site administrator. The wiki is built around the MediaWiki platform, through which content can be edited by any user, including non-registered ones, all changes are permanently stored, and access to information that was edited or added is instantaneous. In addition, all pages come with “talk” areas, which allow discussions and interactions about the editing process. This makes it well adapted for collaborative work, especially of a textual nature."

Howard Rheingold's insight:

Wiki collaboration is one of the strongest forms of augmented collective intelligence, and as always, the technology requires intelligent use in order for emergent intelligence to manifest in any useful way. This tool enables groups and managers/facilitators of groups to see how contributions are made, who makes the most contributions, and to make these efforts visible to others. Based on research by Sorin Adam Mateir at Purdue, it can be adapted to collaborative learning or to collaborative production.

Inteligência coletiva's curator insight, December 23, 2013 5:39 PM

As  plataformas Wiki permitem desenvolver  trabalho colaborativo integrando  multiplos participantes pois permitem  ao professor/administrador ter a noção do contributo de cada participante,  promover discussões e eventos. São uma ferramenta eficaz tanto para utilizadores dos média sociais, comunidades de aprendizagem, como ao nível da Educação formal, presencial ou a distância.

É o exemplo duma ferramenta com multiplas funcionalidades,  que se coaduna com a promoção do processo de inteligência coletiva.

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Digital Humanitarians: From Haiti Earthquake to Typhoon Yolanda

Digital Humanitarians: From Haiti Earthquake to Typhoon Yolanda | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"We’ve been able to process and make sense of a quarter of a million tweets in the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda. Using both AIDR (still under development) andTwitris, we were able to collect these tweets in real-time and use automated algorithms to filter for both relevancy and uniqueness. The resulting ~55,000 tweets were then uploaded to MicroMappers (still under development). Digital volunteers from the world over used this humanitarian technology platform totag tweets and now images from the disaster (click image below to enlarge). At one point, volunteers tagged some 1,500 tweets in just 10 minutes. In parallel, we used machine learning classifiers to automatically identify tweets referring to both urgent needs and offers of help. In sum, the response to Typhoon Yolanda is the first to make full use of advanced computing, i.e., both human computing and machine computing to make sense of Big (Crisis) Data"

Howard Rheingold's insight:

Crisis mapping and tools for organizing emergent collective response to disasters is combining human and machine filters to deal with large numbers of responses in the crucial early hours after a crisis -- in this case, Typhoon Yolanda

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AugCog: The Center for Augmented Cognition

Augmented cognition is about making tools for thinking. It is not about designing tools that humans can use, but about extending humanity's abilities through software, hardware or conceptual tools. We focus mainly on software here, curating a collection of links and resources. Email Sam Gerstenzang with any suggestions.

Howard Rheingold's insight:

A promising new site. They name Vannevar Bush, J.C.R. Licklider, and Douglas Engelbart as "the canon," so I like their basis. I'll report on their blog as it develops

IT's curator insight, November 5, 2013 6:00 AM

Tools for thinking. Amazing.

Katterley's curator insight, November 10, 2013 2:50 AM

Exciting! Get involved and get busy!

Helen Teague's curator insight, November 23, 2014 4:28 PM

Howard Rheingold's insight:

"A promising new site. They name Vannevar Bush, J.C.R. Licklider, and Douglas Engelbart as 'the canon,'"

their blog continues to  develop

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AIDR: Artificial Intelligence for Disaster Response

AIDR: Artificial Intelligence for Disaster Response | Augmented Collective Intelligence |
Social media platforms are increasingly used to communicate crisis information when major disasters strike. Hence the rise of Big (Crisis) Data.
Howard Rheingold's insight:

The first hours of disasters, natural and human-caused, are crucial for responders. Floods of tweets, SMS messages, and other reports from individuals on the ground can be critically helpful, if only responders have a way to separate the signal from the noise. Applying artificial intelligence techniques developed for mining meaning from big data could help in these humanitarian efforts.

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Precision Information Environments

Changing the Future of First Response Cooperation
Howard Rheingold's insight:

The external infotention environment includes dashboards. This from Pacific Northwest Laboratory, supported by US Dept. of Homeland Security, appears to be a dashboard for people to respond to complex emergencies -- infotention meets augmented collective intelligence.

Ignasi Alcalde's curator insight, September 5, 2013 4:22 AM

A revisar.

burlysand's comment, September 24, 2013 3:45 AM
Its superior :)
Technology Spot's comment, September 26, 2013 11:58 PM
Interested in Technology? Just visit :
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The Collective Intelligence Handbook (MIT CCI)

The Collective Intelligence Handbook (MIT CCI) | Augmented Collective Intelligence |


The Collective Intelligence Handbook [tentative title]

Thomas W. Malone and Michael S. Bernstein (Editors)

Collective intelligence has existed at least as long as humans have, because families, armies, countries, and companies have all--at least sometimes--acted collectively in ways that seem intelligent. But in the last decade or so a new kind of collective intelligence has emerged: groups of people and computers, connected by the Internet, collectively doing intelligent things. In order to understand the possibilities and constraints of these new kinds of intelligence, a new interdisciplinary field is emerging.

This book will introduce readers to many disciplinary perspectives on behavior that is bothcollective and intelligent.  By collective, we mean groups of individual actors, including, for example, people, computational agents, and organizations.  By intelligent, we mean that the collective behavior of the group exhibits characteristics such as, for example, perception, learning, judgment, or problem solving."

Via Claude Emond
Howard Rheingold's insight:

"Collective intelligence" is a phrase that is much used these days. I can think of no more authoritative and useful center of i nquiry than the Center for Collective Intelligence set up by Tom Malone at MIT. I'm looking forward to this one.

Carine Garcia's curator insight, June 16, 2014 4:44 AM

This book will introduce readers to many disciplinary perspectives on behavior that is bothcollective and intelligent. The goal of this edited volume is to help catalyze research in the field of collective intelligence by laying out a shared set of research challenges and methodological perspectives.

Geemik's curator insight, June 17, 2014 5:29 AM

"This book will introduce readers to many disciplinary perspectives on behavior that is both collective and intelligent.  By collective, we mean groups of individual actors, including, for example, people, computational agents, and organizations.  By intelligent, we mean that the collective behavior of the group exhibits characteristics such as, for example, perception, learning, judgment, or problem solving. "

Tannah Gravelis's curator insight, August 22, 2014 4:20 AM

This article is an extremely good look into what the modern day era has created in terms of collective intelligence. The article comes from an extremely credible source, and is an extensive and comprehensive study into the topic. I\Of all the articles i have found, this is the one I would recommend to someone who wanted to gain a better understanding on the topic.


Rank = 1

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M.I.T.'s Alex Pentland: Measuring Idea Flows to Accelerate Innovation

M.I.T.'s Alex Pentland: Measuring Idea Flows to Accelerate Innovation | Augmented Collective Intelligence |
Alex Pentland says data, sensors and smartphones are opening the door to what he calls “social physics.” It is the subject of his new book, about the implications of being able to monitor and measure the flow of ideas in companies, markets and communities as never before. The payoff, he says, should be the acceleration of the pace of innovation.
Howard Rheingold's insight:

I've visited Pentland's lab and have interviewed him. He knows what he's doing, and his work always has both an empirical basis and positive social impact in mind. The connection might be tangential, but I feel there is a connection between the Social Physics that Pentland writes about and the "soft" knowledge needed to understand and effectively manage augmented collective intelligence.

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Working Groups: the self-organising revolution | The Future of Occupy

Working Groups: the self-organising revolution | The Future of Occupy | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"As the regular General Assemblies are where all constituents gather to listen and contribute to the discussions using the methodology of the ‘stack’, which allows anyone seeking to propose a group or report on current activities,  joins a queue and takes their turn to speak. This allows each their turn to vocalise and articulate for all to hear and vote on. In a ‘leaderless’ holarchic society, the necessity for a self organising infrastructure to support the intrinsic momentum, and the forum to  voice the fomenting  processes of each, are both vital components. What is being revealed here is the desire for a new manner of building community, responsive to those who have been inspired to collaborate, as working groups become the lifeblood of the movement."

Via june holley
Howard Rheingold's insight:

The insect image is misleading. Augmented collective intelligence, from the emergence of speech to the invention of writing, printing, networked computation, is about the uniquely human ability to make individual decisions in harmony with cultural norms: we invent ways to communicate work-arounds to our individual self-interest, enlisting others in collective action through norms, reputation, punishment, ideology, persuasion. The General Assembly is a cultural experiment in such a workaround for groups of mostly strangers to manage a non-hierarchical, spontaneous, vehicle for the public sphere. 

MyKLogica's curator insight, February 18, 2014 2:05 PM

Cuando el fenómeno de la holacracia se extiende a la sociedad.

Ali Anani's curator insight, February 24, 2014 12:50 AM

Self-organizing or controlling? Which do you see fitter?

Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, March 14, 2014 8:59 AM
Working Groups: the self-organising revolution | The Future of Occupy
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IFTTT + Evernote = Automated Research - edSocialMedia

IFTTT + Evernote = Automated Research - edSocialMedia | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"IFTTT can be combined with Evernote to make a powerful collaborative research tool, because it allows you to combine the collaboration and cloud-access of Evernote with the easy access to information offered by RSS feeds.  Here’s an example:


My public forum debate team is researching the Middle East for debates in November.  The Council on Foreign Relations runs a blog called “Middle East Matters,” which you can subscribe to via RSS.  So first I created an Evernote folder call “Middle East Matters,” then shared it with all the members of the team.  Then I created a recipe so that every time a new item is pushed out by the “Middle East Matters” RSS feed, IFTTT creates a new note in Evernote out of that item.  Voilà!  I have now effortlessly shared the latest updates from the Middle East with my PF team."

Howard Rheingold's insight:

IFTTT ---> Evernote can be a powerful addition to the toolset for a group who research or track topics together (as is Diigo groups). With my students, we experiment with a lot of tools, then collaborative teams can decide on their own whether to use wikis or Google Docs, Twitter hashtags,, G+ Hangouts, on their project.

Brad Ovenell-Carter's curator insight, February 6, 2014 10:15 AM

I like mashups

Patsy Carrier's curator insight, February 7, 2014 2:19 AM

An interesting automation alternative

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In networks, cooperation trumps collaboration | Harold Jarche

In networks, cooperation trumps collaboration | Harold Jarche | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"Real network models are new modes, not modifications of the old ones, and cooperation is how work gets done. Some examples:

Wirearchy: a dynamic multi-way flow of power and authority based on information, knowledge, trust and credibility, enabled by interconnected people and technology.

Heterarchies are networks of elements in which each element shares the same “horizontal” position of power and authority, each playing a theoretically equal role [wikipedia].

Chaordic refers to a system of governance that blends characteristics of chaos and order. The term was coined by Dee Hock the founder and former CEO of the VISA credit card association [wikipedia]."

Howard Rheingold's insight:

Once again, Harold Jarche sees deeply into the intersection of human thought, network dynamics, and the power of augmentation by digital media. The use of powerful individual media, from smartphones to laptops to wearables, and global digital networks is only part of the picture of augmented collective intelligence. Understanding the different forms of collective action, their motivations and limitations, is key. Understanding the differences between cooperation and collaboration, hierarchies and heterarchies, for example.

Inteligência coletiva's curator insight, February 1, 2014 5:21 AM

 Um Interessante artigo que estabelece algumas diferenças entre as dinamicas de interação e trabalho conjunto - cooperação e colaboração em rede.


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"Goteo is a social network for crowdfunding and distributed collaboration (services, infrastructures, microtasks and other resources) for encouraging the independent development of creative and innovative initiatives that contribute to the common good, free knowledge, and open code. 
A platform for investing in "feeder capital" that supports projects with social, cultural, scientific, educational, technological, or ecological objectives that generate new opportunities for the improvement of society and the enrichment of community goods and resources." 
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Crowdfunding is a form of augmented collective intelligence that enables those who share an interest in a particular kind of development to invest in manifesting it. But Goteo seems worthy of this more selective collection of resources because of its goal of stimulating progress in social and economic goods that aren't provided by markets alone. Goteo originated in Spain.

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Games with Words: Results (Round 1): Crowdsourcing the Structure of Meaning & Thought

Games with Words: Results (Round 1): Crowdsourcing the Structure of Meaning & Thought | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"When researchers look at the aspects of meaning that matter for grammar across different languages, many of the same aspects pop up over and over again. Does the verb describe something changing (break vs. hit)? Does it describe something only people can do (own, know, believe vs. exist, break, roll)? Does it describe an event or a state (frighten vs. fear)? This is too suspicious of a pattern to be accidental. Researchers like Steven Pinker have argued that language cares about these aspects of meaning because these are basic distinctions our brain makes when we think and reason about the world (see Stuff of Thought). Thus, the structure of language gives us insight into the structure of thought"

Howard Rheingold's insight:

One problem with testing the relationships between grammar, meaning, and thought is the difficulty of checking every verb in every grammatical construction for every aspect of meaning would be intractable for individuals or entire institutions. That's where VerbCorner comes in, a platform for testing questions about verbs. Between May and Octobe, 2013, 641 verbs and six different aspects of meaning had been examined by 1513 volunteers who provided 117, 584 judgements -- enough data to begin analyzing. Citizen science is entering the study of the mind. It won't be long before forms of augmented collective intelligence explore the possibility spaces around augmented collective intelligence: Now that we know how to use networks to enable strangers to solve problems together, we can use the methods that emerge to build better platforms -- Doug Engelbart called this "bootstrapping," and it's the driving force of augmented collective intelligence.

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"The Human 'Super Brain' Emerged 75,000 Years Ago" --New Insights (Holiday Weekend Feature)

"The Human 'Super Brain' Emerged 75,000 Years Ago" --New Insights (Holiday Weekend Feature) | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"Humans obviously evolved a much wider range of communication tools to express their thoughts, the most important being language," said John Hoffecker, a fellow at the University of Colorado's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. "Individual human brains within social groups became integrated into a neurologic Internet of sorts, giving birth to the mind."

There is abundant fossil and archaeological evidence for the evolution of the human mind, including its unique power to create a potentially infinite variety of thoughts expressed in the form of sentences, art and technologies," according to Hoffecker. "He attributes the evolving power of the mind to the formation of what he calls the "super-brain," or collective mind, an event that took place in Africa no later than 75,000 years ago."
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Augmented collective intelligence must have started with the emergence of language in Homo Sapiens, which appears to have happened relatively recently in evolutionary time (i.e., humans were a distinct species for at least a hundred thousand years before language probably emerged). As Robert K. Logan and others have asserted, language and conceptual thought probably co-evolved, providing affordances for each other. And with language came culture -- the collection of methods, practices, customs, rituals, knowledge that makes it possible for individual insight and discovery to spread throughout groups.

Inteligência coletiva's curator insight, December 16, 2013 5:58 AM

O autor apresenta um artigo interessante sobre os aspetos evolutivos da especie humana, mais especificamente o cerebro, que através da  genese evolutiva,  desenvolve a capacidade de se expandir para lá da mente individual. O "super cerebro" ou mente coletiva (Hoffecker) representa a capacidade adquirida  exterirorizar as representações mentais mas também de funcionar cooperativamente.

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Essay of the Day: Collective Intelligence and Neutral Point of View in the Case of Wikipedia

Via Pierre Levy
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Augmented collective intelligence depends on technological amplification of the ability of humans to think, communicate, and work together -- and upon the norms, methods, and institutions that humans create to overcome social dilemmas. Wikipedia's Neutral Point of View is a perfect example of this kind of techno-social arrangement.

Paz Barceló's curator insight, November 18, 2013 6:18 AM

Sobre los límites de la inteligencia colectiva.

luiy's curator insight, November 18, 2013 9:06 AM

We examine whether collective intelligence helps achieve a neutral point of view (NPOV) using data from Wikipedia’s articles on US politics. Our null hypothesis builds on Linus’ Law, often expressed as “Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow.” Our findings are consistent with a narrow interpretation of Linus’ Law, namely, a greater number of contributors to an article makes an article more neutral. No evidence supports a broad interpretation of Linus’ Law. Moreover, several empirical facts suggest the law does not shape many articles. The majority of articles receive little attention, and most articles change only mildly from their initial slant. Our study provides the first empirical evidence on the limit of collective intelligence. While many managers believe that they could improve their products by taking advantage of the wisdom of crowds, we show that in the case of Wikipedia, there are aspects such as NPOV that collective intelligence does not help achieve successfully.

Rick Frank's curator insight, November 18, 2013 9:34 AM

Interesting idea, but OMG this is boring to read, needs some STYLE.

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6th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence Technologies and Applications - ICCCI 2014

6th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence Technologies and Applications - ICCCI 2014 | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

"Three subfields of application of computational intelligence technologies to support various forms of collective intelligence are of special attention but are not the only ones:  semantic web  (as an advanced tool increasing collective intelligence),  social network analysis  (as the field targeted to the emergence of new forms of CCI), and  multiagent systems  (as a computational and modeling paradigm especially tailored to capture the nature of CCI emergence in populations of autonomous individuals)."

Via Pierre Levy
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Interesting combination of computational and social approaches to augmented ("computational") collective intelligence -- this conference is an indicator that serious collective intelligence research is maturing.

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Why Crowdsourcing Future Is Moving To Curation, Synthesis and Things

Why Crowdsourcing Future Is Moving To Curation, Synthesis and Things | Augmented Collective Intelligence |

Via Robin Good
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Crowdsourcing is not exactly collective intelligence unless you add, well, intelligence. Or judgement -- which is the fundamental human talent required for good curation. When populations learn to make intelligent judgements about what is and what is not worthwhile online, and share their decisions through curation platforms (like, they enhance their individual knowledge, sharpen their judgement, and as an aggregate by-product (here's where the crowdsourcing comes in), raise the collective IQ of the communities of interest that congregate around specific topics

María Dolores Díaz Noguera's curator insight, November 16, 2013 8:13 AM

Great one.

Olinda Turner's curator insight, November 20, 2013 5:57 PM

Although directed at content marketing, these ideas translate into technical communications where users are trying to help each other find the best technical content. I totally agree that the fundamental way in which we communicate through content is shifting.

irene's curator insight, January 10, 2014 9:16 AM

Perché il futuro del Crowdsourcing va in direzione della cura, sintesi e cose varie.

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IBM Teams With Leading Universities to Advance Research in Cognitive Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

IBM Teams With Leading Universities to Advance Research in Cognitive Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | Augmented Collective Intelligence |
IBM Teams With Leading Universities to Advance Research in Cognitive Systems Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute "I am excited to be working with IBM and these other universities to understand better how to harness these new forms of collective...
Howard Rheingold's insight:

Doug Engelbart created much of what we know today as personal digital media -- word processing, hypertext, multimedia, the mouse, the point and click interface -- in order to help human teams solve complex problems. A completely separate effort by Minsky, McCarthy, et. al. focused on machine intelligence. Today, we're seeing these efforts coming together.

IT's curator insight, October 6, 2013 7:58 AM

Ještě, že IBM kdysi vznikla a věnuje se Kognitvním systémům na které se budeme moci brzy spolehnout, každý den, když budeme chtít efektivně a jednoduše vypnout SMART televizi.

IT's curator insight, October 27, 2013 1:03 PM

Celkem se mi ulevilo