"Deep attention is a goal for all of us in our lives at various times. That said, I don't believe our technologies make us any less committed to deep attention. There is no deeper attention than a coder writing code. We have such a naive and uninterrogated view of deep attention in the West because, in fact, almost all our research on attention, beginning with William James's original "Attention" chapter in 1890 (Principles of Psychology) has been focused on the form of attention interrupted by external stimuli. What 5000 years of Eastern thinking on attention tells us is that the hardest attention of all is deep attention: alone, in a meditative space, with no distractions, it is the mind that confuses itself. If it didn't we'd have a lot more Buddhas in the world! That's the profound conclusion of Eastern understandings of attention: it is hard to have deep attention and, in fact, reading doesn't even come close. Even "reading" as a category is a mish-mash. We read from different parts of the brain and in different ways when what we read is new, difficult, a re-read, a re-read of something first read in a pleasurable circumstance, a re-read of something first read in traumatic surroundings, a skim, something that must be memorized, and on and on. We call it "reading" but all those are different cognitive acts, with more or less deep attention. Given that, I dismiss simple binaries of "multitasking" as being about technology."