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39 New Scientific Concepts That Everyone Should Understand

39 New Scientific Concepts That Everyone Should Understand | arslog | Scoop.it

The editors over at Edge.orgasked some of the most influential thinkers in the world — including neuroscientists, physicists and mathematicians — what they believe are the most important scientific concepts of the modern era.The result is "This Will make You Smarter: New Scientific Concepts To Improve Your Thinking," a compilation of nearly 200 essays exploring concepts such as the "shifting baseline syndrome" and a scientific view of "randomness."

We've highlighted 39 of the concepts here, crediting the author whose essay highlights the theory.

Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/scientific-concepts-from-this-will-make-you-smarter-2012-6?op=1#ixzz20lnQ9Spd


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Biological Bits

Biological Bits | arslog | Scoop.it

A BRIEF GUIDE TO THE IDEAS AND ARTEFACTS OF COMPUTATIONAL ARTIFICIAL LIFE
Alan Dorin, Animaland, 2014
This guide provides broad coverage of computational Artificial Life, a field encompassing the theories and discoveries underpinning the invention and study of technology-based living systems. It is targetted at students of all ages who are new to Artificial Life or are hoping to gain a broad understanding of its themes.
The book focusses specifically on Artificial Life realised in computer software. Topics include:
• pre-history of Artificial Life
• artificial chemistry
• artificial cells
• organism development
• locomotion
• group behaviour
• evolution
• ecosystem simulation

Biological Bits includes animations and interactive software for experimentation with key processes. Simulations are included to allow exploration of cellular automata, developmental models, group behaviour and ecosystem simulation to aid in illustrating the text. The book can be read cover-to-cover as a general introduction to Artificial Life, or it can serve as a textbook for university or advanced high-school courses.

 

http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~aland/BiologicalBits.html


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A Dystopian Sci-Fi Movie Filmed Completely under the Radar in China … Starring Ai Weiwei | Colossal

A Dystopian Sci-Fi Movie Filmed Completely under the Radar in China … Starring Ai Weiwei | Colossal | arslog | Scoop.it

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Bot & Dolly and the Rise of Creative Robots

Bot & Dolly and the Rise of Creative Robots | arslog | Scoop.it
The design studio, acquired last year by Google and best known for its work on the film Gravity, specializes in robots for use in movies, architecture, and digital fabrication

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20 Crucial Terms Every 21st Century Futurist Should Know

20 Crucial Terms Every 21st Century Futurist Should Know | arslog | Scoop.it

We live in an era of accelerating change, when scientific and technological advancements are arriving rapidly. As a result, we are developing a new language to describe our civilization as it evolves. Here are 20 terms and concepts that you'll need to navigate our future.


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Pushpendra Mishra's curator insight, March 24, 7:12 AM

Aamod at Bhimtal is a magnificent hill resort surrounded by untouched Oak and Pine forests on one side and a small lake on the other with lush green aamod.in

Pablo Munévar's curator insight, March 28, 9:46 AM

Estamos en una época de aceleración y vale la pena repensar estas nuevas formas de comprender estos términos

Broadband Chandigarh's curator insight, April 16, 1:07 AM

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Perfect memory, #enhanced vision, an expert golf swing: The future of brain #implants | #health #cyborgs

Perfect memory, #enhanced vision, an expert golf swing: The future of brain #implants | #health #cyborgs | arslog | Scoop.it
How soon can we expect to see brain implants for perfect memory, enhanced vision, hypernormal focus or an expert golf swing? We're closer than you might think.

Via Carole Maurage, JP Fourcade, luiy
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Carole Maurage's curator insight, March 19, 4:37 AM

L'homo numericus augmenté, c'est pour demain... matin !

luiy's curator insight, March 19, 10:22 AM

Today, effective brain-machine interfaces have to be wired directly into the brain to pick up the signals emanating from small groups of nerve cells. But nobody yet knows how to make devices that listen to the same nerve cells that long. Part of the problem is mechanical: The brain sloshes around inside the skull every time you move, and an implant that slips by a millimeter may become ineffective.

 

Another part of the problem is biological: The implant must be nontoxic and biocompatible so as not to provoke an immune reaction. It also must be small enough to be totally enclosed within the skull and energy-efficient enough that it can be recharged through induction coils placed on the scalp at night (as with the recharging stands now used for some electric toothbrushes).

thierrydenys's curator insight, March 20, 1:24 PM

You, me tomorrow ? Perfect memory, enhanced vision: The future of brain implants...

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Quantum Biology: Better Living Through Quantum Mechanics - The Nature of Reality

Quantum Biology: Better Living Through Quantum Mechanics - The Nature of Reality | arslog | Scoop.it
A quantum computer is a serious piece of hardware. My colleagues and I build quantum computers from superconducting systems, quantum dots, lasers operating on nonlinear crystals,... Read Full Postelse

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#A.I.L - artists in laboratories, episode 57: James Auger - we make money not art

#A.I.L - artists in laboratories, episode 57: James Auger - we make money not art | arslog | Scoop.it

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3ders.org - Architect, voxeljet create ultra-high performance concrete using 3D printing | 3D Printer News & 3D Printing News

3ders.org - Architect, voxeljet create ultra-high performance concrete using 3D printing | 3D Printer News & 3D Printing News | arslog | Scoop.it
Now architect Philippe Morel from Studio EZCT Architecture & Design Research in Paris is using 3D printed sand molds to create ultra high-strength concrete.

Via amleto picerno , Hassan Raza Balti
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Nanomotors that are controlled, for the first time, inside living cells | KurzweilAI

Nanomotors that are controlled, for the first time, inside living cells | KurzweilAI | arslog | Scoop.it

Penn State University chemists and engineers have, for the first time, placed tiny synthetic motors inside live human cells in a lab, propelled them with ultrasonic waves, and steered them magnetically.

The Penn State nanomotors are the closest so far to a “Fantastic Voyage” concept (without the miniature people).

The nanomotors, which are rocket-shaped gold rods ~300 nanometers in diameter and ~3 microns long, move around inside the cells, spinning and battering against the cell membrane.

The nanomotors are activated by resonant ultrasound operating at ~4 MHz, and show axial propulsion as well as spinning.

 


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Dutch scientists flap to the future with 'insect' drone

Dutch scientists flap to the future with 'insect' drone | arslog | Scoop.it

Dutch scientists have developed the world's smallest autonomous flapping drone, a dragonfly-like beast with 3-D vision that could revolutionise our experience of everything from pop concerts to farming.

"This is the DelFly Explorer, the world's smallest drone with flapping wings that's able to fly around by itself and avoid obstacles," its proud developer Guido de Croon of the Delft Technical University told AFP.

Weighing just 20 grammes (less than an ounce), around the same as four sheets of printer paper, the robot dragonfly could be used in situations where much heavier quadcopters with spinning blades would be hazardous, such as flying over the audience to film a concert or sport event.

The Explorer looks like a large dragonfly or grasshopper as it flitters about the room, using two tiny low-resolution video cameras—reproducing the 3-D vision of human eyes—and an on-board computer to take in its surroundings and avoid crashing into things.

And like an insect, the drone which has a wingspan of 28 centimetres (11 inches), would feel at home flying around plants.

"It can for instance also be used to fly around and detect ripe fruit in greenhouses," De Croon said, with an eye on the Netherlands' vast indoor fruit-growing business.

"Or imagine, for the first time there could be an autonomous flying fairy in a theme park," he said.


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Monkeys control each other's movement via computer link

Monkeys control each other's movement via computer link | arslog | Scoop.it

Scientists have successfully used computer chips to link two monkeys together, allowing one monkey's brain to control the other's body movement. Researchers say they hope their work - partly inspired by Hollywood blockbuster Avatar - will lead to the development of implants for patients who have nerve or spinal cord paralysis.

 

Harvard neurosurgeon Ziv Williams, who co-authored the study published in the journal Nature Communications, says the paper aimed to find possible ways to treat people with cervical spinal cord injuries and are quadriplegic or have had brain stem strokes.

 

"What we basically did was create a functional cortical to spinal bypass where we're able to record neural signals in the brain, extract information about what the monkey is intending on doing and then basically stimulating the spinal cord to produce movements in their paralysed limb to those same intended target locations," Dr Williams said.

 

"For example, if the monkey is intending on moving upwards, we would select specific electrode contacts in the spinal cord to stimulate a movement that reaches that exact same target location. "In some cases actually the first monkey just needed to think about what they wanted to do and then the other monkey would make the movement."


Dr Williams said the "master monkey" was implanted with a microchip in the area of their brain responsible for thinking about movement and the neurons were recorded, based on the patterns of activity.

 

"We could figure out what the monkey was intending on moving or intending on doing - for example you know, moving up, down, left, right - and then at the same time we implanted a microchip in the spinal cord of the avatar and then we stimulated those areas based on what the other monkey was thinking," he said.


"So the hook-up was basically a computational link where we basically matched everything that the monkey, that the master, was thinking about and then matched that with movements produced in the avatar.


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Mind+ - A flow-based visual programming software for Arduino

Mind+ - A flow-based visual programming software for Arduino | arslog | Scoop.it

to get you started with hardware hacking even without programming background...


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nay-seven's curator insight, February 17, 5:52 AM

Here a new way to program Arduino, and this will open the famous card to non-programmers ! just drag and link some blocks, upload it to your card...

Stewart Dunn's curator insight, February 23, 7:54 AM
watch this
Richard Platt's curator insight, February 23, 10:12 AM

Awesome tech for rapid proto-typing Arduino boards for the maker community

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How Medical Augmented Reality Will Seamlessly Save Your Life

How Medical Augmented Reality Will Seamlessly Save Your Life | arslog | Scoop.it
As augmented reality technologies continue to develop, one sector that will see the most practical benefits is the healthcare industry.

Via Steve Yuen, Ghislaine Boddington
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Réalité augmentée, réalité orientée, par le philosophe Eric Sadin | #AR #enhanced #cyborgs

Réalité augmentée, réalité orientée, par le philosophe Eric Sadin | #AR #enhanced #cyborgs | arslog | Scoop.it

La notion de «réalité augmentée» peut être prise au pied de la lettre dans la mesure où le procédé permet de saisir des dimensions dissimulées rendues manifestes, révélant un panorama élargi des choses non directement perceptibles par les sens. Appellation qui pourrait tout autant faire l’objet d’une torsion, vu les conseils à vocation généralement commerciale, qui appelleraient un léger déplacement de la dimension plutôt flatteuse «d’augmentation», pour la prise en compte de la force «orientante», devant alors plus justement être qualifiée de «réalité orientée». ...


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luiy's curator insight, April 3, 4:26 AM

TOURNANT COGNITIF

 

La réalité augmentée expose la preuve patente d’une puissance virtuellement omnisciente de la technique collant désormais au corps ou faisant corps à notre perception des choses, à l’instar des Google Glass ou autres lunettes connectées qui adjoignent à l’expérience quotidienne un réservoir en théorie infini et évolutif d’indications en rapport. Ultime étape avant l’implémentation de lentilles au contact des rétines, nous érigeant comme des cyborgs non pas augmentés d’organes artificiels, mais enveloppés de données individuellement ajustées à chacun de nos «profils» et de nos situations. Dispositifs en sophistication croissante, dont on ne peut réduire la portée et les enjeux à de seules informations ou conseils prétendument «pertinents», mais qui appellent de saisir le «tournant cognitif» qui s’instaure.

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3D printing to make spare parts for bodies

3D printing to make spare parts for bodies | arslog | Scoop.it
The medical technology of bioprinting, artificially creating human organs and body parts, is racing ahead. How long could it be before we can replace any part of our bodies?

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How the Web Will Implode

How the Web Will Implode | arslog | Scoop.it
Jeff Stibel is either a genius when it comes to titles, or has one hell of an editor. The name of his recent book Breakpoint: Why the web will implode, search will be obsolete, and everything you need to know about technology is in your brain was about as intriguing as I had found a title, at least since The Joys of X. In many ways, the book delivers on the promise of its title, making an incredibly compelling argument for how we should be looking at the trend lines in technology, a book which is chalk full of surprising and original observations.

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Spaceweaver's curator insight, March 23, 10:58 AM

Interesting read about the future of the web... (not good probably....)

Miro Svetlik's curator insight, March 24, 3:29 PM

Sound really worth reading, if only for inspiration. I am putting it on my wishlist.

Viktoras Veitas's comment, March 25, 3:56 AM
Good: Stibel, brain scientist and entrepreneur, compares the Internet to the human brain as a network, and, as with all networks, the Internet is approaching a break point, along with many technologies and businesses that rely on it. Yet, as in nature, the break point will bring better things because “the fittest species are typically the smallest. . . . The unit of measure for progress isn’t size, it’s time.” We learn that post-break-point technology networks (he cites the Internet, the web, and Facebook) are just tools to further connect humans more deeply while encouraging and enhancing equality, since social media promotes democracy. The author contends that technology networks must encourage growth at all costs and avoid monetization too early, which requires patience but also requires “shifting gears” once the break point is reached. He suggests that “technology is on the verge of creating the types of things habitually reserved for humans: consciousness, intelligence, and emotion.” A fascinating book with important ideas for a wide range of library patrons. --Mary Whaley
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Janet Echelman’s Largest Aerial Sculpture To Premiere in Vancouver

Janet Echelman’s Largest Aerial Sculpture To Premiere in Vancouver | arslog | Scoop.it
© Ema Peter / Studio Echelman American Artist Janet Echelman is to premiere her latest, and largest, sculpture in Vancouver. Widely known for her

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Cod.Act - Pendulum Choir

Cod.Act - Pendulum Choir | arslog | Scoop.it
Cod.Act poursuit ses recherches sur les relations et interactions possibles entre la musique orchestrale et le mouvement, en nous concentrant cette fois-ci sur une œuvre chorale a cappella.

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What will human bodies be like in a hundred year’s time?

What will human bodies be like in a hundred year’s time? | arslog | Scoop.it

IEET Fellow Russell Blackford (author Humanity Enhanced) and Nicholas Agar (Author, Truly Human Enhancement) discuss enhancement technologies on ABC’s The Body Sphere, hosted by Amanda Smith. What will human bodies be like in a hundred year’s time? Will we be as much technological as flesh and blood, with things like cybernetic implants and modified DNA?  Is a post-human future desirable..?


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Rescooped by arslog from Web 3.0
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Top 10 Emerging Technologies That Will Reshape the Future

From super-light cars to smarter drugs, the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies has identified the top 10 emerging technologies of 2014 that could reshape the society of the future


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Pierre Tran's curator insight, February 27, 6:19 AM

Les 10 technologies émergentes en 2014 qui pourraient remodeler la société du future, selon le Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies

Afrikasources's curator insight, March 3, 4:42 AM

New leaders will emerge and some will be African

Paula Silva's comment, March 4, 12:10 AM
Will you check this scoop? Thank you so much. http://sco.lt/5okJ17
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Urban Media Aesthetics - artistic and curatorial practices with digital art forms in urban environments

Urban Media Aesthetics - artistic and curatorial practices with digital art forms in urban environments | arslog | Scoop.it

Urban Media Aesthetics is an ongoing curatorial research project that investigates subject matters relevant to artistic and curatorial practices with digital art forms in urban environments. 

 

The notion of urban media aesthetics as a curatorial subject relates to the presentation and integration of artistic, visual digital content in urban contexts. This materializes in various contemporary examples, such as digital art installations, media facades, pervasive and mobile displays, big screens, projections of moving images, architectural mapping and animation, responsive architecture, and other types of “exhibition forms,” which take the urban environment as their exhibition space while integrating digital content, infrastructure and digitally-inspired forms into the urban ecology. 

 

While urban media aesthetics as a research area might reflect a history of technologies, with relations between developments in screen and projection technology and developments in artistic expression and presentation, this initiative is not looking for a historical narrative or line of progress or development. There is no ‘one’ history of this discourse and no archive laying the ground for it either. There is no established framework for grasping, approaching and critiquing the emerging artistic and curatorial practices with media aesthetics in urban public contexts. Perhaps we can look towards principles of nomadicism, interdisciplinarity and emphasis on cultural and social situations, which we find in an archeological approach, to avoid relying on historicity that would tell us about technological “progress” without questioning what progress even means.


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Graphene nanoribbons could be the savior of Moore’s Law

Graphene nanoribbons could be the savior of Moore’s Law | arslog | Scoop.it

With each new generation of microchips, transistors are being placed closer and closer together. This can only go on so long before there’s no more room to improve, or something revolutionary has to come along to change everything. One of the materials that might be the basis of that revolution is none other than graphene. Researchers at the University of California at Berkeley are hot on the trail of a form of so-called nanoribbon graphene that could increase the density of transistors on a computer chip by as much as 10,000 times.


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Thierry Bodhuin's curator insight, February 18, 4:10 AM

Moore's law may continue ... 

 

Yaroslav Writtle's curator insight, February 18, 6:44 AM

Interesting stuff - wonder what could this mean for computing capacity 10 years down the line?

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Revolution in Artificial Limbs Brings Feeling Back to Amputees

Revolution in Artificial Limbs Brings Feeling Back to Amputees | arslog | Scoop.it
The next generation of prosthetics will enable amputees to move and feel with their devices like never before.

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luiy's curator insight, February 23, 1:29 PM

Something is missing. Every amputee knows it, and it is more than the arm or leg they have lost. They can getreplacements for those limbs: substitutes made from metal and plastic, controlled by advanced computer chips, with the ability to grip, to turn, to step. On the outside the limbs can appear lifelike, and on the inside they are amazing machines.

 

But they are tools, not part of the patients themselves. They have no sensitivity, and no instant response to a patient's intentions.

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Evolutionary Robotics

Evolutionary Robotics | arslog | Scoop.it
Taking a biologically inspired approach to the design of autonomous, adaptive machines.

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Should we redesign humans? | TED Playlist

Should we redesign humans? | TED Playlist | arslog | Scoop.it
The age of bioengineering is upon us, with scientists' understanding of how to engineer cells, tissues and organs improving at a rapid pace. Here, how this could affect the future of our physical bodies.

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