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being an immigrant or living in a "slum" is a feature not a bug
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100 Urban Trends That You Should Know About

100 Urban Trends That You Should Know About | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

As the world population continues its endless upward climb, cities will become even more important than they are today. And if you want to understand where cities are going, you have to be aware of the most important trends happening now.



... the BMW Guggenheim Lab Berlin has done us all a huge favor by rounding up 100 of what it calls "the most talked-about trends in urban thinking." This is by no means a definitive list, but it is a snapshot of what people were talking about in Berlin during the Summer of 2012 (when the traveling city-focused Guggenheim Lab was in the area).


See the pdf here.



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Organizer Prabhat Mishra on Climate Change in India

Organizer Prabhat Mishra on Climate Change in India | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

Working with the Government, Mr. Mishra has taken special interest in environmental issues and has been instrumental in mobilizing hundreds of villagers across the district for climate action. People of Aasayi village in the district took part in Climate Impacts Day on May 5th earlier this year where locals gathered for a human art formation depicting the need to safeguard their fragile forests.


With rising carbon emissions across the planet, the need for a concerted effort to tackle climate change is only growing. Here are a few suggestions, which need urgent attention:


1. There should be a “WORLD COMMISSION FOR SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT” for promoting the researches and developmental works which have zero to low carbon emissions.
2. Our investment in R & D should be more on the development of “RENEWABLE ENERGY” like solar, tidal, wind and water energies, apart from developing “low carbon emission technologies”.
3. There should be a big role and support for civil society institutions in implementing environment friendly plans & projects of government.
4. There should be effective “AWARENESS programmes at grassroots level”, to save the environment from degradation. 350.org is doing an excellent job in this regard.
5. Carbon capping should not be the one way legislation programme against developing nations. DEVELOPED nations should provide financial help and green technology transfer to DEVELOPING nations, to phase-out the fossil fuels.





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Why We Should Worry About the Drop in Immigrant-Led Start-Ups

Why We Should Worry About the Drop in Immigrant-Led Start-Ups | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

New visa requirements are pushing American-trained foreigners to start their businesses in other countries.


In the late 1990s, there had been a big surge in skilled immigration due to a temporary increase in the cap for H-1B visas. In theory, that should have resulted in an explosion in new immigrant founded companies over the past several years.


The latest survey results from AnnaLee Saxenian of the University of California – Then and Now: America’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs — shows a drop in the number of immigrant-found companies in Silicon Valley, from 52.4 percent from 1995 to 2005 to 43.9 percent from 2006 to 2012.


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State-mandated planning, higher resident wealth linked to more sustainable city transportation

Transportation practices tend to be more environmentally friendly in wealthier metropolitan areas located within states that mandate comprehensive planning, new research suggests.


Ohio State University scientist Anna McCreery analyzed the effects on what she calls transportation ecoefficiency, which is an index of four scores: percentage of commuters driving alone to work (fewer is better), percentage of residents taking public transit and percentage walking or riding a bicycle to work (more of both of these is better); and population density (more people per square mile reduces driving distances). (...)


"For alternative transportation options like public transportation or infrastructure for walking and cycling to get funding, they have to fight a little harder. That's why they're alternative. The norm is using a car," McCreery said.

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Why We Need a Better 'Science of Cities'

Why We Need a Better 'Science of Cities' | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

In his just-released Planet of Cities, Shlomo Angel argues that urban policy-makers and planners must do more to meet the challenge of urbanization. Angel, who is a member of the Urbanization Project at New York University and who conducted his research as a visiting fellow at the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, provides a detailed, data-driven analysis filled with maps of world urbanization patterns, as well as charts and tables documenting the challenges facing global cities. He took time out from his busy schedule to talk to Atlantic Cities about the key challenges facing our increasingly urban world.


RF: We live in an expanding urban world. How much and what kind of expansion can we anticipate? What parts of the world will see the most of it, and how can we best cope?


SA: In the coming decades, say between 2010 and 2050, cities in industrialized countries will add 170 million to their populations while developing countries will add 2.5 billion, or 15 times that. The largest shares of this growth, 25 percent each, will be in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian subcontinent, and an additional 15 percent will be in China.


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If You Want Walkable Development, You Must Show That It Pays

If You Want Walkable Development, You Must Show That It Pays | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
The complex math behind the connection between walkability and the economic bottom line.

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Empathy, Education, and Musical Chairs: brains are actually primed for both competition and cooperation

Empathy, Education, and Musical Chairs: brains are actually primed for both competition and cooperation | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

...As it turns out, however, recent scientific advancements in the field of neuroscience are showing that actually, these parents--and everyone else who believes that people are only inherently competitive--are wrong. Instead, human brains are actually primed for both competition and cooperation: which side of us emerges as more dominant is dependent on our culture....

 

But of course, right now, our culture does not nurture empathy and cooperation. Instead, in schools, our homes, in the media, and in every aspect of our lives, we value competition...

 

Multiple fields of scientific research, including neuroscience, primatology, evolutionary biology, cognitive ethology (the study of animal behavior in naturalistic settings), social psychology, and subfields in philosophy have produced enough evidence over the past two decades to confirm that our greatest hope for the future rests in understanding the real possibilities of human biology, and beginning to translate these findings into our culture (de Waal, 2009).

 

by Nadine Dolby

img via wikipedia


 


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Witnessing Acts of Compassion Prompts People to Do Good: Study | Epoch Times

Witnessing Acts of Compassion Prompts People to Do Good: Study | Epoch Times | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

In a new study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Karl Aquino and his team found that after witnessing exceptional altruistic acts, people are more likely to perform charitably themselves.


“They have some sort of emotional reaction—they’re inspired, they feel somewhat awed by the behavior, they may get severe physiological reactions. A lot of these changes can then lead them to try to do good things for others.”


“A lot of the media, when they try to get people to do good, they focus on highlighting the suffering others are experiencing or terrible things people are experiencing,” he says.


“So we suggest an alternative technique may be to highlight examples of extraordinary goodness. They’re rare by definition; they don’t happen every day. But if we could identify these and make them much more prominent, then it could get people to think differently about their lives and about others, which may influence them to do good.”


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Vacant Lots Turned Green Reduce Crime, Study Says - Earth911.com

Vacant Lots Turned Green Reduce Crime, Study Says - Earth911.com | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

Greening old, vacant lots comes with plenty of healthy benefits to communities, but it might also help reduce crime, according to a new University of Pennsylvania study.

 

Researchers started with two types of lots consisting controlled vacant, overgrown lots and ones renovated with help from the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, who cleaned, planted trees and grass and build a wooden fence around each lot. Researchers interviewed 21 residents near each lot before and after the experiment. Residents living around greened lots said they felt safer following the renovations.

 

Researchers also looked at crime statistics three months before the renovations and three months after. Areas with greened lots saw a total reduction in crime, including gun crime and assault without guns. The researchers attribute the reduction to an overall sense of community in areas with greened lots. Additionally, greened lots limit options to hide illegal activities, such as hiding illegal guns or drug use.

 

http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2012/08/06/injuryprev-2012-040439

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A group of leading international scientists,...

A group of leading international scientists, doctors and professors have spent their lives trying to find out what is the best way to eat. A pattern has begun to emerge in their research, which shows that our animal-based diets are the cause of our most challenging health and environmental problems. Having to battle against their own beliefs, and those of the institutions they worked for, they have come up with a solution that will change people's lives forever.

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MSU plans urban agriculture research campus in Detroit

DETROIT — The City of Detroit and Michigan State University have agreed in principle to pursue a major urban agriculture research campus within the city that might include a large working farm and innovative research and techniques, such as transforming empty buildings into multi-tiered farms.


The campus is envisioned as the central hub of a future collection of world-wide facilities focused on urban agriculture research.


The agreement envisions using Detroit’s “current vacant land, brown fields, and deteriorating physical structures as the basis for future growth and development.”

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MegaCities | Janice E. Perlman

MegaCities | Janice E. Perlman | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

Perlman is the President and CEO of the Mega-Cities Project, which she founded in 1988 with the intention to shorten the lag time between ideas and implementation in urban problem-solving. Working at the intersection of poverty, environment and voice for the disenfranchised, the organization has brokered over 40 transfers of successful urban innovations across boundaries of geography, ethnicity and nationality. Research/action teams in cities with over 10 million people across Asia, Africa, Latin America and the United States are hosted by university research centers or non-profit organizations and use leaders from government, business, non-profits, grassroots groups, academia and the media to help identify unrecognized local initiatives.


@JanicePerlman 

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Investigation into Copenhagen's Play Yards

Investigation into Copenhagen's Play Yards | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

How does Denmark’s capital city meet its children’s need for outdoor play – and what can other nations learn from its approach? For a well-researched, gloriously detailed, beautifully presented answer, look no further than a new report from Australian architect Tanya Vincent.


Her report is one of the most useful of its kind that I have ever read. It is full of insights into the design, management and ethos of the settings. It is also hard-hitting, making some powerful points about the nature of childhood in Australia and the urgent need for better places for children to play. All in just over 40 pages, plus an appendix with superbly designed spreads giving site-by-site descriptions. There is even a site map for the Copenhagen projects.

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Stress and the city: Urban decay

Stress and the city: Urban decay | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

Scientists are testing the idea that the stress of modern city life is a breeding ground for psychosis.


Global urbanization is making the question an urgent one, writes Alison Abbott.  She reports that "a few scientists are tackling the question head on, using functional brain imaging and digital monitoring to see how people living in cities and rural areas differ in the way that their brains process stressful situations."


".. if scientists can work out what aspects of the city are the most stressful," says Abbott, "the findings might even help to improve the design of urban areas."


"'Everyone wants the city to be beautiful but no-one knows what that means,' says Meyer-Lindenberg. Wider streets? Taller buildings? More trees? 'Architects theorize a lot, but this type of project could deliver a scientific basis for a city code.'”


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Global Warming: a new report on loss of life and global economic damage

Global Warming: a new report on loss of life and global economic damage | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

From devastating floods in China and the Philippines to droughts in Africa, the extreme weather patterns that hit the United States have impacted sites around the world as the face of global warming.

According to a new report, climate change has already contributed to 400,000 deaths per year and over $699 billion, 0.9 percent annually, in loss to gross domestic product (GDP). The report estimates even greater damage from air pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels. also driving global warming.

'Climate Vulnerability Monitor: A Guide to the Cold Calculus of a Hot Planet (2nd Edition)' was written by over 50 scientists, economists and policy experts, and commissioned by 20 governments. The study calculates and compares the vulnerability of 184 countries in terms of environmental disasters, habitat change, health impact and industry stress.

Read on for statistics, implications and global health issues related to these new findings, proving that 'failing to deal with global warming will have real and lasting impacts on local communities, economies, health and safety, and people around the world.'


Via Lauren Moss
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What Is This App Doing To My Kid’s Brain?

What Is This App Doing To My Kid’s Brain? | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The amount of digital media exposure we’re getting, even among the tiniest infants, just keeps growing. Half of all children under the age of 8 have access to a touch-screen device, whether smartphone or tablet, at home, and half of infants under 1 year watch TV or videos--an average of almost two hours a day. The educational app field is seeing massive growth with 80% of educational apps in the iPad store targeted to young children. But research, says one expert, is lagging far behind practice.


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Children of immigrants are coming out ahead of their peers, U.S. study finds

Children of immigrants are outperforming children whose family trees have deeper roots in the United States, learning more in school and then making smoother transitions into adulthood, according to sociologists.

Via David Hodgson
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Solar-powered Wireless Sensors System Monitors the Environment

Pacific Data Systems presents the ēKo outdoor wireless monitoring system representing a new generation of sensor integration and wireless technology. Designed to provide critical, real-time data reliably and in a user-friendly format, the MEMSIC ēKo Pro Series outdoor wireless system finds application in environmental research, precision agriculture, irrigation management, pollution detection, conservation, crop monitoring and smart water grids, encompassing areas such as climate change, biodiversity, water quality, groundwater contamination, soil contamination, use of natural resources, waste management, sustainable development and air pollution.

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Time with parents is important for teens' well-being

Teenagers are famous for seeking independence from their parents, but research shows that many teens continue to spend time with their parents and that this shared time is important for teens' well-being, according to researchers.

Via David Hodgson
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Healthy Happy Meals with toys steer kids from junk food

Healthy Happy Meals with toys steer kids from junk food | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
What part of a McDonald's Happy Meal puts a smile on kids' faces? The toys, according to a new Ontario study, which found youngsters would pick nutritional fare if playthings are included, compared to junk foods with no toys.
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More Americans Are Disillusioned With the College Degree

More Americans Are Disillusioned With the College Degree | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

Blame the Great Recession. According to a new survey commissioned by the Country Financial Security Index, Americans are increasingly disillusioned with the value of a college degree. The number of adults who say that college is a good investment has declined from 81 percent in 2008 to just 57 percent today.

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How Can You Measure Income Inequality? Count The Trees - COLORLINES

How Can You Measure Income Inequality? Count The Trees - COLORLINES | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

Turns out there’s a direct correlation between the number of trees a neighborhood has and its monetary wealth — and we can see how this dynamic plays out in space. Environmental journalist Tim De Chant mapped it all out for us on his blog, Per Square Mile, where he worked up a small project called “Income Inequality, As Seen From Space.”

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