Arrival Cities
Follow
Find tag "Development"
7.9K views | +0 today
Arrival Cities
being an immigrant or living in a "slum" is a feature not a bug
Curated by ddrrnt
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Can green urbanism save our cities?

Can green urbanism save our cities? | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
There is no turning back and the number of people that share the world’s limited resources continues to rise.

 

Dr. Steffen Lehmann, UNESCO chair in sustainable urban development for Asia and the Pacific

 

He explains, “We can’t go on when 20 percent of population uses up 80 percent of the resources. As planners we have to remember that consumption is a consequence of demand, and demand is a consequence of design.” He continues, “Much of green urbanism is common sense urbanism. It is easy to reduce the demand with good design and green urbanism has to become the norm for all urban developments.”

 

Lehmann’s model for green urbanism is based on three pillars: energy and materials; water and biodiversity; urban planning and transport. The premise is that an efficient interaction between the three will translate to a successful model. “Green urbanism is interdisciplinary,” Dr. Lehmann believes. “It requires the collaboration of landscape architects, engineers, urban planners, ecologists, transport planners, physicists, psychologists, economists and other specialists, in addition to architects and urban planners. Green urbanism makes every effort to minimize the use of energy, water and materials at each stage of the city’s life cycle.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

India's millennium city a 'slum for the rich'?

India's millennium city a 'slum for the rich'? | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
The BBC's Shalu Yadav looks at why Gurgaon, India's Millennium City, has turned out to be a failure in planning.

 

Infrastructure is in a shambles: electricity is infrequent and erratic, groundwater is declining at an alarming rate, and the sewage system and roads are decrepit. There aren't enough policemen to secure the burgeoning population.

 

A whopping 70% of the residents are dependant on ground water, which is being indiscriminately extracted despite restrictions.

 

Things are so alarming that the federal ground water authorities have warned that the water table will be completely depleted by 2017.

The sewage situation also looks dire.

 

Delhi's Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) believes that by 2021, Gurgaon's estimated 3.5m people will produce so much waste that the city will be drowning in its own sewage.

 

"Unfortunately in India, infrastructure doesn't precede development. That is why one feels that Gurgaon and many upcoming Indian cities are a failure. India needs sustainable urbanisation, " Lalit Jain, chairman of the Confederation of Real Estate Developers' Association of India said.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Empowering girls through information, communication and technology

Empowering girls through information, communication and technology | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
If girls and women continue to live in greater poverty, with lower education levels, less access to healthcare and other services, less opportunity to work, and lower status in their societies, chances are that their access and use of ICT will not match that of boys and men.

Getting more girls into school and improving the quality of education could help more girls access and learn to use technology. Finding ways to encourage critical thinking and innovation within the education system and ways for girls to join extra-curricular activities to stimulate new ways of thinking could also help them gain skills for jobs in the ICT sector.

NGOs should advocate and support policies to make internet more accessible and affordable. Libraries and other safe spaces can also help girls and women feel more comfortable to access information and learn how to use technology.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Technology and the democratisation of development

Technology and the democratisation of development | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

In 1993 the number of mobile subscribers in Africa numbered in the hundreds of thousands. By 1998 that had crept to four million. Today there are an estimated 735 million with penetration running at around the 70% mark. Not bad in less than 20 years. (...)


Mobile phone ownership among the communities many of them serve presents new opportunities to increase the reach and efficiency of their work. Simply being able to send messages to coordinate meetings, or to remind people of key messages, can save hours – even days – on the road.


Community healthcare workers can also stay in better touch with the hospital when they’re back in their villages. Farmers can access advice and market information directly from their fields. Citizens can report corruption, or engage in debate. Births can be registered. Illegal logging can be recorded and reported. It’s safe to say that mobile phones have touched every sector of development in one way or another. It has become so ubiquitous that, in just a few short years, many development workers can hardly imagine life without them.


via Build it Kenny, and they will come...

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Toponomic Urbanism |  Bumbogo, Designing A Uniquely Rwandan Urban Morphology

Toponomic Urbanism |  Bumbogo, Designing A Uniquely Rwandan Urban Morphology | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The global South and particularly the African continent, is facing an incredible challenge in the form of urban growth. As much as this presents its own slew of challenges, therein also lies opportunity for design innovation and the development of an urban morphology that no doubt should be practical, but vitally embraces cultural and context sensitivity.

 

Rwanda, like much of the developing world faces the reality that its growing populace requires adequate housing, infrastructure, services and employment opportunities. Unique among these nations, it is densely populated without being highly urbanised. However, the demographic pressure of growing urbanisation is a source of justifiable concern for all levels of Rwandan government.

 

Africa needs to develop its own urbanity, based on each component of its culture; one that is turned towards the future and responds to people’s needs without denying its African roots - Guilliame Sardin

 

via  Another Africa

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Shareable: How to Be an Urban Change Agent, Shareable Style

Shareable: How to Be an Urban Change Agent, Shareable Style | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

There's a movement – or two, or many – under foot. It goes by myriad names and comes in an array colors. The common thread, though, involves citizens stepping up to better their surroundings, to create safer, more livable, and more environmentally sound urban environments. According to the folks at Pattern Cities, some popular monikers include “guerilla urbanism,” “pop-up urbanism,” "new urbanism," “changescaping,” or “D.I.Y. urbanism.” They, however, prefer the “tactical urbanism” approach which is defined with five specific criteria:

 

A deliberate, phased approach to instigating change;

 

The offering of local solutions for local planning challenges;

 

Short-term commitment and realistic expectations;

 

Low-risks, with a possibly a high reward; and

 

The development of social capital between citizens and the building of organizational capacity between public-private institutions, non-profits, and their constituents.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Africa is Happily Happening NOW! | Imagine Rural Development Initiative

Africa is Happily Happening NOW! | Imagine Rural Development Initiative | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

@imaginezambia happily reports, "We are entering the next chapter for development in Africa". The Imagine Rural Development Initiative (IRDI) is expanding operations and bringing a much needed market to the communities of Malawi that have planted Moringa.


IRDI and 3BL Innovations Ltd are slowly training and working with these communities to get them to qualify for ISO certification later this year so that they will have a product and system in place that will stand up to international standards and scrutiny.


The training is a continuation of what began with The Lusaka Woman Group, whose input and performance has earned them a 20% stake in 3BL Innovations Ltd, making it one of the most inclusive partnerships in Zambia. Through the partnership, the women are developing their economic potential, both for the farming sector and the international business world.


IRDI and 3BL Innovations Ltd are confident that their model for grassroots empowerment works by furthering job creation and ensuring transparency "right through the chain" from the NGO perspective to the commercial and global marketing and distribution perspective.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Cherry Blossom Happiness Factor of City-Centric Inner Intelligence

Cherry Blossom Happiness Factor of City-Centric Inner Intelligence | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

On the broadest scale, we need to create a life-long learning system that optimizes human potential with appropriate attention and intention. Developing our citizen intelligences will determine the extent to which our cities will be sustainable. To do this in an evolutionarily respectful way, we must design our education system(s) so that it allows individual, family and cultural variation. Such variation needs simple rules that allow learners to experience learning unique to their potentials (ie. not one size fits all) while at the same time creating citizens able to contribute to the achievement of city, in ways that we can each and all enjoy the happiness that cherry blossoms bring.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

TwentyEleven project

TwentyEleven project | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The TwentyEleven project by Architects Chris Idema and Reinier Simons is an attempt create a multifunctional Fab Workshop as well as dwellings for the inhabitants of the slums of Kibera. According to them

 

"...Together with 236 inhabitants (including 52 families, 15 small companies and three workshops (two specialized in wood, one of which will become a concrete workshop and one metal), of the slums in Nairobi, we will develop a new building plan for the future inhabitants of the TwentyEleven complex..."

 

"Why should we westerners disrupt this culture? Our goal, in a country that is not our own and a culture that does not belong to us, is one of ‘letting go’. Give the Kenyans a new vision, a new idea and a system to build with, but give them a chance to have their say and let them do the building. The bond between an inhabitant and his home is one of great importance, an intensive cooperation process will help with this..."

 

"...We looked at how the people live in the situation they are in, what their social activities are and what is needed to survive in a slum like Kibera. These and other elements are set in a well-developed plan, which looks at the current way of life and interaction in a slum and improves the two. A newly gained freedom in combination with all the necessities like hygiene, clean water, a controlled cooking environment and better living conditions in general ensure that 236 scorned slum-dwellers rise in status and that with less worries about their housing situation, they will have more time and energy to develop themselves, their children and their environment...."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Scientific Proof That Cities Are Like Nothing Else in Nature

Scientific Proof That Cities Are Like Nothing Else in Nature | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

"Luis Bettencourt, a physicist with the Santa Fe Institute, explains why we've never been able to come up with a proper metaphor for the city"

 

Bettencourt’s theoretical framework suggests that a kind of optimal city exists when we have the most social interaction – and social and economic output coming from it – with the least cost of connecting people and goods and ideas to each other. A sprawling city, for instance, isn’t reaching the full potential it could achieve if more people moved into town in denser development. Likewise, a dense but congested city loses some of the potential it could achieve with better transportation.

ddrrnt's insight:

He encourages us to look at "what cities do", the processes and interconnected relationships, not just the form.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

The GRAVITY-powered lamp that could bring 1.5billion people out of the darkness

The GRAVITY-powered lamp that could bring 1.5billion people out of the darkness | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The GravityLight uses a sack of sand to gradually pull a piece of rope through a dynamo mechanism which generates electricity to power an LED light.


London-based design and innovation initiative deciwatt.org designed the GravityLight as a sustainable lighting solution for the 1.5billion people in the world who have no reliable access to electricity.


Most of these people rely on biomass fuels like kerosene for lighting once the Sun goes down, but such fuels can be hazardous to health - as well as posing a fire risk.

 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Can Aid Agencies and Development Banks Effectively Help the Urban Poor?

Can Aid Agencies and Development Banks Effectively Help the Urban Poor? | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The Asian Coalition for Community Action is challenging the top-down Big Aid funding model by providing small grants to low-income communities for the initiatives of their choosing.


Since 2009, ACCA has developed a working finance system in which urban poor organizations have the power to choose what they will undertake. ACCA has provided small grants to 950 community-initiatives to upgrade "slums" or informal settlements in 165 cities in 19 nations. Up to $3,000 of grant finance is available, and communities use this to, for example, construct or improve their water supply systems or toilets, drains, roads, paths or bridges, community centers, household waste management, playgrounds or parks. Up to $40,000 has been available for larger initiatives at the city scale. (...)


If large, centralized development assistance agencies cannot work directly with urban poor groups and their community organizations, can they learn to work with and through intermediary institutions, which are on the ground financing, working with, and accountable to urban poor groups? (...)



more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Solar-powered Wireless Sensors System Monitors the Environment

Pacific Data Systems presents the ēKo outdoor wireless monitoring system representing a new generation of sensor integration and wireless technology. Designed to provide critical, real-time data reliably and in a user-friendly format, the MEMSIC ēKo Pro Series outdoor wireless system finds application in environmental research, precision agriculture, irrigation management, pollution detection, conservation, crop monitoring and smart water grids, encompassing areas such as climate change, biodiversity, water quality, groundwater contamination, soil contamination, use of natural resources, waste management, sustainable development and air pollution.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Africa: Deciphering a Green Economy

Africa: Deciphering a Green Economy | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The "development first" approach to the green economy has been pushed by the African Union, said eminent African scientist Youba Sokona, the co-chair of the IPCC's Working Group III (mitigation issues). In a paper prepared by him as the coordinator of the African Climate Policy Centre, Sokona described this approach as an "opportunity to transform climate challenges into development opportunities ... to modernize and upgrade their water, energy, urbanization plans and agricultural systems."

 

He said countries in the region had adopted the concepts of a "green economy" and "green growth", which did not "originate in Africa", but that these concepts "needed to be re-articulated to have real meaning in the African condition, and the entry point for us is that it has to reduce poverty and make us climate resilient."

 

Sokona called for "leapfrogging" directly to cleaner technologies and sustainable land-use solutions, but said these should be home-grown, built by an African pool of researchers and industry that needed to be nurtured. Importing technology to produce renewable energy could be prohibitively expensive.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

UN, Fashion Industry Team Up to Support African Manufacturing, Fight Poverty | Ecouterre

UN, Fashion Industry Team Up to Support African Manufacturing, Fight Poverty | Ecouterre | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
The United Nations and the fashion industry are teaming up to fight poverty and boost production in Africa through the Fashion 4 Development initiative.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by ddrrnt from Development studies and int'l cooperation
Scoop.it!

Dead Aid - Dambisa Moyo : A detailed Review

Dead Aid - Dambisa Moyo :  A detailed Review | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it

The story of aid and economic its relation to economic backwardness has been told again and again. In this book however, Dr Moyo tells it with a new perspective, she not only tells it as it is but also tells as it should be....


Via Paola Rattu
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Beijing, a Boon for Africa

Beijing, a Boon for Africa | Arrival Cities | Scoop.it
China’s investment in Africa is not a new form of imperialism — it’s Africa’s best hope for economic growth.

 

"In 2009, China became Africa’s single largest trading partner, surpassing the United States. And China’s foreign direct investment in Africa has skyrocketed from under $100 million in 2003 to more than $12 billion in 2011."

 

by @DambisaMoyo, an economist and author of “Winner Take All: China’s Race for Resources and What It Means for the World.”

more...
No comment yet.