The Obermayer German Jewish History Awards are given annually to individuals who have made outstanding voluntary contributions toward preserving and recording the Jewish history, heritage, culture and/or remnants of local German communities. The awards, which were started in the year 2000, are presented at the Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin, the home of the Berlin Parliament. They are given to commemorate the liberation of Auschwitz on January 27, 1945, which date is both the German Holocaust Memorial Day and the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. The awards are sponsored by the German Jewish Community History Council of the Obermayer Foundation, the President of the Berlin Parliament, and the German Jewish Special Interest Group of JewishGen, the leading Jewish genealogy organization on the internet.
WASHINGTON, D.C. – The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum welcomes the independence of South Sudan tomorrow, July 9, 2011. The Museum commends the people of Sudan for achieving this milestone but also remains deeply concerned about reports of ongoing violence against civilians in the border regions between north and south, as well as in the northern state of Southern Kordofan.
Illustrated page of a child's diary written in a Swiss refugee camp. [Photograph #44233]
The diary entry describes how they crossed the border into Switzerland. The text reads, "We came out of the woods and into a clearing: we had to be as quiet as possible because we were so close to the border. Oh! I almost forgot! Before we came out of the woods, they made us stand still for a quarter of an hour while they went to explore the area and to cut through the fence. Fortunately, shortly thereafter, we began to walk again. We saw a small guard station that was literally in front of the hole in the fence, fortunately the guard was not there. One by one, silently, we went through the hole in the fence. What emotion! Finally, we were in free territory, in Switzerland." Bruna Cases (now D'Urbino) is the daughter of Guido and Nelly (Raffael) Cases. She was born March 7, 1934 in Milan, where her father was an attorney for the Swiss transportation company Gondrand. Bruna was raised in an assimilated Jewish family. She had a stepsister Anna (b. 1916) and a stepbrother Cesare (b. 1920), as well as a sister, Emilia Rietti, (b. 1925). After the Italian racial laws were enacted in 1938, Cesare left Milan for Switzerland and enrolled at the University of Lausanne. In 1942, shortly after the start of Bruna's fourth grade school year, Milan came under bombardment, and she fled with her mother and Emilia to Parma. Her father continued to work in Milan, but was able to visit the family in Parma. Anna also remained in Milan, where she was compelled to work for the military as a seamstress. Following the September 8, 1943 armistice, the Germans entered Parma and began arresting Jews. Bruna then fled with her mother and sister to Milan. They did not return to their own apartment, since Guido was too well known. Instead they stayed at her grandfather's house for a few days. They ate only in restaurants, since the Germans were known to conduct raids during meal times, when people were most likely to be at home. Since Guido was working for a Swiss company, he decided to flee to Switzerland along with his mother. He assumed the company would help him once he arrived, and that the Swiss would allow an elderly woman to enter. However, when they crossed the border, Guido was put into a Swiss internment camp. For the next two months (November-December, 1943) he lived at the Goudo and San Bioggio camps. In San Biagio he was forced to take ice cold showers outside and as a result was hospitalized with pneumonia. His mother was sent to a hopice for the elderly in Roveredo. Bruna's mother also decided to try to escape to Switzerland in the fall of 1943. Through friends living in Varese, she made contact with a group of cigarette smugglers, who had begun smuggling people across the Swiss border as well. At the end of October, Bruna, her mother and sisters crossed into Switzerland. They were all interned at the Bellinzona (children's school) and Rovio camps from the end of October to December 1943. At the end of December, Bruna and her mother and sisters were sent to the Hotel Majestic in Lugano, which was being used as a refugee camp. They had no sheets or blankets and slept on straw. While living in this family camp they received word that Guido's Swiss company, Gondrand, had agreed to sponsor them. Bruna and her mother then left Lugano and went to visit Guido for the first time. Anna and Emilia were sent from Lugano to the camp of Brissago and afterwards to Neuchatel where they became laboratory workers. Bruna and her mother joined her grandmother in Roverdo. After the war the family returned to Italy, where Guido died of the tuberculosis he contracted in Switzerland, in 1949.
The first issue of Hed Ha-Mizrach was published on June 10, 1942 and the paper continued to appear regularly, twice a month, until February 1944. From March 1944 until December of the same year, the journal issued weekly publications and then ceased operations completely. Its publication was resumed in January 1949, as a weekly, and continued thus until the end of 1950. In 1951, during the months of January, February and July, six issues were published.
In its first thirteen issues, the periodical was called Ha-Mizrah—Journal for Sephardi Jewry; the title “Ha-Mizrah” also appeared in Arabic and English. The paper’s editorial staff was based in Jerusalem. Beginning with the issue published on January 15, 1943, the periodical was called Hed Ha-Mizrach —Journal for Sephardi Jewry; the title “Hed Ha-Mizrach” again appeared on the title page in Arabic and English. The first issue was sixteen pages, and the majority of subsequent issues more or less maintained this length, until the later issues, which were briefer.
La Commission d'accès aux documents administratifs vient de donner raison à la société NotreFamille.com. Celle ci reprochait au département du Rhône une redevance trop élevée et une durée trop brève pour réutiliser les recensements et l'état civil.
JERUSALEM — Israeli rescue services evacuated the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum on Sunday as a large forest fire raged out of control, threatening several Jerusalem neighbourhoods, rescue workers said. Thick grey smoke billowed up through the forested hills on Jerusalem's southwestern flank as fire fighters battled the blaze and diving aircraft attempted to douse the flames, an AFP photographer said. "We have evacuated all the workers and tourists from Yad Vashem," police spokeswoman Luba Samri said, adding that one person was hospitalised for smoke inhalation. A Yad Vashem spokeswoman said some of the staff had remained behind to try to protect the trove of irreplaceable artefacts. "Some of the staff including the director general and security people have remained behind to try and help and make sure everything is okay," Esti Yaari told AFP. "The flames are not yet at Yad Vashem but it is very smoky here," she said. "Nothing has been damaged as far as we know at the moment and we hope it stays like that." Yad Vashem is the main museum in Israel commemorating the six million Jews killed by the Nazi regime during World War II. It is a major source of research on the Nazi persecution of the Jews and includes a historical museum on Jewish communities lost in the Holocaust. Emergency services spokesman Boaz Rakia said the fire was out of control and threatening residential areas. "The fire is raging in the Jerusalem forest and it is heading east and endangering some Jerusalem neighbourhoods," he told AFP. "At the moment it is not under control." The Ynet news website reported concerns the flames could reach the nearby Pi Glilot fuel depot. Samri said police, firefighters and the city had set up an emergency board to oversee efforts to combat the blaze. Israeli public radio said one row of houses was also being evacuated. But Samri could not immediately confirm the report, saying only that some residents had been told to stay indoors and shut all windows.
À l’occasion de la parution de l’ouvrage Je vous écris du Vél’ d’Hiv’ (éd. Robert Laffont, 2011) de Karen Taieb, préface de Tatiana de Rosnay. Les 16 et 17 juillet 1942, 4 500 policiers sont mobilisés pour réaliser la plus grande rafle à l’encontre des Juifs jamais organisée dans Paris et sa banlieue. Des 12 884 personnes arrêtées ne restent qu’une seule photo connue, peu de documents administratifs et de trop rares témoignages. Pour la première fois publiées, les quelques lettres clandestines retrouvées dépeignent dans l’urgence ce terrible épisode de la Seconde Guerre mondiale.
En présence de Dominique Missika, directrice de collection aux éditions Robert Laffont, Karen Taieb, responsable du service Archives au Mémorial de la Shoah et Henri Pechtner, témoin (sous réserve).
Entrée libre sur réservation Présentation de l'ouvrage le 17 juillet 2011
Histoire du camp de Drancy
À l’occasion de la parution de l’ouvrage Obéir – Les déshonneurs du capitaine Vieux. Drancy, 1941-1944 (éd. Stock, 2009) 20 août 1941. Du jour au lendemain, sur ordre du gouvernement de Vichy et de la Gestapo plus de trois cents gendarmes sont désignés en gardiens de camp de concentration dans lequel défileront, pendant trois ans, près de soixante-dix mille innocents. Didier Epelbaum confronte dans son ouvrage les témoignages des internés aux archives inédites de la gendarmerie nationale, de la police et de la justice.
En présence de Jacques Angel, ancien interné au camp de Drancy, Didier Epelbaum, historien, journaliste, maître de conférences à l’École de journalisme de Sciences Po Paris.
7,000 Holocaust Victims in Eastern Europe to Receive Paymentsfor First Time, Long-Sought Goal in Negotiations; €13.4 Million ($20 Million) to Be Paid
For the first time, after nearly two decades of Claims Conference negotiations with Germany, Jewish Holocaust victims in European Union (EU) countries of Eastern Europe will receive payments acknowledging their suffering in the Shoah (Holocaust).
Max Schattner is standing in the first row on the far left. Max Schattner was born in Poland in 1906 to Chaim and Esther Schattner. His father was a Chassid and also a businessman. Max had five siblings: Jacob, Bernard, Nathan, Yitzchak, and Jente. Max and his family moved to Vienna in 1914 and then relocated to Berlin in 1927. Reb Chaim had a synagogue in his house and was involved in Jewish charitable work, in addition to commerce. Max and his brothers supported themselves by managing rental properties. Sometime before the rise of Nazism Nathan immigrated to the United States ans settled in New York. In 1938 Max and his two brothers Bernhard and Jacob fled Germany to escape the Nazis. The brothers first came to Belgium and France and eventually made their way to Switzerland. There they stayed in an internment camp near Zurich, where Max worked in a factory making shirts and also assisted families in caring for their children. In 1947 Max immigrated to New York. Bernard and Jacob followed shortly afterwards. Sadly, his father Chaim died in Theresienstadt in December 1943, his sister Jente perished in Auschwitz in May 1944, and brother Yitchak was killed somewhere in Poland.
Max worked for the Environmental Protection Agency of the City of New York until he retired in 1974. He enjoyed classical music very much, especially opera. In 1972 Max's son made a recording of Max singing some favorite German and Hebrew songs which he donated to the Holocaust Museum in 2010.
In 1938, when openings for Jewish refugees were hard to find, the Dominican Republic offered to resettle 100,000 Jews. Sosúa, an abandoned banana plantation, would become a refuge to hundreds of Jews, and grow into a town that still thrives today. This exhibition tells how the settlers were recruited, what awaited them in Sosúa, and how they worked with their Dominican neighbors to establish the settlement. Sosúa speaks poignantly to one chapter in a shared Dominican and Jewish story.
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