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Vikings: life and legend - Archaeology News from Past Horizons

Vikings: life and legend - Archaeology News from Past Horizons | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

A mighty warship that sailed nearly 1,000 years ago during the reign of Cnut the Great, will stand at the centre of the British Museum’s Viking exhibition in 2014.

The Viking expansion from their Scandinavian homelands during this era created a cultural network with contacts from the Caspian Sea to the North Atlantic and from the Arctic Circle to the Mediterranean. The culture of the Scandinavians can be viewed in a global context which will highlight the multi-faceted influences arising from extensive cultural contacts. The exhibition will capitalise on new research and thousands of recent discoveries by both archaeologists and metal detectorists.

 

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joseph mora's curator insight, October 3, 2013 1:37 PM

information about vikings and from when they were around, culture and even their weapons. 

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Software Helps Linguists Reconstruct, Decipher Ancient Languages

Software Helps Linguists Reconstruct, Decipher Ancient Languages | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

Linguists who reconstruct ancient languages—and who previously did the arduous work solely by hand—now have another tool in their arsenal to speed up their laborious efforts. Computer scientists have proven they can use software to recreate the early languages from which modern tongues have derived.

While previously it might have taken a linguist their entire career to reconstruct a major language family, now software running computations on, say, a large experiment that may involve a sixth of the world's languages can be completed in just a few hours.

The achievement is not about speed, cautions Dan Klein, associate professor of computer science at the University of California, Berkeley. It's about being able to do things in a large-scale, data-driven manner without losing all the important insights that historical linguists have gained in working on these sorts of problems for decades, he says.

Indeed, linguistic researchers compare these techniques to those used for gene sequence evolution.

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Rest in Style: Medieval Blinged-Out Skeletons Used as German Tourist Attractions | Raw File | Wired.com

Rest in Style: Medieval Blinged-Out Skeletons Used as German Tourist Attractions | Raw File | Wired.com | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
When Paul Koudounaris first heard of the existence of jewel-studded skeletons hidden in the forests of Germany, he envisioned "something from the Brothers Grimm combined with an Iron Maiden video.” He wasn't far off.
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MUSE & HOME's curator insight, September 27, 2013 6:38 PM

Impressionnant, merveilleux et terrifiant à la fois...

Marilee Ritchie Hird's comment, September 28, 2013 10:30 AM
Amazing and creepy both.
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People shaped the high Alpine environment from early times - Archaeology News from Past Horizons

People shaped the high Alpine environment from early times - Archaeology News from Past Horizons | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

An international team of archaeologists led by experts from the University of York has uncovered evidence of human activity in the high slopes of the French Alps dating back over 8000 years.

The 14-year study in the Parc National des Écrins in the southern Alps is one of the most detailed archaeological investigations carried out at high altitudes. It reveals a story of human occupation and activity in one of the world’s most challenging environments from the Mesolithic to the Post-Medieval period.

 

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A virtual prehistoric world you can explore - Archaeology News from Past Horizons

A virtual prehistoric world you can explore - Archaeology News from Past Horizons | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
Explorable visualisation of a 3D digital world generated from archaeological and paleo-environmental data - possible with help from the public
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Digging for clues on Hurlers' crystal path

Digging for clues on Hurlers' crystal path | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

Hundreds of people flocked to an ancient monument on Bodmin Moor at the weekend as archaeologists revealed what they believe to be a "unique" stone pathway.

The 4,000-year-old feature, which has been uncovered for the first time in 75 years, has attracted enormous interest across the region.


A team from Cornwall's Historic Environment department has spent the past week atthe Hurlers stone circles near Minions carefully uncovering a monument believed to be the only one of its kind in the British Isles. Known variously as a "stone pavement" or "crystal causeway", experts are now certain the 4ft wide pathway linking two circles is an integral part of the site's ceremonial architecture.

First excavated in 1938 by the Ministry of Works, under the direction of the grandly titled Charles Kenneth Croft Andrew and C A Ralegh Radford, it was at that time described as a "processional pathway".

 

Anyone who would like to see one of Cornwall's most intriguing historical treasures before it is reburied will need to be quick because it is due to be reburied tomorrow.

For more information visit caradonhill.org.uk

 

 

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Wolf Rites of Winter - Archaeology Magazine

Wolf Rites of Winter - Archaeology Magazine | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
Archaeologists digging a Bronze Age site on the Russian steppes are using evidence from language and mythology to understand a remarkable discovery (Archaeologists digging a Bronze Age site in Russia used prehistoric mythology to analyze it.
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Derry dig uncovers ancient skeletons

Derry dig uncovers ancient skeletons | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
Archaeological excavations beside a Londonderry church have unearthed what is believed to be three sets of human remains dating to the 17th Century.

 

The dig organised by the Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA), Derry City Council; Museum and Heritage Service and the Centre for Archaeological Fieldwork (CAF), Queen's University Belfast, is uncovering evidence of Derry's development from the post-medieval period and possibly earlier.

The work is being undertaken at Bishop Street car park adjacent to the City Walls and St Augustine's Church.

On Monday the team of volunteers found articulated skeletons of two adults and a child as well as part of clay pipe stem which the CAF said indicated the finds were from a post-medieval era.

Nails surrounding the child's remains also indicate a coffin which would have decayed over more than 300 years since the burial.

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Iron age horse found as Norway glacier melts

Iron age horse found as Norway glacier melts | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

The remains of an iron age horse has been found in a glacier two thousand metres up in the mountains of Norway, one of the first times such an animal has been found at such altitude.

 

"It shows that they were using horses for transport in the high alpine zone, in areas where we were quite surprised to find them,"  Lars Pilø, the head of snow archeology at Oppland council told The Local.  The find, which was made in August, is the latest of a string of discoveries archeologists have been making around the world, as global warming melts glaciers and ice sheets, leaving perfectly preserved relics behind.  "Even though the finds up there are fantastic, the background to the science is very serious," Pilø said. "Norwegian climate experts tell us that all the ice in the Norwegian high mountains will be gone by the end of this century, and of course that also adds an urgency to the work that we're doing."
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Irish weights were a key Viking Age trading tool

Irish weights were a key Viking Age trading tool | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

The great streams of silver that reached Scandinavia in the Viking Ages – first the Arabic silver from Russia, and later coins from Germany and Britain – were for the most part converted into silver jewellery by local craftsmen.

Much of the silver arrived as coins, whether through trade, looting or as paid danegeld [a tax raised to pay tribute to the Viking raiders to save a town from being ravaged]. However, in the beginning the central element was the weight of the silver, rather than the coins themselves.

This turned the balance weight scale into an important tool, along with its accompanying weights. Weights were among the most important tools in the Viking Age as they were a prerequisite for many types of trading. The weights made it possible to value items and to get the correct payment for them – the very nerve centre of business. Trading was a highly specialised profession, and items of great value were sometimes at stake.

 

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Archaeologists discover: God's wife?

Archaeologists discover: God's wife? | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

The Old Testament is rife with the admonishment of errant kings and queens worshiping ‘false gods’, with the much of the blame falling on the Kingdom of Israel and that of Ahab and his infamous queen Jezebel.

 

In recent years there have been a significant number of discoveries of cult stands and shrine caches throughout Israel. They were found either buried in favissae (underground cellars) or buried in caches, such as at Hazevah and Yavneh, or found in various other settings, like at Tel Rehov’s honey production site and at Tel Halif’s industrial textile area. The most recent findings were at Motza, just north of Jerusalem, where a cache of apparently cultic items were found in an ancient temple.

 

Israel is often touted as the birthplace of monotheism. But the Motza artifacts, so similar to those of distant Hazeva and Qitmit, taken in conjunction with the previously discovered stands, shrines and altars from Megiddo, Taanach and Beit Sh'ean, paint a significantly richer picture of the religious life of this ancient land. Add the various figurines found strewn about the land of Israel of females in various poses and states of dress and undress as well as dogs, horses, and bulls: The iconography points to a pantheon of deities, as some scholars believe, or to two main deities, something of a duality.

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Warrior grave found in excavation

Warrior grave found in excavation | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

A WARRIOR grave dating back 2,000 years has been discovered under the site of a new golf clubhouse.


Archaeologists have been investigating land at the Playgolf course in Bakers Lane, Colchester, before work starts on the new range.


And Philip Crummy, director of the Colchester Archaeological Trust, said evidence had been found of a warrior’s grave - complete with five spears.

 

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The smuggling scandal that's ready to erupt

The smuggling scandal that's ready to erupt | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
The Metropolitan Museum may not be the last institution to return looted sculptures to Cambodia. By Vincent Noce

The return to Cambodia of two tenth-century Khmer sandstone sculptures, which had been displayed for nearly 20 years at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, made headline news around the world this summer. The restitution was greeted enthusiastically by Cambodia’s Council of Ministers when the sculptures, looted from the ancient city of Koh Ker in the 1970s, arrived in Phnom Penh in June. The restitution is now shining a spotlight on the degree of damage to Koh Ker and raises questions about a number of masterpiece sculptures in public and private collections.

See also:

• Cambodian restitution case takes surprising twist

The so-called “Kneeling Attendants” are now known to have come from Prasat Chen, the temple complex at the heart of Chok Gargyar (today called Koh Ker), which, for a short period in the tenth century, eclipsed even Angkor in its magnificence. Koh Ker is in a remote part of northern Cambodia; it was covered by jungle for centuries and only rediscovered in the late 19th century. Although there was previous damage, many experts say that looting began in earnest during the political upheaval and civil war of the 1960s and 1970s, and amid the chaos of the rule of the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979, although others say that the extensive damage is even more recent.

 

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Walking on two legs linked to a hole in your head - Archaeology News from Past Horizons

Researchers have confirmed a direct link between bipedal walking and the position of the foramen magnum, a hole in the base of the skull that transmits the spinal cord
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The Intriguing Ancient Underground City of Derinkuyu

The Intriguing Ancient Underground City of Derinkuyu | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

Long ago, in the region surrounding Nevsehir and Kayseri, in central Turkey, an ancient people built, or rather dug, over 200 underground cities. The deepest of these, under the present day town of Derinkuyu, delves over 250 feet below the Earth’s surface, and boasts numerous tunnels, halls, meeting rooms, wells and passages.

Because the city was carved from existing caves and underground structures that had first formed naturally, there is no way to discern, with traditional archaeological methods of dating, when exactly Derinkuyu was built. As such, and with ties to the Hittites, Phrygians and Persians, Derinkuyu presents a fascinating riddle for ancient mystery enthusiasts.

Long ago, in the region surrounding Nevsehir and Kayseri, in central Turkey, an ancient people built, or rather dug, over 200 underground cities. The deepest of these, under the present day town of Derinkuyu, delves over 250 feet below the Earth’s surface, and boasts numerous tunnels, halls, meeting rooms, wells and passages.

Because the city was carved from existing caves and underground structures that had first formed naturally, there is no way to discern, with traditional archaeological methods of dating, when exactly Derinkuyu was built. As such, and with ties to the Hittites, Phrygians and Persians, Derinkuyu presents a fascinating riddle for ancient mystery enthusiasts.


Read more at http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/09/intriguing-ancient-underground-city-derinkuyu/#QHWQFczIYSheStzG.99

Long ago, in the region surrounding Nevsehir and Kayseri, in central Turkey, an ancient people built, or rather dug, over 200 underground cities. The deepest of these, under the present day town of Derinkuyu, delves over 250 feet below the Earth’s surface, and boasts numerous tunnels, halls, meeting rooms, wells and passages.

Because the city was carved from existing caves and underground structures that had first formed naturally, there is no way to discern, with traditional archaeological methods of dating, when exactly Derinkuyu was built. As such, and with ties to the Hittites, Phrygians and Persians, Derinkuyu presents a fascinating riddle for ancient mystery enthusiasts.


Read more at http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/09/intriguing-ancient-underground-city-derinkuyu/#QHWQFczIYSheStzG.99

Long ago, in the region surrounding Nevsehir and Kayseri, in central Turkey, an ancient people built, or rather dug, over 200 underground cities. The deepest of these, under the present day town of Derinkuyu, delves over 250 feet below the Earth’s surface, and boasts numerous tunnels, halls, meeting rooms, wells and passages.

Because the city was carved from existing caves and underground structures that had first formed naturally, there is no way to discern, with traditional archaeological methods of dating, when exactly Derinkuyu was built. As such, and with ties to the Hittites, Phrygians and Persians, Derinkuyu presents a fascinating riddle for ancient mystery enthusiasts.


Read more at http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/09/intriguing-ancient-underground-city-derinkuyu/#QHWQFczIYSheStzG.99

Long ago, in the region surrounding Nevsehir and Kayseri, in central Turkey, an ancient people built, or rather dug, over 200 underground cities. The deepest of these, under the present day town of Derinkuyu, delves over 250 feet below the Earth’s surface, and boasts numerous tunnels, halls, meeting rooms, wells and passages.

Because the city was carved from existing caves and underground structures that had first formed naturally, there is no way to discern, with traditional archaeological methods of dating, when exactly Derinkuyu was built. As such, and with ties to the Hittites, Phrygians and Persians, Derinkuyu presents a fascinating riddle for ancient mystery enthusiasts.


Read more at http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/09/intriguing-ancient-underground-city-derinkuyu/#QHWQFczIYSheStzG.99
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JERRY KITH's curator insight, January 15, 2014 3:13 PM

What baffles me is many ancient civilizations lack the resources (pneumatic tools, electric drills, bull-dozers, etc) to create such a magnicificant underground cities. Or perhaps, they did have access to modern-like tools. We have an assumption that they don't, but until the day we find concrete evidence, the question still remains a mystery in my mind. 

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Genetic link shown between Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamia - Archaeology News from Past Horizons

Genetic link shown between Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamia - Archaeology News from Past Horizons | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

The continuing debate regarding the origins of people inhabiting ancient Mesopotamia during the region’s long history led the authors of a new report published in the Open Access journal PLoS ONE to attempt an isolation and analysis of mtDNA sequences from the area.

 

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Andrew Nayyar's curator insight, January 17, 2014 11:06 PM

This very scientifically tune research provides further research of undiscovered populations and civilizations. Mesopotamia is becomming richer in the diversity of ancient human ancestry. 

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Dugout canoe resurrected from lake

Dugout canoe resurrected from lake | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

When Koen Ergle first saw the rounded end of a nearly black log poking out of the sand in the lake near his home, the 7-year-old thought it was a giant mussel. But it soon became clear it was a near-pristine dugout canoe possibly hundreds of years old.

 

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Tracing the lives of British and Australian convicts

Tracing the lives of British and Australian convicts | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

The University of Liverpool will lead a £1.7million AHRC award to make it possible for people to trace the records of Londoners sentenced to either imprisonment or transportation from 1787 up to the 1920s when the last convict died.

The project, `The Digital Panopticon: The Global Impact of London Punishments, 1780-1925’ funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), will use digital technologies to bring together existing and new genealogical, biometric and criminal justice datasets held by different organisations in the UK and Australia to produce a searchable website.

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James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:47 PM

The "wonderful" lives of the convicts, explored by the university of Liverpool, trying to make it possible to trace the records of the Londoners.

 

layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:56 PM

the convicts lifes of the convicts was hard and harsh. they had to work all day in the blistering sun.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:05 PM

Tracing the lives of British and Australian convicts.

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Hidden life of the slave in Pompeii - Archaeology News from Past Horizons

Hidden life of the slave in Pompeii - Archaeology News from Past Horizons | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
Bringing the lives of Pompeii's slaves out of the shadows by drawing on literature, law, art and other material evidence
David Connolly's insight:

insightful consideration of how you seek the hidden story

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Delhi eyes World Heritage City status

From the nine heritage zones listed in the master plan of Delhi, the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (Intach), an NGO, set up in 1984 to protect and conserve...

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Finnish archaeologist digs up ancient civilization in Brazil

Finnish archaeologist digs up ancient civilization in Brazil | Archaeology News | Scoop.it
Archaeologist Martti Pärssinen has made sensational finds of an ancient civilisation in the Amazonian area. The summer’s digs in Brazil have unearthed unique artefacts, including entirely new forms of ceramics.

 

The clearing of the Amazon rainforest has revealed mysterious patterns in the earth. The large-scale patterns are best visible from the air, where Finnish archaeologist Martti Pärssinen takes pictures of them.

The geometrical patterns have been made with earth mounds and moats. Many of them are huge, with sides measuring up to a few hundred metres. Over 300 such structures have been discovered in the Brazilian state of Acre alone.

The construction feat involved can be compared to that achieved by those that built the pyramids in Egypt.

Professor Pärssinen points out that people here must have expended as much energy as the workers in Egypt, shaping the earth into vast motes and mounds, in complex, multiple structures.

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elizama ramirez's curator insight, January 25, 2014 12:22 AM

Ceramic has been found of the Amazon Rainforest and this ceramic is pretty much alike to the one that was used to build the pyramids in Egypt. This was discovered due to patterns found on the earth meaning the grounds of this area. They say this unlocks more knowledge about the past.

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Developers destruction of Pre-Inca pyramid goes unpunished

Developers destruction of Pre-Inca pyramid goes unpunished | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

On the afternoon of  Saturday 29th June Estequilla Rosales, vice president of the heritage association Kapaq Sumaq Ayllu, heard a noise coming from the far side of the archaeological site she has been helping to protect. The Peruvian 45-hectare complex of El Paraíso is a national cultural heritage site and one of the largest and oldest in Peru.

What Estequilla heard was the sound of heavy machinery in the process of destroying one of the eleven archaeological mounds registered on the site, beneath which lay the remains of a pre-Inca pyramid, up to six metres high.

“I was desperate, and climbed the hill to tell the watchman to call the police”, remembers Estequilla ” Now I feel calmer, but when it happened, I felt a deep pain, as this is part of my country, they are destroying my identity, my culture and this is an act of treason against our nation.”

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Town's Viking past to be revealed

Town's Viking past to be revealed | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

New evidence confirming Dingwall's origins as a Viking power base are to be revealed at a public meeting in the Highland town later this month.

Dingwall's Cromartie car park is believed to be the site of a "thing", the meeting place of a medieval Norse parliament.

Archaeologists excavated part of the car park last year.

A report on the dig, including the results of radiocarbon dating, will be presented at the meeting.

Highland Council said some "exciting answers" to questions about the town's Viking past will be revealed.

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Ancient ruined cities that remain a mystery

Ancient ruined cities that remain a mystery | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

CRUMBLING walls. Breathtaking temples. Mysterious cities built entirely underground.

They are the astounding feats of architecture that have been left to decay for centuries.

But while they may be in ruins, the sites of the world's most ancient and intriguing cities continue to wow travellers.

From the popular Machu Picchu site in Peru, to the Pompeii ruins and the lesser-known Derinkuyu site in Turkey, here are eight amazing ruined cities that remain shrouded in mystery - or remain perplexing to this day, according to the science website io9.com.

One thing's for sure, the world is a fascinating place.

 

starts with :

1. Palenque, Mexico

 

 

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Sarah Kerr's curator insight, October 10, 2013 11:15 PM

This scoop has a lot of great interesting facts on ancient cities that are now long forgotten but still widely popular in the traveling world. Some of the cities we are studying in class such as Catal Huyuk and Pompeii show up in this article.

Cassandra Folkerth's curator insight, October 16, 2013 1:24 AM

I love reading about the ancient architecture. Its just so cool. How did tehy come up with that and build ALL that without any modern technology.

Sarah Kerr's curator insight, November 29, 2013 3:25 PM

I chose this scoop because, it is fascinating to think that there are places out there in the world that are full of mystery and unanswered questions. The places mentioned in this article are,  Great ZImbabwe, Cahokia in the U.S., Machu Pichu in Peru, Catalhoyuk in Turkey, Pompeii in Italy,  Palenqus in Mexico and Derinkuyu also in Turkey. 

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Radiocarbon dating tightens Egyptian chronology

Radiocarbon dating tightens Egyptian chronology | Archaeology News | Scoop.it

Samples from human remains housed in the Natural History Museum, London, have proved vital in the creation of a new chronology of Egyptian rulers.

 

New mathematical data drawn from radiocarbon dating of human remains has been used to create the first fully scientific estimate of the creation of Egypt.

The new research, including work by Dr Linus Girdland Flink, a research assistant at the Natural History Museum, involved collecting dates from hair, bone and plant samples excavated at key archaeological sites in Egypt.

 

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