Kazeroun County is located in Fars province in Iran at an altitude of 732m asl (Figure 1). The plain of Kazeroun and Lake Parishan sit between two mountain ranges oriented north-west to south-east (Mozaffarian 1994: 25).
The majority of studies in this area have been conducted by western archaeologists on historical sites (in particular of the Sassanid period) such as the city of Bishapour and at Tange Chogan, Sar Mashad and Tange Ghandil.
The objective of this survey was to locate and identify prehistoric sites in the area under study; more broadly to study settlement patterns, population fluctuations over time, the relationship between sites and the environment and finally to identify important central places.
To survey the Kazeroun plain, satellite maps and a topographic map at a scale of 1:50 000 were first prepared, and the plain divided into four parts: north, south, east and west. The survey itself was conducted from south to north and the sampling method was random. For each site, a Kazeroun Survey number (SK number) was assigned. The data gathered included GPS position, site dimensions, local topography, information regarding place names or historical background, and factors such as vegetation, climate and landscape.