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Guns, Germs & Steel

Guns, Germs & Steel | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it

This video (like the book with the same title) explores the course of human history to find the geographic factors that can help to explain the global inequalities between societies. Jared Diamond’s answer lies in the military strength (guns), superior pathogens (germs) and industrial production (steel) that agricultural societies were able to develop as the critical advantages over hunter/gatherer societies. The raw materials at the disposal of the societies inhabiting particular environments partially explain the economic possibilities before them. Diamond hypothesizes that the orientations of the continents play a critical role in the relative advantages among agricultural societies (East-West orientations allow for greater diffusion of agricultural technologies than North-South orientations since the growing seasons and ecology are more compatible), giving Eurasia an advantage over Africa and the Americas. The Fertile Crescent had native plant and animal species ideal for domestication, which then diffused to Europe. Societies that have more developed animal husbandry develop a resistance to more powerful germs. Consequently, when two societies come in contact those with the best resistance to the worse diseases are more successful. Similarly, industrial production depends on an agricultural surplus since specialization requires that some workers not needing to produce their own food to work on technological innovations. Societies that had agricultural advantages were able to invest in technologies (primarily steel) that would enhance their advantages over other societies, as seen during colonization. Societies that had the best environments had access to large plant eating mammals suitable for domestication and the most productive grains would be poised to produce more dangerous guns, germs and steel—the key resources for economic dominion resulting in global inequalities.


Diamond’s critics argue that the ‘geography hypothesis’ is environmental determinism that does not properly value human choices into the equation. Still, the core of this book is the search for connections between the themes of Geography with a spatial framework and the video is available via Netflix, public libraries and many other outlets.


Via Seth Dixon
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Emily Bian's curator insight, October 3, 5:16 PM

I found this just browsing the suggestions, and I was like "Whoa! We learned this in class!" So I thought that it was really neat. 

Diamond's theory is an example of environmental determinism, because he claimed that the environment and where people lived affected the people, and that's why not everybody is equal. 

I personally agree with his theory, because it makes a lot of sense when I watched the movie/episodes.

INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO
“In the business world, the rearview mirror is always clearer than the windshield.” Warren Buffet
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Robin Williams: Good Will Hunting bench in Boston gets quote tributes from fans

Robin Williams: Good Will Hunting bench in Boston gets quote tributes from fans | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Robin Williams has been honoured at the spot where he touched the most hearts during his rich and eccentric career, with fans scrawling Good Will Hunting quotes by the bench in Boston where his character so articulately conveyed the beauty of worldly experience and the simple magnificence of love.
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Would a Hippocratic Oath for Bankers Lead to Better Behavior?

Would a Hippocratic Oath for Bankers Lead to Better Behavior? | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Can 158 words give the banking industry a moral core? That’s the question that the Netherlands will attempt to answer next year when it implements a requirement that its private bankers (all 90,000 of them) take an oath of good behavior.
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Birds heard deadly storms coming and escaped before they hit

Birds heard deadly storms coming and escaped before they hit | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Researchers discovered that birds in Tennessee flew nearly 1,000 miles to avoid a raft of tornadoes that eventually killed 35 people
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Anyone for sprout juice? The weirdest Christmas-themed food - Telegraph

Anyone for sprout juice? The weirdest Christmas-themed food - Telegraph | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
From deep-fried figgy pudding to Christmas dinner-flavoured popcorn, the strangest festive foods on offer this year

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The origin of money: Cash

The core subject of every central bank is money. But where does it come from, how is it cre-ated? The Bundesbank tries to answer these questions in this animated film about money creation.

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Best Education-Related Videos of 2014

Best Education-Related Videos of 2014 | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it

“I love end of year “best of” lists. My own list is what I found to be the most powerful education related videos of 2014. They all, in some way, address the mind, heart, and spirit of education. ...”


Via Beth Dichter, Mika Auramo, Aki Puustinen
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Beth Dichter's curator insight, December 18, 9:44 PM

Finding great educational videos takes time...so I am always excited when I find a list of suggested video. Jackie Gerstein shares her top 11. They range from just over three minutes to about seventeen minutes. Below is  a list of the videos.

* Malala Yousuf Nobel Prize Speech

* Carol Dweck: The Power of Believing You Can Improve

* Sir Ken Robinson: Can Creativity Be Taught

* President Obama on the Whitehouse Maker Faire

* Toxic Culture of Education: Joshua Katz

* The necessity of the student voice | Catherine Zhang

* Rethinking Learning in the Digital Age – Mitchel Resnick

* If I Knew Then: A Letter to Me on My First Day Teaching

* Kid President Throws a Surprise Party for a Retiring Teacher

* Erzah French: Sportskid of the Year

* Malcolm Mitchell Book Club

You will find brief descriptions for most of these videos and I suspect that many will choose to watch all of them over a period of time. You may find one or two that would be great to share at a faculty meeting.

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This Is How Much Homework Teens Do Around The World

This Is How Much Homework Teens Do Around The World | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Next time you want to complain about the amount of homework you do, remember that students in Shanghai spend an average of over 14 hours per week on take-home work.

A recent brief from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (O...

Via Mika Auramo, Aki Puustinen
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Kelsie McKay's curator insight, Today, 12:16 AM

We take doing homework for granted thinking we have a lot but kids in other countries have far too much and spend double the time doing it.

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Why McDonald's Is Rationing French Fries

Why McDonald's Is Rationing French Fries | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Even McDonald's, the biggest burger chain in the world, can be a small fry when it comes to global shipping issues.
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7 Things That Are Now Pricier Than Gasoline

7 Things That Are Now Pricier Than Gasoline | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Gas can be found below $2 a gallon at some stations in the country, as the price of oil plummets globally, as the price of milk and orange juice are now pricier.
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​"Layaway angels" picking up thousands in Santa's gift tabs

​"Layaway angels" picking up thousands in Santa's gift tabs | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Paying it forward is getting a boost this holiday season, as donors jump in to pay layaway bills
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PlateOnline.com - What We're Reading: Tomato Farming at its Worst, the Food-Focused CBS Sunday Morning, and Farewell to wd-50

PlateOnline.com - What We're Reading: Tomato Farming at its Worst, the Food-Focused CBS Sunday Morning, and Farewell to wd-50 | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Flavor isn't the only reason to avoid using tomatoes out of season. Don't ignore this four-part series the Los Angeles Times has produced, about the horrifying conditions - like barbed wire enclosed camps, rat infes...
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Painting Or Photograph? With Richard Estes, It's Hard To Tell - NPR

Painting Or Photograph? With Richard Estes, It's Hard To Tell - NPR | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
The American artist starts by taking dozens of photos of the same thing. Then he paints it, staying as faithful to photos as he can. The Smithsonian American Art Museum has an exhibition of his work.
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Death on the Internet: The Rise of Livestreaming Funerals

Death on the Internet: The Rise of Livestreaming Funerals | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it

It’s 11 o'clock on a Tuesday morning. Usually at this hour, I’d be stepping out of my office for an absurdly early lunch, but not today.

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Mythbusters: Teaching Through Wonder—and Failure

Mythbusters: Teaching Through Wonder—and Failure | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
When I set out to write about unconventional educators, the first person on my wish list was Adam Savage. Savage and his partner Jamie Hyneman make up the Discovery Channel team known as the Mythbusters.
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The winner of "Survivor: San Juan del Sur" is...

The winner of "Survivor: San Juan del Sur" is... | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Wednesday night's finale left one contestant the Sole Survivor and winner of the million-dollar prize
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How video games became a spectator sport

Video games are fast becoming the biggest thing in the entertainment world. Why? Correspondent John Blackstone looks into the worldwide explosion of "eSports," the athletes who play them, and...
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9 banned and discontinued toys - and why they got pulled

9 banned and discontinued toys - and why they got pulled | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
From the 1950s toy that came with free uranium, to the Barbie doll that Mattel probably wants to forget about...

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How to Take Screenshots on Almost Any Device

How to Take Screenshots on Almost Any Device | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Screenshots are a great way to prove a point, build a case, or just send someone something interesting on your screen. If you don’t know how to take screenshots, then you’re really missing out.

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa) , Bonnie Bracey Sutton
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You are Using Email the Wrong Way

You are Using Email the Wrong Way | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it

Infographic showing email productivity issues Save article as PDF http://grahamjones.co.uk/2014/articles/email-articles/you-are-using-email-the-wrong-way.html


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​The competitive world of eSports

​The competitive world of eSports | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Videos games aren't just for those at the controls, with competitive gaming on the rise as a spectator sport
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Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Year is 'Culture'

Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Year is 'Culture' | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
There were a number of attention-getting words this year, from bae, to normcore, to vape. But a word need not be shiny and new to get special attention.
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Finally, a New Surgeon General

Finally, a New Surgeon General | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
President Obama nominated Dr. Vivek Murthy to be U.S. surgeon general on November 13, 2013. The Senate health committee signed off on him in February.
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Why do our teeth chatter when we're cold? - Big Questions (Ep. 14)

A weekly show where we endeavor to answer one of your big questions. This week, "A Bond Unbroken" asks, "Why do our teeth chatter when we're cold?” -- Mental Floss Video on Twitter: http://www.tw.
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Girl Scout cookie sales go digital - Marshfield News-Herald

Girl Scout cookie sales go digital - Marshfield News-Herald | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
Girl Scouts will participate in a revolutionary online cookie sales platform.
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Secret Santa saves Christmas

Secret Santa saves Christmas | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
On behalf of a wealthy donor, police officers in Kansas City, Missouri, gave away money to unsuspecting drivers. Steve Hartman reports.
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Macadamia sales soar in Korea after "nut-rage" incident

Macadamia sales soar in Korea after "nut-rage" incident | INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES DIGITAL TEXTBOOK(PSYCHOLOGY-ECONOMICS-SOCIOLOGY):MIKE BUSARELLO | Scoop.it
The flavorful nut was unfamiliar to many South Koreans until an airline executive's tantrum over how her nuts were served on flight
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