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MAGAZINE: AQUA CULTURE Asia Pacific - Volume 9, Number 6 - November / December 2013

MAGAZINE: AQUA CULTURE Asia Pacific - Volume 9, Number 6 - November / December 2013 | Aquaculture Directory | Scoop.it

From the editorThe year in review - cause and effect

 

News

 

Launch of Quarantine Facility/ Aquaculture in Vietnam in 2020/ China and shrimp

 

Shrimp Culture

 

Combating EMS
Karunanithi Muthusamy gives suggestions on how to reduce the impact of EMS and continue the crop to 70 DOC.

 

Shrimp farming in Myanmar
The outlook for vannamei shrimp farming is better with potential areas and a new government policy, say Nyan Taw and Soe Tun.

 

Shrimp handling methods
Alex Hing describes the use of equipment to harvest and transfer shrimp to increase operational efficiency with least damage to shrimp.

 

Feed Technology

 

Availability of amino acids in aqua diets
Part 2: The methionine case A comparison of efficiency of free amino acids sources verified in a simple trial. By Andreas Lemme, Claudia Figueiredo-Silva, Christoph Kobler and Stefan Mack.

 

Developing feeds for recirculation systems in fish farming
R&D on performance feeds for RAS prepares industry for the future.

 

Freshwater Fish Culture

 

Hybrid snakehead fish farming in China
Farming expanded with the hybrid snakehead but expansion is limited with dependence on local live fish markets. By Dong Qiufen, Peng Zhidong, Mei Gaoshang, Zhang Song and Yang Yong.

 

Finfish Aquaculture

 

Taking Asia's finfish aquaculture to the next level of development
TARS 2013 Part 2. The challenges in production, marketing and sustainability. Extracts of presentations show challenges in production technology and health management towards sustainability.

 

Marketing

 

Marketing farmed white fish
At TARS 2013, Christelle Vigot and Anton Rizki looked at positioning farmed whitefish and image building.

 

Company News

 

Green premix plant in Vietnam/Appointment

 

Health diet to improve immune defences of farmed fish

 

Nutrifish 2013

 

Show Review

 

A selection on what to expect at the trade show during Asian Pacific Aquaculture 2013 in Vietnam

 

Events

 

Workshop on Biofloc Technology and Shrimp Diseases

 

Fish International 2014/Events

 

Read: http://www.aquaasiapac.com/emagazine/issue_11122013/index.html

 


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UNITED STATES: What Does Greed Look Like? Overfishing for Tuna in the 21st Century

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When we speak about the future of the ocean, we use words like sustainability and responsibility. We also lament the actions by many, often oil and gas interests, that declare their indifference to sustainability by word and irresponsibility by deed. Again and again, we identify instances when total consumption overwhelms any alternative approach, and regulation is opposed through politics, obfuscation, and corruption. The conflict, often mentioned in these blog posts, lies between human need and greed.

 

What does greed look like? Shannon Service, a journalist, in an article titled "Tuna Firm's Bungled IPO Exposes China's Flouting of Global Fishing Rules" published by The Guardian newspaper in October 2014, provides a stunning report into how greed works in a description of China Tuna Industry Group, from 2011 to 2013 the largest Chinese supplier of premium tuna to the Japanese market, a product considered by various international conservation organizations as "seriously over-fished" or "near endangered." China Tuna had applied for an initial public stock offering on the Hong Kong Exchange, and Service found in the draft IPO submission documents revelations about how the illegal fishing industry works. In her article, Service discovered the company stating:

"that it intended to circumvent international conservation limits by simply ignoring them. In a series of circular arguments, the document stated that China, which presides over the world's larges long-distance fishing fleet, would not crack down on companies engaged in illegal fishing because it never had in the past; that the catch limits set by Regional Fisheries Management Organizations apply only to China the country, not to actual Chinese fishing boats; and that even if the catch limits did apply, the regional fisheries organizations would not them because 'there is no sanction for non-compliance with Big Eye catch limits'."

 

Service attempted to follow up. She found the company was owned by a 24 year-old Chinese woman with a St. Kitt's passport, and her father. The company had no office, an unlisted telephone number, an accommodation address with another Chinese company that at first denied any connection, and a subsidiary company that finally admitted that China Tuna was indeed its parent while refusing to identify or connect with any company officers or directors. This attempt to unravel the complex skein of corporate entities, interlocking management, subsidiary arrangements, off-shore registrations, and more requires determination, knowledge of international law and forensic accounting, and courage--because the stakes are high.

 

In her article, Service writes,

"I have yet to speak with anyone who admits working directly for China Tuna. But the firm's combination of bravado and impenetrable corporate structure offers clues as to why the health of the oceans is in free-fall. China has told the world that from 2000 to 2011 it caught 368,000 tons of fish annually in international waters. But as the Wall Street Journal reported in 2012, the European Commission estimated the catch as closer to 4.6 million tons or 12 times greater."

In this, and in so many other instances, China defends its environmental practices by citing its status as "a developing country" with weak and unsophisticated management practices over which central government agencies have no control. Anyone with any awareness of Chinese finance, government structures, and monolithic centralized regulatory powers will only laugh at such assertions.

 

 

But there is more. Service quotes a China expert, Tabitha Mallory, who told her that

"fishing lies at the intersection of Chinese ambitions for military expansion and food security. While the many political analysts refer to the 21st century as 'the China century,' Mallory told the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission in 2012, China also calls it 'the ocean century.' She points to a 2010 Chinese task force report stating that 'marine biological resources are seen as the largest store of protein, therefore owning and mastering the ocean means owning and mastering the future'."

 

So, what we have here is fishing as an exercise of international power, the implementation of which needs be indifferent to treaty, law, international policy, or limiting regulation. Those Chinese fishing boats, sometimes accompanied by military vessels, into the claimed national waters of Japan, Vietnam, and South Korea may be more than the actions of rogue fishermen, but rather carefully applied tools of territorial aspiration and nationalistic political action. In such a case, rule of or by law does not pertain. Everything is a lie. Everything is possible to meet any objective regardless of impact on anyone else. Such an attitude and such action is a depressing portrayal of greed.

 

PETER NEILL

 

is Director of the World Ocean Observatory, a web-based place of exchange for information and educational services about the ocean defined as “an integrated, global, social system,” transcending conventional emphasis on species and habitat to relate the ocean to such issues as fresh water, climate, food, energy, trade, transportation, public health, international finance, policy and governance, economic development, mega-cities, and coastal traditions. World Ocean Observatory provides links and proactive services to aquariums, science centers, educational institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and individuals to build public awareness and a global constituency for the ocean.

 

Throughout his career, Mr. Neill has contributed to organizations devoted to marine affairs, education, and culture. He was President of the South Street Seaport Museum from 1985-2004. He is a past President of the Council of American Maritime Museums and the International Congress of Maritime Museums He is a co-founder of The Sound School, New Haven, CT., and The Harbor School, New York, NY, two innovative public high schools that use the marine environment as a context for teaching and learning. He has appeared on numerous television documentaries on The History Channel, Discovery, and National Geographic Society productions.

 

 

His publications include novels (A Time Piece, 1970; Mock Turtle Soup, 1972; Acoma, 1978); non-fiction (Maritime America, 1988; Great Maritime Museums of the World, 1991; On a Painted Ocean, 1998); anthologies (The City: American Experience, 1978; American Sea Writing, 2000); and numerous articles on maritime history and art. In 1972, Mr. Neill founded Leete’s Island Books, a small publisher specializing in literary reprints, the essay, photography, and profiles of indigenous healers and practitioners of complimentary medicine around the world. Mr. Neill has served as founding Chairman, High Mountain Institute, Leadville, CO (1995-2007); founding Chairman, The Apprenticeshop, Rockland, ME (1988-2006); President, Pilobolus Dance Theater, Washington, CT (1995-2004); Trustee, Ocean Classroom Foundation, Damariscotta, ME (2007- ); Trustee, Penobscot Marine Museum, Searsport, ME (2006- ); and Founding Trustee of Apogee Arts, a new dance company for Maine (2008- ).


Peter is host of World Ocean Radio, a weekly series of 5-minute audio essays on a wide range of ocean topics.

Show full bio

 


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It could lead to destruction of precious fisheries resources: The landing of more than a hundred tonnes of juvenile sardines, measuring between 8 and 11 cm, on World Fisheries Day at the Thottappilly Fishing Harbour, Alappuzha, was a cause of worry for conservationists, who saw the incident as one of many acts of “wanton” destruction of precious fisheries resources.

 

The catch was not sent for sale to the market, but was packed off to a fish meal factory in Mangalore, a scientist involved in marine fisheries conservation activities told The Hindu. A few of these factories have recently been set up in Kerala too.

 

He said that fishermen had been reporting these incidents quite often. Charles George, president of Matsya Thozhilali Aikya Vedi, a forum for fishermen’s unions, had recently said that juvenile catch was a destroying precious resources and hurting the livelihoods of traditional fishermen.

 

“It is quite pathetic to understand this valuable fish resource is being destroyed by ring seine fishing,” said the conservationist.

 

It has been reported that large quantities of major fish varieties like sardine, mackerel and nemipterus (kilimeen), which are major items in the daily fish markets in the State are being captured and sent to fish meal factories, he added.

 

There appears to be no means of controlling such destructive practices, the conservationist pointed out.

 

He cited CMFRI data to show that sardine catch in 2013 was only one lakh tonnes, against the 3.9 lakh tonnes in 2012.

 

During that year, sardine catch contributed about 46 per cent of the total fish landings in Kerala.

 

The situation in this year “will be disastrous” if the practices of destructive fishing continue, he said and warned that sending juvenile catch to fish meal factories would end up with destruction of livelihood means for several lakhs of people.

 

Fishing harbours in other parts of the Kerala, too, have been witness of juvenile catch landings and threw was a big issue at the Chettuva fishing harbour in Thrissur district a few months ago, he said.

 

The fish workers refused to handle the juvenile fish landed at the harbour and only the intervention of the political leaders and the district administration ended the dispute, he added.

 

K. A. Martin

 

www.thehindu.com

 

 

 


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ISAFE2 - 2nd International Symposium on Aquaculture and Fisheries Education

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The 2nd International Symposium on Aquaculture and Fisheries Education (ISAFE2) jointly organized by Asian Fisheries Society (AFS) and Shanghai Ocean University (SHOU) will be convened on SHOU campus at Lingang New City in Shanghai from Wednesday 22nd to Friday 24th April, 2015.

 

The ISAFE2 will once again bring educators, students and training agencies from across the aquaculture and fisheries industries, teaching institutions and education regulatory agencies to discuss many critical issues pertaining to the needs of the industry on the one hand and the issues confronting the training, academic and education regulatory agencies in ensuring a sustainable well-educated industry sector on the other hand in the Asia-Pacific (AP) region.

 

The theme for ISAFE2 is “Better Education, Better Professionals, Better Industry”. The symposium will discuss issues highlighted during ISAFE1 and on-going issues confronting aquaculture and fisheries education in the AP region. It will:

   ● Discuss the current status of aquaculture and fisheries education in the AP countries with special reference to

     √ Curricula and courses;

     √ Accreditations, quality and certification; and

     √ Collaboration and partnership.

   ● Examine the existing and future linkages between AFS and regional educators with international agencies and institutions.

  ● Explore the on-going development of distance education and its impacts on the delivery of aquaculture and fisheries education. Presentation and working language in the symposium will be English. Welcome to Shanghai Ocean University and the fabulous city of Shanghai in April 2015!


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John Bostock's curator insight, November 25, 7:20 AM

Good to hear about this conference - it will be an excellent opportunity to build international collaborative links, especially throughout the Asia-Pacific region.