Copper Netting Impact: Improved Fish Harvest Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal-food producing sector worldwide. Copper alloy netting improves fish production, leading to healthier fish, higher yields, and lower costs.
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The European Commission has today adopted a series of discard plans as it gears up for the introduction of an obligation to land all catches on 1 January 2015.
Discarding, the practice of returning unwanted fish back into the sea, is banned by the new Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) which stipulates that fishermen will instead have to land everything that they catch. The five discard plans adopted today contain some practical rules, as well as a limited number of exemptions, to help fishermen implement the new rules.
The plans, which cover all pelagic fisheries in EU waters and fisheries in the Baltic, were put together by Member States who developed joint recommendations regionally in the Baltic, North Sea, North Western Waters, South Western Waters, and the Mediterranean. Input was also received from local industry and stakeholders through Advisory Councils which under the new CFP have a right of consultation when EU countries decide the rules for fishermen in that region. The Commission reviewed the joint recommendations against the objectives and requirements of the CFP before adopting the plans today.
In order to support fishermen during the challenging period when the landing obligation enters into force, the discard plans introduce some limited exemptions in certain cases where unwanted fish have a high chance of survival if returned to sea, where increases in selectivity are impossible to achieve, or where fishermen would incur disproportionate costs when handling unwanted catches. These exemptions have been assessed by the scientific advisory body of the Commission, the STECF, to ensure that they meet the CFP's high sustainability standards. All fish released back into the sea under the allowed exemptions must still be reported and accounted for in order to ensure full transparency and data for scientific advice.
Support to adapt to the new rules will also be available from the EU's Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), with financial help for more selective fishing gears and techniques; or investments in equipment on board and port facilities necessary to use unwanted catches.
There were no joint recommendations for the Black Sea pelagic fisheries. Based on the information available to the Commission, there would be no need at this stage for any detailed rules to facilitate the introduction of the landing obligation in the Black Sea.
The discard plans will enter into force on 1 January 2015, after a two-month scrutiny period by the Parliament and the Council. This marks the first phase of the landing obligation which will be introduced gradually between 2015 and 2019 for all commercial fisheries.
Following this first step, the landing obligation will apply to the main target species of demersals in the North Sea and Western Waters on 1 January 2016, and to the main target species of demersals in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and all other fisheries by 1 January 2017. The landing obligation for all other species will apply by 1 January 2019 at the latest. Work has already started regionally to prepare for the second step of the implementation of the landing obligation on 1 January 2016.
Discarding is the practice of returning unwanted catches to the sea, either dead or alive, either because they are too small, the fisherman has no quota, or because of certain catch composition rules. The new CFP does away with the wasteful practice of discarding through the introduction of a landing obligation. Under the landing obligation all catches have to be kept on board, landed and counted against the quotas. Undersized fish cannot be marketed for human consumption purposes.
This change in regime serves as a driver for more selectivity, and provides more reliable catch data. To allow fishermen to adapt to the change, the landing obligation will be introduced gradually, between 2015 and 2019 for all commercial fisheries (species under the total allowable catch (TAC) regime, or under minimum sizes) in European waters.
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Via Αλιεία alieia.info
The fisheries sector plays an important role in the national economies of many countries around the world, including Africa.
The resources currently provide significant benefits to Africa, including livelihoods to about 10 million people, nutrition and food security for over 30 percent of the population and about USD 4.3 billion per year in foreign exchange.
Speaking in Zanzibar during a two day 5th Session of the Regional Consultative Forum for the Civil Society (CSO)/Private Sector on sustainable tuna fisheries management in the South-West Indian Ocean, the Fisheries Officer for the World wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Coastal East Africa Initiative, Edward Kimakwa said that despite this significant contribution of the fisheries sector, fisheries in many countries have been marginalised.
He said the fisheries sector has greater potential if well developed to spur economic development, offer more employment opportunities and reduce poverty among the local population. The fisheries sector is of low priority in national development programmes and in many cases grossly funded.
There is governance failure on the part of national and regional fisheries management bodies. Open access has denied most countries and indeed local communities the right to sustainably manage and benefit from their fisheries resources.
Most developing coastal and island states remain poor despite the vast resources therein in their respective Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ). As a result, the fisheries resources, both inland and marine capture have been over-exploited. Potential exists for the developing EEZ and high sea fisheries.
Unfortunately most of developing countries have limited capacity to venture in the deep sea fisheries. Surveillance and policing is weak hence increasing incidences of illegal unregulated and unreported fisheries (IUU) fishing.
Over the years, WWF and other key partners, including government agencies, Regional Fisheries Management bodies have been investing and supporting initiatives aimed at bringing about sustainable fisheries management and improved governance in different parts of the world.
Experience suggests that strategic partnerships around a shared vision are powerful ways to achieve meaningful reforms in the fisheries sector.
In many occasions the Civil Society (CSOs) and the Private Sector (PS) have always been relegated to the periphery.
The non-state actors continue to play a key role in the development and management of the fisheries sector in Africa, and indeed the whole world. However, they have not been actively involved in key policy process and discussions on fisheries related issues.
They have always been left out in the implementation of programmes that are supposedly to help them as key beneficiaries from fisheries related initiatives.
Nevertheless this scenario is gradually changing in the recent times. There is now increasing recognition of the role of non-state actors, including CSOs and PS when it comes to decision making and implementation of fisheries related interventions.
However more needs to be done, including providing an enabling environment and structured framework for them to be fully engaged in fisheries related issues. The SWIO-CSO/PS forum is an initiative that was established in 2010 with the support of WWF and other like-minded CSOs and partners in the SWIO region.
The forum provides a capacity building opportunity to the CSOs and private sector working on marine fisheries issues to advocate for sustainable use and management of tuna fishery in the SWIO waters to ensure the national states and communities benefit from their tuna resources in their respective waters.
Over the years we have seen some desirable results. The forum and its members have influenced national and regional policy processes. The first regional forum which was held in Dar es Salaam in 2010 provided significant input to the CSO agenda at the first Conference of African Ministers for Fisheries and Aquaculture (CAMFA1) that was held in Gambia in 2010.
The CSO has been actively involved in the development of national tuna strategies in Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Madagascar. The strategies have since been approved by the respective national governments and now are at various stages of implementation.
This has been made possible through the establishment of national Tuna CSO/PS forums in the respective countries, a move which is gaining momentum in other countries in the SWIO region and the entire Africa.
There is a buy in this concept by other agencies, including the African Union and NEPAD agency who are now working closely with the CSOs.
For instance, the NEPAD Agency and African Union Inter-Agency Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) organised a “CSO think tank consultative meeting on small scale fisheries” in December 2013 which was co-hosted by Fishnet Africa, one of the SWIO-CSO forum members.
The Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture was adopted by the Second Conference of African Ministers for Fisheries and Aquaculture (CAMFA2) that was held in Addis Ababa in April/May 2014.
The strategic document has since been approved by the African Union Summit (Heads of State and Government)
The forum provides an opportunity for the CSO and PS to share experiences, build a collective approach (common voice) and consensus on marine related fisheries issues, including regional discourse and policy processes.
According to Kimakwa the main objective of that workshop was to provide a platform to evaluate the current status of implementation of sustainable development and management of marine fisheries resources, including tuna in the SWIO region with more focus on the contribution of the non-state actors.
Kimakwa further mentioned the specific objectives of the workshop as: Reflection on the progress on the implementation of the recommendations of the 4th Session of the SWIO-CSO/PS forum that was held on the 27th – 28th of November 2013 in Maputo, Mozambique.
And an update on the progress on the implementation and or involvement in tuna related aspects by individual CSO/Ps since the 4th session; the progress on the development, adoption and implementation of the national tuna fishery management strategies by the respective SWIO range states.
Give feedback on relevant outcomes of national and regional Fisheries Management processes in the SWIO region; and identify key issues and priority actions for further considerations and implementation with a view to improving tuna governance and increasing benefits to the country and local communities who depend on marine fisheries resources.
The workshop’s desired results among others are: Improved understanding on the national and regional processes for sustainable tuna fisheries management and appreciating the role played by different actors, including the CSOs and the private sector.
Have a self-assessment and an appreciation of the role of non-state actors in sustainable tuna fisheries management in the SWIO region. Set of key issues and recommendations for consideration and implementation by the non-state actors, national and regional fisheries management organisations for improved tuna fisheries governance.
Strengthened partnership and commitment by the non-state actors in the SWIO region in advancing tuna policy reforms and practice at national and regional level for improved stock sustainability and increased socio-economic returns to the countries and the local communities in this part of the world. Some further thoughts and reflection on the governance and sustainability aspects of the SWIO-CSO/PS forum as a regional framework to advance tuna reforms in the SWIO region.
For his part, the Secretary of the Dar es Salaam Fishers Union (UWAWADA), Ramadhan Mwiga said that “We have not yet exploited the Tuna fishing because we do not have the needed equipment and technology to tape that market.”
He said the Government has not put first priority and conducive environment for the small scale fishermen to tape the tuna fishing industry. “We are wondering why the government has failed to remove taxes on the fishing equipment as it has done to agricultural equipment,” he lamented.
He said “We have been failing to buy modern equipment like those being used by foreign fishing companies in deep sea because they are pretty expensive.” He therefore, urged the government to put more priority on the tuna fishing because it has been of great beneficial in countries like Mozambique among others.
Mwiga who is also a fisherman said that the artisanal fishery is a sub-sector in Tanzania that makes a valuable economic contribution to coastal communities. However, Member of Mwambao Coastal Community Network based in Zanzibar, Baraka Kalangahe said instead of keeping on lamenting and blaming the government for its failure to exploit the Tuna market locally and internationally, it is a high time for the Civil Society and other key stakeholders to join hands and turn the resources into value.
“We should sell some of our Tuna products we get from small scale fishing and buy the technology and train our young people, who in turn will come to enable us massively benefit from the fisheries industry, the Tuna fishing in particular,” he noted.
Findings show that the small-scale fisheries in Tanzania accounts for 98 per cent of total fish production, 1.3 per cent of GDP and makes up 9.9 per cent of fish exports worth an estimated USD12.4 million. While its contribution to GDP may appear marginal, the sector is a vital source of food security, employment and income for coastal communities, which subsequently stabilises the five coastal regions which, when including all sectors, make up 32 per cent of Tanzania's GDP.
Over 40 participants have been drawn from relevant private sector, academia, fishers associations, national and regional NGOs and Civil Society in the SWIO range states.
The workshop has been organised and co-hosted by WWF and WIOMSA. WWF is a global conservation organisation whose mission is to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature by; conserving the world’s biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption.
Western Indian Ocean Marine Sciences Association (WIOMSA) is a regional professional organisation, non-governmental, non-profit, and membership, registered in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The organisation is dedicated to promoting educational, scientific and technological development of all aspects of marine sciences throughout the WIO region for sustainable use and conservation of marine resources.
SOURCE: THE GUARDIAN
Via Αλιεία alieia.info
Latest resasearch on bigeye tuna - the most vulnerable of all the tuna species fished in the waters of Pacific Island nations - shows there is much more mixing of stocks from the western and eastern Pacific than previously thought.
Scientists working for the Secretariat of the Pacific Community have found there is an exchange zone in the central Pacific - and this has big implications for how the fish are managed.
The scientists say their findings suggest Pacific Island nations need to work with the fisheries management authorities in the far-eastern Pacific if they want to ensure a future for the species.
Presenter: Jemima Garrett
Speaker: Bruno Leroy, a fisheries scientist with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community
Via Αλιεία alieia.info
The European Commission has today issued a report on the measures taken by EU countries to ensure the recovery of European eel.
After scientific evaluation of national progress reports, the Commission's report concludes that whilst measures on controlling fisheries have been fully implemented, more needs to be done to manage other human activities and improve river habitats.
Despite a significant increase in the number of baby eel produced since 2011, the population at all stages of adult eels remains very low. The Commission's report, issued to the European Parliament and Council, includes a number of recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the Eel regulation and ensure that the situation can improve further.
The stock's critical situation led to the 2007 Eel Regulation under which Member States with eel habitats in their territory must prepare and implement national eel management plans. According to the legislation, EU countries must take measures that allow 40 % of adult eels to escape from inland waters to the sea, where they can spawn.
To demonstrate how they intend to meet the target, EU countries have drawn up national eel management plans at river-basin level. In their plans, EU countries propose measures such as limiting fisheries, making it easier for fish to migrate through the rivers, and restocking suitable inland waters with young eel.
European eel is listed on Annex II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). International trade of European eel into and out of the EU is currently prohibited.
National Eel Management Plans: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/marine_species/wild_species/eel/management_plans/index_en.htm
Via Αλιεία alieia.info
BP has asked a federal judge to delay a second round of oil spill payments to seafood workers, arguing that there are still problems within the compensation program. In a Monday (October 20) filing in US District Court in New Orleans, the British oil giant said "at some point" there should be a second round of up to US$500 (€393.887) million in payments to workers hurt by the spill. But the company said those payments cannot start now.