Applied Neuroscience
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Biobit: Computational Neuroscience & Biocomputation
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Local field potentials primarily reflect inhibitory neuron activity in human and monkey cortex

Local field potentials primarily reflect inhibitory neuron activity in human and monkey cortex | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ bioRxiv - the preprint server for biology, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a research and educational institution ”

Via Nima Dehghani
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
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Bayes's Theorem: What's the Big Deal?

Bayes's Theorem: What's the Big Deal? | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Bayes’s theorem, touted as a powerful method for generating knowledge, can also be used to promote superstition and pseudoscience”
Via Bernard Ryefield
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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Mind-Reading with Infrared Light

Mind-Reading with Infrared Light | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“Illustration: Ehsan Kamrani/Harvard Medical School An optical sensor attached to the forehead could do the work of both an EEG monitor and an MRI, allowing portable monitoring of brain activity in patients and better control of hands-free devices...”
Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Cognitive Neuroscience
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Lumosity’s #Big Data pushes frontiers of neuroscience

Lumosity’s #Big Data pushes frontiers of neuroscience | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Brain-training startup, Lumosity has revealed findings from its Human Cognition Project, an initiative that gives researchers access to its data to conduct”
Via Sandeep Gautam
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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, September 29, 2014 12:30 AM

Although the effects of brain training itself are suspect; Lumosity's Big Data can really help advance neuroscience in many ways! Kudos for making that data open and available.

Rescooped by Manousos Klados from the plastic brain
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Fungal Infections Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Fungal Infections Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Researchers found evidence of fungal cells in nerve cells in several regions of the brain that become damaged in Alzheimer’s disease. Image is for illustrative purposes only.”
Via iPamba
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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Remapping the damaged brain

Remapping the damaged brain | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, along with researchers from the AIST Human Technology Research Institute in Japan, have identified a time-dependent interplay between two brain regions that contributes to the recovery...”
Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Brain Tricks: Belief, Bias, and Blindspots
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Is Consciousness Computable? Quantifying Integrated Information Using Algorithmic Information Theory

“In this article we review Tononi's (2008) theory of consciousness as integrated information. We argue that previous formalizations of integrated information (e.g. Griffith, 2014) depend on information loss. Since lossy integration would necessitate continuous damage to existing memories, we propose it is more natural to frame consciousness as a lossless integrative process and provide a formalization of this idea using algorithmic information theory. We prove that complete lossless integration requires noncomputable functions. This result implies that if unitary consciousness exists, it cannot be modelled computationally.”
Via Ashish Umre, Jocelyn Stoller
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Colbert Sesanker's curator insight, January 26, 2015 6:31 PM

Is this antithetical to the dream of capturing everything in binary? 

Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly
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Neuroimaging study begins to map damage caused by anxiety in the brain.

Neuroimaging study begins to map damage caused by anxiety in the brain. | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ People with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at increased risk of converting to Alzheimer's disease within a few years, but a new study warns the risk increases significantly if they suffer from...”
Via Donald J Bolger
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Amazing Science
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Brain imaging: fMRI 2.0

Brain imaging: fMRI 2.0 | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Unlike scanning techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG), which detects electrical activity at the skull's surface, fMRI produces measurements from deep inside the brain. It is also non-invasive, which makes it safer and more comfortable than positron emission tomography (PET), in which radioactive compounds are injected and traced as they flow around the body. fMRI has been applied to almost every aspect of brain science ever since. It has shown that the brain is highly compartmentalized, with specific regions responsible for tasks such as perceiving faces and weighing up moral responsibility; that the resting brain is in fact humming with activity; and that it may be possible to communicate with patients in a vegetative state by monitoring their brain activity. In 2010, neuroscientists used fMRI in more than 1,500 published articles.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Cognitive Neuroscience
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A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science

A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it

Via Sandeep Gautam
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Human Nature ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
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Brain training and stimulation improves mental arithmetic ability

Brain training and stimulation improves mental arithmetic ability | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ UCL News RSS Feed: The latest news from UCL.”
Via Mlik Sahib
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Brain Injury Treatment
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How Video Games Like Super Mario Can Benefit the Brain

How Video Games Like Super Mario Can Benefit the Brain | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Playing video games causes increases in brain regions responsible for memory formation and strategic planning, researchers have discovered. The findings could prove relevant in developing new therapeutic interventions for psychiatric illnesses.”
Via Stephan Kuhn
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
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A Big Data Approach to Computational Creativity

A Big Data Approach to Computational Creativity | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Computational creativity is an emerging branch of artificial intelligence that places computers in the center of the creative process. Broadly, creativity involves a generative step to produce many ideas and a selective step to determine the ones that are the best. Many previous attempts at computational creativity, however, have not been able to achieve a valid selective step. This work shows how bringing data sources from the creative domain and from hedonic psychophysics together with big data analytics techniques can overcome this shortcoming to yield a system that can produce novel and high-quality creative artifacts. Our data-driven approach is demonstrated through a computational creativity system for culinary recipes and menus we developed and deployed, which can operate either autonomously or semi-autonomously with human interaction. We also comment on the volume, velocity, variety, and veracity of data in computational creativity.
Via Claudia Mihai, Bernard Ryefield
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Biobit: Computational Neuroscience & Biocomputation
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Towards an integration of deep learning and neuroscience

Towards an integration of deep learning and neuroscience | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ bioRxiv - the preprint server for biology, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a research and educational institution ”

Via Nima Dehghani
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from the plastic brain
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Could Autism Be Hiding in a Fold of the Brain?

Could Autism Be Hiding in a Fold of the Brain? | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Mapping of cortical fold depths. In green: sulcal pits (the deepest point of each fold). In red: localization of the abnormality detected in autistic children (in Broca’s area). Credit: SCALP team / INT.”

"Scientists at CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université and AP-HM have identified a cerebral marker specific to autism that can be detected by MRI and is present as from the age of two years. The abnormality thus detected consists in a less deep fold in Broca’s area, a region of the brain specialized in language and communication, functions that are impaired in autistic patients. This discovery may assist in the earlier diagnosis and management of these patients. It has been made possible by the medical imaging processing skills of the Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université) and access to a homogeneous cohort of patients diagnosed at a very young age and all assessed using the same protocol at the Centre de Ressources Autisme PACA. The results of their collaboration are published on 12 January 2016 in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neurosciences and Neuroimaging."


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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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New Computational Strategy Finds Brain Tumor Shrinking Molecules

New Computational Strategy Finds Brain Tumor Shrinking Molecules | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“According to a new study, computer modeling has been able to identify a molecule which inhibits a transient cellular event that drives glioblastoma brain cancer.”
Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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Mechanism Behind Cognitive Control of Thoughts Discovered

Mechanism Behind Cognitive Control of Thoughts Discovered | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it

"The human brain does not come with an operating manual. However, a group of scientists from UC Santa Barbara and the University of Pennsylvania have developed a way to convert structural brain imaging techniques into “wiring diagrams” of connections between brain regions.

"Three researchers from UCSB’s Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences — Michael Miller, Scott Grafton and Matt Cieslak — used the structure of neural networks to reveal the fundamental rules that govern which parts of the brain are most able to exert cognitive control over thoughts and actions. This study is the first to provide a mechanistic explanation for how the frontal cortex exerts control over the trillions of individual neurons that allow people to stay focused on one task or switch to a radically different one. The findings appear today in the journal Nature Communications."

"This brain image represents a dataset from the study and the regions used as nodes. Credit: UCSB/The researchers."


Via iPamba, Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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Researchers create 'Wikipedia' for neurons

Researchers create 'Wikipedia' for neurons | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“The decades worth of data that has been collected about the billions of neurons in the brain is astounding.”
Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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What is My Brain Telling Me and How? Decoding the Neural Syntax

What is My Brain Telling Me and How? Decoding the Neural Syntax | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
As I walk back to my car after a long and exciting day in class and lab, I have to pay attention to my environment for multiple reasons. First, I am clumsy and very likely to trip if I don’t. Secon...
Via LOr, Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly
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Granger Causality test can make epilepsy surgery more effective

Granger Causality test can make epilepsy surgery more effective | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ A new statistical test that looks at the patterns of high-frequency network activity flow from brain signals can help doctors pinpoint the exact location of seizures occurring in the brain and make surgery more effective, according to researchers.”
Via Donald J Bolger
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Learning & Mind & Brain
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Getting Started with Gamification for eLearning: Identifying Gaming Components

Getting Started with Gamification for eLearning: Identifying Gaming Components | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Before you begin designing Gamification for eLearning it is important to keep a keen focus on your learners rather than the games. Understanding your audience and the types of games that will motivate them is the key to success with Gamification theory. One way to understand which gaming components would motivate learners is through surveying. Another method used is trial and error supported by learning analytics from your LMS. If designed well, Gamification will effectively support learning objectives and provide learners with immediate feedback on their progress and actionable goals to move forward. Let’s take a closer look at the gaming components that will help you to achieve this. As you read through them, think of ways that they can be used together.”
Via Miloš Bajčetić
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Social Neuroscience Advances
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First micro-structure atlas of the human brain completed: October 2012

First micro-structure atlas of the human brain completed: October 2012 | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“19 October 2012 See report Here A European team of scientists have built the first atlas of white-matter microstructure in the human brain. The project’s final results have the potential to change ...”
Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Human Nature ,Brain and Cognitive Sciences &Singularity
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OPTOGENETICS: CONTROLLING THE BRAIN WITH LIGHT - British Neuroscience Association

OPTOGENETICS: CONTROLLING THE BRAIN WITH LIGHT - British Neuroscience Association | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it

Via Mlik Sahib
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from With My Right Brain
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PLOS Biology: Expert Failure: Re-evaluating Research Assessment

PLOS Biology: Expert Failure: Re-evaluating Research Assessment | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
PLOS Biology is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal that features works of exceptional significance in all areas of biological science, from molecules to ecosystems, including works at the interface with other disciplines.
Via Emre Erdogan
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Rescooped by Manousos Klados from Learning & Mind & Brain
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Open Colleges Presents Your Brain Map: 84 Strategies for Accelerated Learning

Open Colleges Presents Your Brain Map: 84 Strategies for Accelerated Learning | Applied Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Explore the Open College's interactive brain map to learn about how your brain functions and ways to improve your learning.” The Brain Map: Strategies For Accelerated Learning Infographic is a 3D interactive brain you can swivel around and explore. Click on specific parts for an explanation of what it does, and zoom in to your limbic system.
Via Miloš Bajčetić
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