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Nobel for Higgs Boson Discovery Ignores How Modern Science Works - IEEE Spectrum.

Nobel for Higgs Boson Discovery Ignores How Modern Science Works - IEEE Spectrum. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

 By Jeremy Hsu

Posted 8 Oct 2013 | 22:33 GMT

Masters of Mass: Francois Englert and Peter Higgs will share the Nobel Prize in Physics.

A tiny particle predicted long before the world's largest particle collider could confirm its existence has earned two scientists the coveted Nobel Prize in physics. But Nobel committee rules limiting the winners of the top physics prize to a maximum of three people has stirred up debate over whether the prize process oversimplifies how modern science works.

The Nobel Prize for the theoretical discovery of the Higgs boson, a tiny particle that explains why the building blocks of the universe have mass, went to Peter Higgs, from the UK, and Francois Englert from Belgium. They represent just two of the six scientists who made the Higgs boson prediction as part of three independent groups in 1964—not to mention the thousands of scientists and engineers who helped confirm the existence of the particle at the 27-kilometer-long Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, in Geneva.

Glamorous prizes such as the $1.2 million Nobel celebrate the idea of the "great man" (or woman) by recognizing just a few individuals, said Ashutosh Jogalekar, a chemist, in a blog post for Scientific American. That encourages the public to believe that modern science is still driven by the occasional brilliant genius who works alone to advance his or her field of science—an idea that distorts the reality of many scientists and engineers working together in labs or within international teams.

Such limits on the Nobel Prize award stem from the prize's origins 113 years ago. It was established during a time when individuals, rather than groups, still made the biggest discoveries while working alone with "equipment costing a few hundred dollars," Jogalekar said.

By comparison, confirmation of the Higgs boson particle came from the Large Hadron Collider, a huge international science project with a price tag of more than $4 billion in construction costs alone. The choice to focus on the theorists who predicted the Higgs Boson ignores the thousands of "experimentalists" working at LHC who came up with the real-world evidence to confirm the predictions. 

But the Nobel Committee still faced a tough choice even with its focus on the theorists. Higgs published the first explanation of his namesake particle in 1964, but was not the first to describe the theory behind the particle. That honor went to the team of Englert and Robert Brout, a deceased colleague, who first suggested how elementary particles get their mass by interacting with an invisible field that fills up all of space. (Englert and Brout did not explicitly mention the idea of the Higgs boson particle.)

A third team of physicists—including Gerald Guralnik, Tom Kibble and Carl Hagen—independently published about the same idea at about the same time. None of the third team's members shared in the Nobel Prize honor, but Kibble, a physicist at the Imperial College London, issued a gracious statement congratulating Englert and Higgs after the award was announced.

Hagen, a physicist at the University of Rochester in New York, had said he would prefer the award went to none of the five surviving physicists rather than just some, during a Telegraph interview before the Nobel Prize announcement. He has also backed the idea of changing the Higgs boson particle name to something else, according to BBC News.

Higgs himself has agreed with that idea by preferring to call the particle a "scalar boson," and reportedly has expressed discomfort over his "rock star" status. The physicist, perhaps preferring to avoid the incoming storm of media attention, said he would not be available to news reporters today.

This year's Nobel Prize for physics may go down in history as one of the most controversial, even if physicists all seemed to believe that the Nobel committee must recognize the "rock star event of the decade" in some form, according to the New York Times. Still, Mark Jackson, a theoretical physicist at the Paris Centre for Cosmological Physics, pointed out in Scientific American that the prize is no stranger to controversy with its "not-so-noble" history of overlooking certain scientific contributors—especially women. AndIEEE Spectrum detailed an ugly dispute over the Nobel award for the invention of the charge coupled device in 2010. 

The Nobel committee might do well to consider overhauling the antiquated three-person limit on the physics prize, Jogalekar said. Otherwise the public might overlook the reality of modern scientific discovery that more often involves teams working across international borders rather than the lone genius in his or her lab.

"This is a cause for concern, because it’s the same public that’s going to fund the science leading to discoveries like the Higgs. It is unlikely that they will support the right model of science if they are constantly shown the wrong one. This is a message which I think the Nobel Foundation should seriously ponder."

Photo: Maximilien Brice/CERN

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Swimming with #Mantas | Manta Trust.

Swimming with #Mantas | Manta Trust. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
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#MAREMAP - Find Maps: The UK Marine Environmental Mapping Programme.

#MAREMAP - Find Maps: The UK Marine Environmental Mapping Programme. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

Website hosted by the British Geological Survey (BGS). Responsibility for this website's content lies with MAREMAP not with the BGS. © 2013
Website feedback: email questions, suggestions or comments to Alan Stevenson

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Earth map shows #Fukushima radiation pollution of Pacific Ocean - Buzz.NaturalNews.com

Earth map shows #Fukushima radiation pollution of Pacific Ocean - Buzz.NaturalNews.com | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
While the lying governments of the world continue to insist that Fukushima is "no big deal," all the evidence shows otherwise. Here's a map showing the spread of radiation across the Pacific Ocean.

Because of the high number of data points here, it looks like this is a hybrid combination of some gathered data combined with computer modeling of ocean currents.
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#MAREMAP | Marine Environmental Mapping Programme.

#MAREMAP | Marine Environmental Mapping Programme. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

The Marine Environmental Mapping Programme (MAREMAP) aims to achieve common, national objectives in seafloor and shallow geological mapping addressing themes such as habitat mapping, Quaternary science, coastal and shelf sediment dynamics and the assessment of human impacts and geohazards in the marine environment. MAREMAP will work towards integration of common geoscience objectives across NERC organisations.

MAREMAP is a joint initiative led by the British Geological Survey (BGS), the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) and the Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), with partners from the University of Southampton, Channel Coastal Observatory, the University of Plymouth, the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA), the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) and Marine Scotland.

MAREMAP was launched at the National Maritime Muesum in London in June 2010.

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Volcanoes Actually ‘Scream’ Before Exploding — and Here’s Your Chance to Hear One | TheBlaze.com

Volcanoes Actually ‘Scream’ Before Exploding — and Here’s Your Chance to Hear One | TheBlaze.com | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

Just before a volcano spews hot ash and lava in an eruption, it might in some cases emit a high-frequency “scream.”

A study by the University of Washington of the 2009 explosion of Alaska’s Redoubt Volcanorecorded such a “harmonic tremor,” which researchers believe could provide clues as to what happens during cycles of eruptions.

Sometimes, preceding a volcanic eruption are a series of small earthquakes, which researchers believe might cause the higher frequencies, which cannot be heard by humans, that then stop before the actual explosion.

“The frequency of this tremor is unusually high for a volcano, and it’s not easily explained by many of the accepted theories,” Alicia Hotovec-Ellis, a University of Washington doctoral student, said in a statement of the Redoubt Volcano’s 2009 eruption.

Here’s how the University of Washington describes Hotovc-Ellis’ perspective of how “the screams” might occur:

The source of the earthquakes and harmonic tremor isn’t known precisely. Some volcanoes emit sound when magma – a mixture of molten rock, suspended solids and gas bubbles – resonates as it pushes up through thin cracks in the Earth’s crust.

But Hotovec-Ellis believes in this case the earthquakes and harmonic tremor happen as magma is forced through a narrow conduit under great pressure into the heart of the mountain. The thick magma sticks to the rock surface inside the conduit until the pressure is enough to move it higher, where it sticks until the pressure moves it again.

Each of these sudden movements results in a small earthquake, ranging in magnitude from about 0.5 to 1.5, she said. As the pressure builds, the quakes get smaller and happen in such rapid succession that they blend into a continuous harmonic tremor.

“Because there’s less time between each earthquake, there’s not enough time to build up enough pressure for a bigger one,” Hotovec-Ellis said. “After the frequency glides up to a ridiculously high frequency, it pauses and then it explodes.”

Humans are not likely to hear such a scream in nature because the frequency of the tremor starts at 1 hertz and gets up to about 30 hertz. Humans begin hearing frequencies at 20 hertz, according to the study. But, as the university pointed out, lying above such an area prior to an eruption to hear the sound when it reaches an audible level wouldn’t be advisable.

Listen to such a “scream” as it starts off slowly and the frequency builds:

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Moon Mappers: CosmoQuest is made possible through a patchwork of funding, including governmental grants, corporate sponsorships, and donations from individuals like you. In times like these, every ...

Moon Mappers: CosmoQuest is made possible through a patchwork of funding, including governmental grants, corporate sponsorships, and donations from individuals like you. In times like these, every ... | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

While we don't quite have a cast of millions, looking around at all the people pounding on keyboards to help make this project possible, it sometimes feels like a cast of millions. Want to join in? We are always looking for volunteers! We're currently looking for graphical artists, computer programers, educators to help us on a set of specific projects.

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All about Geo-sciences. Studying the Geosciences? Lots of #Resources here!

All about Geo-sciences. Studying the Geosciences? Lots of #Resources here! | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
in Geosciences List on StumbleUpon
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Plankton Portal. Plankton are a critically important food source. No plankton = No life in the ocean.

Plankton Portal. Plankton are a critically important food source. No plankton = No life in the ocean. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

Education: Can I use Plankton Portal in the classroom?

Of course! Plankton Portal, just like all the Zooniverse projects, offers students a unique opportunity to explore real scientific data, while making a contribution to cutting-edge research. Each image is marked by multiple volunteers, so it’s okay if students don't identify and mark all of the plankton correctly. That being said, the task itself is simple enough that we believe most people can take part and make a worthwhile contribution regardless of age.

 

What resources are there to support use in the classroom?

Videos are a great tool to introduce students to the fascinating, diverse, and sometimes bizarre undersea world of plankton. Here are a couple of our favorites.

The secret life of plankton (TED Education video) by Tierney Thys, Christian Sardet, Noe Sardet and Sharif MirshakPlankton Chronicles by Christian Sardet, Noe Sardet and Sharif MirshakThere’s no such thing as a jellyfish by Steve Haddock, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

The Zooniverse recently launched ZooTeach where educators can find and share educational resources relating to Plankton Portal and the other Zooniverse citizen science projects. Check out resources created for Plankton Portal. Have any ideas for how to use the project in the classroom? Please share your lesson ideas or resources on ZooTeach!

How can I keep up to date with education and Plankton Portal?

Plankton Portal Blog and @PlanktonPortal twitter feed are great places to keep up to date with the latest science results, but there is also a Zooniverse Education Blog as well as the @zooteach Twitter feed.

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Notes From Nature.

Notes From Nature. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
4,206 Users already participating

We have thousands of specimen images, labels and ledgers from museum collections and the biologists who maintain those collections. These contain information about the where and when a species was found in the past. We need you to help us transcribe that data and make it available for further use in biodiversity and conservation research. Along the way, you will be possibly be finding species that have never been observed anywhere else!

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Welcome to Whale FM. We need your help to group similar sounding whale calls together.

Welcome to Whale FM. We need your help to group similar sounding whale calls together. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
Welcome to the Whale Song Project

You can help marine researchers understand what whales are saying. Listen to the large sound and find the small one that matches it best. 

 

Marine mammals are not the only sources of sound under water. Many natural phenomena, such as wind, rain, ice, lightning strikes can produce loud sound. We humans are a major contributor to the sound under water. There is a growing concern that sound generated by human activities can affect marine mammals. Human activities, such as shipping, searching for oil/gas using seismic surveys, explosions, military tactical sonars, and offshore constructions can produce loud sounds that affect animals, with potentially negative consequences.

Different international research projects have been set up to address several of these issues by studying the effect of sound on the behavior of marine mammals. The aim of such ‘behavioral response studies’ is to try to understand how and why marine mammals respond to various sound stimuli. These studies are badly needed in order to establish regulations and guidelines to mitigate the impact of man-made sound on marine life.

Many of the sounds that you will hear in this project have been recorded during such behavioral response studies. In these experiments, the effect of sonar sound on killer whales and pilot whales is studied. What we find is that killer whales and pilot whales respond to sonar sounds amongst others by changing the calls that they make.

The communication of killer whales and pilot whales is still poorly understood. While we know for some species the general context in which sounds are made (reproduction, contact calls for finding each other) many of the calls remain a mystery to us. To properly understand the implications of these responses, we need to know more about why and when animals make specific calls. This process is very challenging especially for vocal species such as killer whales and pilot whales.

The increasing size of current acoustic datasets and the large call repertoire make it very difficult for scientists to address these questions. A single person would take months to go through the data, and the outcome would still depend on a single persons’ interpretation.

For this reason we want to ask you to help us solve this problem, by categorizing the calls of killer whales and pilot whales that you find on this website. The dataset generated by this project will allow us to address interesting questions, such as:

How well do different judgements of volunteers agree, and how well can we categorize calls of vocal species such as pilot whales?How large is the call repertoire of pilot whales? (is size repertoire sign of intelligence?)Do the long and short finned pilot whales have different call repertoires (or ‘dialects’?)
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Zooniverse - Whale FM.

Zooniverse - Whale FM. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

The Zooniverse is home to the internet's largest, most popular and most successful citizen science projects. Our current projects are here but plenty more are on the way. If you're new to the Zooniverse, we suggest picking a project and diving in - the same account will get you into all of our projects, and you can keep track of what you've contributed by watching 'My Zooniverse'.


Real Science Online

The Zooniverse and the suite of projects it contains is produced, maintained and developed by the Citizen Science Alliance. The member institutions of the CSA work with many academic and other partners around the world to produce projects that use the efforts and ability of volunteers to help scientists and researchers deal with the flood of data that confronts them.


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Zooniverse - Science Projects.

Zooniverse - Science Projects. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

While the primary motivation for putting a project in the Zooniverse is to collect data on a well-defined research question, the very fact that hundreds of thousands of people world-wide view the projects generates an amazing potential for education. The projects within the Zooniverse provide an excellent resource for inquiry-based learning within the classroom or for home-school groups.


Zooniverse in Education

Parents and kids can have a great time together interacting in a fun and educational way while engaging in real science. Zooniverse projects can be a compelling facilitated experience in a museum environment or as a stand-alone kiosk. If you're interested in all things education about Zooniverse, then this is the right place to start. Check back periodically as we will be adding more and more education resources in the months ahead.


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Apps for Apes: To promote the conservation efforts of Orangutan Outreach.

Apps for Apes: To promote the conservation efforts of Orangutan Outreach. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
APPS FOR APES?

Orangutans are highly intelligent creatures who require mental stimulation to keep from growing bored and depressed. Every orangutan is a unique individual with his or her own particular likes and dislikes, and freedom of choice is critical to their well-being. They like to choose everything from their afternoon snack to their daytime companions and sleeping area. What they do each day depends on how they feel, and the more choices they have, the better. Just like humans, orangutans like options. The quality of life of orangutans living in zoos and sanctuaries is dependent on the amount and type of enrichment they receive on a daily basis. With the Apps for Apes project, we propose to introduce Apple iPad technology to orangutans in order to provide them with unlimited enrichment opportunities. The iPad is a perfect device for orangutans, as they have an innate ability to work with touchscreen technology. This has been demonstrated in facilities such as Zoo Atlanta, the Great Ape Trust and the Smithsonian National Zoo. With proper guidance, orangutans will be able to use their devices just like humans do– to spend their time doing things that they enjoy. They will have access to music, musical instruments, cognitive games, art, painting, drawing, photos and videos. Among other things, they will be able to see photos and videos of other orangutans.

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Spread the word: Our work to end animal cruelty focuses on three major programmes: Read more in the link provided.

Spread the word: Our work to end animal cruelty focuses on three major programmes: Read more in the link provided. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

Animals Asia is devoted to ending the barbaric practice of bear bile farming and improving the welfare of animals in China and Vietnam. We promote compassion and respect for all animals and work to bring about long-term change. 

Founded in 1998, the Animals Asia team has been rescuing moon bears since 1994 and is the only organisation with a bear sanctuary in China. Our founder and CEO, Jill Robinson MBE, Dr.med.vet. h.c., is widely recognised as the world’s leading expert on the cruel bear bile industry, having campaigned against it since 1993.

Today,  Animals Asia has rescued over 400 bears, caring for them at its award-winning bear sanctuaries in China and Vietnam. From its small beginnings in Hong Kong, Animals Asia has grown into a respected international NGO with over 300 staff and offices in Australia, China, Germany, Italy, the UK, US and Vietnam.

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#California to Test GPS Earthquake Warning System : DNews.

#California to Test GPS Earthquake Warning System : DNews. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

A network of GPS receivers, some outfitted with $8 accelerometers, is part of a prototype system being tested in Southern California to monitor for earthquakes and other natural hazards.

 PLAY VIDEOThe Mystery Of The Earth's Core ExplainedWe've been to the moon but we've barely scratched the surface of our own planet!DCI

The technology is not new. Receivers that pick up signals from the constellation of Global Positioning System satellites circling Earth and calculate timing and distance have reshaped dozens of industries including farming, construction, mining and package delivery, in addition to providing air, sea, and land navigation data.

What is different is the linking of GPS receivers into a real-time network that complies and analyzes their information. The system can then be used to detect earthquakes and extreme weather in the making.

PHOTOS: Changing Face of Earth in 2013

 

“By adding small inexpensive sensors used in popular electronic devices to existing GPS … we can greatly enhance our response to natural hazards, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, severe weather and flooding,” said researcher Yehuda Bock with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif.

“The goal is to save lives during natural hazards,” Bock told reporters at the American Geophysical Union conference in San Francisco this week.

Japan had a GPS monitoring system in place during its devastating 2011 earthquake and tsunami, but it relied on traditional seismic data that initially caused scientists to underestimate the strength of the earthquake and the size of the resulting tsunami.

“They initially estimated the magnitude of the earthquake to be magnitude 7 after 30 seconds. Only after nine minutes did they turn it into a 7.9 earthquake. It took 2.5 hours to finally estimate that it was as large as it was” -- a magnitude 9, Bock said.

“Our system improves on the traditional seismic monitoring … by estimating the ground motions and permanent displacements,” he said. “Ground seismic systems only measure the shaking.

PHOTOS: 2013 Top 20 Earth Images Contest

 

A large earthquake on the southern San Andrea Fault, for example, would take about 1.5 to two minutes to reach Los Angeles, precious time that could be used to issue alerts.

The system also can quickly assess potential damage to buildings, bridges, and other structures due to ground displacement after an earthquake.

For meteorological monitoring, GPS receivers are outfitted with temperature and pressure sensors to provide a continuous map of atmosphere water vapor.

“A GPS station fundamentally is measuring the amount of time it takes signals to travel from the GPS satellites to the receiving station on the ground. That travel time also is affected by the amount of moisture in the air, so every time we calculate the position of a GPS station, we’re also measuring the water vapor,” said Angelyn Moore, a research scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.

“Using GPS for weather is not new. What’s new is that there are now sufficient numbers of stations in the southern California region operating near real-time for us to evaluate the benefit,” she said.

The first test run of the system occurred in July when meteorologists tracked a summer monsoon as it moved across southern California. Equipped with real-time information about the storm’s progress based on GPS signals, forecasters accurately predicted a flash flood and issued a warning.

The new project aims to add sensors to an existing 550 stations with real-time networks located along the west coast of the United States, an area susceptible to earthquakes and tsunamis. So far, 17 enhanced GPS stations are operational, Bock said.

“We hope to expand it throughout the west coast,” he said.

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#truCrowd Capital: Equity Crowdfunding.

#truCrowd Capital: Equity Crowdfunding. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
Equity crowdfunding platform as defined by the JOBS Act of 2012, only Title III (unaccredited investors). Register now - FREE for a year.

 

Prepare Your Business to Get FundedStart getting prepared to get funded in exchange for equity by following these steps:Form a corporation to get "investment ready".Ensure that each person who has equity in your business comprehends and agrees to incorporating the business and to seeking capital through equity crowdfunding by having a formal meeting and creating a document that has a memorandum of understanding of the company's intent to incorporate and to seek investors via equity crowdfunding.Perform a self-audit on the business, and then prepare financial statements. After doing so, keep the financial statements updated. You will likely want to involve a CPA when preparing your financial statements even though it is not required unless you want to get more than $100,000 in capital.Compute your company's value. There are multiple valuation methods that your CPA can describe them to you. This information is important since the SEC requires you to disclose the valuation method used.Determine what ownership percentage in your company you will give up to get capital through equity crowdfunding via truCrowd.Document how many total shares you might want to authorize and issue and assign a dollar value to those shares.Your corporation needs to have a maximum number of authorized shares from which you will issue a portion to your investors. Make sure that you and the other owner(s) have a sufficient portion of shares in the corporation.
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Diamond Anvil Produces Hydrogen Overnight.

Diamond Anvil Produces Hydrogen Overnight. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
Scientists at the University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 discovered a way to produce hydrogen up to 50 times faster than nature does. Using a diamond anvil cell (a tiny high pressure cooker) and aluminum oxide (Al2o3), water (H20), and the mineral, olivine ((Mg, Fe)2SiO4), they produced produced hydrogen in a matter of hours instead of weeks.

Essentially, it is water, rock, and aluminum oxide put under extreme pressure (2 kilobars) and heat ( 200 to 300 degrees Celsius) to produce hydrogen.

HYdrogen is the lightest and most abundant element in the Universe. Seventy five percent (75%) of the chemical elemental mass of the Universe is hydrogen. This latest discovery is very relevant to the energy industry where hydrogen is one viable energy source. 

Using hydrogen as a fuel has many advantages. It is abundant. It is environmentally safe since the byproduct of hydrogen fuel cells is water and water vapor. And the power generated by hydrogen is much greater than that of regular gasoline. 

Hydrogen fuel cells do not need combustion to produce energy, which also makes them safe and efficient.

Hydrogen Production : The Quick Way

Scientists in Lyon, a French city famed for its cuisine, have discovered a quick-cook recipe for copious volumes of hydrogen (H2).

The breakthrough suggests a better way of producing the hydrogen that propels rockets and energizes battery-like fuel cells. In a few decades, it could even help the world meet key energy needs — without carbon emissions contributing to the greenhouse effect and climate change.

It also has profound implications for the abundance and distribution of life, helping to explain the astonishingly widespread microbial communities that dine on hydrogen deep beneath the continents and seafloor.

Describing how to greatly speed up nature's process for producing hydrogen will be a highlight among many presentations by Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) experts at the American Geophysical Union's annual Fall Meeting in San Francisco Dec. 9 to 13.

The DCO is a global, 10-year international science collaboration unraveling the mysteries of Earth's inner workings — deep life, energy, chemistry, and fluid movements.

Muriel Andreani, Isabelle Daniel, and Marion Pollet-Villard of University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 discovered the quick recipe for producing hydrogen:

In a microscopic high-pressure cooker called a diamond anvil cell (within a tiny space about as wide as a pencil lead), combine ingredients: aluminum oxide, water, and the mineral olivine. Set at 200 to 300 degrees Celsius and 2 kilobars pressure — comparable to conditions found at twice the depth of the deepest ocean. Cook for 24 hours. And voilà.

Dr. Daniel, a DCO leader, explains that scientists have long known nature's way of producing hydrogen. When water meets the ubiquitous mineral olivine under pressure, the rock reacts with oxygen (O) atoms from the H2O, transforming olivine into another mineral, serpentine — characterized by a scaly, green-brown surface appearance like snake skin. Olivine is a common yellow to yellow-green mineral made of magnesium, iron, silicon, and oxygen.

The process also leaves hydrogen (H2) molecules divorced from their marriage with oxygen atoms in water.
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Apex Evolution (apexevolution1)

Apex Evolution (apexevolution1) | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
Apex Evolution / Recruitment/Business start-up agency that does not profit more than the Recruit/Business. Follow us to go straight on our websites. A non-profit organization.
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Why Does Italy's Mount Etna Keep Erupting?

Why Does Italy's Mount Etna Keep Erupting? | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

Another evening, another eerie glow atop Italy's Mount Etna. The eruptions rocketing from volcanic craters atop Etna's summit suffuse dark nights with a fiery aura as lava jets into the air.

The volcano erupted again this past weekend, tossing lava bombs that looked like fireworks from afar. The blast from Etna's New Southeast Crater is the latest in a string of spectacular eruptions.

Mount's Etna's busy pace produces enough lava each year to fill Chicago's Willis Tower (the former Sears Tower), a 2012 study found. Whether it's a few fast-flowing lava flows or a fiery fountain, the volcano's outbursts have been a constant companion for Sicilians for more than 2,000 years.

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Orangutan looks at finger stumps cut off in forest clearances.

Orangutan looks at finger stumps cut off in forest clearances. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
It is the latest scandal to emerge in the controversy over deforestation caused by companies building oil plantations.

 

Why did someone do this to me? Baby orangutan looks at the stumps of its missing fingers that were sliced off with a machete during forest clearancesSura, four months, was found wounded in Tumbang Koling, in Indonesian Borneo, after a forest was cleared for a new oil palm plantationLatest in a series of deforestation projects that has affected orangutanEnvironmentalists warn it will have devastating affect on the population.


A four-month-old Orangutan is recovering after having the tips of his fingers hacked off, allegedly during forest clearances for a new oil palm plantation in Indonesian Borneo.

Sura, who was discovered by a resident of the Tumbang Koling village in East Kotawaringin Regency, is being nursed back to health by specialists at the Nyaru Menteng Rescue centre. 

Vets carried out a full health check and discovered three of his fingers had been severed by either a knife or machete.

Sura now needs to be cared for by a full-time babysitter.

British charity Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation is helping fund the centre and Sura's care.



Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2511803/Why-did-Baby-orangutan-looks-stumps-missing-fingers-sliced-machete-forest-clearances.html#ixzz2lSZxLaxA ;
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook



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Click to Cure - Cancer Research UK and Zooniverse Cell Slider.

Join Cancer Research UK and Zooniverse in the fight to beat cancer - accelerate cures with a few clicks of your mouse!

 

Research is killing cancer.

CRUK and the Zooniverse team ask for just a few minutes of your time to analyse real life cancer data. Anyone can do it, and everyone will make a real difference.

Cures are within our grasp and one day we will beat cancer. You can help us to make it sooner.

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Seafloor Explorer: The data now exist to answer such ecologically critical questions, but it is buried in hundreds of TBs of images that need to be processed through a defined and scalable pipeline...

Seafloor Explorer: The data now exist to answer such ecologically critical questions, but it is buried in hundreds of TBs of images that need to be processed through a defined and scalable pipeline... | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

Seafloor Explorer is allowing us to capture data on the distributions of sea scallop and other commercially important species as well as defining the substrate and habitat in which they live. This information has never before been acquired on such an expansive (1000s of km) yet high resolution (1mm pixel resolution) scale. While manual classification currently pushes our knowledge and understanding of these distributions, the development of tools for automated segmentation and classification is lagging orders of magnitude behind the rate at which image data are currently being acquired and manually classified.

Using data from Seafloor Explorer we can now begin to build training sets of images and data that will provide the foundation for automated machine vision approaches to target classification from HabCam images. These tools must be developed if the untapped wealth of information available in optical imagery is to be fully realized in Ecosystem Approaches to Management and understanding Essential Fish Habitat.

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Planet Four. There are far too many images for a group of scientists to get through alone and computers are just no good at detecting the features we are trying to mark.

Planet Four. There are far too many images for a group of scientists to get through alone and computers are just no good at detecting the features we are trying to mark. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
Welcome to Planet Four, a citizen science project designed to help planetary scientists identify and measure features on the surface of Mars . . . the likes of which don’t exist on Earth. All of the images on this site depict the southern polar region, an area of Mars that we know little about, and the majority of which have never been seen by human eyes before!

 

What am I looking for?

We need your help to find and mark ‘fans’ and ‘blotches’ on the Martian surface. Scientists believe that these features indicate wind direction and speed. By tracking ‘fans’ and ‘blotches’ over the course of several Martian years to see how they form, evolve, disappear and reform, we can help planetary scientists better understand Mars’ climate. We also hope to find out if these features form in the same spot each year and also learn how they change.

 

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Detox. The Detox campaign is powered by more than half a million people, demanding toxic-free fashion and clean water.

Detox. The Detox campaign is powered by more than half a million people, demanding toxic-free fashion and clean water. | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it
Launched in July 2011, the Detox campaign has exposed links between textile manufacturing facilities causing toxic water pollution in China, and many of the world's top clothing brands.
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What does the fox say?

What does the fox say? | Apex Evolution Archives | Scoop.it

It’s pretty catchy, not just because it’s ridiculous, but because it’s a pretty good question.  I mean, how many of you out there have actually ever heard a fox?

The sounds of the bush are one of the many, many things I miss being back here in civilization. From my slightly sketchy corner of Saint Paul, I hear fire crackers and unmuffled engines roaring. Occasionally I get chattered at by an angry squirrel in the back yard. But that’s about it. Nothing like the otherworldly chorus of the Serengeti savanna that Lucy so beautifully described.

The sounds really are incredible and often unbelievable, and I thought I’d share some of them with you. I couldn’t actually figure out how to upload audio files, so I scoured Youtube for the best audio clips I could find and embedded them as videos here.

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