Anthropology and Archaeology
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Rescooped by Kyle Kunkel O'Connor from Archaeology Articles and Books
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PLOS ONE: A Pre-Hispanic Head

PLOS ONE: A Pre-Hispanic Head | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it

his report on a male head revealed biologic rhythms, as gleaned from hydrogen isotope ratios in hair, consistent with a South-American origin and Atomic Mass Spectrometry radiocarbon dating (AMS) compatible with the last pre-Hispanic period (1418–1491 AD, 95.4% probability). Biopsies showed exceptionally well-preserved tissues. The hair contained high levels of toxic elements (lead, arsenic and mercury) incompatible with life. There was no evidence for lead deposition in bone consistent with post-mortem accumulation of this toxic element in the hair. We propose that the high content of metals in hair was the result of metabolic activity of bacteria leading to metal complexation in extra cellular polymeric substances (EPS). This is a recognized protective mechanism for bacteria that thrive in toxic environments. This mechanism may account for the tissues preservation and gives a hint at soil composition where the head was presumably buried. Our results have implications for forensic toxicology which has, hitherto, relied on hair analyses as one means to reconstruct pre-mortem metabolism and for detecting toxic elements accumulated during life. Our finding also has implications for other archaeological specimens where similar circumstances may distort the results of toxicological studies.


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ScienceShot: 100-Million-Year-Old Spider Attack Caught in Amber

ScienceShot: 100-Million-Year-Old Spider Attack Caught in Amber | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it

Fossil is only one known of a hunting spider in action...?


Via Heather Montgomery
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Lego Antikythera Mechanism

The Antikythera Mechanism: http://bit.ly/fm4oFK is the oldest known scientific computer, built in Greece at around 100 BCE. Lost for 2000 years, it was recov...
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Prehistoric Human Brain Found Pickled in Bog : Discovery News

Prehistoric Human Brain Found Pickled in Bog : Discovery News | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
A brain in near-perfect condition is found in a body-less skull of a person who was decapitated over 2,600 years ago in England.
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California islands give up evidence of early seafaring: Numerous artifacts found at late Pleistocene sites on the Channel Islands

California islands give up evidence of early seafaring: Numerous artifacts found at late Pleistocene sites on the Channel Islands | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Evidence for a diversified sea-based economy among North American inhabitants dating from 12,200 to 11,400 years ago is emerging from three sites on California's Channel Islands.
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Deep Into the Big Pit and Beyond

Deep Into the Big Pit and Beyond | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Archaeologists dig through all of the construction layers of a monumental Maya building at Ceibal, Guatemala.
Takeshi Inomata, a professor of anthropology at the University of Arizona, writes from Guatemala, where he and Daniela Triadan are excavating the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala.
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Experts determine age of book 'nobody can read'

Experts determine age of book 'nobody can read' | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
University of Arizona researchers have cracked one of the puzzles surrounding what has been called "the world's most mysterious manuscript" – the Voynich manuscript, a book filled with drawings and writings nobody has been able to make sense of to this day. Using radiocarbon dating, a team led by Greg Hodgins in the UA's department of physics has found the manuscript's parchment pages date back to the early 15th century, making the book a century older than scholars had previously thought. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2011-02-experts-age.html#jCp
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City beneath the waves: returns to life : Past Horizons Archaeology

City beneath the waves: returns to life : Past Horizons Archaeology | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
The world’s oldest known submerged town was finally recognised in 2009 through the discovery of late Neolithic pottery during an archaeological survey of Pavlopetri, off the southern Laconia coast of Greece.
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Sarah Parcak: Archeology from space

Published on Jun 14, 2012 by TEDtalksDirector
http://www.ted.com In this short talk, TED Fellow Sarah Parcak introduces the field of "space archeology" -- using satellite images to search for clues to the lost sites of past civilizations.
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What is Media Archaeology? — out now

What is Media Archaeology? — out now | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
It picks up where the edited volume Media Archaeology: Approaches, Applications, and Implications (Huhtamo and Parikka) left off; this means the implications bit, and how media archaeology relates to other recent discussions in art, cultural and media theory: software studies, new materialism, archives, and more. In other words, it complements the earlier collection.
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French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss dies aged 100

French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss dies aged 100 | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Structuralist thinker is credited with revolutionising the study of anthropology for the 20th century...

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"What Will a Civilization a Million Years Ahead of Earth Look Like ...

"What Will a Civilization a Million Years Ahead of Earth Look Like ... | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
For one of this weekend's features, we thought it would be interesting to revisit Carl Sagan's question: "What does it mean for a civilization to be a million years old? We have had radio telescopes and spaceships for a few...
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Longer time scale for human evolution (Hawks 2012)

Longer time scale for human evolution (Hawks 2012) | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it

Scally and Durbin published a recent review on the implications of a slower human autosomal mutation rate, and now John Hawks has a commentary on the same topic in PNAS (pdf; paywall). He goes through a lot of the evidence of early fossil hominins and ape and mentions several examples that harmonize with the slower mutation rate. As expected, he also finds a better agreement of the slow mutation rate with the evidence for Neandertals where 530,000 year old finds from Atapuerca show signs of belonging to the Neandertal lineage, a date that is inconsistent with a late divergence of modern humans and Neandertals. Finally, he has this to say about modern humans:


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Ancient Tomb Built to Flood—Sheds Light on Peru Water Cult? - National Geographic

Ancient Tomb Built to Flood—Sheds Light on Peru Water Cult? - National Geographic | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
National GeographicAncient Tomb Built to Flood—Sheds Light on Peru Water Cult?

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Felix Baumgartner's free fall from the edge of space.

Felix Baumgartner's free fall from the edge of space. | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Felix Baumgartner's free fall from the edge of space.
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Uncontacted Amazon Tribe: First ever aerial footage

http://www.uncontactedtribes.org For the first time, extraordinary aerial footage of one of the world's last uncontacted tribes has been released.
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Colour photographs of Shackleton’s Antarctica, 1915

Colour photographs of Shackleton’s Antarctica, 1915 | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
These are Frank Hurley's famous early colour photographs of Sir Ernest Shackleton's ill-fated 'Endurance' voyage, as part of the British Imperial Trans-Antarc...
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Gayleen jackson's curator insight, May 28, 2013 12:20 AM

Who was Shakleton?

Name of boat

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New methods for tomb excavation : Past Horizons Archaeology

New methods for tomb excavation : Past Horizons Archaeology | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Excavation is not always a straightforward process of removing soil but needs to be done carefully to note all inclusions and each stratigraphic level. Working in a systematic way that pays attention to how the soil has been altered, we can infer new details about the process of burial.
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Archaeologists find nomadic camps in Baja California : Past Horizons Archaeology

Archaeologists find nomadic camps in Baja California : Past Horizons Archaeology | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Eight archaeological sites, some of them occupied 8,000 years ago by nomadic groups, were discovered by archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) in the municipality of Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.
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Rock-Art of the Californian Interior : Past Horizons Archaeology

Rock-Art of the Californian Interior : Past Horizons Archaeology | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
Within the hidden inland and interior regions of South-Central California, millions of years of wind scouring and water erosion have sculpted distinctive yellow-and-tan sandstone outcrops into bizarre and beguiling forms worthy of a Daliesque timescape. The endless forces of weather and climate have created a menagerie of rocky pinnacles, honeycombed sandstone cavities, and sinuous rockshelters. In desert scrub and patchy oak woodlands, misshapen cave mouths appear to grin awkwardly in shifting shadow and light as the sun wheels overhead, season after season.
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Introducing Structural Functionalism

institutions, human need, manifest function, latent function, assumptions, stability, harmony, evolution, social structure, cultural meaning, Parsons, Durkhe...
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Ancient Greek Computer Had Surprising Sun Tracker | Wired Science | Wired.com

Ancient Greek Computer Had Surprising Sun Tracker | Wired Science | Wired.com | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
The world’s oldest astronomical calculator is famous for having intricate gear systems centuries ahead of their time. But new work shows the Antikythera mechanism used pure geometry, as well as flashy gears to track celestial bodies’ motion through the heavens.
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Göbekli Tepe: Making us rethink our ancestors

Göbekli Tepe: Making us rethink our ancestors | Anthropology and Archaeology | Scoop.it
German archaeologist Professor Klaus Schmidt first came to Turkey in 1978 for research but it wasn’t until 1994 that he realized the importance of Göbekli Tepe, an early Neolithic site in the southeast of Turkey. He tells us about site’s discovery, its importance, what has been uncovered to date and also has a message for those who traffic in antiquities.
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