Once similar to the U.S. Pacific Northwest, Antarctica now demands that life adapt to extreme cold—which explains, for instance, the existence of fish there that make their own antifreeze and lack red blood
In 1911 a group of scientists and adventurers left Hobart, Australia under the leadership of Dr. Douglas Mawson. They were bound for Macquarie Island and the then unknown parts of Antarctica. The scientists of the expedition produced information that later made a major contribution to knowledge of the region. The exploration of new lands established precedence to claims, formalized in 1936 as the Australian Antarctic Territory. Although James Francis (Frank) Hurley was the official photographer
Spending years in the field, photographer Erika Larsen has gained unprecedented access into the lives, work, and culture of Scandinavia's fascinating Sami people.The National Geographic Live! series brings thought-provoking presentations by today’s leading explorers, scientists, photographers, and performing artists right to your YouTube feed. Each presentation is filmed in front of a live audience at National Geographic headquarters in Washington, D.C. New clips air every Monday.
Over a century ago, legendary British explorer Captain Robert Scott and his polar party journeyed to the South Pole to investigate the wildlife of this poorly studied continent. Although Scott and four colleagues never returned home due to deplorable weather conditions, six other men comprising the Northern Party managed to survive the harsh winter of 1912. Incredibly, more than a hundred years later, artifacts of this ill-fated expedition are still being unearthed, including one of the survivor’s notebooks.
The CCAMLR manages all fishing activities in the Southern Ocean. Increased commercial fishing, combined with rising temperatures and ocean acidification, is already affecting krill around the Antarctic Peninsula