Annotated Bibliography
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Annotated Biblography 10

Annotated Biblography 10

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Engle, Marianne, Ph.D. "Kids and Sports." Www.aboutourkids.org. NYU Langone Medical Center, Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Apr. 2014.
Kids in sports is a huge deal in America. More than 30 million children and adolescents in the USA participate in group or individual organized sports. Research shows that not only being a source of fun sports promote healthy development and positive effect that last into adult hood. Sports build muscle, improves reflexes, attention, focus and thinking power. It reduces likely hood of obesity and reduces symptoms of stress and depression. Kids who play sports have better grades in the semesters they play sports. It increases quick decision making, problem solving, and strageical thinking. Kids who play sports are more likely to have a higher education, and occupational outcomes. Kids who play sports develop leadership and teambuilding skills, enhance knowledge of social rules and roles. It supports relationship with adults, with their peers, and gives the opportunity to interact with people of other races and backgrounds.

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Annotated Biblography 8

Annotated Biblography 8

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Davis, Amanda. "Why Should Children Play Sports?" Www.livestrong.com. N.p., 12 Aug. 2013. Web. 2 Apr. 2014.
Sports provide much more than the obvious benefits of physical activity. Sports build self-esteem and confidence. They can motivate a kid to excel academically. They can help a kid who is shy to be more social. Participation can teach a kid goal setting and that you have to practice at what you do. Physical activity being the most obvious is super important. Now a days kids watch TV and play video games to much and don`t get enough exercise. Sports offer a fun way to exercise and build important life skills. Socially it helps kids not only helps kids be able to socialize with kids there age but adults, older kids, younger kids, people of different races and backgrounds. Things they will have to know later in life in there careers and anything they do. It can boost their self-esteem by giving them the satisfaction to see their hard work pay off, getting praise, and learning the ability to push there self’s. Playing sports increase a girls chance to graduate collage by 41 percent.

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Annotated Biblography 6

Annotated Biblography 6

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Sato, Kai. "The Case for High School Sports." Www.huffingtonpost.com. N.p., 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 2 Apr. 2014.
The whole point of high school is to educate and create a well-rounded citizen not just to have high test scores. "We try to recruit people that can work in a team environment from the director of UBS. In my 30 years in the business world, I have found that a athlete bring to the workplace is discipline, teamwork, a drive for success, the desire to be held accountable and willingness to have their performance measured said by Steve Refinement, former Chairman and CEO of PepsiCo. Studies have shown that sport in a student’s life is beneficial it is more the case for girls. In 2002 Mutual Fund CO. did a study that concluded 82 percent of women in executive level jobs played organized sports in middle, high, or secondary schools. Jeffery Imelt, Meg Whitman, and even George W Bush have accredited some of the successes to sports. In America sports are all based on grades. Most schools in America if not all of them go by no pass no play rules, which simply states a student must be passing to be eligible to play sports. In countries like china students might be chosen at a young age to play sports and are taken from their family and thrown into rigorous training where sports come firs and academics second. Due to high school sports in America students can be both students athletes with students coming first always.

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Annotated Bibliography 4

Annotated Bibliography 4

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Gould, Daniel, Ph.D. "Ask the Experts." ISYS@MSU -. Michigan State University, 2010. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
The National Federation of State High School Activity Associations indicates that it promotes participation and sportsmanship to develop good citizens through interscholastic activities. School sports art just justified on educational grounds but many researchers show that participation in them and other extracurricular activities have positive effect on adolescents. In Michigan a multiyear study has shown that teens who participate in school sports have increased educational and occupational aspirations. Students have closer ties to school and a number of other desirable benefits. The only major issue with school sports is that some schools winning gets more important than education. Athletic directors, principals, and teachers need to make sure that the main goal is to make education well rounded citizens and winning should come second. Leading youth developmental experts found that one of the benefits is the development of imitative or the ability to set goals and go after them.

 

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Annotated Bibliography 2

Annotated Bibliography 2

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Bowen, Daniel H., and Collin Hitt. "High-School Sports Aren`t Killing Academics." Theatlantic.com. N.p., 2 Oct. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Daniel H.Bowen and Jay P. Greene of the Universty of Arkansas did study’s on the winning percentages and student athletic participation rates compared to graduation rates and standardized test scores. The studies show that students and schools committed to sports have a significaly lower dropout rates as well as higher test scores. Schools that are obsessed with winning at sport would leave many to believe that the sports were undermining the academics, but studies have shown that this is not true. Schools with higher winning percentages have a tendency to exceled in academics. Academics is not the reason for lower test scores or lower academics the main cause of this is poverty. Studies have shown that schools that are more connected with the parental community tend to have a better school. Sports provide venues for parents, students, and teachers to come together providing opportunities for increasing social capital. The need to build trust and social capital is essential for more at risk schools. Studies were concluded on a program called Becoming A man—Sports Edition. In witch at risk kids were given athletic coach counselors who would double as male role models. The studies concluded that the program created lasting improvements in the boys study habits and improved GPA. The boys were also less likely to transfer, be involved in violent activity’s, and less like to encounter problems with the juvenile justice system.

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Annotated Biblography 9

Annotated Biblography 5

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Minnesota Amateur Sports Commission, Athletic Footwear Association, USA Today Survey, and Michigan State. "Youth Sports Statistics." Www.statisticbrain.com. N.p., 10 Sept. 2013. Web. 2 Apr. 2014.
In America kids from the age of five to eighteen thirty-five million kids play organized sports. Sixty percent of kids play sports outside of school. Around 493 thousand boys and girls play soccer in high school in America. One million high school boys play football in America. and around five hundred thousand boys play basketball in America. According to the Women’s Sports Foundation high school girls are 92 percent less like to use drugs if they play sports. Girls that play sports are 80 percent less likely to get pregnant. Finally girls are three times more likely to graduate when they play school sports. 71 percent of kids that took the pole said that they wouldn`t care if there was no score kept that they just play for the love of the game. With numbers like these how can anybody say that sports are not good, how are you going to tell millions of kids across America that sports are bad for academics. People who grew up with a rough life or didn`t have a place to stay or was living with drug addicts or anything like that can play sports and have a chance to go to college or even pro. One out of every six thousand kids go pro in football, one out of every four thousand go to the big league, one out of every ten thousand go into the NBA and one out of every ninety go to get a division one or two school who play soccer. That is out of high school students not collage.

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Annotated Biblography 7

Annotated Biblography 7

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Dunning, Lisa. "Importance of High School Sports." Www.Lisadunninmft.com. N.p., 2004. Web. 2 Apr. 2014.
As early as elementary school athletics can take effect. Recess gives the kids a chance to exercise, let out there aggression, and release frustration. Witch can help anyone deal with aspect of school that are less desirable. High school sports give the same thing to students. High schools sports help development of motor skills, maintaining a healthy exercise program, and a release from the stresses of high school. Sports allow the entire school to come together, weather playing or observing. They can be a way for a kid who has trouble making friends to make friends. It offers an enjoyable distraction to most middle and high school students negative attitude toward high schools. Sports are as much of American history as George Washington or apple pie.

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Annotated Biblography 5

Annotated Biblography 5

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Filppu, Lucy R. "The Benefits of Team Sports." Education.com. N.p., 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Today’s generation is fight the worst obesity epidemic in history. Giving students a reason to exercise is one of the main reasons for the need of school sport programs. School sports go beyond just the physical benefit of sports it benefits students socially and emotionally. Sports can give kid an ego check showing them that they are other people out there and they have to think about them and not them self’s. Sports expose them to team work witch in most cases they will need in there career. Parents can`t watch their kids 24/7 but school sports can offer them a positive mentor/role model that can help guide them to the right path in life. Sports teach kid the three P`s practice, patience and persistence. Sports also gives another way that a family can come together and spend time together. School sports are more than just a game they are our culture and a way of life without them we would be lost.

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Annotated Bibliography 3

Annotated Bibliography 3

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Aossm. "The Benefits of Playing Sports Aren`t Just Physical!" Review. Web log post. Www.health.gov. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 30 May 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Student Athletic have reached record levels, The National Federation of State High School Associations estimates that more than 7.6 million high school students participate in school sports, that’s 55 percent of all students. Sports benefit students in many ways beyond just academically. They benefit students physically, socially, academically, and even in their life beyond high school. The physical benefits of competitive sports are the most obvious and the best for the students. With the number of high school athletes increasing schools are seeing a decrease in obesity. Students that participate in athletics also see a decrease in the number of students with diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as improved cardiovascular and pulmonary functions. Socially student athletes are less likely to use drugs or smoke cigarettes and are more likely to disapprove of others using them. Female high school athletes are 80 percent less likely to become pregnant. Studies in Wyoming, Iowa, and Colorado have shown that there is a direct correlation between student athletic and more academic success. At the executive level of all the fortune 500 companies 95 percent of them played high school athletics.

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Annotated Bibliography 1

Annotated Bibliography 1

Nicholas Ricard's insight:

Global Sports Development. "Benefits of school based sports. Global Sports Development, September 13, 2013. http://globalsportsdevelopment.org/benefits-of-school-based-sports/
The benefits of school based sports goes a lot farther than just to entertain or enjoyment. "Relationships between Youth Participation and Selected Health Risk Behaviors did a study between 1999 and 2007, and it concluded that the advantages of school sports included weight control, problem-solving skills, self-esteem, social competence, academic achievement. They concluded also that school sports decreased the chances of juvenile arrest, teen pregnancies, and dropouts. The biggest benefit of school sports is that you have overall better physical health of teens. Many studies have concluded that there is a direct relation between obesity and the decline of school funding for physical programs. Generally physical activity’s lead to better eating habits. Girls that participate is school sports see the benefits more than guys do. They can also lead to less risky sexual behavior. There is decrease in cigarettes, marijuana and other drugs. The most seen trend is that sports cause students to do better academically. Sports also go beyond the physical benefits and help mentally. The Journal of School Health studies showed that physical activity decreases anxiety, depression, anger, psychological stress, levels of mental health problems. Physical activity for twenty minutes three times a week goes from sixty nine for kids ages twelve to thirteen to thirty eight for people ages eighteen to twenty one.

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