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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Empathy and Animals
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Chimpanzees empathise with human strangers

Chimpanzees empathise with human strangers | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Whether animals have the ability to show empathy similar to humans has been the subject for debate for many years. Matthew Campbell and Frans de Waal, who work at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, set about to test this under controlled conditions.


Research undertaken by the two found that chimpanzees can empathise with humans, even if the human is unfamiliar to them. The team explain, “Chimpanzees showed that the ability to connect with unfamiliar individuals is not unique to humans.” However, the chimpanzees did not empathise with baboons, a species that was unknown to the chimps in the experiment.


===========================

Contagious yawning was key in the study,
as with this mimicked action the team were
able to measure how empathetic the
chimps were – the more yawns,
the greater the level of empathy.

============


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Chloe Cudaback's curator insight, April 10, 2014 2:00 AM

This is incredible evidence of the undeniable biological bond that chimpanzees have to humans. I find that too often chimpanzees get grouped with monkeys and baboons, gorillas and other apes. But rarely, would a human truly group chimpanzees with humans. This is amazing research that shows chimpanzees sense more of an attachment with humans than with baboons. 

Yawning was a huge part of this experiment. When humans yawn because they see another human yawn, it is because they empathize with the other human's tiredness. If chimpanzees are mimicking the yawning as well, this could be evidence that a chimpanzee understands human actions and can draw from their own mind to act on these actions. 

 

Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
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Animal Intelligence: Why Scientists Tested The Cognitive Power Of Goats

Animal Intelligence: Why Scientists Tested The Cognitive Power Of Goats | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
How smart are goats? Pretty smart, according to a new study that tested a group of them 10 months after learning a simple task. The goats still remembered how to do it.
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Crows solve Aesop's fable puzzles, offer clues to cognition

Crows solve Aesop's fable puzzles, offer clues to cognition | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
NEW YORK (Reuters) - A species of crow native to islands east of Australia has long wowed scientists with its intelligence, and now it has shown it can solve at least one puzzle as well as the average
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Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
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Nature Blows My Mind! This small Bahamas island is full of swimming pigs (but no humans)!

Nature Blows My Mind! This small Bahamas island is full of swimming pigs (but no humans)! | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Pigs haven't exactly evolved for an aquatic lifestyle, but apparently that doesn't stop the pigs from Big Major Cay, aka Pig Beach or Pig Island, part of the Exuma Cays archipelago in the Bahamas.
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Cuckoo Chicks Bring Benefits to Nests They Parasitize

Cuckoo Chicks Bring Benefits to Nests They Parasitize | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Cuckoos are known as nature's interlopers, infiltrating other birds' nests and hogging their food. The truth is a bit more complicated
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from sustainability and resilience
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Conservation 2.0: digital tools come to nature's rescue

Conservation 2.0: digital tools come to nature's rescue | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Digital tools offer a ray of hope for conservationists in an era when the need for more data to better understand the natural world is ever increasing. From combating rhino poaching in Africa to tracking…

Via Anita Woodruff
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How Russian tigers in rehabilitation behave during their ‘night’ and ‘day’

How Russian tigers in rehabilitation behave during their ‘night’ and ‘day’ | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
This is an IFAW Russia staff update on the progress of three rehabilitating Russian tiger cubs.
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I Was Aware Dogs Had Feelings But Not Like This. Most Awful Yet Awe-Inspiring

I Was Aware Dogs Had Feelings But Not Like This. Most Awful Yet Awe-Inspiring | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A picture is worth a thousand words. So true.
Jocelyn Stoller's insight:

warning: the grief is palpable

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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Science
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Watch: Power Lines Become 'Flashing Bands of Terror'

Watch: Power Lines Become 'Flashing Bands of Terror' | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

High-voltage power lines don’t look deadly to all animals. To us, for instance, they’re just boring black wires. But to certain animals whose eyes can detect ultraviolet light—such as birds, rodents, and reindeer—they look like “flashing bands of terror,” Slate reports. Check out this video to see the phenomenon for yourself, described in detail online this month in Conservation Biology.


Via Alin Velea
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Orangutan from Borneo photographed using a spear tool to fish

Orangutan from Borneo photographed using a spear tool to fish | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Tool use among orangutans was first documented by Carel van Schaik. In 1994, Carel observed orangutans developing tools to help themselves eat, while conducting field work in Gunung Leuser National...
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Biologists use sound to identify breeding grounds of endangered whales

Biologists use sound to identify breeding grounds of endangered whales | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Remote acoustic monitoring among endangered whales is the subject of a major article by two doctoral students in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences.
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Weatherwatch: Bring back the beaver!

Weatherwatch: Bring back the beaver! | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Beavers could be one answer to many of Britain's flooding problems. It sounds a crazy idea – after all, beavers make dams that create their own floods.
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Dogs really are humankind's best friends - University World News

Dogs really are humankind's best friends University World News Attila Andics and four colleagues at scientific institutions in Budapest trained dogs to lie motionless wearing headphones in a noisy brain scanner, allowing them to map the...
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Architecture for Dogs directed by Kenya Hara

Architecture for Dogs directed by Kenya Hara | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Kengo Kuma, Toyo Ito, Shigeru Ban, MVRDV and Konstantin Grcic have designed downloadable architectural structures that are just for dogs.
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Man saves 375 lbs black bear from drowning (with photos and video)

Man saves 375 lbs black bear from drowning (with photos and video) | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Rescuing a 375 lbs Male Black BearFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission biologist Adam Warwick just couldn't let the bear drown, so he took off his shirt and dive after it. The 375 lbs black bear had been spotted in a residential area,
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Empathy and Compassion
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Rats show kindness (empathy) toward strangers, a new study shows - YouTube

Rats show kindness (empathy) toward strangers, a new study shows - YouTube | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Peggy Mason, PhD, Professor of Neurobiology, Inbal Bartal, PhD, postdoctoral fellow, and their team have discovered that rats will show empathy toward strangers--but only strangers of a type that the rat has had previous social experience with.


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Study shows urban birds with darker feathers may be better at removing metal toxins

Study shows urban birds with darker feathers may be better at removing metal toxins | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —A team of researchers in France has found a possible connection between the darkness of bird feathers and the removal of metal toxins from birds' bloodstreams.
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Amazing Science
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3D video footage captured from inside a flying insect

3D video footage captured from inside a flying insect | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Dipteran flies are amongst the smallest and most agile of flying animals. Their wings are driven indirectly by large power muscles, which cause cyclical deformations of the thorax that are amplified through the intricate wing hinge. Asymmetric flight manoeuvres are controlled by 13 pairs of steering muscles acting directly on the wing articulations. Collectively the steering muscles account for <3% of total flight muscle mass, raising the question of how they can modulate the vastly greater output of the power muscles during manoeuvres.


A team of scientists from Oxford University, Imperial College, and the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland now present the results of a synchrotron-based study performing micrometre-resolution, time-resolved microtomography on the 145 Hz wingbeat of blowflies.


These data represent the first four-dimensional visualizations of an organism's internal movements on sub-millisecond and micrometer scales. This technique allows us to visualize and measure the three-dimensional movements of five of the largest steering muscles, and to place these in the context of the deforming thoracic mechanism that the muscles actuate.


These visualizations show that the steering muscles operate through a diverse range of nonlinear mechanisms, revealing several unexpected features that could not have been identified using any other technique. The tendons of some steering muscles buckle on every wingbeat to accommodate high amplitude movements of the wing hinge. Other steering muscles absorb kinetic energy from an oscillating control linkage, which rotates at low wingbeat amplitude but translates at high wingbeat amplitude. Kinetic energy is distributed differently in these two modes of oscillation, which may play a role in asymmetric power management during flight control. Structural flexibility is known to be important to the aerodynamic efficiency of insect wings, and to the function of their indirect power muscles. The video shows that it is integral also to the operation of the steering muscles, and so to the functional flexibility of the insect flight motor.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Man Attempts To Hug a Wild Lion. What Happens Next Stunned Me

Man Attempts To Hug a Wild Lion. What Happens Next Stunned Me | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Kevin Richardson is a South African zookeeper renowned for being so intimate with lions that he has been accepted into several prides. What he tries to do may seem insane to most, but..
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The Completed Bonobo Genome

The Completed Bonobo Genome | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The bonobo genome is sequenced. The letter reporting was recently published in Nature, and is available openly under the title, "The bonobo genome compared with the chimpanzee and human genomes."  ...
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Do Chimpanzees Understand Death?

Do Chimpanzees Understand Death? | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
  Maggie Koerth-Baker, senior writer for Boing Boing, recently wrote an article in the New York Times reviewing the behaviors of chimpanzees around mortality. She retells the death of a chimpa...
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How Animals See the World - Issue 11: Light - Nautilus

How Animals See the World - Issue 11: Light - Nautilus | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Some animals, including your pets, may be partially colorblind, and yet certain aspects of their vision are superior to your own. Living…
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added)
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Researcher: Colored Lobster Rope Could Prevent Right Whale Entanglements - CBS Boston

Researcher: Colored Lobster Rope Could Prevent Right Whale Entanglements - CBS Boston | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Preventing endangered northern right whales from becoming entangled in lobster gear could be as simple as changing the color of rope, a whale researcher says.

Via pdeppisch
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