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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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How smart are animals? 'NOVA' series aims to find out

How smart are animals? 'NOVA' series aims to find out | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
From problem solving to 'smelling time' to mourning, the capacity of animals for intelligence will surprise you in 'Inside Animal Minds.'
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WATCH: Helpful Cat Fixes Toilet Paper

WATCH: Helpful Cat Fixes Toilet Paper | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Cats don't get much more polite than this.

Like most felines, Michael Thompson's cat likes to unroll toilet paper. But unlike other cats, the brown tabby puts the paper back so that it's almost good as new.

He certainly does a better job than ...
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Panda Sanctuary Announces the Birth of Seven Baby Pandas

Panda Sanctuary Announces the Birth of Seven Baby Pandas | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
This many new cubs is welcome news for a species that lives under the constant threat of extinction.
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14 amazing camouflaged animals: Peringuey's viper

14 amazing camouflaged animals: Peringuey's viper | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Talk about environmental awareness — these animals don't just know their surroundings, they are their surroundings. Or at least that's what their enemies think.

Camouflage is an ancient art, likely not much younger than vision itself, and species around the planet depend on it daily for survival. Whether it's a gecko blending into bark, a jaguar fading into foliage or a Peringuey's viper sliding through sand (pictured), good camo can mean the difference between eating and being eaten. Humans have learned many lessons from Mother Nature's masquerades over the years, but as the following 14 photos suggest, there's also plenty we haven't seen. (Text: Russell McLendon)
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Baby Baboon’s Frightening Encounter with Lions Ends With a Heroic Twist

Baby Baboon’s Frightening Encounter with Lions Ends With a Heroic Twist | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Witness this remarkable interaction between a baby baboon, a lioness, and the heroic acts of the father baboon that follow.
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Science Just Brought Us One Step Closer to Speaking With Dolphins

Science Just Brought Us One Step Closer to Speaking With Dolphins | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Researchers recently had their first verbal interaction with a bottlenose dolphin.
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Cockatoo Makes Its Own Tools - Science News - redOrbit

Cockatoo Makes Its Own Tools - Science News - redOrbit | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A Goffin's cockatoo, a species not known for tool use in the wild, has been observed spontaneously making and using tools for reaching food and other objects.
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A Deer Walked Right Into This Family's House And This Happened!

A Deer Walked Right Into This Family's House And This Happened! | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
They say love comes in all shapes and sizes, but it comes in all sorts of species too. This loving family has called one of the neighborhood Deer their own. Hoppy the Deer often comes to the house and visits, and has become best friends with TipTree the cat! What a riot! I never thought [...]
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Inside Science's Bold Search For Animals That Can Dance

Inside Science's Bold Search For Animals That Can Dance | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Finally, scientists have dared to venture where no thinker has dared venture, boldly asking one of the most daunting and mysterious questions about what separates man from beast. Namely: what if bird and monkeys and shit could dance too?
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Crows could be as smart as your kid. : DNews

Crows could be as smart as your kid. : DNews | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
From an elephant that speaks Korean to goldfish that distinguish Bach from Stravinsky, the animal kingdom is full of non-human brainiacs.
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Dog Detected Owner's Cancer Before Medical Scans Found It

Dog Detected Owner's Cancer Before Medical Scans Found It | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
It's been said that dogs are able to read our body language. They know when we're ready to take them for a walk or when we're getting ready to feed them.

In January, BBC Earth uploaded the above video which takes us behind the scenes of the lovin...
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$10-Million Action Plan Aims to Save World’s Most Endangered Gorilla | Extinction Countdown, Scientific American Blog Network

$10-Million Action Plan Aims to Save World’s Most Endangered Gorilla | Extinction Countdown, Scientific American Blog Network | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Great apes, and species in general, don't get much rarer than the critically endangered Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). Fewer than 300 of these rarely ...
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This Man Looked at Some Birds on a Wire and Saw Musical Notes. Listen to How It Sounds. [Hint: Amazing] - The Good Men Project

This Man Looked at Some Birds on a Wire and Saw Musical Notes. Listen to How It Sounds. [Hint: Amazing] - The Good Men Project | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
"I was curious to hear what melody the birds were creating," said Jarbas Agnelli. Is that not what art is---all things curious?
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Free Lolita! The remarkable story of a remarkable whale held captive for four decades

Free Lolita! The remarkable story of a remarkable whale held captive for four decades | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A wild-born orca living at the Miami Seaquarium finally has a shot at freedom. It's time she got it
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Danica Kloes's curator insight, April 8, 2014 10:37 AM

After I saw the documentary Blackfish, I was heartbroken. I was already somewhat aware of the cruelty that is SeaWorld and other parks like it, but seeing it right in front of me like that, confirmed by so many people over and over again, was really upsetting. Now, reading about it, it's almost like the movie all over again. Why anyone would think it's okay to keep these beautiful animals in concrete tanks is beyond me. Although we can no longer right our wrongs by freeing all of them, we can start making a change by not taking any more out of the wild and stop breeding them to sell to parks. I hope that one day Lolita and other whales in parks will be able to be back with their pods to live out the rest of their life happily.

Jackie Bashor's curator insight, April 8, 2014 11:12 AM

If you think about it, holding animals in aquariums and zoos is sad.  They are treated like house animals and aren't aloud to do things that they would be able to experience in the wild.  Its really cool that this orca can have its first chance at freedom after being locked in captivity for so long.

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This Is Just. Too. Cute.

This Is Just. Too. Cute. | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
In celebration of his 5th birthday, Beco the elephant showed off his impressive water polo skills at the Columbus Zoo on March 26. The adorable Asian elephant tirelessly stomps through a miniature watering hole and pursues a shiny red ball to no avai...
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A loving touch triggers cockroaches to make babies faster

A loving touch triggers cockroaches to make babies faster | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
New research reveals that insects like to cuddle, too
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Crows Are Smarter Than You Think! - Science News - redOrbit

Crows Are Smarter Than You Think! - Science News - redOrbit | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
If crows ever freaked you out before, then you’re in for a whole new set of chill bumps. New research indicates that crows are able to recognize faces and associate them with feelings.
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Great Minds Think Alike - Science News - Study finds pigeons and other animals can place everyday things in categories like humans

Great Minds Think Alike - Science News - Study finds pigeons and other animals can place everyday things in categories like humans | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Pinecone or pine nut?
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'Shy' male birds flock together – and have fewer friends

'Shy' male birds flock together – and have fewer friends | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Male birds that exhibit ‘shy’ social behaviour are much more likely to join flocks of birds with a similar personality than…
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Animal Superpower -- The Eyes Have It: Photos : DNews

Animal Superpower -- The Eyes Have It: Photos : DNews | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Bugs, animals and fish see the world differently, helping to explain some of their unique behaviors.
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Complexity in Animal Communication: Estimating the Size of N-Gram Structures

In this paper, new techniques that allow conditional entropy to estimate the combinatorics of symbols are applied to animal communication studies to estimate the communication’s repertoire size. By using the conditional entropy estimates at multiple orders, the paper estimates the total repertoire sizes for animal communication across bottlenose dolphins, humpback whales and several species of birds for an N-gram length of one to three. In addition to discussing the impact of this method on studies of animal communication complexity, the reliability of these estimates is compared to other methods through simulation. While entropy does undercount the total repertoire size due to rare N-grams, it gives a more accurate picture of the most frequently used repertoire than just repertoire size alone.


Complexity in Animal Communication: Estimating the Size of N-Gram Structures
Reginald Smith

Entropy 2014, 16(1), 526-542; http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e16010526


Help fund the open access fee!
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/683516221/dolphin-and-whale-language-research-paper-funding


Via Complexity Digest
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Scientists beam light in front of dolphins, accidentally create rainbow lasers — NOVA Next | PBS

Scientists beam light in front of dolphins, accidentally create rainbow lasers — NOVA Next | PBS | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Using U.S. Navy dolphins, a physicist and a marine biologist confirmed the existence of sonically-activated lasers.
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Call of the Orangutan: An Expedition to Indonesia | Expeditions, Scientific American Blog Network

Call of the Orangutan: An Expedition to Indonesia | Expeditions, Scientific American Blog Network | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
This week I’ll swap the traffic and sunshine of Los Angeles for the rainforests of Indonesia, where I’ll be living for the next 18 months. The ...
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