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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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Spiders know the meaning of "web music" made by vibrations of entangled prey, wind and mates

Spiders know the meaning of "web music" made by vibrations of entangled prey, wind and mates | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Spider silk transmits vibrations across a wide range of frequencies so that, when plucked like a guitar string, its sound carries information about prey, mates, and even the structural integrity of a web.


The discovery was made by researchers from the Universities of Oxford, Strathclyde, and Sheffield who fired bullets and lasers at spider silk to study how it vibrates. They found that, uniquely, when compared to other materials, spider silk can be tuned to a wide range of harmonics. The findings, to be reported in the journal Advanced Materials, not only reveal more about spiders but could also inspire a wide range of new technologies, such as tiny light-weight sensors.


'Most spiders have poor eyesight and rely almost exclusively on the vibration of the silk in their web for sensory information,' said Beth Mortimer of the Oxford Silk Group at Oxford University, who led the research. 'The sound of silk can tell them what type of meal is entangled in their net and about the intentions and quality of a prospective mate. By plucking the silk like a guitar string and listening to the ‘echoes’ the spider can also assess the condition of its web.' 


This quality is used by the spider in its web by 'tuning' the silk: controlling and adjusting both the inherent properties of the silk, and the tensions and interconnectivities of the silk threads that make up the web. To study the sonic properties of the spider's gossamer threads the researchers used ultra-high-speed cameras to film the threads as they responded to the impact of bullets. In addition, lasers were used to make detailed measurements of even the smallest vibration.


'The fact that spiders can receive these nanometre vibrations with organs on each of their legs, called slit sensillae, really exemplifies the impact of our research about silk properties found in our study,' said Dr Shira Gordon of the University of Strathclyde, an author involved in this research.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Super Rare Footage of the World's Fastest Whale

Super Rare Footage of the World's Fastest Whale | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
One lucky research assistant caught a rare show in the Straits of Gibraltar last week, as a fin whale was spotted breaching the water three times in a row, right in front of her. While fin whales do sometimes breach, it's rarely seen and even more rarely caught on camera.
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Starling Flocks Behave Like Flying Magnets | Science | WIRED

Starling Flocks Behave Like Flying Magnets | Science | WIRED | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
To achieve their extraordinary coordination, starling flocks in flight behave mathematically like magnetized metals and avalanches. Their formations don't just transcend biology, but span multiple physical phenomena.

Via VISÃO\\VI5I0NTHNG
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Light-colored butterflies and dragonflies thriving as European climate warms

Light-colored butterflies and dragonflies thriving as European climate warms | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Butterflies and dragonflies with lighter colors are out-competing darker-colored insects in the face of climate change.
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Two little bear cubs fight each other in hilariously adorable backyard battle

Two little bear cubs fight each other in hilariously adorable backyard battle | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
When a bear sauntered into Bub Christensen’s backyard, her two cubs came along. And while mama snacked, the baby bears did what siblings do — fought…
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Man bleats at cute choir of little lambs, they bleat back in unison

Man bleats at cute choir of little lambs, they bleat back in unison | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Numerous lambs join their voices in a wonderful call-and-response with a human who speaks to them in their own language…
(via Tastefully Offensive)
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Our Horse Kept Disappearing, So We Set Up A Camera To Find Out Why... Now We Know!!

Our Horse Kept Disappearing, So We Set Up A Camera To Find Out Why... Now We Know!! | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
No one at the Misty Meadows Farm could figure out how all the horses were getting out of their stalls. It was a complete mystery and even the neighborhood teenagers were getting questioned as pranksters.
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Organ music performed by otters is the very definition of experimental jazz

Organ music performed by otters is the very definition of experimental jazz | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Several otters at the Smithsonian’s National Zoo got a chance recently to serenade their keepers and fellow otters with some improvised music on a keyboard just outside their cage…
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WATCH: Sad Goat's Heart-Lifting Reunion With Donkey Bestie

WATCH: Sad Goat's Heart-Lifting Reunion With Donkey Bestie | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
For 10 years, a goat named Mr. G and a donkey named Jellybean lived together in neglect "on the property of a woman who could barely care for herself, let alone the dozens of dogs she hoarded and three barnyard animals," Animal Place stated...

Via Jeanie DeMullet
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Observing Dog Talk: Scientist Looks for Canine Cues - Valley News

Observing Dog Talk: Scientist Looks for Canine Cues - Valley News | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Observing Dog Talk: Scientist Looks for Canine Cues Valley News He began studying animal behavior in the early 1970s, spending four years videotaping groups of dogs, wolves and coyotes in large enclosures and slowly playing back the tapes, jotting...
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"Canines and Childhood Cancer" Study presented to Congress

"Canines and Childhood Cancer" Study presented to Congress | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
American Humane Association™ is celebrating the 99th anniversary of Be Kind to Animals Week®! Join the new “Compassion Movement” http://www.americanhumane.org/bekind by taking the pledge and sharing this image to be a voice for our nation’s animals!
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Cat Purr | Your Furry Friend's Noise, Online & Free

Cat Purr | Your Furry Friend's Noise, Online & Free | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Whether you're not at home, can't have a pet, or just need your purr fix right this moment, this soundscape can help you relax and emulate the soothing experience of snuggling up with your furry friend
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9-Year-Old Opens His Own Animal Shelter

9-Year-Old Opens His Own Animal Shelter | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Ken, a nine-year-old boy from the Philippines, opened a dog shelter in his garage and has raised thousands in donations from around the world to grow the operations.
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Do Wild Animals Get Drunk and High On Purpose?

Do Wild Animals Get Drunk and High On Purpose? | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
In South Africa, local legend has it that the elephants like to get drunk. They seek out the marula tree, overindulge on its sweet fruits, and enjoy the intoxicating effects of the slightly fermented juice.
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22 Adorable Before And After Pictures Of Animals Growing Up

22 Adorable Before And After Pictures Of Animals Growing Up | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Pets and people share a very special bond when they grow up together, which is why we've compiled a list of pictures of people and their pets growing up and sometimes growing old together. Because of their shorter lifespans, dogs, cats and other domestic animals tend to grow out of their ...
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Zebra finches are sensitive to emotional cues in human speech

Zebra finches are sensitive to emotional cues in human speech | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A study in Proceedings of the Royal Society B shows that zebra finches can pick up on the features in human language that express emphasis and emotion.
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The Most Unlikely Animal Playmates Play Fetch Together

The Most Unlikely Animal Playmates Play Fetch Together | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Click to see this picture... (The Most Unlikely Animal P... http://t.co/p5NLGTfM9I @NowhereTales)
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Marmoset monkeys evaluate third-party reciprocity

Marmoset monkeys evaluate third-party reciprocity & accept rewards less frequently from 'non-reciprocators' http://t.co/QTgjfhBFsY
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Barks and recreation: Cracking the canine code - Standard-Examiner

Barks and recreation: Cracking the canine code - Standard-Examiner | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Standard-Examiner Barks and recreation: Cracking the canine code Standard-Examiner He began studying animal behavior in the early 1970s, spending four years videotaping groups of dogs, wolves and coyotes in large enclosures and slowly playing back...
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Two new articles on raven cognition in Animal Behavior and Cognition | Lund University Cognitive Science

Two new articles on raven cognition in Animal Behavior and Cognition | Lund University Cognitive Science | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Mathias Osvath and collegues at LUCS Cognitive Zoology Group recently published two articles on Raven cognition in the new open access journal Animal Behavior and Cognition . Below you find the abstract of these papers and link to the full articles.
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Migration Over The Brooks Range

Migration Over The Brooks Range | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
-Even Wacky Weather doesn't stop bird migration to Alaska. Scientists on the north side of the Brooks Range at Toolik Field Station find the birds which made it over the mountains have located their nests, indicating procreation has begun.
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Big Grumpy Dog Doesn't Want To Play With Itty Bitty Kitten - Animal Stories

Big Grumpy Dog Doesn't Want To Play With Itty Bitty Kitten - Animal Stories | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
This is ADORABLE! An itty bitty kitten named Iben really wants to play with the big dogs, but he might be getting ahead of himself. Eight-week-old Iben has made friends...
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Incredible dog imitates a cat playing frisbee

Incredible dog imitates a cat playing frisbee | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
This pup is amazing! Look how he catches a frisbee just like cats do…
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Tweet from @Canine_Rights

Tweet from @Canine_Rights | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
RT @yachtheodore: @Canine_Rights Interspecies friendships can sometimes healing to an orphaned soul. http://t.co/gcgCrP7teN
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Dog with Toddler - How to Prepare for a Healthy Relationship | Pets World

Dog with Toddler - How to Prepare for a Healthy Relationship | Pets World | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Should you keep your toddler with a pet? Learn more on how to establish a healthy relationship between a dog and a toddler.
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