animals and prosocial capacities
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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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Sheepdog 'bodyguards' protect endangered penguins from foxes, saving them from extinction

Sheepdog 'bodyguards' protect endangered penguins from foxes, saving them from extinction | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Sheepdogs are bred and trained to protect sheep against wolves, but that doesn't mean that their skills can't be used to protect different animals against other species of predators
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Mice don't need the cortex to sing their songs

Mice don't need the cortex to sing their songs | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The human language is unique in that we can refer to objects, events and ideas. The combination of syllables and words enables humans to generate an infinite number of expressions. An important prerequisite for language is the ability to imitate sounds, i.e. to store acquired acoustic information and to use this for one's own vocal production. Cortical structures in the brain play a crucial role in this. While songbirds and certain marine mammals are capable of such vocal learning, there is very little evidence for vocal learning in terrestrial mammals -- not even in our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees. Nonhuman primate vocal production is largely restricted to an innate repertoire of sounds.
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Tiny magnets used to upset flight of fruit flies to study their abilities (w/ Video)

Tiny magnets used to upset flight of fruit flies to study their abilities (w/ Video) | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
(Phys.org)—A trio of researchers at Cornell University has found that fruit flies are able to right themselves during flight with unprecedented speed and agility.
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Blue blood on ice: How an Antarctic octopus survives the cold

Blue blood on ice: How an Antarctic octopus survives the cold | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
An Antarctic octopus that lives in ice-cold water uses an unique strategy to transport oxygen in its blood, according to research published in Frontiers in Zoology.
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#Cockroaches have personalities, study finds #science #biology

#Cockroaches have personalities, study finds #science #biology | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Researchers from the Université Libre de Bruxelles found that the much-maligned cockroach has its own personality and even displays different character traits.

Via CineversityTV
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Talk about parenting – Bald Eagle protects eggs from mounting snow

Talk about parenting – Bald Eagle protects eggs from mounting snow | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
This eagle at Codorus State Park in Pennsylvania has had it up to his neck with snow – both parents, mother and father, have taken parenting to the next level, sharing egg duty despite the growing snow.
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A Dog Left His Toy Outside. A Fox Found It. The Whole Internet’s Talking About This Video!!!

A Dog Left His Toy Outside. A Fox Found It. The Whole Internet’s Talking About This Video!!! | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
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Detecting Thyroid Cancer May Soon Involve A Dog's Nose; German Shepherd-Mix Sniffs Out Cancer With 88% Accuracy

Detecting Thyroid Cancer May Soon Involve A Dog's Nose; German Shepherd-Mix Sniffs Out Cancer With 88% Accuracy | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A German shepherd-mix working with the University of Arkansas was able to detect thyroid cancer in patients with 88 percent accuracy, according to a new study.
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Check out the amazing acrobatic skills of a jumping praying mantis

Check out the amazing acrobatic skills of a jumping praying mantis | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
When a young praying mantis leaps into the air, it can reach its target in literally a blink of an eye (less than a tenth of a second).
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Chimpanzees Changing The Food Calls To Match Their Counterparts

Chimpanzees Changing The Food Calls To Match Their Counterparts | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Katie Slocombe from the University of York observed that before integrating the two different groups of chimpanzees, each produced different grunts for "apple," and after the integration, she noted...
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Few friends for shy kangaroos

Few friends for shy kangaroos | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Kangaroo social networks could provide insight into the evolution of human personality differences.
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Study shows one reason why pigeons so rarely crash

Study shows one reason why pigeons so rarely crash | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
(Phys.org)—A pair of researchers with Harvard University has uncovered one of the secrets behind pigeons' impressive flight abilities.
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Symposium and workshop on social network analysis - SFECA2015

Symposium and workshop on social network analysis - SFECA2015 | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Symposium and workshop on social network analysis - SFECA2015

We organised a french symposium and workshop on social network analysis in animal societies for the french congress for the study of animal behaviour - SFECA2015. information can be found on the websiste


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Killer whales learn to communicate like dolphins

Killer whales learn to communicate like dolphins | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The sounds that most animals use to communicate are innate, not learned. However, a few species, including humans, can imitate new sounds and use them in appropriate social contexts. This ability, known as vocal learning, is one of the underpinnings of language. Now, researchers have found that killer whales can engage in cross-species vocal learning: when socialized with bottlenose dolphins, they shifted the sounds they made to more closely match their social partners.
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Mystery of Male Swordfish Courtship Ritual Revealed

Mystery of Male Swordfish Courtship Ritual Revealed | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The first photographic evidence of a male swordfish courting a possible mate has been published, ending a decade-old mystery
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Baby rhino captures hearts - World - NZ Herald News

Baby rhino captures hearts - World - NZ Herald News | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A baby rhino who was unable to sleep on his own after seeing his mother brutally killed by poachers for her horn, has captured the hearts of staff at a centre documenting his progress - New Zealand Herald...
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Chameleon reorganizes its nanocrystals to change colors

Chameleon reorganizes its nanocrystals to change colors | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Many chameleons have the remarkable ability to exhibit complex and rapid color changes during social interactions.
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The one important way we completely undervalue river otters

The one important way we completely undervalue river otters | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Playful, curious, rambunctious and adorable, the North American river otter is also a key player in alerting us to problems in our waterways.

Via Anita Woodruff
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‘Extinct’ Myanmar Jerdon’s Babbler Spotted for the First Time in 70 Years

‘Extinct’ Myanmar Jerdon’s Babbler Spotted for the First Time in 70 Years | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Hey there, pretty bird. Welcome back. We've missed your jersey caramel colours and big, brown eyes since pretty much forever. What's new with us?
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Coyote finds old dog toy, acts like a puppy

Coyote finds old dog toy, acts like a puppy | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A photographer spotted a coyote as it trotted into her yard and explored a toy left in the snow. What she managed to capture on camera is the beauty of play.
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Scientists designed music specifically for cats, and it is pretty beautiful

Scientists designed music specifically for cats, and it is pretty beautiful | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
"Rusty's Ballad" is our personal favorite
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Primatologist de Waal to discuss emotions among animals - U Oregon

Primatologist de Waal to discuss emotions among animals - U Oregon | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Primatologist Frans de Waal will share his research findings on socially positive behaviors in animals and humans in his lecture “The Evolution of Connectivity: Empathy, Altruism, and Primate Social Skills.”



Via Edwin Rutsch
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What Can Bonobos Tell Us about Ourselves?

What Can Bonobos Tell Us about Ourselves? | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Famed primatologist Frans de Waal takes on the unproven assumption that apes and humans are natural-born killers.


But what if we descend not from a blustering chimp-like ancestor but from an empathic bonobo-like ape?


The bonobo’s body proportions—its long legs and narrow shoulders, even its grasping feet—seem to perfectly fit the descriptions of Ardi, as do its relatively small canines.


Why was the bonobo overlooked? What if the chimpanzee, instead of being an ancestral prototype, is in fact a violent outlier in an otherwise relatively peaceful lineage? Ardi is telling us something, and there may exist little agreement about what she is saying, but why do I always hear the drums of war while listening to evolutionary scenarios. This has been going on unabated since Konrad Lorenz and Robert Ardrey.


By Frans de Waal 


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Man's Best Friend Can Tell When You're Lying: How A Dog’s Trust Can Be Betrayed

Man's Best Friend Can Tell When You're Lying: How A Dog’s Trust Can Be Betrayed | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Dogs have evolved such a sophisticated relationship with humans, they can now tell when we're lying.
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(video) Puppy training offers troubled teens empathy, compassion

(video) Puppy training offers troubled teens empathy, compassion | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Video: http://www.myfoxphilly.com/clip/11181428/teen-boys-train-puppies-to-gain-empathy 

More than 10 years ago, Home for Life Animal Sanctuary teamed up with St. Paul schools for a once a week program paired up with adult dogs. They jumped at the chance for the boys to learn to patiently train puppies.

Within just five weeks no one can ignore the difference. The boys were showing empathy and compassion translating to better results in their 6 hours of daily class time. Love and gentle nature are often not encouraged or even safe on the streets.


Via Edwin Rutsch
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