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Baboons raise pet dogs - Boing Boing

Baboons raise pet dogs - Boing Boing | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Boing Boing Baboons raise pet dogs Boing Boing This kind of interspecies interaction where one species raises another species specifically for companionship and protection--in other words, keeping pets--is behavior that is typically attributed only...
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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Amazing Science
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Shape-shifting frog discovered in the Ecuadorian Andes

Shape-shifting frog discovered in the Ecuadorian Andes | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

A frog in Ecuador's western Andean cloud forest changes skin texture in minutes, appearing to mimic the texture it sits on. Originally discovered by a Case Western Reserve University PhD student and her husband, a projects manager at Cleveland Metroparks' Natural Resources Division, the amphibian is believed to be the first known to have this shape-shifting capability.


The new frog is now officially called Pristimantis mutabilis, or mutable rainfrog. Colleagues working with the couple recently found that a known relative of the frog shares the same texture-changing quality--but it was never reported before.


The frogs are found at Reserva Las Gralarias, a nature reserve originally created to protect endangered birds in the Parish of Mindo, in north-central Ecuador.


The researchers, Katherine and Tim Krynak, and colleagues from Universidad Indoamérica and Tropical Herping (Ecuador) co-authored a manuscript describing the new animal and skin texture plasticity in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. They believe their findings have broad implications for how species are and have been identified. The process may now require photographs and longer observations in the field to ensure the one species is not mistakenly perceived as two because at least two species of rain frogs can change their appearance.


Katherine Krynak believes the ability to change skin texture to reflect its surroundings may enable P. mutabilis to help camouflage itself from birds and other predators. The Krynaks originally spotted the small, spiny frog, nearly the width of a marble, sitting on a moss-covered leaf about a yard off the ground on a misty July night in 2009. The Krynaks had never seen this animal before, though Tim had surveyed animals on annual trips to Las Gralarias since 2001, and Katherine since 2005.


They captured the little frog and tucked it into a cup with a lid before resuming their nightly search for wildlife. They nicknamed it "punk rocker" because of the thorn-like spines covering its body. The next day, Katherine Krynak pulled the frog from the cup and set it on a smooth white sheet of plastic for Tim to photograph. It wasn't "punk "--it was smooth-skinned. They assumed that, much to her dismay, she must have picked up the wrong frog. "I then put the frog back in the cup and added some moss," she said. "The spines came back... we simply couldn't believe our eyes, our frog changed skin texture!


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Opossum Compounds Isolated to Help Make Antivenom

Opossum Compounds Isolated to Help Make Antivenom | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
And researchers have engineered a common bacteria to inexpensively create the snakebite treatment
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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The 100 million year-old piggyback: Amber reveals earliest example of maternal care in insects

The 100 million year-old piggyback: Amber reveals earliest example of maternal care in insects | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Scientists have uncovered the earliest fossilised evidence of an insect caring for its young.
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China starts relocating endangered porpoises: Xinhua

China starts relocating endangered porpoises: Xinhua | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Chinese authorities on Friday began relocating the country's rare finless porpoise population in a bid to revive a species threatened by pollution, overfishing and heavy traffic in their Yangtze River habitat, state media reported.
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3D-Printed Shell Will Help Injured Tortoise Live A Happier Life

3D-Printed Shell Will Help Injured Tortoise Live A Happier Life | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Things are looking up for Cleopatra: The leopard tortoise now has a 3D-printed prosthesis to protect her deformed shell from further injury by other tortoises.


(Photo: Gary Stefanski)

Cleopatra suffers from what is known as "pyramiding&...

Via TheNaturalist
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Biologist finds animal groups share dominance dynamics

Biologist finds animal groups share dominance dynamics | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The cardinal rules of pecking orders extend well beyond birds and beaks, according to a new study led by a UNL biologist.
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New species of shape-shifting frog discovered in Ecuadorian Andes

New species of shape-shifting frog discovered in Ecuadorian Andes | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A new species of frog has been discovered that possesses a unique, shape-shifting ability never seen before in an amphibian.
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Homeless Cat Sneaks Into Zoo And Becomes Friends With A Lynx

Homeless Cat Sneaks Into Zoo And Becomes Friends With A Lynx | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
See what happens when this homeless cat sneaks into zoo in Russia.
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‘That’s what the ladies want’: Fish castles made of sand are often built out of love

‘That’s what the ladies want’: Fish castles made of sand are often built out of love | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Throughout Lake Malawi, an enormous body of freshwater in southeastern Africa, there are types of fish, called cichlids, that engage in a very peculiar ritual.
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The 'cuddle hormone' that shows your dog really DOES love you 

The 'cuddle hormone' that shows your dog really DOES love you  | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Patting and talking to a dog for just three minutes has been found to increase oxytocin levels in the blood stream of both human and dog, Australian researchers say.
Jocelyn Stoller's insight:

Oxytocin Rules!

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This Jay Is Evolving in a Very, Very Weird Way | WIRED

This Jay Is Evolving in a Very, Very Weird Way | WIRED | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
New species are only supposed to arise when a population separates into two. So what's going on with the birds on tiny Santa Cruz Island?
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This Golden Retriever’s First Taste of Lemon Takes Over His Whole Body

This Golden Retriever’s First Taste of Lemon Takes Over His Whole Body | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Most of us pucker up and maybe get a shiver at the taste of sour citrus. But that’s not enough of a reaction for this pup…
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Sheepdog 'bodyguards' protect endangered penguins from foxes, saving them from extinction

Sheepdog 'bodyguards' protect endangered penguins from foxes, saving them from extinction | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Sheepdogs are bred and trained to protect sheep against wolves, but that doesn't mean that their skills can't be used to protect different animals against other species of predators

Via TheNaturalist
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Discovery of two new species of primitive fishes

Discovery of two new species of primitive fishes | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Working with an international team, paleontologists at the University of Zurich have discovered two new species of Saurichthys. The ~242 million year old predatory fishes were found in the fossil Lagerstätte Monte San Giorgio, in Ticino.
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Cats relax to the sound of music

Cats relax to the sound of music | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
According to research published today in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery by veterinary clinicians at the University of Lisbon and a clinic in the nearby town of Barreiro in Portugal, music is likewise beneficial for cats in the surgical...
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How Guinea Pigs Could Help Autistic Children

How Guinea Pigs Could Help Autistic Children | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Autistic children may find it easier to socialize with other people in the presence of animals. An Australian study suggests that animals could help autistic children connect with therapists, teachers and their peers.
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Colugo (flying lemur): the most accomplished and cutest mammalian glider

Colugo (flying lemur): the most accomplished and cutest mammalian glider | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
It seems like us mammals were never meant to fly. Sure, bats can fly, but that's kind of it. Even so, some mammals have learned alternative means of skipping at an altitude: gliding (feather-tailed possums, sifaka) or parachuting (cats).
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Sci-Fly study explores how lifeforms know to be the right size

Sci-Fly study explores how lifeforms know to be the right size | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Shakespeare said "to be or not to be" is the question, and now scientists are asking how life forms grow to be the correct size with proportional body parts.
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This Animal Shelter Has a Brilliantly Simple Strategy to Find Homes for Their Pups

This Animal Shelter Has a Brilliantly Simple Strategy to Find Homes for Their Pups | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
If you’ve ever considered adopting a pet from a shelter, you know how hard it can be choose just one when there are so many animals deserving of your attention and love.
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Woolly mammoth and modern elephant DNA merged. Next, cloning

Woolly mammoth and modern elephant DNA merged. Next, cloning | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Cloning the woolly mammoth is a life long dream for many geneticists and biologists, but the challenges are numerous. Now, we've come a step closer after researchers replaced snips of elephant DNA with those from the woolly mammoth.
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Squid enrich their DNA 'blueprint' through prolific RNA editing

Squid enrich their DNA 'blueprint' through prolific RNA editing | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
One of the surprising discoveries to emerge from the young field of comparative genomics is that drastically different organisms—humans, sea urchins, worms, flies —are endowed with a more or less common set of genes.
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Jane Goodall Is Still Wild at Heart

Jane Goodall Is Still Wild at Heart | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Half a century ago, she journeyed into the Tanzanian jungle to change how the world saw chimpanzees. Today the world’s most famous conservationist is on a mission to save their lives.
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This Animal Shelter Offers Pet Delivery To Offices To Reduce Stress And Help Animals Find Homes

This Animal Shelter Offers Pet Delivery To Offices To Reduce Stress And Help Animals Find Homes | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The future is now. The Humane Society Of Broward County, an animal shelter in southeastern Florida, has launched a service called “Snuggle Delivery” that delivers shelter animals for hour-long visits to workplaces in sore need of cuteness, snuggles...
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Global Aquaculture News & Events
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Leatherback Turtles Don’t Need Google Maps

Leatherback Turtles Don’t Need Google Maps | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The big sea turtles’ use of Earth’s magnetic field gives them the navigational skills to travel thousands of miles each year.

Via Perendale Publishers (Tuti Tan)
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Sustainable Futures
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The week in wildlife – in pictures

The week in wildlife – in pictures | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Battle of the eagles, courting storks and golden monkeys are among the pick of this week’s images from the natural world

Via Flora Moon
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