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DARPA Wants To Recruit Smarter Service Dogs By Scanning The Brains of Canine Job Candidates

It’s hard enough to find good people for a given job. Harder still: finding the right dog. The U.S. military employs and deploys canines in a variety of
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Special Ops Canine U.S. Army
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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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Yawning is contagious and a surprisingly common trait (suggesting that empathy among animals is a common trait.)

Yawning is contagious and a surprisingly common trait (suggesting that empathy among animals is a common trait.) | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Contagious yawning is a behaviour shared by chimpanzees, baboons, dogs and humans, and researchers said recently that wolves can do it too, suggesting that empathy among animals is a common trait.


Perhaps empathy is present in more species than previously thought, said lead author Teresa Romero, a researcher from the University of Tokyo. “In wolves, as well as in primates and dogs, yawning is contagious between individuals, especially those that are close associates,” Romero said.


“These results suggest that contagious yawning is a common ancestral trait shared by other mammals and that such ability reveals an emotional connection between individuals.”




Via Edwin Rutsch
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The case against otters: necrophiliac, serial-killing fur monsters of the sea

The case against otters: necrophiliac, serial-killing fur monsters of the sea | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Otters are necrophilic, bestiality-inclined rapists and murderers who regularly kidnap children and spread swine flu.
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Did Chimpanzees Just Reveal the Origins of Human Violence?

Did Chimpanzees Just Reveal the Origins of Human Violence? | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The scientific community is ablaze with new research on why animals kill one another.
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Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation

Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Sticklebacks, the roaches of the fish world, are the ideal animal in which to study the genes that control body shape.
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A Young Girl Meets A Baby Gorilla At The Zoo. Watch What The Baby Does To Girl!

What an encounter!
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Elephant's play behavior - video compilation narrated by Joyce Poole - YouTube

This video is a compilation of ElephantVoices footage related to the article "Elephants Communicate in Sophisticated Sign Language, Researchers Say", written...
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Beautiful cat and owl have always been best friends. Just look at these then-and-now pics…

Beautiful cat and owl have always been best friends. Just look at these then-and-now pics… | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Brazilian biologist Andre Costa loves animals, and two particular animals especially — his cat and his owl. And, as it happens, they love each other, too.
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Serious fun: animal assisted play therapy

We all know that playing with dogs and horses can be fun, but have you ever considered how important animal-assisted play be as a mode of therapy for people? Dr.
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Climate Change Will Endanger Hundreds of America’s Bird Species

Climate Change Will Endanger Hundreds of America’s Bird Species | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A Baltimore oriole. (Photo: Kelly Colgan Azar/Flickr CC 2.0)
By 2080, the Baltimore oriole may no longer spend warmer months in Baltimore and the tundra swan may lose much of its summer habitat in North America.
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Squirrel-like Jurassic critter fossils discovered in China shed light on mammals’ origins

Squirrel-like Jurassic critter fossils discovered in China shed light on mammals’ origins | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
By Will Dunham WASHINGTON (Reuters) – It may not have been the friendliest place for furry little creatures, but three newly identified squirrel-like mammals thrived in the trees of the Jurassic Period, with dinosaurs walking below and flying...
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First Orca birth in Salish Sea since 2012 cause for cheer, caution

First Orca birth in Salish Sea since 2012 cause for cheer, caution | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A killer whale has given birth to a calf in the Salish Sea, first such birth there since 2012. The new calf is a sibling to a whale born off Victoria’s breakwater.

Via Anita Woodruff
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Sloths are no slouches when it comes to evolution

Sloths are no slouches when it comes to evolution | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Today's sloths might be known as slow, small animals, but their ancestors developed large body sizes at an amazing rate, according to an evolutionary reconstruction published today in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.
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Dog Waits Beside Its Cheetah Friend's Bedside After It Has Leg Surgery

While a cheetah cub had surgery to repair an abnormal growth in his legs, the cub’s loyal puppy companion never left his side.
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Call of the Orangutan: How to Follow an Orangutan | Expeditions, Scientific American Blog Network

Call of the Orangutan: How to Follow an Orangutan | Expeditions, Scientific American Blog Network | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
In my previous post, I wrote about the first task in studying orangutan behavior: finding the animals. In this one I’ll explain the second major task: ...
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Optimistic dog or pessimistic dog? This study reveals all - Tech Times

Optimistic dog or pessimistic dog? This study reveals all - Tech Times | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Tech Times
Optimistic dog or pessimistic dog?
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Marine Biologists Release Incredible Video Of A Borg-Like Sea Creature

"I can't believe that's a living thing!" declares one of the scientists watching this stunning underwater footage of a siphonophore. The creature is not just one organism, but several that collectively serve various functions such as locomotion and even preying for food.
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Unusual species in Alaska waters indicate parts of Pacific warming dramatically

Unusual species in Alaska waters indicate parts of Pacific warming dramatically | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Portions of the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea are close to 5 degrees F warmer than average -- conditions that in the past have had a significant impact on Alaska fisheries. 

Via Anita Woodruff
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"Unusual  species. . .?" An understatement

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The kindness of beast Mark Rowlands - Animal morality

The kindness of beast Mark Rowlands - Animal morality | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Dogs rescue their friends and elephants care for injured kin: are humans the only moral beings after all?
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How 'unspecial' are you? What other animals have taught us about human uniqueness | animal-behaviour | Earth Touch News

How 'unspecial' are you? What other animals have taught us about human uniqueness | animal-behaviour | Earth Touch News | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Every time we think we have identified something that is unique to humans, careful observation of other animals reveals that it is not. (Culture, teaching and tool use - animals do it too!
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'Third eye' helps sea turtles sense changes in seasons

'Third eye' helps sea turtles sense changes in seasons | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Thin area of skull allows light into brain
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These Wasps Built Their Colony On A Window – And The View Is Incredible

Here's something you don't see every day: A glimpse at the internal structure of a rather large (and rather occupied) wasp nest. Put down the flamethrower and check it out. Trust us on this one, you'll want to see this.
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New study shows impact of movies on dog breed popularity

The effect of movies featuring dogs on the popularity of dog breeds can last up to ten years and is correlated with the general success of the movies, according to new research from the University of Bristol, the City University of New York, and...
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Stalking Squirrels for Science | PsiVid, Scientific American Blog Network

How do squirrels react to being stalked by humans? The answer might surprise you. Have a look at this fun video that addresses this ...
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Eagle-eyed birds of prey help scrounging vultures find their dinner

Eagle-eyed birds of prey help scrounging vultures find their dinner | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Zoologists from the School of Natural Sciences at Trinity College Dublin have discovered how endangered vultures find their food, which will have important applications for their conservation.
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Dogs' Surprising Preference Revealed In New Study

Dogs' Surprising Preference Revealed In New Study | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
"Good dog" just doesn't cut it with pooches. Surprising new research shows that dogs prefer petting over verbal praise.

"I spend half my day talking to my dog," study co-author Dr. Clive Wynne, professor and director of the Ca...
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