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Chimpanzee Conducts 3-Year Study on Primates : The Nonhuman ...

Chimpanzee Conducts 3-Year Study on Primates : The Nonhuman ... | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Researchers at the University of Washington reported Thursday that Mokoko, a 7-year-old chimpanzee in the school's animal cognition laboratory, has learned to make systematic observations and collect data on other ...
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animals and prosocial capacities
Prosocial capacities shared by humans and other species: empathy, reciprocity, altruism, bonding, play, tool use, communication
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Zooming in for a safe flight: Study investigates spatial orientation in bats

Zooming in for a safe flight: Study investigates spatial orientation in bats | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Bats emit ultrasound pulses and measure the echoes reflected from their surroundings. They have an extremely flexible internal navigation system that enables them to do this.
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Northern Kimberley sub-region reveals unexpected species

Northern Kimberley sub-region reveals unexpected species | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
"New" populations of endangered northern quolls (Dasyurus hallucatus) and threatened golden-backed tree rats (Mesembriomys macrurus) have been found on the offshore Kimberley island Buckle Head.
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Baby Elephant Has Some Serious Ribbon Dancing Skills (Video)

Baby Elephant Has Some Serious Ribbon Dancing Skills (Video) | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Elephants are apparently masters of ribbon dancing and rhythm gymnastics.
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Dogs glean information from each other's barks

Dogs glean information from each other's barks | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Canines respond differently to the barks of friends and strangers
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Wolves Vulnerable to Contagious Yawning

Wolves Vulnerable to Contagious Yawning | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Contagious yawning in wolves give researchers a glimpse at the roots of empathy.


Still, these theories don’t totally explain one of the more fascinating aspects of yawning: When we see someone else yawn, our chances of yawning go way up.


The leading hypothesis among scientists, Romero says, is that this contagious yawning is related to empathy—meaning an empathetic person or animal will feel tired when he or she observes another individual looking tired.


(See “‘Contagious’ Yawning Occurs More Among Loved Ones.”)


 by Carrie Arnold


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Five New “Flying Monkeys” Identified in Amazon

Five New “Flying Monkeys” Identified in Amazon | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Five species of acrobatic monkey that have long flown under the scientific radar have been named in South America.
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Scientists Cannot Explain This Crazy Ant Behavior, but They Love It

Scientists Cannot Explain This Crazy Ant Behavior, but They Love It | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Forget swarms of nanobots taking over the world—if something is going to band together to rise against humans my money is on ants. Look at this video of them forming a chain to move something way bigger than any individual ant.
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Flapping baby birds give clues to origin of flight

Flapping baby birds give clues to origin of flight | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
How did the earliest birds take wing? Did they fall from trees and learn to flap their forelimbs to avoid crashing? Or did they run along the ground and pump their "arms" to get aloft?
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Wolves cooperate but dogs submit, study suggests

Wolves cooperate but dogs submit, study suggests | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Breeding for dependence, not cooperation, may have driven initial dog domestication
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Sickly reefs smell bad to baby coral and fish - Futurity

Sickly reefs smell bad to baby coral and fish - Futurity | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Damaged coral reefs give off chemical cues that repulse young coral and fish, discouraging them from moving into the neighborhood.

Via Perendale Publishers (Tuti Tan)
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Is Dog Barking the Result of Human Artificial Selection?

Is Dog Barking the Result of Human Artificial Selection? | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
The Basenji also called the Congo Terrier is native to the Central African forest. Since ages he is used by the pygmies (thought to be the oldest of all humans) to hunt lions. Therefore the basenji is one of the oldest breeds of dogs.
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Nuthatch Empire

Nuthatch Empire | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Today I'd like to focus on passerine birds again, and this time on a group that I don't think I've ever blogged about before: the certhioids.
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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The Strange World of Koko, Kanzi, and the Decline of Ape Language Research

The Strange World of Koko, Kanzi, and the Decline of Ape Language Research | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Last week, people around the world mourned the death of beloved actor and comedian Robin Williams. According to the Gorilla Foundation in Woodside, California, we were not the only primates mourning. A press release from the foundation announced that Koko the gorilla—the main subject of its research on ape language...
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Saving Our Birds

Saving Our Birds | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Has the passing of the passenger pigeon taught us anything?
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pdeppisch's comment, Today, 11:41 AM
No - they have not learned! All that humans know is to kill and destroy for profit under the guise of making a living.
Were are the oysters of New York? We have destroyed the herring fishery of both the East and West Cost of America and mostly in Europe.
We trawl - very destructive - instead of sustainable fishing - and destroy species after species. The Tragedy of the Commons is in full effect!
We destroy lions, tigers, elephants and rhinos for either bragging rights on how brave we are or the ivory or the aphrodisiac. We destroy the earth via mining and don't clean up. Mankind is a killing machine! End of story.
And we will live like this - in 30 square feet in a wire cage when we get to 20 billion people on earth which is what is being hoped for by the elites so they can make a profit.
https://medium.com/re-form/the-micro-dwellings-of-hong-kong-891764164a30
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Biologist studies where and how animals cross busy Highway 67

Biologist studies where and how animals cross busy Highway 67 | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Riding in the backseat of an SDSU-owned Jeep on Highway 67, just a little northeast of Poway, I point to a large bird perched on a wire.
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The weird, wonderful world of bioluminescence

The weird, wonderful world of bioluminescence | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
In the deep, dark ocean, many sea creatures make their own light for hunting, mating and self-defense. Bioluminescence expert Edith Widder was one of the first to film this glimmering world. At TED2011, she brings some of her glowing friends onstage, and shows more astonishing footage of glowing undersea life.

Via Official AndreasCY, Sílvia Dias
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Why the calls of the wild may be more complex than zoologists first thought

Mathematical models offer new insights into animal vocal sequences, but evolution of language remains a mystery Continue reading...
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Chemical Signals: Sexual Attraction, Pheromones And Being Ready At The Right Time

Chemical Signals: Sexual Attraction, Pheromones And Being Ready At The Right Time | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

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Image vs. Reality: What You Didn't Know About Sharks - Blog - Georgia Aquarium

Image vs. Reality: What You Didn't Know About Sharks - Blog - Georgia Aquarium | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
August 14, 2014

Image vs. Reality: What You Didn't Know About Sharks

DR. ALISTAIR DOVE,
...

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Evolution’s Contrarian Capacity for Creativity - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus

Evolution’s Contrarian Capacity for Creativity - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

One can imagine life evolving again and again, crashing on the rocks of time and circumstance, until finally it hit upon just the right mutation rate—one that eons later would produce organisms and species and ecosystems.

 

 


Via Bernard Ryefield
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Could Wolves Understand Empathy?

Could Wolves Understand Empathy? | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it

Could wolves feel empathy? A recent study published in the journal PLOS ONE shows that just like humans and other types of dogs, these creatures are also susceptible to yawn contagion.

With yawning contagion, scientists from the University of Tokyo, Japan, actually believe that these animals may be capable of understanding others in the pack.

Previous studies have shown that contagious yawning is experienced in domestic dogs who also witness their owners yawning.


However, up until now, scientists were uncertain of how the phenomenon rooted in the evolution of mammals or whether it evolved due to domestication.
For the


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Incredible Sea Lion Birth Captured on Video

Incredible Sea Lion Birth Captured on Video | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
On a National Geographic expedition to the Galápagos Islands, travelers witnessed something extraordinary: the birth of a sea lion. Even while in labor, the mother was unfazed by the presence of humans, delivering her pup on the beach with a nuzzle, a nudge, and a playful gnaw.Click here to learn more about the Galápagos Islands expedition.Click here to see more video highlights from the National Geographic - Lindblad fleet of expedition ships traveling around the globe.

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Birdbooker Report 334-5

Birdbooker Report 334-5 | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
SUMMARY: Books, books, beautiful books! This is a list of biology, ecology, environment, natural history and animal books that are (or will soon be) available to occupy your bookshelves and your thoughts.
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Chimps Empath-eyes? | The Scientist Magazine

Chimps Empath-eyes? | The Scientist Magazine | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
Chimpanzees may reinforce social bonds by involuntarily mimicking a fellow chimp’s pupil size.


Like humans, chimpanzees possess a capacity to unconsciously dilate their pupils to match those of a conspecific, according to research published last week (August 20) in PLOS ONE. The results suggest this involuntary action likely evolved to help humans and chimps communicate sympathy and strengthen social bonds within groups.


In face-to-face interactions, people often involuntarily imitate each other’s facial expressions, eye blinks, or pupil size to convey empathy.


These physical cues help communicate emotions to both individuals in the interaction, facilitating trust and cooperation within groups. But precisely when and how these signals evolved isn’t clear


.By Jyoti Madhusoodanan |


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Zombie Ant Fungi ‘Know’ Brains of Their Hosts

Zombie Ant Fungi ‘Know’ Brains of Their Hosts | animals and prosocial capacities | Scoop.it
A new study reports a parasitic fungus emits a number of behavior controlling chemicals when it encounters the brains of ants.
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