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Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it?
Following the Animal Poaching Trail in Africa and the World
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How Economic Theory Applies to Poaching

In its very simplest form economic theory is a function of supply and demand. If supply of a commodity remains constant as demand increases, the price people are prepared to pay for that commodity tends to increase. Similarly, if demand decreases as supply remains the same, prices tend to decrease. And there are multiple permutations of this basic concept.

 

The theory is pertinent when considering policies designed to stop the over exploitation of species....

 

In the late 1980s the poaching of elephants was largely stopped across Africa as a result of successful publicity campaigns that made buying and owning ivory socially unacceptable within western markets.

 

Weakened demand, coupled to better policing in some range states, led to lower prices and reduced incentives to kill elephants. Similar campaigns are now needed in China if the current poaching explosion is to ease off in the future....

 

It may come as something of a surprise therefore that a campaign to legalize the trade in rhino horn is gaining momentum....

 

Consider the so called 'one-off' sales of legally harvested ivory from the Southern African range states in the early 2000s. Suddenly a commodity that had become socially unacceptable and largely unobtainable was legitimized. Ivory carving houses in China that were on the point of closure were given a new lease of life. Demand was reawakened, prices started to increase and, in the absence of more 'legal' supplies, the poaching gangs went back to work....

 

Like most things in life the answers to difficult problems are rarely simple. On the face of it economic theory is inherently straightforward but in fact much deeper thinking will be required about the impact of ancient traditional beliefs on human decision making if we are to save Africa's remaining mega-fauna for posterity.

 

http://allafrica.com/stories/201206011266.html ;

 

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DNP to step up prevention measures against elephant trafficking

DNP to step up prevention measures against elephant trafficking | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it

  AYUTTHAYA, 30 May 2012 – The government has pledged to speed up the registration of domestic Thai elephants, in another bid to prevent animal trafficking...

 

http://www.pattayamail.com/news/dnp-to-step-up-prevention-measures-against-elephant-trafficking-13216 ;

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How to Stop Wildlife Poachers

How to Stop Wildlife Poachers | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
Guards patrol museums to secure our cultural heritage. We should take the same approach to safeguarding our natural heritage.

 

OVER the past 20 years, chimpanzees, gorillas and other great apes have declined the most in areas lacking a security force to protect them. Conversely, parks and protected areas with armed guards and anti-poaching patrols — places like Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo, Kahuzi-Biega National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda — have not only retained their ape populations, but have seen population increases....

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/25/opinion/how-to-stop-wildlife-poachers.html?_r=3&emc=eta1 

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Tiger deaths are often reported as natural death to keep the logbooks clean

Tiger deaths are often reported as natural death to keep the logbooks clean | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it

The tiger population of the nation could soon vanish from the jungles and remain only on the record books because of unprecedented bungling in the death register.

 

 

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Testimony of CITES Secretary General at US Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing

 
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China at heart of ivory plunder surge, US Senate told

Chinese-backed crime groups are leading a surge in African elephant poaching to meet China's thirst for ivory, and terror groups are elbowing in on the lucrative trade,...
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Seminar teaches wildlife forensics for poaching cases

Seminar teaches wildlife forensics for poaching cases | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it

CLEARWATER JUCTION – The wolf had been dead so long, even the maggots didn’t want to hang around....

 

In the world of wildlife crime scene investigation, bugs may bear the best witness. Slob hunters who take only the antlers and backstraps of a trophy elk, or medicinal poachers who kill bears for their paws and gall bladders, usually do so far from spying eyes. But the remains they leave behind tell a story, too....

 

“People who work wildlife cases often run into a certain type of serial poacher that can have a devastating effect on wildlife communities,” Gonder said. “A lot of it is greed-driven, and these people can often afford the best defense attorneys. We’re trying to upgrade our skills, so once the case hits court, a deep-pocketed attorney can’t go after our evidence-collection techniques.”....

 

http://billingsgazette.com/news/state-and-regional/montana/seminar-teaches-wildlife-forensics-for-poaching-cases/article_af8f6f44-497d-5dc4-b4f1-b0bbc82775e1.html ;

 

 

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Indian state to let forest guards shoot poachers on sight

Indian state to let forest guards shoot poachers on sight | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
Maharashtra government says killing poachers will no longer be considered a crime after eight tiger deaths in the state this year...
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Telling the tale of a rhino rescuer

In the winter of 1978, Hemanta Mishra led the king of Nepal deep into the country’s Chitwan forest and helped him shoot down a greater one-horned Asian rhinoceros, one of Nepal’s most endangered animal species.
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Ivory Poachers Suspected in Aceh

Ivory Poachers Suspected in Aceh | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
Environmentalists say the discovery of another decapitated elephant in Aceh Jaya suggests that ivory poaching in the area was not only still happening, but might be on the rise.
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Politics: Fisherman's tale at heart of battle over wildlife-trafficking law

Politics: Fisherman's tale at heart of battle over wildlife-trafficking law | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it

Two very different portraits of Abner Schoenwetter have emerged in recent congressional debates over wildlife-trafficking laws....

 

http://eenews.net/public/Greenwire/2012/05/15/1 ;

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NASA Looks Down Reveals Increase In Elephant Poaching

NASA Looks Down Reveals Increase In Elephant Poaching | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
The Kenya Wildlife Service has failed to contain elephant poaching in Kenya and it has now reached alarming levels, according to research by KWS scientists and their American counterparts using satellite images.

 

The peer-reviewed research in the reputable Australia-based Wildlife Research journal on April 12 employed sophisticated techniques to accurately identify hotspots of elephant poaching.

 

It used KWS records, Japanese government data as well as satellite images from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. "Recent reports from Kenya indicate continuous year-to-year increase in the proportion of illegally killed elephants since 2003," the report says....

 

http://www.satnews.com/cgi-bin/story.cgi?number=1204980116 

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Dubai customs sign animal pact with IFAW

Dubai customs sign animal pact with IFAW | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
The animal protection organisation will help train Dubai customs officers in how to identify banned animal products and keep them up-to-date on which animals and plants are on the endangered list....

 

http://www.7daysindubai.com/Dubai-customs-sign-animal-pact-International-Fund/story-16135974-detail/story.html ;

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Rhino Crisis Round Up: Three Rhino Killers Arrested in India & More

Rhino Crisis Round Up: Three Rhino Killers Arrested in India & More | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
A rhino-killing attempt has been thwarted in India's Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary, thanks to a joint team of forest guards and police.
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Poaching of Gangetic dolphin continues unabated

MIRZA, May 27 – In a significant development which may be a serious environmental concern, a huge Gangetic river dolphin was killed in the river Brahmaputra recently (the decayed carcass was detected on May 16) by the poachers near Jahirpur area in Chhaygaon LAC in Kamrup district.


The full grown critically endangered animal, weighing around 200 kg had serious injuries on her back which led to her death, sources said....

 

http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=may2812/state05 

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Wildlife trafficking casts negative light on Malaysia

Wildlife trafficking casts negative light on Malaysia | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
The latest major attempt to smuggle wildlife out of the country was reported in The Star. Forty-six pangolins hidden inside a car booth were discovered by the Kedah Department of Wildlife and National Parks (Perhilitan). The pangolins worth RM43,000 were meant for export.

 

It has in the past been reported that other animals like the Malaysian tiger, the honey bear and various species of monkeys were poached for their body parts. However what we are facing today is not small time poaching but extensive wildlife trafficking, an illicit business running into billions of ringgit....

 

http://cj.my/post/66101/wildlife-trafficking-casts-negative-light-on-malaysia/ ;

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VIDEO: A Closer Look At Slow Loris Trafficking: Behind the Schemes, Episode 13

Annamiticus presents "Behind the Schemes" -- a web series and podcast which discusses how commerce, corruption, and counterfeit cures are destroying our Plan...
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US senate takes up illegal wildlife trade

US senate takes up illegal wildlife trade | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee has held a hearing on the growing poaching crisis in Africa.

 

In his eloquent remarks opening the hearing, entitled “Ivory and Insecurity: The Global Implications of Poaching in Africa”, Chairman John Kerry, made clear the crisis is a serious one with far-reaching consequences.

 

“Poaching is not just a security threat in Africa,” warned Senator Kerry. “It’s also a menace to developing economies, and it thrives where governance is weakest. Poachers with heavy weapons are a danger to lightly armed rangers and civilians as well as the animals they target.”

 

http://wwf.panda.org/wwf_news/?204947/US-senate-takes-up-illegal-wildlife-trade 

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Trafficking suspected in eagle mutilations

Two mutilated eagle carcasses have been found on Gabriola Island's shores this spring, raising concerns about illegal eagle-parts trafficking.

 

Pedestrians found an eagle on Spring Beach in March that had been shot and stuffed into a plastic bag. Its talons had been cut off and its feathers were gone, according to a volunteer with the Gabriola Rescue of Wildlife Society....

 

http://www.timescolonist.com/Trafficking+suspected+eagle+mutilations/6670978/story.html ;

 

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Global Impact of Ivory Poaching in Africa Addressed at Congressional Hearing

WASHINGTON, May 24, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- Further protections needed as 1.5 tons of elephant tusks seized in Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan authorities said they seized around 350 illegal elephant tusks weighing nearly 1.5 tons in Colombo port on Tuesday - marking the single biggest ivory haul in the island nation. As authorities around the globe work to bring these culprits to justice, today in the U.S. the Senate Foreign Relations Committee led by Senator John Kerry held a hearing to examine the global security implications of elephant poaching in Africa.

 

"We applaud Senator Kerry for recognizing the global impact of the illegal ivory trade in Africa," said Kelvin Alie, Program Director, Wildlife Crime and Consumer Awareness, IFAW. "Since 2004, the scale of wildlife trafficking and its subsequent impact on wildlife in African range states has increased significantly. It is vital that this illegal trade is eliminated before it causes irreparable damage to these species and the ecosystems in which they live."

 

So far, 2012 has proven a bloody year for elephants. A report released this week from wildlife officials in the Republic of Congo estimates that nearly 5,000 elephants have been killed by poachers around the Nouabale Ndoki National Park over the past five years. In addition, a tragic killing spree earlier this year in Cameroon's Bouba Ndjida National Park left more than 200 elephants dead by the time the country's military was sent into action.

 

"The U.S. has long been a leader in elephant conservation through programs like those managed by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and USAID," said Jeff Flocken, IFAW DC Office Director. "With more and more links being found to organized crime, regional conflict and even terrorist groups, the U.S. can now lead in fighting wildlife crime by looking at it the same way we do the arms and drug trades - as a threat to national security and global stability."

 

To learn more about IFAW's efforts to protect elephants, visit www.ifaw.org .

 

About IFAW (the International Fund for Animal Welfare)Founded in 1969, IFAW saves animals in crisis around the world. With projects in more than 40 countries, IFAW rescues individual animals, works to prevent cruelty to animals, and advocates for the protection of wildlife and habitats. For more information, visit www.ifaw.org . Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

 

SOURCE International Fund for Animal Welfare

 

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/global-impact-of-ivory-poaching-in-africa-addressed-at-congressional-hearing-2012-05-24 ;

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VIDEO: Why Tiger Worth More Dead - WWF

VIDEO: Why Tiger Worth More Dead - WWF | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
The world is dealing with an unprecedented spike in illegal wildlife trade, threatening to overturn decades of conservation gains.

 

• Between 2007-2011, rhino poaching in South Africa increased 3,000 percent.

 

Wildlife crime is a big business. Run by dangerous international networks, wildlife and animal parts are trafficked much like illegal drugs and arms. By its very nature, it is almost impossible to obtain reliable figures for the value of illegal wildlife trade. Experts at TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, estimate that it runs into hundreds of millions of dollars.

 

VIDEO: Why a Tiger is worth more dead

http://www.worldwildlife.org/what/globalmarkets/wildlifetrade/index.html?utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=wwf-marketing&utm_content=may2012-22-1515 

 

 

 

 

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Vietnam proposes legalising use of tiger parts in traditional medicines

Vietnam proposes legalising use of tiger parts in traditional medicines | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
Tiger bones are valued for their use in traditional medicines and to make wines .
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China wonder pill: Pill made of 99.9% powdered human baby flesh

China wonder pill: Pill made of 99.9% powdered human baby flesh | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
CHINA’S population is the largest on earth, with more than 1.34 billion people.

 

China trafficking more than wildlife body parts!

 

Since its implementation in 1979, the one-child policy has prevented more than 400 million births in China, according to China's National Population and Family Planning Commission. However, the true nature of the one-child policy and what it entails was kept hidden until activists started exposing them.

 

Some were jailed, others ran out of China. Most recently, it took a blind Chinese man Chen Guangcheng to reaffirm the true nature of china forced one child policy.

 

Chen Guangcheng’s 2005 investigation into coercive family planning practices in Linyi County, Shandong Province exposed 130,000 forced abortions and sterilizations in Linyi in that year alone.

 

For exposing the government, he was jailed for four years and three months and remained under house arrest, where he was tortured and denied medical treatment, he recently escaped and went to the US Embassy for help but in an unclear twist, Chen ended up in the hands of the Chinese government.

 

Many have shown anger and dissidence over the US nonchalant manner in handling the case and have opened the Obama Administration to criticism that it had abandoned the activist and is only interested in trade talks with China.

 

Chen documented the gory details of the policy but the end product of that policy was uncovered by South Korean custom officers when they discovered thousands of pills filled with powered flesh of dead babies at Incheon Airport after they were attempted to be smuggled in from China.

 

The highly demanded capsules are viewed as a remedy to all illness....

 

http://www.tribune.com.ng/sun/sunday-zest/7300-china-wonder-pill-pill-made-of-999-powdered-human-baby-flesh ;

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Hunting wildlife trade online | IFAW

Hunting wildlife trade online | IFAW | Wildlife Trafficking: Who Does it? Allows it? | Scoop.it
The Internet is the world's largest marketplace. Unregulated, anonymous and virtually unlimited in reach, it offers endless opportunities for criminal activities, among them a flourishing trade in protected wildlife. IFAW’s investigations of this criminal trade have revealed a shocking array of wildlife and wildlife products for sale online.

 

IFAW works diligently to end the deadly illegal trade in wildlife, which results in the senseless deaths of elephants, tigers, turtles, sharks and other animals all over the world.

 

http://www.ifaw.org/united-states/our-work/wildlife-trade/hunting-wildlife-trade-online ;

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Sena protests poaching, demands higher vigil

CHANDRAPUR: The local unit of Shiv Sena on Saturday staged a protest before Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) office here to flay the repeated incidents of tiger poaching in the district.  

 

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-05-20/nagpur/31787673_1_tiger-deaths-tatr-sena-protests ;

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