Infectious diseases and zoonosis
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15 cases of E. coli linked to Lebanon farm

15 cases of E. coli linked to Lebanon farm | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
LEBANON--The state Department of Public Health is investigating an E. coli outbreak linked to a farm in Lebanon. As of 1 p.m. on Monday, DPH says it is looking at 15 confirmed cases of E.
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Prevalence, genetics, and transmissibility in ferrets of Eurasian avian-like H1N1 swine influenza viruses

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First human case of West Nile in south of France since 2003

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PLOS Pathogens: Expected and Unexpected Features of the Newly Discovered Bat Influenza A-like Viruses

PLOS Pathogens: Expected and Unexpected Features of the Newly Discovered Bat Influenza A-like Viruses | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
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Where has Lyme disease gone? | Infectious Disease News

Where has Lyme disease gone? | Infectious Disease News | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
Infectious Disease News | Lyme disease is here and doing well. It now is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness in the United States, with about 20,000 to almost 30,000 confirmed cases reported annually. In fact, the number may be considerably higher; the CDC estimates that the actual number of Lyme disease cases diagnosed annually may be as high as 300,000. Cases have been reported in every state in the last 10
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Better wildlife monitoring could prevent human disease outbreaks

Better wildlife monitoring could prevent human disease outbreaks | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
More than half of emerging human infectious diseases—including SARS and Ebola—originate in animals
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A booster !

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Ebola and the Vast Viral Universe

Ebola and the Vast Viral Universe | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
By all evidence, researchers say, viruses like Ebola have been parasitizing living cells since the first cells arose on earth nearly four billion years ago. Some say that viruses actually invented cells.
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Co-Infection of Blacklegged Ticks with Babesia microti and Borrelia burgdorferi Is Higher than Expected and Acquired from Small Mammal Hosts

Co-Infection of Blacklegged Ticks with Babesia microti and Borrelia burgdorferi Is Higher than Expected and Acquired from Small Mammal Hosts | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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Burkholderia pseudomallei Penetrates the Brain via Destruction of the Olfactory and Trigeminal Nerves: Implications for the Pathogenesis of Neurological Melioidosis

Burkholderia pseudomallei Penetrates the Brain via Destruction of the Olfactory and Trigeminal Nerves: Implications for the Pathogenesis of Neurological Melioidosis | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
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Black death was not spread by rat fleas, say researchers

Black death was not spread by rat fleas, say researchers | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
Evidence from skulls in east London shows plague had to have been airborne to spread so quickly
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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection in Dromedary Camels in Saudi Arabia

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Excerpt : "Here we provide evidence from a geographic and temporal survey of camels in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that MERS coronaviruses have been circulating in camels since at least 1992, are distributed countrywide, and can be phylogenetically classified into clades that correlate with outbreaks of the disease among humans. We found no evidence of infection in domestic sheep or domestic goats."

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PLOS ONE: Novel Giant Siphovirus from Bacillus anthracis Features Unusual Genome Characteristics

PLOS ONE: Novel Giant Siphovirus from Bacillus anthracis Features Unusual Genome Characteristics | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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Ahead of Print -Differences in Genotype, Clinical Features, and Inflammatory Potential of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto Strains from Europe and the United States - Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016...

Ahead of Print -Differences in Genotype, Clinical Features, and Inflammatory Potential of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto Strains from Europe and the United States - Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016... | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto isolates from patients with erythema migrans in Europe and the United States were compared by genotype, clinical features of infection, and inflammatory potential. Analysis of outer surface protein C and multilocus sequence typing showed that strains from these 2 regions represent distinct genotypes. Clinical features of infection with B. burgdorferi in Slovenia were similar to infection with B. afzelii or B. garinii, the other 2 Borrelia spp. that cause disease in Europe, whereas B. burgdorferi strains from the United States were associated with more severe disease. Moreover, B. burgdorferi strains from the United States induced peripheral blood mononuclear cells to secrete higher levels of cytokines and chemokines associated with innate and Th1-adaptive immune responses, whereas strains from Europe induced greater Th17-associated responses. Thus, strains of the same B. burgdorferi species from Europe and the United States represent distinct clonal lineages that vary in virulence and inflammatory potential.
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Early Divergent Strains of Yersinia pestis in Eurasia 5,000 Years Ago: Cell

Early Divergent Strains of Yersinia pestis in Eurasia 5,000 Years Ago: Cell | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
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The growing global battle against blood-sucking ticks : Nature News & Comment

The growing global battle against blood-sucking ticks : Nature News & Comment | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
Scientists have no shortage of ideas about how to stop tick-borne illnesses. What is holding them back?
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A single natural nucleotide mutation alters bacterial pathogen host tropism

A single natural nucleotide mutation alters bacterial pathogen host tropism | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it

The capacity of microbial pathogens to alter their host tropism leading to epidemics in distinct host species populations is a global public and veterinary health concern. To investigate the molecular basis of a bacterial host-switching event in a tractable host species, we traced the evolutionary trajectory of the common rabbit clone of Staphylococcus aureus. We report that it evolved through a likely human-to-rabbit host jump over 40 years ago and that only a single naturally occurring nucleotide mutation was required and sufficient to convert a human-specific S. aureus strain into one that could infect rabbits. Related mutations were identified at the same locus in other rabbit strains of distinct clonal origin, consistent with convergent evolution. This first report of a single mutation that was sufficient to alter the host tropism of a microorganism during its evolution highlights the capacity of some pathogens to readily expand into new host species populations.


Nature Genetics. Viana et al., 2015

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Probable Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus transmission occurred after aerosol-generating medical procedures in Russia: nosocomial cluster - International Journal of Infectious Diseases

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Microbes help vultures eat rotting meat

Microbes help vultures eat rotting meat | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
Gut bacteria and strong gastric juices show how the birds can live on decaying flesh.
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The reason why they do not develop botulism

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Lyme bacterium's possible ancestor found in ancient tick

Lyme bacterium's possible ancestor found in ancient tick | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
Parasite trapped in ancient amber carried the oldest documented ancestor of the Borrelia that causes Lyme disease.
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Number of E.coli cases has increased

Number of E.coli cases has increased | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
THE number of confirmed cases of E.coli following an outbreak after a lambing live event has risen.
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Eurosurveillance - View Article

Eurosurveillance - View Article | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
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West Nile disease in Greece, third year in a row...

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Low 2012–13 Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Associated with Mutation in the Egg-Adapted H3N2 Vaccine Strain Not Antigenic Drift in Circulating Viruses

Low 2012–13 Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Associated with Mutation in the Egg-Adapted H3N2 Vaccine Strain Not Antigenic Drift in Circulating Viruses | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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Transcriptomic Characterization of the Novel Avian-Origin Influenza A (H7N9) Virus: Specific Host Response and Responses Intermediate between Avian (H5N1 and H7N7) and Human (H3N2) Viruses and Impl...

Transcriptomic Characterization of the Novel Avian-Origin Influenza A (H7N9) Virus: Specific Host Response and Responses Intermediate between Avian (H5N1 and H7N7) and Human (H3N2) Viruses and Impl... | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
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The Case for Involvement of Spiroplasma in the Pathogenesis... : Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology

The Case for Involvement of Spiroplasma in the Pathogenesis... : Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology | Infectious diseases and zoonosis | Scoop.it
AbstractSpiroplasma biofilm formation explains the role of these wall-less bacteria in the pathogenesis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).
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