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Animal Health Economics
How much is prevention better than cure? Impact, control, surveillance. Behavior & decision-making in animal health.
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Avian flu in West and Central Africa: stakeholders meet for increased vigilance

Avian flu in West and Central Africa: stakeholders meet for increased vigilance | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Dakar – From 15 to 17 December, the FAO has convened a regional consultation with the stakeholders of the poultry sector from West and Central Africa on risk management for the prevention and control of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) along the poultry sector value chain.

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Europe reacted to livestock disease by banning pig swill. Here's why that's hogwash

Europe reacted to livestock disease by banning pig swill. Here's why that's hogwash | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Food waste can be a perfectly safe food source if treated properly.
Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

From animal health management to ecological impact of production, by way of economic interest for farmers : an amusing and very didactic paper. 

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Livestock traders to sue gov't over water shortage in Kenya

Livestock traders to sue gov't over water shortage in Kenya | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Garissa livestock traders to sue gov't over water shortage. Led by the chairman of the livestock marketing council Dubat Ali Amey, the traders said they have not received a drop of water at the market for the past three months. The chairman said that the county government rakes in over Sh500,000 every Wednesday (market day) from levies on traders and livestock. 

Ahmed Nurie Ali, a trader at the market and a Garissa resident, said they have visited all the relevant offices to complain about the erratic water supply at market but they don’t seem concerned. Ali said that the county clerks are quick to collect their levies but they have nothing to show for the money, lamenting that they are not receiving the services they need.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Public services collect taxes and have to ensure the supply of  public goods. Civil society and the first users of these public goods are there to claim when needed...

Animal health on markets is key for this crucial sector of the Horn of Africa and has to be enforced through public regulations and services. Here, the fact that the very simple need for water is not met questions this organisation. 

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Emerging zoonosis ups pressure on food industry

Emerging zoonosis ups pressure on food industry | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Another major microbial threat, Clostridium difficile CD078, is set to put food businesses under more pressure, as scientists only just begin to ask questions about it, an expert has warned.

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Livestock producers must remain vigilant for liver fluke

Livestock producers must remain vigilant for liver fluke | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Livestock producers must remain vigilant for signs of liver fluke infection in sheep and cattle this autumn. The warning from the NADIS Parasite Forecast, sponsored by Merial Animal Health, comes following the recent spell of wet and mild weather.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is a nice example of the kind of animal health surveillance that private actors may sponsor or implement. Interestingly this example is not an event-based surveillance but is a forecasting system, based on climatic data and also economic data. Indeed, even more interestingly, market prices are considered in this forecast as it influences the stocking pressure on pastures and therefore the larval challenge.

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South Africa Lifts Namibian Livestock Import Ban

South Africa Lifts Namibian Livestock Import Ban | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
After some three months in which exports of Namibian livestock to South Africa came to a grinding halt, local producers now have access to the lucrative market again with relaxed import requirements from South African authorities.
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Pakistan lifts ban on livestock import from BSE-infected countries

Pakistan lifts ban on livestock import from BSE-infected countries | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
KARACHI: The Ministry of Commerce has lifted its 13-year import ban on livestock from BSE (mad cow disease) infected countries, removing one of the major obstacles for the US dairy cattle trade ...
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Southeast Asia “Hotspot” for Emerging Infectious Diseases

Southeast Asia “Hotspot” for Emerging Infectious Diseases | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
With increased urbanization and air travel, Southeast Asia has become a “hotspot” for emerging infectious diseases, experts say.
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Namibia: Crunch Time for Livestock Industry

Namibia: Crunch Time for Livestock Industry | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
The livestock industry has been experiencing unparalleled domestic upheaval since the unilateral introduction of new health restrictions by South Africa for livestock imports from here a month ago.
Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Namibia's livestock industry rakes in some N$7 billion annually from the export of about 160 000 weaners to South Africa, as well as 100 000 sheep and about 240 000 goats. Moreover, the sector sustains the livelihood of some 70 percent of the Namibian population. The crisis was sparked by the imposition of new animal health requirements...

Since May 1, hardly any weaners or sheep have left the country, while only about 1 900 live goats were exported to KwaZulu-Natal. Goat exports to South Africa ensure an income of about N$16.8 million, while live sheep exports amount to about N$8.5 million per annum for Namibian producers. Communal famers make up for about 60 percent of the total exports and are the hardest hit by the situation as prices for their goats have dropped by some 40 percent and the price for weaners by more than N$5 p/kg...

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Kenya’s Sharia-friendly livestock insurance

Kenya’s Sharia-friendly livestock insurance | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

A mutual insurance scheme based on Islamic Sharia law has been launched to reduce the impact of extreme weather events on pastoral livelihoods in Kenya’s arid northern regions where perennial drought often decimates thousands of livestock. The Islamic Takaful insurance, which is gaining acceptance by livestock keepers keen to operate under the religion’s precepts, is boosting risk management.

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Somaliland: Second Livestock Ship is sent Back from Saudi Arabia - business concerns

Somaliland: Second Livestock Ship is sent Back from Saudi Arabia - business concerns | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

A ship carrying more than 1283 herds of camel has docked yesterday at Berbera port after being sent back by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the livestock heard is said to belong to the Saudi tycoon Suleyman Al Jaabiri and local businessmen this been the second such ship  to be send back in the last few weeks.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is another illustration of the former topic of competition between economic actors in the Horn of Africa to gain the Middle-eastern market for livestock and livestock products.

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Virus reduces pig survival rate on farms

Virus reduces pig survival rate on farms | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

The number of pigs saved per litter for the December-to-February period was down significantly in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report, reflecting the impact of the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus on swine herds.

According to the USDA, the number of pigs saved per litter was down 5.5 percent from the same period one year ago at 9.53 head.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Nice newspaper article where one can learn about the economic impact of animal diseases, price fluctuation and anticipation.

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Livestock raise environmental concern in China

Livestock raise environmental concern in China | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
China's livestock industry, vital to the nation's food security, has become a growing pollution and public health headache in some rural areas.
Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Environmental concern of intensive animal production is not typical for China... it is a worldwide fact.

However, the 6000 rotting swines floating in the river near Shanghai are less usual business. If Animal Health regulations are to be enforced, the suitable conditions and needed services must be implemented. I guess farmers are not "greedy" as written here, they are just rational and (not exclusively) profit-oriented.

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USDA - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production - Report available

USDA - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production - Report available | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

There is mounting concern that use of antibiotics in livestock will contribute to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, with repercussions for human and animal health. This report explores how limiting antibiotic use for livestock productivity-enhancement purposes may affect farmer practices and profits, as well as market prices and volumes.

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Animal diseases on the rise due to climate change, warns industry

Animal diseases on the rise due to climate change, warns industry | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Global warming has led to a rise of new and reemerging diseases, which have seriously affected animals, the European animal health industry has warned.

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Antibiotics in livestock: a textbook case in economics

Antibiotics in livestock: a textbook case in economics | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

The Food and Drug Administration has released its latest annual report on use of antibiotics in raising livestock. From the point of view of a teacher, the problem affords great examples of important concepts in economics.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is a nice paper, an educational case study of the use of antibiotics in livestock illustrating economic concepts as external costs, perfect information, market regulation, collective action, fallacy of composition or scale neutrality...

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Livestock law near approval, Cambodia

Livestock law near approval, Cambodia | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

SA draft law on animal health and production is expected to be approved by the December 2015 Asean Economic Community (AEC) deadline, government officials say. Soun Sothoeun, deputy director of animal health and production at the Ministry of Agriculture, said on Friday that the new law had already been drawn up and is in the Council of Ministers.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Facing the combined challenge of trade liberalization and transboundary animal diseases,  national and regional regulations are of utmost importance. Here is an illustration of this kind of concerns in Cambodia in relation with the opening of trade in the ASEAN economic community. Protecting the national livestock is crucial, indeed, but, as highlighted in this example, the effect of regulations on own breeders and producers have to be considered cautiously.

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Separate poultry market sought to curb zoonotic diseases in Chitral

Separate poultry market sought to curb zoonotic diseases in Chitral | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

CHITRAL (Pakistan): The district zoonotic control committee has urged the local administration to establish a separate poultry market in the city and shift the existing shops there to curb outbreak of zoonotic diseases.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is a short practical illustration of the kind of restructuration that markets are undergoing in developing countries in response to zoonotic threat.

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Ban on Livestock from Ebola-hit
 countries

Ban on Livestock from Ebola-hit
 countries | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Bahrain announces ban on import of livestock and meat from Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria; UAE yet to take a decision
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Acaricide resistance hurting livestock industry in Uganda

Acaricide resistance hurting livestock industry in Uganda | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Immediate efforts should be done to address the Acaricide resistance that is threatening the livestock industry, state minister for Agriculture in charge of Livestock, Bright Rwamirama has said.
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Heat stress losses costly to livestock sector

Heat stress losses costly to livestock sector | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Estimates of losses to owners of livestock from heat range up to $1.5 billion per year with dairy cattle, $1 billion for the pork sector, and $350 million with beef cattle, according to Iowa State University animal scientist Lance Baumgard, who was one of the presenters on a recent webinar titled "Beyond Heat Stress," which was sponsored by Dairy Herd Management magazine.

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Janis Stearns's curator insight, October 28, 2015 8:37 PM

Wind/sun screens applied to existing overhead structures can dramatically improve temperatures.

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Livestock Diseases Lock Kenya Out of EU Market

Livestock Diseases Lock Kenya Out of EU Market | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

KENYA will have to partner with its regional counterparts to collectively fight livestock diseases in order to secure the European Union export market.

The Principal Secretary, state department of livestock Khadijja Kasachoon said yesterday that Kenya which has a livestock population of over 60 million animals including sheep, goats, poultry and cows is having challenges exporting to the western countries and the EU due to perceived disease risks from the region

 

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Disease control may be costly but great benefits can result from this control when the EU market opens up... Whether the costs and benefits will be shared in the population depends on the kind of control and trade policy. Disease-free zones has been shown in southern africa to entail so inequity in this regard, an alternative is Commodity-based Trade. 

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Fears for livestock as Defra shuts disease laboratories

Fears for livestock as Defra shuts disease laboratories | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

The UK's £11 billion livestock industry faces new threats from disease unless plans to close half the country's animal health surveillance centres are urgently reviewed.

That was the warning from the Royal College of Pathologists, which said the “cost-cutting” also represented a threat to human health.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

What's the place kept for risk management in a context of public budget restriction? 

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Sudan welcomes Saudi decision to lift meat imports ban

Sudan welcomes Saudi decision to lift meat imports ban | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

April 6, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan’s chamber of livestock exporters has welcomed the decision made by Saudi Arabia to lift the temporary ban on imports of frozen beef, lamb and goat meat from Sudan.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Rift Valley fever has had dramatic consequences on livestock sector in the Horn of Africa, mainly due to the trade ban imposed by the Middle-east countries. That topic is still ongoing, being the occasion of strong competition between the countries in the Horn of Africa to gain the Middle-eastern market. 

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EU and Brazil intensify meat and livestock health control cooperation

EU and Brazil intensify meat and livestock health control cooperation | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
The European Union (EU) and Brazil are to boost their cooperation over health controls in their trade in meat and livestock, said a joint communiqué, released after a summit meeting in Brussels.
Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Sanitary regulation is an important barrier to free trade, a barrier that is used by countries as it is acceptable to WTO. One should not overlook the role of those sanitary regulations in the protection of huge economic and social interests around livestock and livestock products.

Europe has presently (and has had for many years) a deficit in beef products. Now, it is certainly interested in importing beef from Brazil, although competition with his own producers and support to the sector are still politically sensitive topics. Access to the Mercosur trade zone seems to be a strong incentive to go for such negotiations.

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