Animal Behaviour BSX2018
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An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology 4th Edition: Amazon.co.uk: Nicholas B. Davies, John R. Krebs, Stuart A. West: Books

An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology 4th Edition

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An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology 4th Edition: Amazon.co.uk: Nicholas B. Davies, John R. Krebs, Stuart A. West: Books
Katherine Jones's insight:

ESSENTIAL textbook for my practicals and lectures! Also available in the library. For this practical chapters 2 and 4 are most useful.

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Alex Taylor: crows and intelligence « Multi Media « Celebrating Research « Marsden Fund « Funds « Funds, Medals & Competitions « Royal Society of New Zealand

Alex Taylor: crows and intelligence « Multi Media « Celebrating Research « Marsden Fund « Funds « Funds, Medals & Competitions « Royal Society of New Zealand | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Radio interview with a New Caledonian Crow researcher. It also mentions the BBC programme "inside the animal mind", which I've not seen (so can't guarantee the level of "media hype") but might be worth checking out!

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▶ Puzzle box (Thorndike) - YouTube

The puzzle box is the laboratory device that Edward L. Thorndike invented in order to study instrumental or operant conditioning in cats. Hungry cats were in...
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Video illustrating Thorndikes "Puzzle box"

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Laterality in tool manufacture by crows : Article : Nature

Laterality in tool manufacture by crows : Article : Nature | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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How crows manufacture tools

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Spontaneous Metatool Use by New Caledonian Crows

Spontaneous Metatool Use by New Caledonian Crows | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Another crow study that indicates some crows can "plan ahead" by using tools to obtain other tools for obtaining food. 

 

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Pavlov's Dog

Nobelprize.org, The Official Web Site of the Nobel Prize
Katherine Jones's insight:

Have a go at Pavlovian conditioning on a virtual dog!

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▶ Parrot vs Child: The Intelligence Test - Extraordinary Animals - Earth - YouTube

Katherine Jones's insight:

An example of some of the work on african grey parrots by Irene Pepperberg. Worth thinking about the extent to which Griffin has been  exposed to tests. Is he problem solving or simply remembering through trial and error?

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Chimps Quickly Recall Numbers | Video

Chimps Quickly Recall Numbers | Video | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
This video shows the incredible cognitive abilities of a chimpanzee named Ayumu. Chimps possess some abilities which surpass ours, such as their ability to quickly recall numbers.
Katherine Jones's insight:

Video made by researchers at Kyoto primate research institute showing chimpanzee numeral memory experiment. It is worth thinking about the extent to which this is procedural versus episodic memory. Does this demonstrate cognition or simply procedural memory combined with excellent short-term (working) memory?

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Punishment and cooperation in nature

Punishment and cooperation in nature | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Useful and easy to read review article on subject of punishment and cooperation-good reading for those particularly interested in the topic!

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Punishment and partner switching cause cooperative behaviour in a cleaning mutualism

Katherine Jones's insight:

Punishment prevents "cheating" (biting client) in cleaner fish.

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Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting

Katherine Jones's insight:

Example given in lecture, demonstrating the effect of being watched on donation to the coffee room honesty box!

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Meat sharing among the Gombe chimpanzees: harassment and reciprocal exchange

Meat sharing among the Gombe chimpanzees: harassment and reciprocal exchange | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
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Meat sharing amongst chimpanzees is not a result of reciprocity.

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Sharks shape the geometry of a selfish seal herd: experimental evidence from seal decoys

Sharks shape the geometry of a selfish seal herd: experimental evidence from seal decoys | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Amazing field experiment that investigates how sharks select seal prey. By manipulating the "domains of danger" the authors are able to exclude potential confounding factors (e.g. weaker individuals being nearer the margins).

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Crows' reasoning ability rivals that of seven-year-old humans

Crows' reasoning ability rivals that of seven-year-old humans | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Tests based on one of Aesop's fables suggest New Caledonian crows have a good understanding of causal relationships
Katherine Jones's insight:

New caledonian crows in the news again this week!

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Artificial Selection on Relative Brain Size in the Guppy Reveals Costs and Benefits of Evolving a Larger Brain

Artificial Selection on Relative Brain Size in the Guppy Reveals Costs and Benefits of Evolving a Larger Brain | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Costs and benefits of being large brained in guppies. Is it always a fitness benefit to be "brainy"?

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Are some birds as clever as chimps? - YouTube

They like peanuts
Katherine Jones's insight:

Example of Nicky Clayton's research on scrub jay caching.

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Do New Caledonian crows solve physical problems through causal reasoning?

Do New Caledonian crows solve physical problems through causal reasoning? | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

More recent study in which the authors argue _some_New Caledonian crows can use causal reasoning (understanding the abstract concept of a "hole"). Transfer of this understanding to a similar but different looking task is used to rule out simple associative cues.

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Shaping of Hooks in New Caledonian Crows

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Betty the crow spontaneously makes hook shaped tools to obtain food. Does this suggest causal reasoning?

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Word Learning in a Domestic Dog: Evidence for "Fast Mapping"

Katherine Jones's insight:

Original study suggesting Rico the dog is able to learn words for objects without cues from the owner (eliminating the "clever hans" effect).

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Chaser - The intelligent Border Collie - YouTube

Chaser, a female border collie that responds to over over 1,000 words, all proper nouns, during the filming of an episode of NOVA scienceNOW called "How Smar...
Katherine Jones's insight:

A number of border collie studies have shown the ability to recognise 100's of objects, despite the inability of dogs to produce a wide range of vocalisations.

Is this in itself evidence of cognition? 

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Quick Search -- An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology [electronic resource]

Quick Search -- An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology [electronic resource] | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

If the hard copies are booked out, you can still access Krebs and Davies online via the e-book. 

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Punishers Benefit From Third-Party Punishment in Fish

Punishers Benefit From Third-Party Punishment in Fish | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

More recent paper on the cleaner fish system, showing males will punish their female partners if they cheat, possibly to reduce possibility of clients avoiding cleaning station (thus benefiting male indirectly). 

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Effects of eye images on everyday cooperative behavior: a field experiment

Effects of eye images on everyday cooperative behavior: a field experiment | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Another "eye experiment" from Melissa Bateson's research group. An undergrad project?

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Kin selection and cooperative courtship in wild turkeys : Abstract : Nature

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A case study showing how to work through Hamilton's rule to determine if co-operation is the likely result of kin selection.

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Position preferences within groups: do whirligigs select positions which balance feeding opportunities with predator avoidance? - Springer

Position preferences within groups: do whirligigs select positions which balance feeding opportunities with predator avoidance? - Springer | Animal Behaviour BSX2018 | Scoop.it
Katherine Jones's insight:

Balance between marginal predation and hunger.

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Geometry for the selfish herd

Katherine Jones's insight:

Hamilton's original 1971 paper proposing the idea of a "selfish herd".

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