Political accountability is a necessary condition for good governance. In simple terms, there is political accountability when a citizen can reward with re-election an incumbent that provides an efficient use of public funds. Similarly, political accountability exists when a citizen can punish by ousting from power an unsatisfactory incumbent. It is crucial to note that political accountability is the main incentive that a government has to fulfil the needs and demands of the population.
In order for incumbents to be held responsible, the citizens must know which areas of government are controlled by each incumbent. If responsibilities are not assigned in a clear way, a citizen can hardly turn her dissatisfaction into votes and the link between bad management and electoral punishment dramatically weakens.