At 1 p.m. on August 24, A.D. 79 Vesuvius erupted And after nine hours of pain and agony Pompeii and Herculaneum were put out of their misery. An eye witness Pliny wrote about the event of that horrible day.
The World Heritage List includes 962 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value. These include 745 cultural , 188 natural and 29 mixed properties in 157 States Parties. As of September 2012, 190 States Parties have ratified the World Heritage Convention.
Italian Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (47)Cultural
18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex (1997)Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy (2003)Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia (1998)Archaeological Area of Agrigento (1997)Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997)Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites (2000)Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (1997)Castel del Monte (1996)Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena (1997)Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Italy Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci (1980)Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological Sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula (1998)City of Verona (2000)City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (1994)Costiera Amalfitana (1997)Crespi d'Adda (1995)Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (1996)Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia (2004)Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (1995)Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli (2006)Historic Centre of Florence (1982)Historic Centre of Naples (1995)Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1980)Historic Centre of San Gimignano (1990)Historic Centre of Siena (1995)Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (1996)Historic Centre of Urbino (1998)Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) (2002)Longobards in Italy. Places of the Power (568-774 A.D.) (2011)Mantua and Sabbioneta (2008)Piazza del Duomo, Pisa (1987)Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (1997)Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (2011)Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (1997)Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes (2008)Rock Drawings in Valcamonica (1979)Su Nuraxi di Barumini (1997)Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica (2005)The Trulli of Alberobello (1996)The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera (1993)Val d'Orcia (2004)Venice and its Lagoon (1987)Villa Adriana (Tivoli) (1999)Villa d'Este, Tivoli (2001)Villa Romana del Casale (1997)
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2000)Monte San Giorgio (2003)The Dolomites (2009)
Click for the Properties submitted on the Tentative List (41)
A study conducted on the graffiti found on Pompeii’s walls reveals it was an early form of political campaigning and social networking. The Ancient Roman city was covered in ash when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79AD. Much of the graffiti on the ancient city’s walls is preserved in remarkable detail. Research conducted by archaeologist Eeva-Maria Viitanen, a post-doctoral researcher at Finland’s University of Helsinki, shows that Pompeii homeowners had some control over who scrawled on the walls of their houses. Speaking at the annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America in Seattle, she explained that graffiti was scratched into the stucco walls, written with charcoal, or in many cases even created by professional painters hired for political campaigns. Viitanen is a project manager and co-ordinator for the Pompeii Project of the University of Helsinki. She examined more than 1,000 political messages found on walls in three areas of Pompeii. She discovered that in 40% of cases, political adverts were placed on the walls of the homes belonging to the wealthy, which is notable given their homes were outnumbered by shops, bars and the dwellings inhabited by the city’s poor. Viitanen hazarded a guess why, saying: “Bars were probably more populated, but could their customers read and would they vote?” Viitanen suggested the rich Ancient Romans were happy to allow their lavish homes to be used as prime advertising space for political slogans aimed at drumming up votes for political candidates during electoral campaigns. Such permission may have even signalled an endorsement. Viitanen told the journal ‘LiveScience’: “The facades of the private houses and even the street walks in front of them were controlled and maintained by the owner of the house, and in that respect, the idea that the wall space could be appropriated by anyone who wanted to do it seems unlikely.” The archaeologist found that the majority of political ads are in areas that were likely to get most traffic, and consequently guaranteed exposure and targeted an audience. She told ‘Live Science’ that the slogans were simple, perhaps saying that a named candidate was “worthy of public office” or “a good man”. However, in a nod to early spin and the bella figura, she revealed that one candidate boasted of his ability to bake bread. The political slogans are not the only type of graffiti found in Pompeii. The Ancient Roman citizens scribbled thousands of messages on the city’s walls, including literary quotes and greetings to friends, suggesting there was a thriving form of social networking centuries before Facebook was invented.
This time, it's one of those things the fullones did their work in ... only source so far seems to be Napoli.com: Ancora un crollo nell'area archeologica degli scavi di Pompei. A cedere stavolta è una vasca della fullonica, ...
Since mortuary practices involve the interpretation of material customs, social relations, cultural principles and the human body, they represent an array of disciplines (Rakita et al., 2008). All of these disciplines offer valuable ...
The Italian government and the town of Pompeii have launched an international competition in an effort to develop the town’s tourism attractions.
Called ‘99 Ideas Call for Pompeii’, the competition is being promoted by the Minister for Territorial Cohesion Fabrizio Barca, the Minister for Cultural Heritage and Affairs Lorenzo Ornaghi and the Municipality of Pompeii. Its goal is to develop Pompeii by building on its two major attractions: the archaeological site and Shrine of the Virgin of the Rosary of Pompeii dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary that has become a point of pilgrimage. Competition entrants are requested to submit proposals on realising the potential of the two attractions and their possible synergies with other local assets with the aim of rendering the town more attractive, welcoming and visible, and increasing the competitiveness of the local tourism and heritage industry.
Proposals can cover various themes including how to extend visitors’ stay by identifying additional attractions, promoting initiatives concerning attractions; developing local traditions such as handicrafts, improving the level of quality of service and infrastructure for visitors, developing the adjacent areas and providing services to the two major attractions, and promoting initiatives to secure the participation of citizens in the governance process and planning of projects.
The competition is open to interested parties such as professionals, academics and stakeholders acting individually or in association from Italy or abroad. It remains open until 15 April. Entrants can submit ideas at the www.99ideas.it website.