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PLOS ONE: Beeswax as Dental Filling on a Neolithic Human Tooth

PLOS ONE: Beeswax as Dental Filling on a Neolithic Human Tooth | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Evidence of prehistoric dentistry has been limited to a few cases, the most ancient dating back to the Neolithic. Here we report a 6500-year-old human mandible from Slovenia whose left canine crown bears the traces of a filling with beeswax. The use of different analytical techniques, including synchrotron radiation computed micro-tomography (micro-CT), Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dating, Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), has shown that the exposed area of dentine resulting from occlusal wear and the upper part of a vertical crack affecting enamel and dentin tissues were filled with beeswax shortly before or after the individual’s death. If the filling was done when the person was still alive, the intervention was likely aimed to relieve tooth sensitivity derived from either exposed dentine and/or the pain resulting from chewing on a cracked tooth: this would provide the earliest known direct evidence of therapeutic-palliative dental filling.

Via David Connolly
flor molina's insight:

Items from the prehistoric dentistry show that an old human mandible carried crowns that were filled in with beeswax material. The reason for the use of beeswax is because helped tooth sensitivity.

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Ancient Humans Took A Long Pause When Crossing From Asia to the Americas - Explore Utah Science

Ancient Humans Took A Long Pause When Crossing From Asia to the Americas - Explore Utah Science | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Latin Post
Ancient Humans Took A Long Pause When Crossing From Asia to the Americas
Explore Utah Science
The progress of the early human migration from Asia into the Americas was incredibly slow.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

It took humans 5 years to get from Asia to America. During that time, the ice sheets were barely beginning to melt. It is understand able to see why it would take so long.

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Cheese Chunks Adorn Ancient Mummies : DNews

Cheese Chunks Adorn Ancient Mummies : DNews | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The 3,600-year-old cheese was discovered on perfectly preserved mummies buried in China's desert sand.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

The oldest cheese has been found on well preserved mummies. It is said that the cheese was probably there so that the person can taste the cheese in the after life.

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Ancient "Giant Virus" Revived From Siberian Permafrost

Ancient "Giant Virus" Revived From Siberian Permafrost | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The discovery of a previously unknown "giant virus" from 30,000 years ago in the Siberian permafrost is bringing researchers closer to understanding the complexity of viruses. (Ancient "Giant #Virus" Revived From Siberian Permafrost.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

One of the biggest viruses were discovered. It appears to have been from thousand years ago. It is really hardened, which is why it has been alive for so long. Scientist were so surprised to see that the virus survived for that long.

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The sacred value of cannibalism in Fiji - Fiji Times

The sacred value of cannibalism in Fiji - Fiji Times | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The sacred value of cannibalism in Fiji Fiji Times "No matter how it may horrify us today, who are raised in an incomparably gentler environment and to pacifist philosophy, it was an ancient and accepted part of a former way of life and should be...

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Cannibalism in Fiji was popular back in time because of various reasons. People would use other peoples organs to be able to worship their gods. Other people such as soldiers would hang the meat of their enemies when war would be over.

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Rare prehistoric rock art found

Rare prehistoric rock art found | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
A rare example of a type of prehistoric rock art, that could be 5,000 years old, is uncovered in the Highlands. (Neolithic rock art discovery in Scotland.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

A rare ancient rock was found by two archaeologist. There were only markings on one side of the stone. People question themselves on whether they used these stones  for rituals, or if it was a way for them to know where the stars were located each night.

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Time line of human evolution and prehistoric inventions

Chronological list of human developments and inventions from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age based on the present archeological evidence. (Time line of human evolution and prehistoric inventions. What came first: religion, cave painting or music...

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flor molina's insight:

The human of evolution talks about different temples that were built along with various pyramids. The bronze age  was a period where religion first started to get used. There were also many cave paintings, which helped us learn on what the past periods consist of.

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Archaeologists discover 'finest ever' piece of Neolithic art that was part of vast temple complex built in 3,500BC

Archaeologists discover 'finest ever' piece of Neolithic art that was part of vast temple complex built in 3,500BC | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The stone artwork - which is decorated on both sides and has been described as one of the 'finest ever' to be found in Britain - was uncovered on the Ness of Brodgar in Orkney, Scotland.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Archaeologist had found a fine piece that appears to be from 5,000 years ago. They say that it was a part of a temple complex, but evidence show that it could have been built during the time that pyramids were being built.

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The Origins of Religion (Neolithic Era)

The Origins of Religion (Neolithic Era) | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The Neolithic/Agricultural Revolution that took place roughly around 12000 years ago was a cornerstone in shaping the pre-modern/modern world; an impetus transcending the hunter-gatherer lifestyle ...

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flor molina's insight:

The article talks about how the Neolithic period shaped up the modern world. It all began with different hunting techniques to skills that we use now during our present time.

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Large ancient mammals survived on flowering plants: Study

Large ancient mammals survived on flowering plants: Study | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
LONDON — Flowering plants may have been a critical source of nutrition for large ancient mammals, shows a n (Large ancient mammals survived on flowering plants: Study http://t.co/ndyCHPbheo)...

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Studies shows that large mammals and mammoths survived off flowering plants. The soil was used as their freezer to preserve all the nutrients in their food. DNA found in their stomachs has shown that many of these large animals survived off similar kinds of plants.

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From surf to turf: Archaeologists and chemists trace ancient British ...

From surf to turf: Archaeologists and chemists trace ancient British ... | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Studies of old rubbish dumps and dirty dishes have revealed that, 6000 years ago, ancient Britons gave up their passion for fish to begin a love affair with milk. ... A lack of maths just doesn't add up for a career in science.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Archaeologist examine human bones to see if they would eat healthy. Studies show that the earliest sign of humans (farmers) did not carry fish oils. They were more into agriculture which means they ate meat and grains more than fish or any type of sea food.

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Ancient Roman Life Preserved at Pompeii -- National Geographic

Ancient Roman Life Preserved at Pompeii -- National Geographic | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Read about archaeological investigations of Pompeii and see what archaeologists are hoping to find in this article from National Geographic.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

There has been recent discoveries of several frozen bodies laying under volcanic ash. It is said that this was an ending of a lot of citizens, but they left enough evidence to let people know what kind of people they were.

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Researchers Investigate Archaic Greek City-State in Crete

Researchers Investigate Archaic Greek City-State in Crete | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Archaeologists resume excavations at ancient site in eastern Crete to reconstruct development of early Greek city-state.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Archaeologist try to show a small structure to explain how "city-state" worked. The reason for this is because they want to show the people how the Greek life worked.

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Yangchen Lhamo's curator insight, February 28, 2014 3:55 AM

A Research and excavation team are stated to visit archaeological site in northeastern Crete.  

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'Animal Pompeii' wiped out China's ancient creatures - BBC News

'Animal Pompeii' wiped out China's ancient creatures - BBC News | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
BBC News
'Animal Pompeii' wiped out China's ancient creatures
BBC News
'Animal Pompeii' wiped out China's ancient creatures. Rebecca Morelle By Rebecca Morelle Science reporter, BBC World Service.

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How art forgeries became celebrated as masterpieces - Spear's WMS

How art forgeries became celebrated as masterpieces - Spear's WMS | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Spear's WMS
How art forgeries became celebrated as masterpieces
Spear's WMS
Art has been faked since it came off the cave wall and became treasure, and now that it's a multi-billion-dollar industry that side of the business has swollen too.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Art all started as cave paintings, once it comes off or it is drawn it becomes worth millions. During that time, there was a lot of greed going on which is why paintings would have different values toward it.

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Ancient gladiator school discovered in Austria

Ancient gladiator school discovered in Austria | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
An ancient Roman gladiator school has been discovered in Austria, complete with cell blocks, a training arena and a bath complex, archaeologists say (Ancient gladiator school discovered in Austria - Fox News: Ancient gladiator school discovered in...

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

School was discovered by Radio scanners. They were not excavated, however archaeologist decided to make a 3D model of the school.

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Ancient toddler whose DNA helped science will now be reburied

Ancient toddler whose DNA helped science will now be reburied | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The skeletal remains of an infant who lived in what is now Montana about 12,600 years ago will be reburied in a formal ceremony now that scientists have sequenced its genome, researchers say. (Remains of ancient toddler to be reburied...

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Scientist were able to study the remainings of a small boy. Scientist were able to link the DNA to the Clovis people. After everything was done and over with, the skeletal remainings were buried once again.

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Toxic Algae Most Likely Cause Of Ancient Chilean Whale Strandings - RedOrbit

Toxic Algae Most Likely Cause Of Ancient Chilean Whale Strandings - RedOrbit | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
RedOrbit
Toxic Algae Most Likely Cause Of Ancient Chilean Whale Strandings
RedOrbit
Image Captions: (Top) Fossil of ancient whale at Cerro Ballena dig site.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

This post actually mentioned the highest probability of the deaths of so many whales. Studies has shown evidence of Red tides and algal blooms. This must have poisoned the whales killing them right away.

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A new report on the extraordinary discovery of a whale graveyard in the path of the Pan-American Highway

A new report on the extraordinary discovery of a whale graveyard in the path of the Pan-American Highway | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
In Chile, more than 40 skeletons, mostly of whales, indicate multiple beachings millions of years ago.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

There were several whale skeletons that were found on the side of a highway in Chile. Construction workers were the first ones to find the graveyard as they were digging around that site. It is said that the bones were apparently from about 10,000 years ago. Most of them were found with their belly facing up which means they probably died once the sea washed out.

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Ancient predators grew 'steak-knife' teeth - CBC.ca

Ancient predators grew 'steak-knife' teeth - CBC.ca | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
CBC.ca Ancient predators grew 'steak-knife' teeth CBC.ca (Note: CBC does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of external links.) As the meat it ate came in bigger and bigger packages, an ancient predator found a solution — it evolved...

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Scientist had found evidence on a large lizard look-a-like creature that had teeth that resemble steak knives. These animals were alive before dinosaurs even existed, They hunted near hot swamps and waited for their prey.

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Ancient petroglyphs captivate archeologists

Ancient petroglyphs captivate archeologists | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The petroglyphs of Bangudae in Korea comes under the spotlight of international media outlets. It's been considered as the first evidence of the prehistoric origins of whaling.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Archaeologist study ancient petroglyphs. The petroglyphs show  evidence of people having the knowledge to hunt huge whales. It is surprising how they had the utilities to attack the biggest  sea fish alive during their time.

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Strange marine mammals of ancient North Pacific revealed - Phys.org

Strange marine mammals of ancient North Pacific revealed - Phys.org | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
"At the same time as this eclectic mix of ancient and modern-type marine mammals was living together, the marine mammal fauna in the North Atlantic and Southern Ocean were already in the forms we find today." Mr Boessenecker ...

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Ancient fish pivotal in evolution of face - ABC Science Online

Ancient fish pivotal in evolution of face - ABC Science Online | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
ABC Science Online
Ancient fish pivotal in evolution of face
ABC Science Online
"It's like in a science-fiction movie. You look at the mirror, but it's not you.

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Scientist found the remainings of the ancient fish called  Romundina. The ancient fish was examined due to it not having any signs of a jaw. It is odd because most modern fish have a jaw along with a backbone. The ancient fish had a backbone with an odd upper lip.

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Ancient skeletons dug up at Florence's Uffizi - Centre Daily Times

Ancient skeletons dug up at Florence's Uffizi - Centre Daily Times | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Ancient skeletons dug up at Florence's Uffizi Centre Daily Times ROME — Work to expand the Uffizi Gallery's exhibit space has unearthed an ancient cemetery with dozens of skeletons archaeologists say might have been victims of the plague or some...

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

Sixty skeletons were found in the Florence area.Archaeologist believe that the reasons for their deaths must have been from an epedimic plague. The only way that they are able to make this guess is because their skeletons show they had poor nutricion. 

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ANA-MPA: Heritage Daily: Greek Neolithic site one of 10 most important antiquity discoveries of 2013

ANA-MPA: Heritage Daily: Greek Neolithic site one of 10 most important antiquity discoveries of 2013 | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
Greek Neolithic site amongst Top10 antiquity discoveries of 2013 @amna_news http://t.co/bBMEcyRY4x

Via Ruby Carat
flor molina's insight:

By studying different types of architectures that the Neolithic people left, you are able to tell what their daily days consist off. Because of several different forms of evidence, archaeologist say that they focused a lot on agriculture.

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The Extreme Significance of the Archaic Greek of the Catalogue of Ships in Book II of Iliad in the Reconstruction of Mycenaean Greek

The Extreme Significance of the Archaic Greek of the Catalogue of Ships in Book II of Iliad in the Reconstruction of Mycenaean Greek | Ancient Neolithic Period | Scoop.it
The Extreme Significance of the Archaic Greek of the Catalogue of Ships in Book II of Iliad in the Reconstruction of Mycenaean Greek: As an introduction to the application of the Greek of Book II o...

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Richard Vallance's curator insight, December 2, 2014 11:41 PM

significant #post from our #blog http://linearbknossosmycenae.wordpress.com/ ; #Iliad #catalog #catalogue #ships