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Templo de Karnak (Ipet-Sut) Luxor

Karnak (al-Karnak,الكرنك, "ciudad fortificada", llamada en el Antiguo Egipto Ipet Sut, "el lugar más venerado") es una pequeña población de Egipto, situada en la ribera oriental del río Nilo, junto a Luxor. Era la zona de la antigua Tebas que albergaba el complejo religioso más importante del Antiguo Egipto. Forma parte del conjunto denominado Antigua Tebas con sus necrópolis, declarado Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco en 1979. Es el conjunto de templos más grande de Egipto. Durante siglos, este lugar fue el más influyente centro religioso egipcio. El templo principal estaba dedicado al culto del dios Amón, pero como en otros templos egipcios también se veneraba a otras divinidades.
El complejo de templos de Karnak lo componen: el recinto de Amón-Ra, el recinto de Montu, el recinto de Mut, el templo de Jonsu, el templo de Opet, el templo de Ptah. Existía también un lago sagrado, numerosos templetes y capillas de menor tamaño, y múltiples estancias y almacenes situados dentro de los muros que circundaban el recinto principal. La diferencia principal entre el templo de Amón en Karnak, que Diodoro de Sicilia afirma ser el más antiguo de Tebas, y la mayoría de los templos egipcios es el tiempo y esfuerzo empleados en su construcción y posteriores ampliaciones. Unos treinta faraones contribuyeron con sus edificaciones convirtiendo al complejo en un conjunto, que por su tamaño (unas treinta hectáreas), no se había conocido jamás.
La entrada, entre dos inmensos pilonos, está precedido por un dromos ("camino del dios") o avenida de esfinges, con cabeza de carnero, símbolos del dios Amón. Se accede a un gran patio porticado donde se encuentra, a la izquierda, un templete del faraón Sethy II, una de las columnas de Taharqo y la monumental estatua de Pinedyem I, a la derecha el templo de Ramsés III, al frente, la sala hipóstila, y un poco más al fondo, los obeliscos de Thutmose I y Hatshepsut; después hay una serie de estancias, con patios menores, y el santuario, a los que sólo tenían acceso el faraón y los sacerdotes. La sala hipóstila de Karnak es probablemente una de las partes más signulares del conjunto religioso. Con 23 metros de altura, se trata de un espacio sustentado por 134 gigantescas columnas que se hacen más altas en el centro, formando una gran nave central; disposición posiblemente pensada para iluminar el centro de la sala. Como material se utilizó la piedra, tallada en pequeños bloques que conforman los tambores de las columnas. Estas sustentaban en basas y terminaban en gigantescos capiteles papiriformes y campaniformes, sobre los cuales se apostaban enormes dinteles que sostenían una cubierta adintelada. Los fustes de tan colosales columnas se encontraban decorados con relieves polícromos, encargados de complementar la grandiosidad del lugar sagrado.
En el antiguo Egipto, la construcción de los templos se iniciaba siempre por el santuario, lo que significa que Karnak se comenzó por el centro y se terminó de construir por las entradas al recinto. Todo el conjunto estaba ricamente decorado y pintado en vivos colores. El complejo de Karnak es el conjunto de culto religioso conocido más antiguo del mundo. Un enorme museo a cielo abierto que muestra importantes restos de la cultura del Antiguo Egipto. Después de las pirámides de Guiza, es el segundo lugar más visitado de Egipto.

The Karnak Temple Complex (usually called Karnak) comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. Building at the complex began in the reign of Sesostris I in the Middle Kingdom and continued into the Ptolemaic period, although most of the extant buildings date from the New Kingdom. The area around Karnak was the ancient Egyptian Ipet-isut ("The Most Selected of Places") and the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty Theban Triad with the god Amun as its head. It is part of the monumental city of Thebes. The Karnak complex takes its name from the nearby, and partly surrounded, modern village of el-Karnak, some 2.5 km north of Luxor.


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Ancient Roman History Timeline

Ancient Roman History Timeline | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Provides a chronological history of Ancient Rome with extensive links to internet resources.

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Joy Kinley's curator insight, September 8, 2013 10:37 PM

The descriptions of what is accurate and what is false in the movie Gladiator is especially helpful.

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Oetzi the Iceman Had Heart Disease Gene : DNews

Oetzi the Iceman Had Heart Disease Gene : DNews | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Otzi the Iceman, a well-preserved mummy discovered in the Alps, may have had a genetic predisposition to heart disease, new research suggests.
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Findings indicate ritual destruction of Iron Age warriors - Past Horizons Archaeology News (press release)

Findings indicate ritual destruction of Iron Age warriors - Past Horizons Archaeology News (press release) | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Past Horizons Archaeology News (press release) Findings indicate ritual destruction of Iron Age warriors Past Horizons Archaeology News (press release) In 2012 archaeological excavations revealed the bones of an entire army, whose defeated warriors...
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Uncovering the Mysteries of the Bog Bodies - History

Uncovering the Mysteries of the Bog Bodies - History | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Uncovering the Mysteries of the Bog Bodies History With new developments in strontium isotope tracing technology, scientists have now analyzed the 20-inch (50-centimeter) long locks of hair preserved on the skull of Haraldskær Woman, and their...
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Archaeologist Promotes Wonders of Digital Archaeology - Popular Archaeology

Archaeologist Promotes Wonders of Digital Archaeology - Popular Archaeology | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Archaeologist Promotes Wonders of Digital Archaeology
Popular Archaeology
These are but a few examples of what the emerging new science of digital archaeology can offer the interested scholar and public alike.
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King Tutankhamun and the Royal Family of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

King Tutankhamun and the Royal Family of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
The genealogy of Tutankhamun is one of the greatest remaining unsolved mysteries in Egyptology. For decades, experts all over the world have studied and debated the pharaoh’s true lineage.
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The Iceman: A Historical Inquiry

I designed this lesson to introduce students to the study of history using Ötzi the Iceman. Students will examine the evidence presented and use it to construct a story about the Iceman’s death.

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For Preliminary study.

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Egyptian Gods

Gods of Ancient Egypt (Pretty interesting stuff: http://t.co/QUoRCLQh7c)
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For the study of Ancient Egypt - preliminary course.

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Lena Nobakht's comment, September 15, 2013 11:07 PM
a clear list of all egyptian gods
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Roman Businesswomen. I: The case of the producers and ...

Roman Businesswomen. I: The case of the producers and ... | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
History of the Ancient World Ancient History News and Resources. Articles · Videos · News · Books · Films ...
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For the study of Pompeii and Herculaneum

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Ancient Egypt (World History)

Ancient Egypt for World History and Western Civilization

NOTE: Several "hidden" slides do not show up on the SlideShare version of this presentation, but you will be able to see these slides if you download.


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Treatment of Captives in Ancient Greek Warfare – A Vicious Circle

Treatment of Captives in Ancient Greek Warfare – A Vicious Circle | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
This essay argues that the treatment of captives constituted a vicious cycle in which the defenders of city would resolutely resist the siege for fear of massacre, mass rape, and enslavement; this stalwart defense, in turn, would contribute to ...
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Great essay on Greek Culture as well as other antient populations.

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See The Entire History of the World, As Told By Infographics - Co.Create

See The Entire History of the World, As Told By Infographics - Co.Create | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Co.Create See The Entire History of the World, As Told By Infographics Co.Create "The Infographic History of the World" is a UK book that uses some artfully arrayed data to chronicle our collective past--everything from Roman armies to top selling...
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Egypt's devastating museum looting latest casualty - Wilkes Barre Times-Leader

Egypt's devastating museum looting latest casualty - Wilkes Barre Times-Leader | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
IBTimes.co.uk
Egypt's devastating museum looting latest casualty
Wilkes Barre Times-Leader
Archaeologist Monica Hanna described it as a "masterpiece". Other looted items included gold ...
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The devastating effects of civil war ( the Amarna items lost for ever)

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Ancient History Encyclopedia

Ancient History Encyclopedia | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
The web's source of information for Ancient History: definitions, articles, timelines, maps, books, and illustrations.
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The Archaeology News Network: 'Hammer of Thor' unearthed on the Danish Island

The Archaeology News Network: 'Hammer of Thor' unearthed on the Danish Island | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
The Archaeology News Network: 'Hammer of Thor' unearthed on the Danish Island http://t.co/UqMmPH0Wje
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Carving Defaced by King Tut's Possible Father Found : DNews

Carving Defaced by King Tut's Possible Father Found : DNews | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
The carving dates back more than 3,300 years and bears the scars of a religious revolution that upended the ancient civilization.
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Who Were the Ancient Bog Mummies? Surprising New Clues

Who Were the Ancient Bog Mummies? Surprising New Clues | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Centuries-old corpses cast into Danish bogs may have been revered travelers, researchers reveal. (Who were the ancient bog mummies?
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Great for stage6

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El mundo de la filología clásica: MAPA INTERACTIVO DE COLONIAS GRIEGAS

El mundo de la filología clásica: MAPA INTERACTIVO DE COLONIAS GRIEGAS | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it

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Gruesome deaths discovered by archaeologists - HeritageDaily

Gruesome deaths discovered by archaeologists - HeritageDaily | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
HeritageDaily
Gruesome deaths discovered by archaeologists
HeritageDaily
Ramesses III – the second Pharaoh of the 20th dynasty – is believed to have reigned from 1186 to 1155 BC.
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More Precise Timeline Developed for Early Egypt - Archaeology Magazine

More Precise Timeline Developed for Early Egypt - Archaeology Magazine | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
More Precise Timeline Developed for Early Egypt http://t.co/g8tDUUGlcT
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New date for origin of ancient Egypt

New date for origin of ancient Egypt | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
A new timeline for the formation of ancient Egypt is established by scientists.
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In Search of the Lost Land of Gold (and mummified baboons too) - Scientific American (blog)

In Search of the Lost Land of Gold (and mummified baboons too) - Scientific American (blog) | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Scientific American (blog) In Search of the Lost Land of Gold (and mummified baboons too) Scientific American (blog) Other archeologists associated Ophir with another legendary place – “Ta netjer” the land of the gods, also known by the ancient...
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Italian bureaucracy threatens Pompeii

Italian bureaucracy threatens Pompeii | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it

Conservationists warn the city is dangerously exposed to the elements, and is poorly served by red tape, lack of strategic planning and limited personnel of the site’s troubled management.


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Planet Egypt - Episode 1: Birth of the Empire (History Documentary)

Planet Egypt - Episode 1: Birth of the Empire (History Documentary) For many decades, archaeological excavations and scientific expeditions throughout the en...
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Minoan Stoneware

Minoan Stoneware | Ancient History- New Horizons | Scoop.it
Craftsmen of the Minoan civilization centred on the island of Crete produced stone vessels from the early Bronze Age (c.
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