DAHSHOUR, Egypt — From a distance, it looks as though an animal has burrowed around the 4,000-year-old Black Pyramid of Amenemhat III. But thieves dug these holes. And Egyptian archaeologist Monica Hanna calls that “a catastrophe.”
The specific nature of the title ‘s_m`yt’ or “chantress”, which occurred from the Middle Kingdom onward, is investigated through the use of a database cataloging 861 women who held the title. Sorting the data based on a variety of details has yielded patterns regarding their chronological and demographical distribution. The changes in the social status and numbers of women who bore the title indicate that the Egyptians perceived the role and status of the title differently through time. Information on the titles of the chantresses’ family members has allowed the author to make inferences concerning the social status of the women who held the title “chantress”. Middle Kingdom title-holders were of modest backgrounds and were quite rare. Eighteenth Dynasty women were of the highest ranking families. The number of women who held the title was also comparatively small. Nineteenth Dynasty women came from more modest backgrounds and were more numerous. Women of the Third Intermediate Period were nearly all from priestly families at Thebes and the large number indicates the strength of the cult of Amun.
The title occurs sporadically after the Third Intermediate Period, but is known through the Ptolemaic era. From the earliest occurrences of the title until the latest, it is clear that the title was closely associated with the state religious hierarchy. It has been shown that during the New Kingdom the ‘s_m`ywt’ participated in state religious rites including processions, daily temple rituals, and the ‘Sed’-festival ceremony. This association with the state religious apparatus also had political implications. The author has interpreted the fluctuating numbers of women who held the title, along with their historical context, to conclude that, at times, the title may have been used by the religious authorities as a tool to involve more families in the temple systems and the local or national power structures
Long before the Greeks, the Ancient Egyptians had their own version of Mount Olympus, but it was neither located in Greece nor Egypt. Named Gebel Barkal, the holy mountain in Sudan served as the place where the god Amon lived.
Many young girls and women alike may dream of what it was like to be an Egyptian princess or queen, but when you look past the glamour of ancient Egyptian royalty you may find being an ordinary woman in ancient Egypt preferable to life on the throne.
The cosmetic items on display range from ointment spoons to perfume pots, and each object provides fascinating insight into humankind’s longstanding preoccupation with self-image.
The bronze handheld mirror, for example, reflects vanity in one of its oldest forms. The beautifully designed cosmetic boxes, on the other hand, encapsulate human beings’ age-old desire to look aesthetically pleasing.
More than 2,000 years ago, at a time when Egypt was ruled by a dynasty of kings of Greek descent, someone, perhaps a group of people, hid away some of the most valuable possessions they had — their shoes...
We still have no clue how the pyramids were built, but thanks to a bright blue pigment first used by the ancient Egyptians, scientists now have a new method in the development of nanomaterials for various tech uses, namely telecommunications devices.The pigment commonly referred to as “Egyptian Blue” may be the key in ushering in a new era of technological development, according to theJournal of the American Chemical Society.
The number of pyramids in ancient Nubia (aka kingdom of Kush & today is called Sudan) were a total of 223, double the pyramids of its neighbor Egypt. The underground graves of the Nubian pyramids were richly decorated.
Shonda Brock's insight:
Nubia rivaled Egypt in wealth and power, and mutually influenced each other.
Crocodile Skin Suit of Armour in ancient Egypt. The crocodile was seen as sacred and divine, and worshipped as a god, so this suit might have been worn by priests of the crocodile sect from 3rd century AD.
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