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An Introduction to Google's Dyslexia Resources | Articles | Noodle

An Introduction to Google's Dyslexia Resources | Articles | Noodle | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Google for Dyslexia: Using Chrome for Reading and Writing (Part One)

Via ScienceandTechnology
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Antibody shows promise as treatment for HIV

Antibody shows promise as treatment for HIV | Anatomy & Physiology articles |

Treating HIV with an antibody can reduce the levels of the virus in people's bodies — at least temporarily, scientists report on 8 April in Nature1. The approach, called passive immunization, involves infusing antibodies into a person's blood. Several trials are under way in humans, and researchers hope that the approach could help to prevent, treat or even cure HIV. The work is a milestone towards those goals, says Anthony Fauci, director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Maryland. “This is an early study, but it’s a study with some impressive results,” he says.


Researchers tested four different doses of an HIV antibody called 3BNC117 in 29 people in the United States and Germany. Seventeen of the participants had HIV, and 15 of those were not taking antiretroviral (ARV) drugs at the time of the study. One infusion of the highest dose of antibody, given to 8 participants, cut the amount of virus in their blood by between 8 and 250 times for 28 days.


But much work remains to determine whether the approach can produce longer-lasting effects and whether it is practical for clinical use. Previous studies have shown that passive immunization can reduce levels of HIV in the blood of monkeys and mice, although the approach has not worked as well in humans2.


But the antibodies used in those earlier clinical tests were of an older generation that could not neutralize many different strains of HIV. Researchers have spent much of the past decade trying to find 'broadly neutralizing' antibodies that are more widely effective against the virus, and the 3BNC117 antibody belongs to this class.


The price of treatment with this approach is also a concern. Antibodies can cost thousands of dollars for each course of treatment, and the majority of people with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries, some of which are already fighting drug companies over the high cost of antibody medicines. “The practicality, utility and efficacy of this approach are hugely open questions,” says Mitchell Warren, executive director of AVAC, a global organization that advocates HIV prevention and is headquartered in New York City.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Russell R. Roberts, Jr.'s curator insight, April 10, 3:55 AM

Perhaps this is the breakthrough the medical community and HIV sufferes have been hoping for.  I surely hope so.  Aloha, Russ.

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An Etymological Map of the Brain - Neuroskeptic |

An Etymological Map of the Brain - Neuroskeptic | | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
The parts of the brain have many weird and wonderful names. But what do those names signify? I've made this Etymological Map of the Brain to illustrate the
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HowStuffWorks "Tommy John Surgery"

HowStuffWorks "Tommy John Surgery" | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
People are asking will surgery change baseball with the explosion of Tommy John surgery. Learn the answer to can surgery change baseball.
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Relapse of 'cured' HIV patients spurs Aids science on - City Press

Relapse of 'cured' HIV patients spurs Aids science on - City Press | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Scientists seeking a cure for Aids say they have been inspired, not crushed, by a major setback in which two HIV-positive patients believed to have been cured found the virus reinvading their bodies once more.
Madison Punch's comment, February 20, 2014 6:07 PM
After knowing the story of AIDS sufferer Ron Woodroof(as greatly portrayed by Matt McConaughey), I really felt sympathetic for those who suffer from this terrible disease. It's mostly looked upon as something only passed along in a promiscuous lifestyle, but in actuality, it can be passed to others in a multitude of ways, and is a terrible things to go through. There is no existent cure for Aids, but there is treatment. It's horrifying that these patients had a setback in their treatment, especially that it is such a intolerable disease.
Jasmine Sain's comment, March 10, 2014 8:36 PM
I thought this was pretty sad. It sucks that these guys thought they were cured and then the next minute they find out they're not. I guess it's good because now we're one step closer to a cure.
Rachel Calero's comment, March 24, 2014 9:26 PM
The movie "Dallas Buyer's Club" does an extremely good job on showing the struggles and odds people with the HIV/AIDS virus. I'm so glad to hear that they have gained so much more knowledge on this black-box and have taken this setback as an opportunity to find the actual cure this is amazing.
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Slug-Inspired Glue Can Heal a Broken Heart - D-brief ...

Slug-Inspired Glue Can Heal a Broken Heart - D-brief ... | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
CURRENT ISSUE. See inside the current issue of Discover Magazine ... sealant held for a 24-hour monitoring period.
Rachel Calero's comment, March 24, 2014 9:36 PM
This article just shows how truly amazing animal s are and how we don't give them enough credit. A slug, such a low class thought of animal has helped a breakthrough come about in our world. There was another animal that played a very big role in the process which was the pig. Pig hearts have been used for such a long time and their compatibility to our human heart is unreal.
adam gray brooks's comment, April 9, 2014 4:13 PM
this article is about scientist who made a new glue that was inspired by a slug because slugs stick to anything and this glue they made can be used on the heart or other intestines and its better than staples or stitches on the heart i think this a good due to the babies born with heart defects or people who need surgery on there heart
ana velez's comment, May 13, 2014 4:35 PM
this article is about how slugs stick to anything and is now used as a glue that is better then getting stitches or staples too close a wound. I think its interesting how a small animal can be a big help to us humans.
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AIDS by the numbers #WorldAIDSDay

AIDS by the numbers #WorldAIDSDay | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
New HIV infections among adults and children were estimated at 2.3 million in 2012, a 33% reduction since 2001. New HIV infections among children have been reduced to 260 000 in 2012, a reduction of 52% since 2001.

Via Mr. David Burton
adam gray brooks's comment, March 19, 2014 6:20 PM
I'm shocked about how many people were affected by aids I didn't know that aids affected so many people in 2001
Madison Punch's comment, March 24, 2014 5:56 PM
It's really amazing that there is a decrease in AIDS statistics. This disease is horrible and is insufferable by many of its victims. The battle against this virus is growing stronger and soon, hopefully, we can defeat it.
ana velez's comment, May 13, 2014 4:28 PM
This article tells us about how these diseases decreased during the year 2001 to 2012. Its cool to know that people arent getting these diseases as bad as they did back then . I like this article because it shows improvement in the world
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Ultrasound pulses could replace daily injections for diabetics

Ultrasound pulses could replace daily injections for diabetics | Anatomy & Physiology articles |

There could be hope for diabetics who are tired of giving themselves insulin injections on a daily basis. Researchers at North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill are developing a system in which a single injection of nanoparticles could deliver insulin internally for days at a time – with a little help from pulses of ultrasound.


The biocompatible and biodegradable nanoparticles are made of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), and contain a payload of insulin. Each particle has either a positively-charged chitosan coating, or a negatively-charged alginate coating. When the two types of particles are mixed together, these oppositely-charged coatings cause them to be drawn to each other by electrostatic force.



Via Ray and Terry's , Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Joseph Perrone's comment, January 12, 2014 12:35 PM
Researchers in north Carolina are developing a way to help people with diabetes. so instead of giving insulin shots every day they are working on a way to use one shot and use that for days on end with the use of ultrasounds. This will make it much easier on the people who take the shots every single day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I really think that this will be very useful to the diabetics! sounds much better that giving yourself a shot everyday! Must be painful to do that stuff. Good artical!
Taylor Marie Price's comment, February 5, 2014 5:18 PM
UNC and NC State students are trying to develop a way for diabetics to receive their insulin without daily injections. The plan is for nanoparticles to carry a payload of insulin to last a few days...................................As a diabetic I think it is a great idea and would be absolutely AMAZING!!! Even though I'm currently on a insulin pump which allows less shots it would even better if I had something that worked in the way the nanoparticles would work so it would allow me to not have to worry about forgetting as often or having to stress about giving my insulin to myself.
Madison Punch's comment, April 13, 2014 2:36 PM
It's so cool to know that in my home state, students are trying to improve treatment mediums for diabetics. It's a tough thing to deal with and to control and it's rad that more ways to accommodate the disease.
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Russian leech farm supplies doctors who trust an ancient therapy

Russian leech farm supplies doctors who trust an ancient therapy | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
At the International Medical Leech Center near Moscow, leech tenders lovingly raise the slimy creatures.
Jasmine Sain's comment, March 10, 2014 8:53 PM
In the article they talk about how using leeches is still popular in Russia. I never realized that leeches were raised in farms. Actually I didn't know anything about leeches until this. I didn't know using leeches for medical purposes was even allowed.
Alivia Gatza's comment, March 17, 2014 9:01 PM
This article is about a popular remedy with the use of leeches in Russia. The leeches are raised on farms and then sold to medical clinics. The rise of the use of pills is becoming more popular but however, many still believe in the natural remedies. I believe this is actually pretty awesome. How knew they still used this remedy method. Not sure if I would want a leech sucking on me but if it cured me I don't think I would mind to much. I would be kinda grossed out though. I would also really want to take a shower lol.
Trajhae Williams's comment, October 27, 2014 8:25 PM
A Russian facility still uses the old treatment of leeches for medical uses.The leeches are grown by female workers called nurtruers.I thinks it's a every inexpensive way to help people but wouldn't want worms crawling on me and sucking my blood
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New Human Body Part Discovered

New Human Body Part Discovered | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Time to rewrite the textbooks!
Rachel Calero's comment, March 24, 2014 9:42 PM
This article proves that we will never stop discovering things not only in this vast universe but in our own bodies. This new discovery will help improve corneal surgeries and make them so much more safe. Not only will this help with surgeries but it will help explain for certain infections, irritations, blindness, etc.
Julieta Isoler's comment, March 26, 2014 8:37 AM
This article tells bout how we are still finding out new things about the body. A new layer called the duas layer was found. This will make eye surgery much easier they say. Also, they say that this causes corneal hydrops. It's great how we still find things about our body that will make the future easier for us.
Jasmine Diane Sain's comment, May 5, 2014 6:57 PM
I think this article is proof that we're always going to be finding out new things about our bodies and other things. Discoveries like this are making surgery less complicated and showing how much we are advancing.
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Bionic leg helps shark-attack victim walk

Bionic leg helps shark-attack victim walk | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Craig Hutto lost his right leg in a shark attack when he was 16 years old.
adam gray brooks's comment, March 31, 2014 5:32 PM
this article is about a 16 year old boy who lost in leg in a shark attack and now has a prosthetic leg created at Vanderbilt University and can walk and run this article interesting because technology these days can leg you do just about anything other people can do
peyton obrien's comment, February 4, 9:22 AM
this article amazed me it made me think of Bethany Hamilton she lost her arm in a shark attack and she didn't except the bionic arm but scientist have exactly what we need. this article was about a 16 year old boy loosing his leg and scientist/ doctors gave him a bionic leg the leg was created at Vanderbilt university. I loved this article.
Luke Lavander's comment, September 2, 8:44 PM
Craig Hutto had his leg bitten off when he was 16 yearsold. Soon after he had lost his leg he was able to try a fullly computerized bionic prosthetic leg built by Vanderbilt University. The leg works by using sensors and motors to sense and replicate muscle and joint movement from a healthy limb. The prosthetic allows the wearer to do things a normal prosthetic leg couldnt do such as , running, climbing stairs, and going up and down hills in a more natural way. I find it amazing how far technology has come, we've built a device taht seems like something from a game or movie. Just think of far we'll come in the next decade.
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A wakeup call for parents who don't vaccinate their kids?

Study links vaccine refusal to whooping cough outbreaks
Joseph Perrone's comment, January 12, 2014 12:05 PM
Honestly vaccines scare me a bit. . . . i mean who knows what people could put in there! sometimes i think that they are good but. . . . . god knows what could be in that thing! it could be something that could kill us. i know it seems irrational but you see how the world is today.
Cordel Littlejohn's comment, December 7, 2014 9:17 PM
This is crazy, But it is really talking about how an infant could have a sickness and spread it with little things that is crazy. Just a cough and you could get the sickness in you. And yea I do want to thank God for making vaccine. And these parents don't want to trust it because the increase in autism.
peyton obrien's comment, February 25, 8:01 AM
Little kids parents are afraid to get the whooping cough shot because parents believe the vaccine could lead to autism. The doctor says he would describe how efficient the vaccine really is and how 30,000 people die a year if more. A child who gets the vaccine can decrease the chance of whooping cough if they are around someone who has it or has not had the vaccine.
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Exercise may be ‘as effective’ as drugs for treating common diseases

Exercise may be ‘as effective’ as drugs for treating common diseases | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
New research has shown that exercise may be equally as effective as certain prescription medications at treating chronic – and sometimes deadly – diseases.
Joseph Perrone's comment, January 12, 2014 1:27 PM
Research is showing that exercise can prevent many common diseases and some deadly ones! Researchers from the London School of Economics, Harvard Medical School and Stanford University School of Medicine, wanted to compare both the benefit of exercise and drugs. overall they saw no significant difference between exercise and drug intervention. They end by saying that they need more research to find out the life saving benefits of exercise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I always knew that exercise can keep you healthy, kinda expected. its just if you overdue it, it could cause some problems. but its pretty cool how exercise could help prevent common Diseases!
Madison Punch's comment, February 20, 2014 6:17 PM
It's amazing all the things that moving around and keeping your body substantially exercised can do! It's nice to know that fitness is an option in somewhat curing/preventing diseases, sometimes medicine can have harmful effects all the while helping. Exercise has absolutely no faults.
Jasmine Sain's comment, February 20, 2014 7:59 PM
I thought this was pretty cool. I always knew exercise was good for you, but I never knew it was almost exactly the same as getting treatment. Well, not exactly the same, but close enough to where if you don't get treatment, exercise would definitely help you. I think this is a great thing and doctors should recommend exercise to their patients along with treatment.
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A medieval remedy for MRSA is just the start of it. Powdered poo, anyone?

A medieval remedy for MRSA is just the start of it. Powdered poo, anyone? | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Don’t write-off corpse medicine – the remarkable discovery by Nottingham University shows what treatments can be extracted from a cow, or indeed a human Continue reading...

Via Joy Kinley
Joy Kinley's curator insight, April 8, 11:32 AM

We frequently think that nothing ever happened in the Middle Ages and all of their science was wrong.  Well as we actually study not just use old perceptions we are finding out that some of their medicines and ideas work well.  It is very interesting that antibiotics were seen as wonder drugs and in a fairly short time span they are becoming ineffective but a treatment from the Middle Ages is working better than the modern wonder drugs.

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A needle-free vaccine patch that's cheaper than a needle

A needle-free vaccine patch that's cheaper than a needle | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
One hundred sixty years after the invention of the needle and syringe, we're still using them to deliver vaccines; it's time to evolve. Biomedical engineer Mark Kendall demos the Nanopatch, a one-centimeter-by-one-centimeter square vaccine that can be applied painlessly to the skin. He shows how this tiny piece of silicon can overcome four major shortcomings of the modern needle and syringe, at a fraction of the cost.
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Measles Outbreaks: Are Parents Who Don't Vaccinate Putting Your ...

Measles Outbreaks: Are Parents Who Don't Vaccinate Putting Your ... | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Leeches are quite effective and approved by the FDA for circulation problems. ... How is it science is inconclusive as to why Building 7 fell but you state w/absolute certainty that injecting a newborn w/ heroic doses of mercury is all good.
Alizah Morrison's comment, March 24, 2014 10:46 PM
Parents need to educate themselves more and trust more in Artificial acquired immunity so that they won't put other people's children at risk. Schools have strict immmunization requirements for a reason. These guidelines help for a safer environment for the students, staff, and visitors.
Katherine Martinez's comment, May 26, 2014 7:02 PM
This article is about how more kids are getting measles by the minute and the effects of not vaccinating kids. I feel like parents who don't vaccinate are selfish and stupid. First of all: you don't want your kids getting measles. Second: What if another kid caught it because of your son/daughter
Katherine Martinez's comment, May 26, 2014 7:02 PM
? You should think about how it effects people around you.
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Africa: Hashtags for Health -

Africa: Hashtags for Health - | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Africa: Hashtags for Health
... insights into global and regional trends. Today, researchers are digging into Twitter, looking at what users are saying about disease in order to monitor epidemics.
Alizah Morrison's comment, February 11, 2014 8:50 AM
I think that hashtags for health is a great idea because social media has really played a big role throughout today society and it may allow more people to follow along wit them.
Rachel Calero's comment, May 19, 2014 7:42 PM
Hashtags for health is such a creative and more efficient way of getting such messages across the world. It's great to see the bright side to social media and it's benefits to the world.
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How Men's Brains Are Wired Differently Than Women's: Scientific American

How Men's Brains Are Wired Differently Than Women's: Scientific American | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
Male brains have more connections within hemispheres to optimize motor skills, whereas female brains are more connected between hemispheres to combine analytical and intuitive thinking
Julieta Isoler's comment, March 4, 2014 6:59 PM
This article explains the difference of how men and women think. Women's brains are connected between hemisphere and mens brains are within hemisphere. Also, women may have better verbal memory and social cognition, whereas men may have better motor and spatial skills. This makes me realize that men and women really are differant in many ways.
Alivia Gatza's comment, March 17, 2014 8:50 PM
This article explains the difference between men and women's explains that women's brains are wired left to right and that they are wired between hemispheres and that us women have intuitive thinking. While men are wired front to back with motor skills and connect in the hemispheres. This article helps me have a better understanding of why males are interested in certain things women are not. It shows that women and men do not think alike. If we think differently then the concept of women are smarter than men is indeed a false statement because it is not proven are brains are wired differently so you can not compare them on a level of smarts.
Rachel Calero's comment, May 19, 2014 7:47 PM
This article is amazing because it proves that we are truly wired differently therefore we cannot and will not have to same reactions, mindset, nor views. It would be unnatural.
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Signs of Aging, Even in the Embryo

Signs of Aging, Even in the Embryo | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
New research indicates that senescent cells, those that stop dividing, play an important role at both the dawn and dusk of life.


In 1961, two biologists named Leonard Hayflick and Paul Moorehead discovered that old age is built into our cells. At the time, many scientists believed that if healthy human cells were put in a flask with a steady supply of nutrients, they would multiply forever. But when Dr. Hayflick and Dr. Moorehead reared fetal human cells, that’s not what they found. Time and again, their cells would divide about 50 times and then simply stop.


In fact, it turned out, senescent cells are involved in many of the ravages of old age. Wrinkled skin, cataracts and arthritic joints are rife with senescent cells. When researchers rid mice of senescent cells, the animals become rejuvenated.


Given all this research, the last place you would expect to find senescent cells would be at the very start of life. But now three teams of scientists are reporting doing just that. For the first time, they have found senescent cells in embryos, and they have offered evidence that senescence is crucial to proper development.


The discoveries raise the prospect that the dawn and dusk of life are intimately connected. For life to get off to the right start, in other words, youth needs a splash of old age.


Scott Lowe, an expert on senescence at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center who was not involved in the research, praised the studies for pointing to an unexpected role for senescence. He predicted they would provoke a spirited debate among developmental biologists who study how embryos form. “They’re going to really love it or really hate it,” Dr. Lowe said.


While senescence may be a powerful defense against cancer, however, it comes at a steep cost. Even as we escape cancer, we accumulate a growing supply of senescent cells. The chronic inflammation they trigger can damage surrounding tissue and harm our health.


In the mid-2000s, William Keyes, a biologist then at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on Long Island, was studying how senescence leads to aging with experiments on mice. By shutting down a gene called P63, he could accelerate the rate at which the mice accumulated senescent cells — and accelerate their aging.


To observe the senescent cells, Dr. Keyes added a special stain to the bodies of these mice. To see the difference between these mice and normal ones, Dr. Keyes added the same stain to normal mouse embryos.

Naturally, he expected that none of the cells in the normal mouse embryos would turn dark. After all, senescent cells had been found only in old or damaged tissues. Much to his surprise, however, Dr. Keyes found patches of senescent cells in the normal mouse embryos. Dr. Keyes decided to look again at those peculiar senescent cells in normal embryos. He and his colleaguesconfirmed that cells became senescent in many parts of an embryo, such as along the developing tips of the legs.


The researchers, however, found no evidence that the senescent cells in embryos have damaged DNA. That discovery raises the question of how the cells were triggered to become senescent. Dr. Keyes hypothesizes they did so in response to a signal from neighboring cells.


Once an embryonic cell becomes senescent, it does the two things that all senescent cells do: it stops dividing and it releases a special cocktail. 

The new experiments suggest that this cocktail plays a different role in the embryo than in the adult body. It may act as a signal to other cells to become different tissues. It may also tell those tissues to grow at different rates into different shapes.


Dr. Keyes suspects that the sculpting that senescent cells carry out may be crucial to the proper development of an embryo. Consequently, any disruption to senescent cells may have dire consequences. “Where we see senescence in the embryo is where we see a lot of different birth defects,” he said.


For an embryo to develop properly, signals have to be sent to the right places at the right times. The peculiar behavior of senescent cells may help in both regards. If a cell stops growing, it won’t spread too far from a particular spot in an embryo. And by summoning immune cells to kill it, a senescent cell may ensure that its signals don’t last too long.


It’s possible, Dr. Keyes speculates, that senescence actually evolved first as a way to shape embryos; only later in evolution did it take on a new role, as a weapon against cancer. “I like the idea that it was a simple process that was then modified,” Dr. Keyes said.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Joseph Perrone's comment, January 12, 2014 11:34 AM
In 1961 two biologist discovered that old age is built into our cells. Senescent cells are responsible for the ageing of our body's, when scientist removed the cells from mice body's they where rejuvenated. The strange part about it all is that the cells are found in the very beginning of life, three teams of scientist have found that these cells help the process of life happen. They also found that when a cell divides too much it becomes too damaged and becomes senescent. They also discovered that these cells help defend us from cancer, they secrete a cocktail of chemicals that help make sure the cell does not go out of control.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I found this article to be very interesting, scientist found something really cool. who would have thought that the ageing of our body is a built in process that has all of that stuff happen. These Senescent cells are very different, they even defend us from cancer, i would have thought the opposite. Very interesting article!
Madison Punch's comment, March 24, 2014 7:14 PM
I found this article to be among the coolest I've read from I figured that aging came with the weakening, or rather aging, of the body. Who knew it was basically "installed" into our cells? The end of cell division basically stops the flourishing of the peak of life and begins to fall into aging. Very cool.
Madison Carson's comment, September 1, 8:44 PM
I found this article to be rather cool. I've never heard of some of the cells that they were talking about. I thought that the older you got, the effects of old age would just come with it. But, seeing that old age is in you from the time you were born is very interesting.
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Polio Re-Emerges in Syria and Israel, Threatening Europe: Scientific American

Polio Re-Emerges in Syria and Israel, Threatening Europe: Scientific American | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
New cases in Syria highlight the vulnerability of nearby countries to the viral disease
lauren west's comment, November 23, 2013 7:57 PM
This article is about how polio is starting to make a comeback in Europe. Especially in countries like Syria, Isreal and Ukraine. Since the disease was considered erraticated, people started slacking on immunization. That is partly due to the war in Syria. In Isreal, they have found traces of the disease in the sewage. This is pretty shocking to me because I thought polio was completely gone. This just proves that getting vaccinated and having children vaccinated is still important even if the disease is very rare.
Nicole Arguedas Villalobos's comment, November 29, 2013 7:09 PM
This article deals with an outbreak of the poliovirus in Syria and Israel. They don't know how it came upon but they have ideas, including the war in Syria, from the sewage, etc. WHO considered the disease in Europe non-existent back in 2002 so not many people are immune to it because they think the poliovirus was gone. Therefore they are not getting vaccinated and neither are their kids. It's now becoming a huge wake up call to the EU. Not only are a lot of surveillance systems poor quality but Israel was able to detect the disease in their sewage but many other countries in the EU don't have the same type of quality systems I'm order to catch the disease. This outbreak really freaks me out because those type of things occurs over people thinking that certain diseases are eraticated for good so they don't take standard precautions over them. If it can happen in Europe it can also happen anywhere else. Some people don't have any symptoms so how would we know if someone flies in from another country and we get affected as well. It is good that they are now taking standard precautions over it and hopefully it does not spread to the point where they can't stop it.
Matt Lenox's comment, December 3, 2013 10:01 PM
This article is about the polio outbreak in Syria and Israel. War is going on in Syria and they have no idea how polio came up. People stopped gibing their kids the polio vaccination because they thought everyone was immune to the disease but they were wrong. Israel found the virus in their sewage. This article kind of scares me because its a deadly disease. It kills a ton of people. I hope the U.S takes precautions so it doesn't get over here. I hope and pray everything gets better and people are cured.
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College study finds Oreo cookies are as addictive as drugs

College study finds Oreo cookies are as addictive as drugs | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
The student brainchild behind the study says she wanted to explore how foods with high fat and sugar content contribute to obesity in low-income communities, and that the results are troubling.
Cordel Littlejohn's comment, December 7, 2014 9:43 PM
So basically these students from Connecticut are saying Oreos are more addictive than cocaine and this scientist in saying they are wrong, saying you really can't just compare those two like that. And I totally agree, they experimented on a rat and saying this. You can't just say that rats like humans. The two chemicals are different so they aren't that addictive, but I will say they are very addictive and that's a fact. All that sugar, you are going to come back for.
peyton obrien's comment, February 10, 7:57 AM
The study of Oreos led to a bigger discovery Oreos can be as addicting to a person more than drugs. In Connecticut College they tested it on rats and they said rats that ate the Oreos had more of an illusion than the rats who had cocaine and morphine they believe Oreos can be a bigger addiction than drugs.
peyton obrien's comment, February 10, 7:58 AM
I think this article was interesting I never really liked Oreos but I didn't think they could be addicting and that RATS could eat them and that they eat the middle out like most people I know.
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Strange condition lets woman hear sounds but not words

Strange condition lets woman hear sounds but not words | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
A 29-year-old woman developed an extremely rare condition in which she temporarily lost the ability to hear words, though she could hear other sounds, according to a report of her case
Madison Punch's comment, April 13, 2014 2:41 PM
This is one of the main reasons I believe AIDS/HIV to be the worst of diseases, and it quite saddens me. This is an odd condition, but to which I'm glad she's slowly recovering from. This woman, due to her HIV, can still hear her favorite song on the radio, but ceases to hear the lyrics that she could quote, that she relates to. This is extremely sad. HIV is horrendous.
Kaitlyn Wilt's comment, April 30, 2014 7:33 PM
A 29-year-old woman developed an extremely rare condition in which she temporarily lost the ability to hear words, though she could hear other sounds. She was HIV-positive, developed headaches and began having difficulty hearing about two months after starting her first round of antiretroviral therapy, a drug regimen aimed at keeping levels of HIV low. I think this probably the main cause of this. I honestly don;t know.
Jasmine Diane Sain's comment, May 5, 2014 6:59 PM
I think this is really weird. I don't really understand how she could hear sounds but not words. I can't imagine how frustrating it must be for this woman to have to deal with this. I can't believe something like HIV can do something like this.
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What kind of brain injuries do football players experience?

Researchers study athletes at Purdue University
Alivia Gatza's comment, March 17, 2014 9:12 PM
This video is about the injures of football players. In this video it tells about brain damage from concussions. After a hard tackle, after several hits the players can suffer from brain damage. They have helmets to try and prevent this but after hard hits when helmets come off, they are still at risk. I am a little scared by this article because I would hate for one of our LHS football team players to become hurt. I try to support our team and I don't know what I would do if one of them were to get hurt.
Madison Punch's comment, April 13, 2014 2:43 PM
This is one reason why I boycott sports, honestly. Football, while it can be enjoyable in its event and very brutal, is very dangerous. Imagine getting beat over and over on the head by OTHER heads and over time, it wears your brain down, damaging it. This is really interesting but very pitiful.
Cordel Littlejohn's comment, December 30, 2014 11:46 PM
I think this is pretty interesting. How they are actually going to keep track of this throughout highschool to college, i think that is impressive. It's also very important too, so they can actully see how much the brain is getting hurt or if it is getting hurt . I think this will decrease head injurys because they will make changes for the people getting injured.
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1 in 8 people around the world go hungry, says UN report

1 in 8 people around the world go hungry, says UN report | Anatomy & Physiology articles |
One in eight people around the world is chronically undernourished, the United Nations' food agencies said on Tuesday, warning world leaders that some regions would fail in halving the number of hungry by 2015.
PatrickHance's comment, October 13, 2013 9:00 PM
842 million people suffered from chronic hunger from 2011-13. Although this figure is down from 1.02 billion in 2009 and 868 million in 2010-12, the Millenium goal of reducing hunger by 2015 is unlikely to be achieved. Countries that experienced conflict were less likely to reach the goals. Additionally, those that are landlocked or have weak infrastructure were also unlikely to reach the goals. Chronic hunger is defined as not meeting dietary energy requirements, and not having enough food for a healthy life. Remittances are one of the reasons in the drop in hunger from the 1990s to today. The majority (827 million) of chronically hungry people live in developing countries. Africa is the continent with the highest prevalence of chronic hunger, with one in five people being undernourished. Southern Asia has the highest number of undernourished people.
PatrickHance's comment, October 13, 2013 9:19 PM
This article is important because chronic hunger is still a major issue today. The current number of people who are chronically hungry is 842 million out of an estimated 7.1 billion people worldwide. That means that 12% of the world's population experiences chronic hunger. This number is only expected to rise due to climate change and the increased demand of food due to population growth. Despite recent successes, these positive trends are only going to be reversed in the next few years. Chronic hunger is one of the world's most prominent, yet unknown issues.
PatrickHance's comment, October 13, 2013 9:19 PM
"1 in 8 people around the world go hungry, says UN Report." Fox News 2 10 2013, n. pag. Web. 13 Oct. 2013. <>.