Advanced Cell Technology hopes to harness the potential of these reprogrammed cells to develop better treatment options for patients suffering from leukemia and anemia. Individuals with certain types of those diseases routinely need platelet infusions, which maintain their body's blood-clotting ability. Unfortunately, it's been found that our bodies can sometimes become resistant to donated blood. Creating platelets from a patient's own cells solves this medical hurdle. If the U.S. Food and Drug Administration grants its request, ACT could begin testing by the end of 2013.