Alternative fuels
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Interview..

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Joe McDonald's insight:

Interview with active automotive technician and instructor at central westmoreland career and technology center brian pegg about alternative fuels, my questions ranged from the growth within the automotive industry and the available jobs for technicians in this field.  He explained how he has witnessed the upcoming technology first hand and how it greatly impacts the market.

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Video: Porsche R&D Chief Talks Hybrid 911, Four-Cylinder Sports Cars, and More

Video: Porsche R&D Chief Talks Hybrid 911, Four-Cylinder Sports Cars, and More | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
With the recent arrivals of its latest 911, Boxster, and Cayman, Porsche kept a relatively low profile at the 2013 Detroit auto show, physically debuting the Cayenne Turbo S, a model which it announced way back in October.

Via Chuck May
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Chuck May's curator insight, January 22, 2013 8:07 PM

Track and Street!  Great Future!

Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:37 AM
Porsche will be offering more hybrid technology including a Hybrid 911 and the application to Track and Street uses among customers and sponsors.
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Soon, you will be able to convert your car into hybrid & save energy - The Economic Times

Soon, you will be able to convert your car into hybrid & save energy - The Economic Times | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
The ministry of heavy industries is drafting a policy framework that will provide a norm for manufacturers of hybrid kits that enable existing passenger cars to convert into hybrids.

Via Chuck May
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Chuck May's curator insight, February 18, 2013 3:51 PM

Check it out! Hybrid aftermarket kits claim great return on investment for retrofitting standard gas engines to hybrid technology.  Recover investment in less than three years. This should get the automaker's attention if it proves to be true.


Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:34 AM
The ability will soon be available to convert any normal car to run on some hybrid technology, Although expensive, It will benefit a lot in the upcoming years when gas prices will continue to fluctuate upwards.
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Propane, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)

Propane, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), a mixture of propane (90%) and other gases, is a clean-burning fuel.
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 12, 2013 12:29 AM
LPG is a clean-burning fossil fuel that can be used to power internal combustion engines. Produce significantly lower amounts of some harmful emissions Less expensive and still uses vehicles fuel potential
Not much availability currently due to labor needed for conversion.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:13 AM
90% of propane used in U.S. comes from domestic sources and is less expensive than gasoline Potentially lower toxic, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions. Less readily available than gasoline & diesel but gets fewer miles on a tank of fuel.
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Biodiesel

Biodiesel is a form of diesel fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. It is safe, biodegradable, and produces less air pollutants than regular diesel.
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 12, 2013 12:27 AM
A "green" alternative. Biodegradable and safe on the environment. Alternative fuel for diesel consisting of fats and greases.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:09 AM
biodiesel is domestically produced from non-petroluem, renewable resources and can be used in most diesel engines, especially newer ones.Creates less air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. it is Biodegradable, Non-toxic and Safer to handle. Use of blends above B5 not yet approved by many auto makers. Lower fuel economy and power (10% lower for B100, 2% for B20) and is currently more expensive to make. Concerns about B100's impact on engine durability and has light increase in nitrogen oxide emissions possible in some circumstances
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Environmental Impacts of Hybrid Cars

Environmental Impacts of Hybrid Cars | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
Environmental Impacts of Hybrid Cars. Hybrid electric vehicles HEVs are praised as being fuel efficient, and good for the environment.
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:55 AM
2. Offered now are Plug in hybrids, this allows more traveling and compatibility with hybrid cars. These work just like gas stations but charge the car from a 120-volt power source. The gasoline engine in these cars is not used until they run out of charge so they produce very little tailpipe emissions.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:58 AM
3. A negative effect from these power stations is the power grid they are on. In California, 80% of cities electricity is from clean sources like hydroelectric plants, charging Hybrids in California will be very good for the environment. Although, In most other places, coal burning plants produce electricity and will create emissions equally as harmful as tailpipe emissions.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:00 AM
4. As far as car batteries go this has been a controversial topic for a while now. Toxic materials within the battery can cause serious health problems like brain damage, kidney damage and hearing impairment. Hybrids utilized nickel hydride batteries with research on lithium ion batteries.
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Shell Sees Solar as Biggest Energy Source After Exiting Industry

Shell Sees Solar as Biggest Energy Source After Exiting Industry | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
Royal Dutch Shell Plc says solar power, a business it abandoned four years ago, may expand into the world’s biggest source of energy in the next half century.

The proposition that photovoltaic panels will be the main power source by 2070 is one of the New Lens Scenarios Europe’s largest oil company published today in a report on energy demand this century. A second has natural gas as the main fuel by 2030.


Via Pol Bacquet, Chuck May
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:41 AM
2. Shell’s wind, solar and hydrogen projects were suspended by former CEO Jeroen van der Veer in 2009 before Voser took over in July that year. Today’s study is its longest term outlook, after spending $2.3 billion on alternative energy and carbon capture and storage research and development in the past five years.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:43 AM
A carbon zero aspect at shell gasoline asenergy demand may double in the next 50 years with population growth and demand according to Shell.
The first scenario, “a more prosperous, volatile world,” projects oil demand plateauing after 2040, and wind power and carbon capture growing more slowly on a lack of public and policy support.
Natural gas demand also will increase, said Jeremy Bentham, the report’s chief author. “The underlying pent-up demand for gas is very” strong, he said. No matter how much is produced, “we see it being sucked up, every molecule.”
In the second scenario, with more moderate economic growth, demand for oil will peak in about 2035. By the century’s end, electric and hydrogen-powered vehicles will dominate roads and there’ll be wide use of technology to trap carbon emissions.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:44 AM
4. Shell decided to focus mainly on renewable fuel sources in 2009 and in 2010 set up the Raizen ethanol venture with Cosan SA Industria & Comercio. In 2010, it saw the share of renewables in transport fuel doubling this decade.
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Hydrogen Fuel

Hydrogen (H2), the lightest and simplest fuel, is being explored as a fuel for passenger vehicles.
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:10 AM
The United States may stand to profit from hydrogen technologies. To be competitive in the marketplace, the cost of fuel cells will have to decrease substantially without compromising vehicle performance. The Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan (PDF) projects global sales of fuel cells will grow from approximately $500 million in 2009 to $1.22 billion by 2014.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:10 AM
Hydrogen has the highest energy content by weight of any fuel, but its energy content by volume is low. This fuel property makes storing hydrogen a challenge because it requires high pressures, low temperatures, or chemical processes to be stored in small spaces. Overcoming this challenge is important for light-duty vehicles because they often have limited size and weight capacity for fuel storage.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:11 AM
The United States imports about half of its petroleum, two-thirds of which is used to fuel vehicles in the form of gasoline and diesel. With much of the worldwide petroleum reserves located in politically volatile countries, the United States is vulnerable to supply disruptions. Hydrogen can be produced domestically from resources like natural gas, coal, solar energy, wind, and biomass. When used to power highly efficient fuel cell vehicles, hydrogen holds the promise of offsetting petroleum currently being imported for transportation use.
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Natural Gas - CNG & LNG

Natural Gas - CNG & LNG | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
Natural gas, a fossil fuel comprised mostly of ethane, is one of the cleanest burning alternative fuels.
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 1:30 AM
1. fossil fuel comprised mostly of methane and is one of the cleanest burning alternative fuels. This can be used in the form of compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) to fuel cars and trucks.
Dedicated natural gas vehicles are designed to run on natural gas only, while dual-fuel or bi-fuel vehicles can also run on gasoline or diesel. Dual-fuel vehicles allow users to take advantage of the wide-spread availability of gasoline or diesel but use a cleaner, Although ecnomical, the Natural gas pressure cell will take up passenger space.
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Ethanol

Ethanol | Alternative fuels | Scoop.it
Ethanol is an alcohol-based fuel made by fermenting and distilling starch crops, such as corn. It can also be made from "cellulosic biomass" such as trees and grasses.
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Joe McDonald's comment, March 12, 2013 12:26 AM
Alcohol based fuel made from starches like corn. Blended with parts of petroleum to help lower fuel costs.
Joe McDonald's comment, March 15, 2013 2:04 AM
Ethanol is domestically produced and reduces the use of imported petrol. It also lowers emissions of pollutants. It is also more healthy for the engine of the vehicle. The added cost to the vehicle is very low and will be used in flex fuel vehicles. It has a lower energy content which results in fewer mpg, but has limited availability but is very expensive to produce currently.