Reducing hunger and undernourishment is a global priority and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have the ambitious target of eradicating hunger entirely by 2030… This paper provides projections on the availability of calories at the national level, for the number of persons undernourished, and for the proportion of undernourishment (PoU) that are consistent with the market projections… It also considers the impact on undernourishment of four alternative scenarios: faster income growth relative to the baseline in developing countries; stronger growth in agricultural productivity; a combination of a faster income growth with a stronger productivity growth; and finally a more equitable access to available food supplies.
Under the baseline, the global PoU is projected to fall from 11% to 8% over ten years, with Latin America as a whole dipping under the 5% threshold at which the FAO considers hunger to be effectively eradicated. The PoU falls from 12% to 8% in Asia and the Pacific and from 23% to 19% in Sub-Saharan Africa… Higher income growth or more productive agriculture removes more people from the ranks of the undernourished, but in most cases, more equitable access to food leads to the biggest reductions. The analysis confirms that it is not lack of available food that is the fundamental problem, but rather effective access to that food. Trade plays an increasing role in ensuring national food availability for many countries…
The biggest impacts on undernourishment come through a scenario which improved access to available calories through a more equal distribution of incomes… across national populations. Already, the world produces 50% more calories than needed to meet everyone’s minimum calorie requirement. A 10% reduction in the coefficient of variation in 2024 lowers the overall PoU by 2.1 percentage points… A combination of income growth, agricultural productivity gains, and reduced income inequality will keep most Asian countries on track to achieve the SDG of eliminating hunger. However, the PoU for Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole remains stubbornly high under all scenarios, and by 2024 the region will account for more than one third of the global total of undernourished.
For the poorest African countries, much deeper transformations will be needed that raise the incomes of the poorest households and with it their access to food… Trade will play an important role in moving supplies from surplus to deficit countries. In most countries, the majority of additional consumption will be sourced from domestic markets. Overall there is a modest increase in the share of consumption imported for crop products, but larger increases are observed in some countries, including Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, India, Mozambique and Viet Nam. The importance of trade to national food availability will be reinforced if overall income growth is the dominant source of increased calorie availability, and reduced if the main driver is domestic agricultural productivity growth.
Las Naciones Unidas (ONU) pronostican que para el año 2050 será necesario incrementar la producción de alimentos en un 70 % para alimentar a la población mundial. Este reto no tiene una solución única, pero está suscitando el desarrollo de algunas ideas innovadoras que podrían modificar enormemente nuestra alimentación.
"Environmental possibilism and determinism are theories, put forth in order to comprehend and understand the role played by the physical environmental conditions in the emergence and progress of any human culture or society in a particular location."
Abstract BACKGROUND: To describe the changes in subjects' psychological stress intensity under the effect of dietary supplements of magnesium, probiotics, and vitamins after one month of intake. METHODS: Observational cohort study of subject complaining of psychological stress defined by a Perceived Stress Scale (PSS 10) score of more than 21. RESULTS: The study covered 242 healthy volunteers, 38.6 ± 13.6 years old, among whom 79.8% were women. Under the effect of the supplementation of magnesium, probiotics, and vitamins, the psychological stress of the subjects decreased significantly from 34.1 ± 4.5 to 26.2 ± 6.1 (p<0.0001), which corresponds to an average reduction of 22.7 ± 16.0%. Fatigue decreased even more significantly from 16.8 ± 6.4 to 8.7 ± 6.2 (p<0.0001), which corresponds to an average reduction of 45.0% ± 38.1%. Analysis showed that the psychological stress level was strictly similar one month after the treatment was discontinued and therefore clearly demonstrated that the psychological benefit was maintained over time. CONCLUSIONS: Stress and fatigue are significantly reduced by the intake of a food supplement with probiotics, magnesium, vitamins, and minerals and this effect is fully maintained one month after discontinuing the food supplement intake.
Las operaciones de limpieza y desinfección de equipos e instalaciones en la industria de alimentación son necesarias para mantener un adecuado nivel de higiene y seguridad alimentaria de los alimentos procesados, pero tienen un elevado impacto ambiental (consumo de agua, energía y productos de limpieza, aguas residuales, emisiones de CO2). El ecodiseño higiénico permite reducir el impacto ambiental que suponen las operaciones de limpieza de los equipos alimentarios, puesto que están diseñados teniendo en cuenta criterios higiénicos como: la configuración, la geometría, el acabado superficial y los materiales, que permiten conseguir una mejor limpieza aplicando protocolos más sostenibles.
"Protecting the health of humans, animals and plants at every stage of the food production process is a key public health and economic priority. The European Union's (EU's) food safety policy aims to ensure that EU citizens enjoy safe and nutritious food produced from healthy plants and animals, whilst enabling the food industry — Europe's largest manufacturing and employment sector — to operate in the best possible conditions. This publication is a part of a series that explains what the EU does in different policy areas, why the EU is involved and what the results are"
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the U.S. population has increased steadily over the past four decades, impacting health, livelihoods, and quality of life. Recent estimates of U.S. adult and childhood overweight and obesity rates suggest that nearly 35 percent of adults are obese and another 34 percent are overweight, while 17 percent of [...]
Hay muchas falsas creencias alrededor del concepto de ‘alimentación sana’. Hoy en día, la clave está en consumir de todos los grupos de alimentos de una forma equilibrada, variada y suficiente de acuerdo a la edad en que se encuentra cada individuo.
Quienes dicen salud moderadamente con cerveza, suelen tener mejores hábitos alimenticios, así como menor “pancita”, según el estudio sobre relación entre el consumo de esta bebida, la calidad nutricional de la dieta y tipo de hábitos alimentarios.
"SafeFood provides food safety information for consumers, educators, and those working in the food service industry. The information in these lessons is based on recommendations found in Food Code 2005. Food Code 2005 represents the most recent science-based information about good food safety practices.
Many people get sick each year from the food they eat. They may have diarrhea, vomiting, an upset stomach, fever, or cramps. They often think they have the flu, but the real problem is foodborne illness caused by bacteria in the food or viruses transmitted to food eaten a few hours or ..."
Food safety should always be in the forefront of your mind because the last thing you want is to have an incident where patrons suffer from food poisoning caused by contaminated food served in your restaurant. These 10 food safety tips will help keep your food safe.
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