A round up of news from around the global aquaculture industry in October 2013
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Tuna fisheries have entered an age of major transformation.
These highly migratory fish that swim through national and international waters have been talked about, campaigned on and examined thoroughly in the press. In recent years, all this talk has spurred some real action.
Industry has taken notice and committed to change. Fishers have taken proactive steps to improve their practices. Governments, in turn, have begun to lead in efforts to improve fishery-wide management. And if there is any lingering doubt that fishing practices and management are on a fast track to change, news out of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has put it to rest.
This week GEF CEO Naoko Ishii announced that the international institution has approved funding that will bring together public and private stakeholders to improve the sustainability of tuna fisheries. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is coordinating the project dubbed the Sustainable Management of Tuna Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ), and ISSF has signed on as a partner in the effort. So far the GEF reports that it has awarded $30 million in grants, which sparked the commitment of more than $150 million worth of co-financing.
The ABNJ project has been in the works for some time and the goals are based in the needs of tuna fisheries – funding and implementing projects that improve fishery performance, eliminating IUU fishing through better monitoring and reducing the ecosystem impacts of fishing, including wasteful bycatch. These are areas we all agree need immediate attention, and the barriers standing in our way need effort from all sectors in order to be overcome.
This isn’t the first project banking on the effectiveness of leveraging public-private partnerships. Last month’s release of the Global Partnership for Oceans Blue Ribbon Panel report highlighted the need to maximize efforts through collaboration. ISSF was founded on the principle of working with all stakeholders, and many NGOs, like WWF, have effectively worked in tandem with governments and the private sector for decades. So while this approach may not be new, scaling it worldwide is as much a breakthrough as it is necessary.
Let’s face it – ultimately tuna sustainability is as much about the economy as it is the environment. The tuna industry is worth billions and supports hundreds of thousands of jobs, many in developing coastal nations. The challenges threatening the long-term sustainability of tuna resources are just as varied as the stakeholders. That’s why working together provides an opportunity to ensure that the advancements we make are to the benefit of everyone, right down to the fish.
Hawaii-based Kampachi Farms says it can now raise Kona Kampachi — the brand name for Almaco jack, a type of tuna — entirely without fishmeal, as it seeks to farm ‘fish without footprints’.
In different trials over the last six months, supported by the Nebraska soybean industry and NOAA, the aquaculture firm has conducted replicated tank trials growing sashimi-grade Kampachi to a 2kg harvestable weight on a diet in which fishmeal has been replaced with – alternately – soy protein concentrate, micro-algae byproducts, single cell proteins and fish peptide concentrates.
Taste comparisons have found no discernible difference in product quality between fish grown on the commercial diet (the recipe of which is not known, but contains “an estimated 50% or more” of fishmeal) and those grown on the zero fishmeal feed, Kampachi Farms’ co-founder and CEO Neil Sims told Undercurrent News.
There were also tests of amino acids and fatty acid profiles of the resulting products, the results of which should be readily transferable to other marine fish species, Sims said.
Soy protein concentrate (SPC) is not the only ingredient that Kampachi Farms has been successfully experimenting with.
Micro-algae byproducts or pigments have been used in combination with SPC in recent trials.
The fish peptide concentrate (FPC) is derived from the waste water from fish processing plants, and extracting the FPC from this water can replace some of the nutrients currently provided by fishmeal as well as improving the quality of the effluent water, said Sims. Single-celled proteins are also derived from agricultural waste products which are produced by a bio-digester process.
“We’re continuing to tweak the formulations to find the best combination, but we have been able to show that it is possible to completely eliminate fishmeal from the diet of a sashimi-grade fish like kampachi,” he said.
This was a good example of Kampachi Farm’s research work in Hawaii supporting the more commercial side of the business, based in La Paz, Mexico, he added.
The La Paz site is ready to begin commercial production of kampachi for the North American market, after securing investment from British entrepreneur Toby Baxendale and others, and gaining aquaculture veteran Bjorn Myrseth alongside Baxendale on the company’s board.
“This research has benefits to both the commercial and the conservation sides of the business. On the one hand it can mean more scalable, responsible fish farming, lessening our footprint on the seas, and on the other it means more stable and predictable feed prices.”
At the recent GOAL aquaculture conference in Paris there was much talk of alternative fish feed sources, with several breakthroughs seemingly on the verge of becoming mainstream.
Soy protein is forecast to meet half of global aquaculture feed needs by 2020, said Michael Cremer, senior international aquaculture program advisor for the US Soybean Export Council (USSEC).
In market value, soy protein for aquaculture will represent $4.7 billion by 2020, he said.
There were also calls at GOAL for fish byproducts to be better utilized.
Around 35% of fishmeal is currently made from trimmings, said Andrew Mallison, director general of the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organisation (IFFO), speaking at the conference.
This is a share that is continuously growing, said Mallison, adding the industry needs to maximize their use of byproducts.
Fishmeal producers, meanwhile, are actively scouring for new raw material sources to meet the growing demand.
Neil Ramsden, Undercurrent News
Report casts doubt on how effective the landmark EU discards ban will be on repleneshing struggling fish populations.
Banning the wasteful practice of discarding edible fish at sea will not be enough to save dwindling fish stocks, a group of scientists have warned.
The ending of discards is a key European Union fisheries policy, and after a hard-fought battle over the past three years with the fishing industry and among some member states, an agreement was signed to phase out the practice gradually from 2015 to 2019.
The Fish Fight campaign by Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, the chef and Guardian food writer, was cited by the European Commission as a key factor in winning the battle.
But without strict limits on how much of each species can be caught, the ban will be ineffective, according to a study by the University of East Anglia and the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, published on Monday.
Researchers examined what would happen with a discards ban alone, the effects of tougher quotas and how fishing fleets could be monitored in order to ensure that they do not illegally land fish.
"The discards ban is not the great victory that the public seem to think," said Prof Alastair Grant, one of the authors of the research.
The European Union is changing the way in which fishing quotas are decided, from the old system of a "shouting match" held every December in which each member state would wrangle to gain the best deal for its fishing fleet, even if that would allow more fish to be landed than scientific advisers suggested. Instead, under the reforms agreed this year, the common fisheries policy will require quotas to be set based on what scientists have decided is the "maximum sustainable yield".
However, in the process of the changes, more power over catches will be devolved to member states. There is a danger, according to the researchers, that they could undermine the process.
"Politicians have sometimes negotiated higher catches," said Grant. "There will be a question over how individual member states comply."
As much as half the catch of some fishing fleets is thrown back into the sea, dead. That is because sometimes fishermen catch more than their quota of a certain species, or because they catch species for which they have no quota. But some fishermen have objected to the banning of discards, because they believe it could lower their profits - discarding allows them to throw back lower value specimens and maximise their profits from their quota.
But the UEA research found that, if appropriate quota measures are put in place, landing their whole catch need not cut fishermen's revenues. "It does not necessarily result in a smaller income, and there can be a small increase in profits," said Harriet Condie, lead author of the study.
The European Commission told the Guardian: "The banning of discarding is one element of the new fisheries policy, but it is only successful in combination with other elements of the reform such as strong catch quotas based on scientific assessment, long-term planning and reaching maximum sustainable yield."
The spokesman added: "Besides this, it is just unethical to throw back large quantities of unwanted dead fish. It should not have been fished in the first place."
Συχνά, πολλές από τις εταιρείες, ακόμη και αν παράγουν περισσότερο, πέραν όσων προβλέπονται στην άδεια, για προφανείς λόγους δεν δηλώνουν την παραγωγή αυτή.
Τα «greek statistics» είχαν συνδεθεί έως σήμερα με τα στοιχεία για το δημόσιο χρέος και το έλλειμμα της ελληνικής οικονομίας. Εχουν, όμως, εφαρμογή και σε άλλους τομείς και δη στις ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, καθώς -όπως επισημαίνουν παράγοντες του κλάδου- συχνά πολλές από τις εταιρείες, ακόμη και αν παράγουν περισσότερο, πέραν όσων προβλέπονται στην άδεια που έχουν λάβει, για προφανείς λόγους δεν δηλώνουν την παραγωγή αυτή.
Το μεγαλύτερο πρόβλημα που δημιουργείται από την πρακτική αυτή δεν είναι ότι σε ακόμη μία περίπτωση η χώρα έχει έλλειμμα αξιοπιστίας. «Σε ό,τι αφορά την Ελλάδα είναι γενικά δύσκολο να έχεις αξιόπιστα στοιχεία για την παραγωγή. Αυτό το αναγνωρίζει και ο ίδιος ο κλάδος και είναι πρόβλημα διότι καθιστά πιο δύσκολη την κατάρτιση στρατηγικής», επισημαίνει στην «Κ» ο κ. Αουντούν Λεμ, επικεφαλής του κλάδου προϊόντων, εμπορίου και μάρκετινγκ του Τμήματος Αλιείας και Ιχθυοκαλλιεργειών του FAO (Οργανισμός Τροφίμων και Γεωργίας του ΟΗΕ).
Πριν από μερικές εβδομάδες προκλήθηκε θόρυβος από ένα δημοσίευμα των Financial Times, βασισμένο σε στοιχεία του FAO, σύμφωνα με το οποίο η Ελλάδα το 2013 χάνει την πρωτιά από την Τουρκία σε ό,τι αφορά την παραγωγή τσιπούρας και λαβρακίου. Βάσει των εκτιμήσεων του FAO, η παραγωγή της Ελλάδας το 2013 θα διαμορφωθεί σε 94.000 τόνους από 101.000 τόνους το 2012, ενώ της Τουρκίας θα ανέλθει φέτος σε 108.000 τόνους από 96.000 τόνους το 2012. Μάλιστα, σύμφωνα με τον FAO η παραγωγή της Τουρκίας φέτος μπορεί να φτάσει ακόμη και τους 120.000 τόνους. Το δημοσίευμα προκάλεσε την αντίδραση του Συνδέσμου Ελληνικών Θαλασσοκαλλιεργειών, ο οποίος σε ανακοίνωσή του υποστηρίζει ότι η πρωτιά της Ελλάδας δεν έχει ανατραπεί και επικαλείται στοιχεία της νορβηγικής εταιρείας Kontali Analyse, βάσει των οποίων η παραγωγή της Ελλάδας για το 2013 θα φτάσει τους 123.000 τόνους και της Τουρκίας τους 94.000 τόνους. Κύκλοι του FAO, αν και δέχονται ότι η Kontali Analyse είναι μία από τις πλέον αξιόπιστες εταιρείες, υπεραμύνονται των εκτιμήσεών τους λέγοντας ότι αυτές είναι οι καλύτερες για την Ελλάδα.
Ανεξαρτήτως του ποια είναι τα πιο ακριβή στοιχεία, κανείς δεν μπορεί να αμφισβητήσει ότι ο κλάδος των ελληνικών ιχθυοκαλλιεργειών βρίσκεται σε κρίση. Αλλωστε ο λόγος που τα στοιχεία του FAO δείχνουν την παραγωγή της Ελλάδας να υποχωρεί είναι κυρίως διότι αρκετές εταιρείες, μεταξύ αυτών και η Δίας, η οποία έχει καταθέσει αίτηση υπαγωγής στο άρθρο 99 του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα, προχώρησαν στη διάθεση των ψαριών πριν αυτά φτάσουν στο επιθυμητό βάρος. «Για εμάς δεν είναι τόσο σημαντικό ποιος είναι ο μεγαλύτερος παραγωγός, η Ελλάδα ή η Τουρκία. Το πιο ανησυχητικό είναι ότι τα περιθώρια κέρδους είναι χαμηλά, με πολλούς παραγωγούς και στις δύο χώρες να υποφέρουν σε μια γενικώς δύσκολη αγορά», τονίζει ο κ. Λεμ.
Αιτία για τα χαμηλά περιθώρια κέρδους; Οι εξαγόμενες από την Τουρκία ποσότητες αυξήθηκαν το πρώτο εξάμηνο του 2013 κατά 66% και 88% στην τσιπούρα και το λαβράκι αντιστοίχως, προκαλώντας πτώση των τιμών, την ώρα που οι ώριμες αγορές-καταναλώτριες (Ιταλία, Ισπανία, Γαλλία) βρίσκονται στη σκιά της οικονομικής κρίσης. Η Τουρκία αντισταθμίζει τις απώλειες επεκτεινόμενη στις αγορές της Ρωσίας, των ΗΠΑ και της Μέσης Ανατολής, με τη βοήθεια και ειδικής επιτροπής προώθησης των προϊόντων θαλασσοκαλλιεργειών. Στην Ελλάδα οι όποιες κινήσεις είναι μεμονωμένες και πλέον αποτελούν μάλλον πολυτέλεια.
Ολοένα και πιο ισορροπημένες γίνονται οι αγορές των βασικών ειδών διατροφής και σημειώνεται μικρότερη αστάθεια τιμών σε σχέση με τα τελευταία χρόνια, χάρη στην ανάκαμψη των παγκόσμιων αποθεμάτων σιτηρών, σύμφωνα με τη νέα έκθεση του Οργανισμού Τροφίμων και Γεωργίας του ΟΗΕ (FAO) που δημοσιεύθηκε την Πέμπτη 7 Νοεμβρίου. Ήπια αύξηση, κατά μέσο όρο 205,8 μονάδες, σημείωσε ο Δείκτης Τιμών του FAO τον Οκτώβριο, γεγονός που οφείλεται κυρίως στην αύξηση των τιμών της ζάχαρης.
«Οι τιμές για τα περισσότερα βασικά προϊόντα διατροφής έχουν μειωθεί κατά τους τελευταίους μήνες . Αυτό σχετίζεται με την αύξηση της παραγωγής και της προσδοκίας ότι κατά την τρέχουσα περίοδο θα υπάρξουν περισσότερες διαθέσιμες ποσότητες για εξαγωγή και αύξηση των αποθεμάτων», δήλωσε ο Ντέιβιντ Χάλλαμ, διευθυντής του τμήματος εμπορίου και αγορών του FAO.
Marine Harvest, the world’s largest salmon farmer, has snapped up 28,826,736 shares in Grieg Seafood, at NOK 22 per share.
Following the purchase, for a total of NOK 634.18 million ($104.54m), Marine Harvest holds 25.81% of the share capital in Grieg.
Ole-Eirik Leroy, chairman of Marine Harvest and Alf-Helge Aarskog, CEO, could not be reached for comment.
Morten Vike, CEO of Grieg said he understands Marine Harvest were offered the shares after closing Thursday and decided to move.
He downplayed takeover talk and said he sees the move as a positive statement on Grieg. “They [Marine Harvest] have said this is a financial investment. We are a listed company and anyone is free to buy and sell our shares. It’s certainly a positive statement about the underlying value of the company,” he told Undercurrent.
Although listed on the Oslo stock exchange, 49.97% of Grieg is controlled by a Grieg family investment vehicle. Analysts are already indicating this could lead to a takeover attempt from Marine Harvest.
“In our opinion the price paid is fair, we have a target price of NOK 21. Grieg has been trading below peers, due to the historical underperformance,” Henning Steffenrud, an analyst with Swedbank, told Undercurrent News.
“For Marine Harvest, the capacity is cheaper than what they are trading at, also on earnings multiples,” he said. “We also believe Marine Harvest can improve the utilization of Grieg’s capacity, if they get control.”
Going forward, it is now very much up to the major shareholder, the Grieg family, said Steffenrud.
The bid prices Grieg at enterprise value (EV)/kilo NOK 50 for 2014 compared to NOK 73.7 for Marine Harvest, said Kolbjorn Giskeodegard, the senior analyst for seafood with bank Nordea.
“The key to taking over the company is, however, to come to an agreement with the main owner, Grieg Holding,” he said.
As for the operational rational of the move, “we expect to see synergies in coordinating operations in both Canada and Norway, while UK might be challenging, as Marine Harvest is already being forced to sell off operations there”, he said.
Marine Harvest is having to divest part of its UK farming operations, as part of of the acquisition of Morpol. Grieg, in fact, is seen as a possible buyer of these assets.
Grieg and Marine Harvest are a “fairly good geographical match”, said Giskeodegard.
Grieg is currently present in four regions, Canada, UK, Rogaland and Finnmark, the latter two in Norway.
“Marine Harvest is not present in Finnmark, and this will hence be a geographical expansion further north in Norway. In Rogaland and Canada, the operations can be phased in to the existing Marine Harvest organization,” said Giskeodegard.
The main challenge will be related to the 16,000 metric tons in Shetland, this will most likely have to be sold, as is the case is for the Morpol licences. ”One of the potential buyers for these assets are also gone if this deal comes through, favouring Leroy Seafood Group and SalMar, with their subsidiary Norskott (Scottish Sea Farms) as one of few candidates left to buy.”
Marine Harvest has released a 405,000t guidance for 2014. Grieg would add another 60-70,000t, bringing MHG harvesting up to 470,000t.
“This will also lower the current NOK 73.7 EV per kilo somewhat as they will add 16% more volumes at NOK 50 per kilo. Grieg has also some 25-30% unused capacity in their licences that might be added on top of this down the road,” said Giskeodegard.
Marine Harvest has made no secret of its intention to expand in salmon farming in Norway.
The Bergen-based group, which farms salmon in Norway, Scotland, Canada, the UK and Chile as well as other smaller operations in other countries and processing plants around the world, attempted to buy Cermaq earlier in the year.
After failing to secure Cermaq, Marine Harvest said, in a statement on June 26, it would look to other expansion options in farming in Norway and Chile.
“Marine Harvest will, in line with what we have communicated earlier, focus its resources on the development of green field feed capacity in Norway, expansion within Norwegian and Chilean farming as well as the forthcoming integration of Morpol,” said Marine Harvest, in the note.
Marine Harvest’s expansion aspirations in Norway had been held back by a cap on ownership of fish farm sites, at a quarter of the total. The Norwegian government has lifted this to 40%.
In July 2012, it was actually ruled that Norway’s law limiting single ownership of fish farms to 25% of the total is in breach of European Economic Area rules.
Norway was not been able to prove that ownership ceilings are suitable or necessary, the EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) said on July 11, 2012.
On Oct. 23, in its record Q3 report, Marine Harvest said it is investing “considerable capital” this year to grow its 2014 harvest to beyond 400,000t.
The company has harvested 289,090t so far this year, and harvested a total of 392,306t in the whole of 2012.
It is guiding for a harvest of 405,000t for 2014, of which 13,000t will come from the farms it is acquiring from Morpol.
In Norway, the company noted the government change showed signs of more licenses to be issued.
The initial signals imply a more liberal licensing regime, with the introduction of average maximum allowed biomass constraints, said the group.
However, this could lead to increased biological risk and reduced sustainability, which Marine Harvest “perceives… as a threat due to the industry’s dependency of a well regulated and sustainable framework.”
In its initial political platform manifesto, the new Norwegian government had said it was “open to increasing the number of licenses and increase the total available biomass in existing licenses”.
The government, headed by Erna Solberg, has also scrapped the fisheries ministry to make it part of the trade and industry ministry. The fisheries sector will still have a minister, however, with Elisabeth Aspaker replacing Lisbeth Berg-Hansen.
“Efforts to prevent escapes, sea lice and other disease challenges in the industry must be strengthened through binding agreements with the industry itself,” said the document.
“Municipalities that make space available to the industry should experience greater positive effects from the activity. The government will therefore let much of the consideration for the granting of new licenses accrue to affected municipalities.”
“The government will work with all parties to ensure the sustainable management of wild salmon populations , while provision is made for increased value creation.”
Tom Seaman - Undercurrent News
Controlling the reproduction of farmed fish has come a long way in the past 40 years and it is essential for the growth of a sustainable industry, stated Yonathan Zohar, University of Maryland, US, at the Elsiever Aquaculture 2013 conference in Gran Canaria, Spain. Lucy Towers, TheFishSite Editor reports.
Enhancing fertility through the induction of spawning is required for broodstock management and the predictable production of eggs and fry.
In the early days, hGC was injected but fish were dying, so it was clear that a new approach was needed, stated Dr Zohar.
In finding a new method, it was important to understand how hormonal failure was linked to the lack of ovulation and spawning.
Tests revealed that the lack of ovulation and spawning was due to the failure of the primary gonadotropin (LH) release from the pituitary gland. In response to this, scientists studied brain gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRHs) and designed GnRH analogs which could be injected into the fish. However, the effects of this did not last long enough for successful ovulation.
This therefore highlighted a need for a much more prolonged prescence of GnRH analogs in the fish's circulation.
In response, scientists have now created a tailored polymer based delivery system for different fish, ie daily spawners, monthly spawners
It is not just reproduction that is important, the sterility of farmed fish is also required in many fish farming operations.
Sterility helps to achieve better growth and prevents the genetic problems which escaped farmed salmon may have on wild salmon populations, especially genetically engineered salmon, which are much bigger in size then normal salmon.
Previous work found that tripolids are not 100 per cent affective and therefor a new approach to sterility was needed.
In order to carry out this work, scientists used zebra fish as a model.
Scientists studied the early development of the GnRH system and discovered that the ablation of the GnRH3 system or distrupting the early migration of the primordial germ cells (PGC) produced sterile fish.
In conclusion, Dr Zohar stated that the GnRH system and gonads establish very early in the development of zebrafish and other farmed fish and that by distrupting the early establishment of the GnRH system or the early migration of PGC’s, it is possible to induce sterility.
Although this procedure is not used in aquaculture at present, studies are soon to commence on its use in farmed salmon, said Dr Zohar.
The field of reproductive physiology in fish has made huge strides in recent years and sterile farmed fish will be important in the future.
Lucy Towers, Editor
Scientists say breeding fish can, over the time, reduce salinity
Even as vast tracks of land become infertile or lose productivity globally due to excessive usage of chemicals, scientists believe a natural solution exists. After nearly a decade of research and development, scientists at College of Fisheries say breeding fish can, over the time, undo the effects of modernisation.
Nearly 17 per cent of irrigated land in the country suffers from salinity, wherein pH levels of the soil increases due to excessive use of fertilisers, pesticides and other chemicals, said Shivakumar Magada, Professor at the college.
He was speaking on Wednesday at the inauguration of a 21-day winter school for researchers, academicians and extension workers who were given insights into the techniques and advantages of the project.
After nearly a decade of ‘feeler trials’, Mr. Magada’s team undertook a five-year research project that started in 2007 in 258 villages of Mandya and Shimoga districts. Aquaculture – the rearing of fish – was tested in its capacity to reduce salinity as well as an alternative source of income for farmers whose yields have been affected by salinity.
“The expenditure is around Rs. 60,000 per hectare to create a pond for a farm that is severely affected. The pond absorbs the salts, while the fish in it neutralises the salinity over time,” he said.
The management of alkalinity had resulted in an increase in yield, Mr. Magada said. His study found that paddy yield increased by more than 0.4 tonnes per hectare, sugarcane by 8 tonnes and coconut by 18 nuts per tree. “Apart from this, the farmer also gets fish production up to the tune of Rs. 17.5 per sq. m., compared to just Rs. 2 per sq. m. obtained from paddy,” he said.
However, like most experiments, failures are not uncommon. “The success rate is over 70 per cent. Failures point to wrong procedures followed – feeding of the fish, quantity of gypsum put in the pond, or farmers putting too many fishlings – and not flaws in the science behind it,” he said.
NOVEMBER 13 - SHAVING THE MANE IN THE NAME OF CHARITY
For the twelfth year running, SFM buyer Andrew Notaras will once again generously donate his hair to a worthy cause. This year funds will go to MS Australia to aid in their efforts to research and find a cure to this debilitating disease.
NOVEMBER 21: WORLD FISHERIES DAY SCREENING OF DRAWING THE LINE
Drawing The Line is fishing industry’s inconvenient truth - a story that needs to be told that no-one wants to hear.
The film questions the politics and the flawed science behind Australia’s marine reserve network. It draws on the experience of fisherman and eminent Australian scientists to show marine parks are failing to address the real issues affecting our seafood supply into the future.
Join us on World Fisheries Day (Thursday, 21 November) for the NSW premiere of this compelling film on the SFM auction screens. The event runs from 6pm - 9pm and includes a Q&A with the filmmakers as well as the atmosphere of seafood being loaded onto the floor for the next morning’s auction.
Watch a preview of the film here - www.drawingthelinefilm.com
The ICRD will provide a unique forum for participants to explore the many multidisciplinary aspects of fisheries and marine science.
This conference will provide a wonderful opportunity for fisheries and marine scientists to meet, exchange information and network .
PUBLICATION OF PAPERS
All papers of the registered participants will be published in printed proceedings with ISBN number as well as ONLINE conference Proceedings and forward for indexing. The Printed Proceedings Volume Part (where your paper is published) as well as printed certificates will be provided at the time of the conference.Abstract acceptance : Within two weeks
Moncton, New Brunswick – The Honourable Gail Shea, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, followed the recent announcement of a new Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with the European Union with a visit to a New Brunswick fish processing plant, where the benefits of the Agreement are already being welcomed.
Minister Shea also hosted a roundtable meeting with New Brunswick fisheries industry representatives, where she answered questions and discussed potential opportunities related to the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement.
“The Agreement is good news for Canada, it’s good news for New Brunswick and it is especially good news for fishermen and fish processors,” Minister Shea noted during her roundtable discussion. “Companies that process and export Canadian products will certainly benefit from this historic Agreement.”
When the Canada-EU Trade Agreement comes into force, almost 96 per cent of all EU tariffs on Canadian fish and seafood products will be eliminated, with the remaining four per cent to be eliminated by the 7th year of the Agreement.
“This is a big accomplishment for Canada and for the New Brunswick fishing industry in particular,” said Doris Losier, Cape Bald Packers Director. “We expect to see great economic benefits resulting from this Agreement from the day it is implemented. Minister Shea’s visit today was a welcome opportunity to express our confidence in a prosperous future.”
Canada’s fish and seafood products are among the best in the world. The EU is the world’s largest importer of fish and seafood, with a global import market averaging $25 billion annually between 2010 and 2012, and average seafood consumption of 26 kg per capita in 2010. It is already Canada’s third largest fish and seafood export market with a value of more than $350 million in 2012, despite these high tariffs.
“By providing preferential access to the world’s largest common market, the trade agreement will give the Canadian industry a clear competitive advantage and will benefit hard-working Canadians, particularly in coastal communities through more jobs, higher wages, and long-term prosperity,” added Minister Shea.
New Brunswickers stand to benefit significantly from this preferred access to the EU market. The EU is already New Brunswick’s second-largest export destination and fourth-largest trading partner. CETA will eliminate tariffs on almost all of New Brunswick’s key exports and provide access to new market opportunities in the EU. Exporters in these sectors will also benefit from other CETA provisions that will improve conditions for exports—provisions, for example, that ease regulatory barriers, reinforce intellectual property rights and ensure more transparent rules for market access.
A video featuring children and the Minister of Fisheries dressing up in fishing costumes was part of a nationwide consumer-awareness campaign in Denmark. The campaign, run in September, was backed by all Danish retailers and some of the country's major seafood brands, and also gained political support from the Danish Fisherman’s Association.
The children's event in Copenhagen’s Town Square Rådhuspladsen on National Fish Day was a highlight of the week-long campaign, which aimed to drive consumer preference for certified sustainable seafood and increase the amount of MSC labelled seafood under own retailer brands. In the video, Karen Hækkerup – Denmark’s Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries – recommends sustainable seafood as a wise choice for consumers, and shoppers interviewed in-store talk about their support for certified sustainable seafood.
The campaign also featured outdoor advertising, point of sale, leaflets sent to every household, social media and online campaigns engaging consumers, media coverage and PR events.
Initial findings show the number of MSC-labelled products increased by 40% in the year to September 2013, and a commitment from Dansk Supermarked, one of Denmark' s largest retailers, to sourcing 100% of its fish from either MSC or ASC sources by 2015. More results, including sales figures, are expected in the coming weeks.
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Σε σχεδόν διαρκή πτώση βρίσκεται τα τελευταία 50 χρόνια το ποσοστό συμμετοχής της γεωργίας, της δασοκομίας και της αλιείας στην οικονομία της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης (ΕΕ) των 28 κρατών μελών, σημειώνει μεταξύ άλλων η Ευρωπαϊκή στατιστική υπηρεσία της ΕΕ (Eurostat) σε έκθεσή της για τον πρωτογενή τομέα. Επιπλέον, τονίζει ότι το αγροτικό εισόδημα παρουσίασε σχετικά μικρές αυξήσεις – της τάξης του 1,0 με 3,4 % - σε Κροατία, Πορτογαλία, Σλοβενία, Ισπανία και Ελλάδα.
Συγκεκριμένα, κατά τη χρονική περίοδο 2000-12, το μερίδιο της γεωργίας, της δασοκομίας και της αλιείας στο σύνολο της οικονομικής δραστηριότητας (όπως μετράται από την ακαθάριστη προστιθέμενη αξία) μειώθηκε από 2,1 % σε 1,7%. Το μερίδιο της γεωργίας στο σύνολο της οικονομικής δραστηριότητας στην ΕΕ των 28 ήταν 1,4% το 2012, 0,2% για τη δασοκομία και 0,1% για την αλιεία.
- μειωμένη ζήτηση για πολλά προϊόντα λόγω κρίσης και
- άσχημες καιρικές συνθήκες.
Στρατηγικής σημασίας για τις επιχειρήσεις του πρωτογενούς τομέα είναι η ανάπτυξη θεματικών ζωνών.
Στρατηγικής σημασίας για τις επιχειρήσεις του πρωτογενούς τομέα είναι η ανάπτυξη θεματικών ζωνών. Ζώνες θερμοκηπίων, υδατοκαλλιεργειών, κτηνοτροφίας κτλ. παρέχουν τη δυνατότητα σε αυτές τις μονάδες να αναπτυχθούν σε έναν οργανωμένο παραγωγικό ιστό αφού θα έχουν εξαλειφθεί οι γραφειοκρατικές δυσχέρειες. Και μάλιστα συμβάλλουν καθοριστικά στην ανάπτυξη, καθώς αναμένεται να σημειωθούν ενίσχυση της απασχόλησης και δημιουργία νέων θέσεων εργασίας. Το πρώτο βήμα σχεδιασμού για την ανάπτυξη του κλάδου των υδατοκαλλιεργειών έγινε στην Πιερία με την ίδρυση της πρώτης ζώνης αυτού του είδους στη χώρα μας, κίνηση που αποτελεί τομή στον χώρο. Εκεί δραστηριοποιείται μια ομάδα από περίπου 200 οστρακοκαλλιεργητές, οι οποίοι έχουν στόχο τις εξαγωγές καθώς κατευθύνουν στο εξωτερικό το 90% της παραγωγής τους.
Οι στόχοι της ημερίδας είναι:
ΕΕ 1. Διαχείριση γεννητόρων και έλεγχος της αναπαραγωγής για την παραγωγή καλής ποιότητας αυγών,
ΕΕ 2. Πρωτόκολλα νυμφικής εκτροφής και παραγωγής γόνου,
ΕΕ 3. Πάχυνση σε ιχθυοκλωβούς χρησιμοποιόντας μεθόδους που αναπτύχθηκαν ειδικά για τον κρανιό,
ΕΕ 4. Επίδραση των συνθηκών εκτροφής στην καταπόνηση και ευζωία του κρανιού, ώστε να βελτιστοποιηθούν οι μέθοδοι εκτροφής,
ΕΕ 5. Διατροφικές απαιτήσεις, πεπτικότητα, φυσιολογία πέψης και την ανάπτυξη εμπορικών σιτηρεσίων που να επιτυγχάνουν βέλτιστη αύξηση και μετατρεψιμότητα,
ΕΕ 6. Παθολογικά προβλήματα κρανιού που επηρεάζουν την εκτροφή του και διάθεση του τελικού προϊόντος,
ΕΕ 7. Ποιότητα τελικού προϊόντος και αποδεκτικότητα του από τους καταναλωτές.
Το Πρόγραμμα και η Αίτηση παρακολούθησης της ημερίδας: http://kranios.weebly.com/etamuepsilonrho943deltaalpha.html
The ballan wrasse (Labrus berggylta) is a member of the Labridae family that is used to combat sea lice and scientists are now closing in on what the wrasse's perfect feed is.
A recently published NIFES study describes what is believed to be the optimal nutritional composition of feed for wrasse: 65 per cent protein, 12 per cent fat and 16 per cent carbohydrates.
The research team also found that the wrasse used in aquaculture were not being fed sufficient amounts of certain micronutrients such as taurine, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins, A, D and K.
“We found that the needs of farmed wrasse for most of the important nutrients were being satisfied. Our next task will be to find out just how much the wrasse need of minerals and vitamins, for example,” says NIFES research scientist Kristin Hamre.
The scientists based their conclusions on an experiment in which they varied the protein, fat and carbohydrate content of feed they gave to wrasse fry, and then measured their rates of survival and growth.
They also gave farmed fry a feed that is used in commercial wrasse aquaculture. The nutrient content of the fry themselves was analysed and compared with data obtained from wild ballan wrasse.
Additionally, the scientists analysed the nutrient content of the roe of sexually mature fish. This procedure enabled them to find out whether the famed fish were being given inadequate or excessive amounts of a number of nutrients (based on the hypothesis that wild fish enjoy good nutritional status).
The raising of wrasse for use in sea-cages is still limited in scale, and most of these fish are still caught in the open sea. However, increased resistance to the medicines used to combat sea-lice makes it more and more difficult for fish-farms to keep the sea-lice at an acceptable level. Therefore the demand for wrasse is increasing, causing concern about overfishing. This has led to a growing desire to employ farmed wrasse.
The hope is that farmed ballan wrasse can become an environmentally friendly alternative to medication, because this approach would eliminate the release of drug residues to the environment in the vicinity of fish-farms.
“Ballan wrasse is a new species for aquaculture, so we still have to overcome a number of fish-health and environmental challenges before we can produce them on a large scale. With this analysis of their nutritional requirements we have taken a major step forward,” says Hamre.
The study was carried out in collaboration with Nofima and Marine Harvest, and was financed by the Research Council of Norway , the Fishery and Aquaculture Industry Research Fund (FHF), Marine Harvest and Villa Organic AS.
TheFishSite News Desk
Pacific bluefin tuna has one of the fastest growing aquaculture industries due to its high price and strong demand. However, in recent years, farmed juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna in Japan have been affected by parasites, leading to high mortalities, writes Lucy Towers, TheFishSite Editor, live from 'Aquaculture 2013: To the Next 40 Years of Sustainable Global Aquaculture' conference, in Gran Canaria, Spain.
The two different parasites affecting Pacific bluefin tuna are cordicola orientalis, which affects the gills and cordicola opisthorchis, which affects the heart, stated S. Shirakashi, Kinki University, Japan, during his presentation.
The parasites lay eggs which accumulate in the gill lamellae and clog blood vessels, therefore causing high mortality among juveniles.
Dr Shirakashi stated that tuna showed no sign of infection in the hatchery but did once transferred to sea cages.
He also observed that no, or low, infection was seen after seven months.
In order to find a treatment for Cordicola, Dr Shirakashi trialed Praziquantel (PZQ) in various doses.
After being administered orally for three days, PZQ killed the majority of worms. The number of eggs also declined, but only in the higher dose.
Overall, Dr Shirakashi stated that a minimum dose of 3.75 - 7.5 mg/kg BW/D is needed in order to be effective.
He also noted that the drug proved safe to use and effective after only a short exposure.
As the drug has not been approved for use in the treatment of cordicola, an application for approval has now been sent to the Japanese government.
TheFishSite News Desk