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Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing
Διεθνής Ενημέρωση, νέα και ειδήσεις για θέματα που αφορούν την Αλιεία και τις Υδατοκαλλιέργειες.
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MAGAZINE: The Planet - Fall 2013

The Mystery Issue

The Planet Magazine - Bellingham, United States

 

THE PLANET MAGAZINE is the quarterly student publication of Western Washington University’s Huxley College of the Environment. We are dedicated to environmental advocacy through responsible journalism.

 

planet.wwu.edu/

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JAPAN: Restaurant featuring 'Kindai' farmed bluefin tuna opens in Tokyo

JAPAN: Restaurant featuring 'Kindai' farmed bluefin tuna opens in Tokyo | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Fish lovers turned up in droves for the opening of the world’s second restaurant specializing in 100-percent farmed bluefin tuna on Dec. 4.

 

Some 70 hungry customers waited in line before the doors of Fisheries Laboratory of Kinki University in Tokyo's swank Ginza district opened at 11:30 a.m.

 

The lunchtime crowd swelled to more than 150 customers. The restaurant had expected 120 or so customers.

 

It mainly features “Kindai,” bluefin tuna farmed from bluefin roe at Kinki University, based in Higashi-Osaka, Osaka Prefecture. It also serves other kinds of fish and ingredients grown in Wakayama Prefecture, where many of the university’s fisheries laboratory facilities are located.

 

Fisheries Laboratory of Kinki University’s joint venture, A-marine Kindai Co., delegates the management of the restaurant to the Suntory group, a major beverage and food maker.

 

With seating for 57 customers, the restaurant is slightly smaller in size than its first location in the Knowledge Capital, a core facility of the Grand Front Osaka that opened in April.

 

A public relations official of the restaurant said, “We felt the restaurant would be welcomed in Tokyo as well.”

 

THE ASAHI SHIMBUN
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TAIWAN: Taiwan, Japan hold second round of fishery talks

TAIWAN: Taiwan, Japan hold second round of fishery talks | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

TAIPEI - A second round of fishery talks between Taiwan and Japan opened in Suao, Yilan County Thursday to discuss issues related to dispute avoidance in the longline fishing grounds.


Representatives of Taiwan's fishermen's associations, as well as officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Fisheries Agency, attended the first day of the two-day meeting.

 

On the Japanese side, fishermen's representatives, as well as foreign affairs and fishery officials attended the closed-door meeting.

 

The first round of talks was held in Okinawa in May and covered disputes when operating in overlapping waters, but it failed to achieve substantive consensus.

 

Sources said that Japanese longline fishing vessels tend to deploy their fishing gear in a north-south direction, while Taiwanese boats generally deploy in an east-west direction, which means that their fishing gear can become entwined, prompting disputes.

 

The focus of Thursday's talks was to exchange views on this issue.

Chen Chun-sheng, head of the Suao Fishermen's Association, said before the meeting that there are around 15O Taiwanese fishing boats operating in Taiwan-Japan overlapping waters, while Japan only has a few dozen.

 

The Japanese side hopes that the Taiwanese fishing boats will start deploying their lines in a north-south direction and that the distance between each ship can be increased from the current one nautical mile to at least 4 nautical miles.

 

Chen said that if Taiwan were to comply with Japan's request, the number of Taiwanese ships operating in the overlapping areas would have to be reduced to just 50, which would have a severe impact on fishing hauls.

 

He expressed hope that substantive agreement can be reached in the current round of talks.

 

Taiwan and Japan reached a fishing agreement in April after on-and-off negotiations that lasted for nearly 17 years.

 

Under the agreement, Taiwanese and Japanese boats can operate freely in a 74,300-square-kilometer area around the disputed Diaoyutai Islands.

 

That agreement gave Taiwanese fishermen an additional 4,530 square kilometers in which they can operate free of harassment by the Japanese authorities.

 

The Diaoyutais, some 100 nautical miles northeast of Taiwan, have been under Japan's administrative control since 1972 but are also claimed by Taiwan and China.

 

The surrounding waters have long been traditional fishing grounds for Taiwanese fishermen, but they are routinely chased away from the area by the Japanese authorities when they venture too close to what Japan sees as its territorial waters.

 

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NETHERLANDS: Heiploeg Group to file appeal against fine European Commission

NETHERLANDS: Heiploeg Group to file appeal against fine European Commission | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

After studying the verdict by the European Commission, Heiploeg Group has decided to file an appeal against the EUR 27 million fine that has been announced last week.


The fine is related to an investigation into several North See shrimp traders in the period 2000 to 2009.


In addition, Heiploeg is exploring legal possibilities to claim potential damages with people that were responsible at the time.

 

About Heiploeg Group

 

Heiploeg Group is Europe's leading shrimp supplier with a focus on quality, innovation and sustainability. We are your partner in seafood enjoyment in retail, foodservice and industry all over Europe.

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: WCPFC falls short of EU expectations for the conservation of tropical tunas

EUROPEAN UNION: WCPFC falls short of EU expectations for the conservation of tropical tunas | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) held its 10th plenary session from 2 to 6 December 2013 in Cairns, Australia.

 

The European Commission is disappointed by the lack of ambition of the new Conservation and Management Measure (CMM) for tropical tunas agreed, despite the announced objective of reducing overfishing for bigeye tuna.


As compared to the current measure, the new measure introduces new provisions such as  limits on the use of FAD sets as well as on fishing days on the High Seas. However the Commission considers that more drastic reduction of effort of purse seiners and of longliners would have been necessary to reduce bigeye tuna fishing to sustainable levels.

 

The EU also regrets that the measure on South Pacific Albacore and Pacific Bluefin Tuna could not be strengthened. These two stocks have been facing heavy and increasing fishing pressures in recent years.

 

Nevertheless, the WCPFC adopted, upon an EU proposal, a measure for the conservation of silky sharks, a species in a poor state in the Western pacific according to the scientists. Another proposal of the EU to fight against shark finning obliging fishermen to keep shark fins naturally attached on board their vessels did not gather the necessary support for adoption.

 

The WCPFC agreed on additional measures to strengthen the Register of fishing vessels, to oblige certain vessels to have a Unique Vessel Identifier (UVI), to improve the recording and reporting of fishing operations data, and to take into account the situation of the Small Island Developing States and Territories (SIDS). The Compliance Monitoring Scheme, still under development, was renewed for one year and made more transparent.

 

More information


WCPFC members are: Australia, China, Canada, Cook Islands, European Union, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, France, Japan, Kiribati, Korea, Republic of Marshall

 

WCPFC website: http://www.wcpfc.int/

 

 

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MAGAZINE: The Aquaculturists round-up - November 2013

A round up of new from the global aquaculture industry in November 2013

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Εκτός βιβλίων εσόδων – εξόδων οι μικρές αγροτικές εκμεταλλεύσεις – στον «αέρα» το σύστημα

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Εκτός βιβλίων εσόδων – εξόδων οι μικρές αγροτικές εκμεταλλεύσεις – στον «αέρα» το σύστημα | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Στην εξαίρεση των μικρών αγροτικών εκμεταλλεύσεων από την τήρηση βιβλίων εσόδων - εξόδων, όπως προβλέπει το νέο καθεστώς από το 2014, προσανατολίζεται το υπουργείο Οικονομικών, σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες.

 

Η ΠΑΣΕΓΕΣ πρώτη είχε ζητήσει την εξαίρεση από το μέτρο όσων παραγωγών έχουν μικρά εισοδήματα, επίσημα, με σχετική της ανακοίνωση, από το 2012 κιόλας, ενώ πολλές παρεμβάσεις έγιναν και από βουλευτές της επαρχίας.

 

Οι συγκεκριμένες πληροφορίες φαίνεται τελικά πως για την ώρα (μιας και τα δεδομένα αλλάζουν λεπτό με το λεπτό στο υπουργείο Οικονομικών λόγω των συνεχών αιτημάτων από τους βουλευτές) επαληθεύονται, κάτι που ενισχύεται από σχετική απάντηση του υφυπουργού Οικονομικών.

 

Ο κ. Μαυραγάνης απάντησε στη Βουλευτή της ΝΔ κα Φ. Πατριανάκου, ότι μετά το πόρισμα που εκδόθηκε από Ομάδα Εργασίας του Υπουργείου Οικονομικών, η οποία συστήθηκε με σκοπό την περαιτέρω απλοποίηση και βελτίωση των διατάξεων του Κώδικα Φορολογικής Απεικόνισης Συναλλαγών (Κ.Φ.Α.Σ.), εξετάζεται το ζήτημα απαλλαγών και εξαιρέσεων από την τήρηση βιβλίων και έκδοση στοιχείων για μικρές αγροτικές εκμεταλλεύσεις, χωρίς να δίνονται λεπτομέρειες για το που θα τεθεί το... "ταβάνι".

 

Λόγια μέχρι ώρας η υπόσχεση για το κόστος τήρησης των βιβλίων

 

Εν τω μεταξύ, υποσχέσεις έχουν παραμείνει μέχρι ώρας οι δεσμεύσεις Χαρακόπουλου για κάλυψη των εξόδων τήρησης των βιβλίων, τα οποία υπολογίζονται κοντά στα 1.000 ευρώ το έτος, αν συμπεριλάβουμε το κόστος επιτηδεύματος και τις αμοιβές αυτών που θα επιφορτιστούν την τήρηση των βιβλίων εσόδων – εξόδων.

 

Μια άλλη πτυχή, την οποία πολλοί αγρότες σημειώνουν σε συνομιλίες με το paseges.gr είναι πως το συγκεκριμένο μέτρο το οποίο επιβάλλεται και "διαφημίζεται" ιδίως από τον αναπληρωτή υπουργό, κ. Χαρακόπουλο ως η λύση στην αντιμετώπιση φαινομένων αδιαφάνειας στις συναλλαγές με τα αγροτικά προϊόντα (πλαστά τιμολόγια που συνεπάγονται μεγάλες επιστροφές ΦΠΑ), τα οποία παρεμπιπτόντως είναι κατακριτέα από όλους, ενδέχεται να λειτουργήσουν ως μπούμερανγκ.

 

Δηλαδή να ωθήσουν παραγωγούς στην πώληση προϊόντων χωρίς παραστατικά, σε μια προσπάθεια να αποκρύψουν εισοδήματα, άρα… φόρους και έσοδα για τα κρατικά ταμεία. Κατά τα άλλα, το μέτρο -αν λειτουργήσει- ίσως και να αποδώσει, ωστόσο οι αγρότες φαίνεται πως χρειάζονται... εκπαίδευση, καθώς δεν είναι συνηθισμένοι σε τέτοιες διαδικασίες.

 

Ένα ακόμη, τέλος, ζήτημα που τίθεται έχει να κάνει με τα έξοδα που θα "περνούν" οι αγρότες στα βιβλία που θα τηρούν, καθώς σε πολλά είδη καλλιεργειών οι εργασίες έχουν ήδη ξεκινήσει, το ίδιο και στην κτηνοτροφία, με τους παραγωγούς, όντες συνηθισμένοι αλλιώς, να μη φροντίζουν να ζητούν παραστατικά ή αποδείξεις.

 

Αλέξανδρος Μπίκας mpikas@paseges.gr

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Fisheries and aquaculture stakeholders explore the benefits of Maritime Spatial Planning

EUROPEAN UNION: Fisheries and aquaculture stakeholders explore the benefits of Maritime Spatial Planning | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

On 15 November 2013, the Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG MARE) organised a workshop on Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) and fisheries and aquaculture in Vilnius, Lithuania.

This event was the second in a series of stakeholder workshops assessing the benefits and challenges of MSP for specific maritime activities. The workshops aim to draw conclusions on the specific needs and best practices on cross-sector cooperation. These conclusions will feed the work of the Commission to support the deployment of MSP in Europe.

The current popularity of MSP is linked to the growth of particular sectors – especially planning for offshore wind development is an important MSP driver. Other space-demanding maritime activities such as shipping, coastal tourism and the protection of marine areas are also growing significantly. While the growth potential of the EU's Blue Economy will help to create jobs in coastal communities, the workshop aimed at discussing a crucial question: where does that leave traditional maritime activities and especially fisheries?

The event was chaired by Andrew Lipsky, Director of Science and Policy at SeaPlan and former Ocean Policy Adviser at the White House. Mr Lipsky highlighted the importance of involving fisheries into the planning of other maritime activities. Industry to industry dialogue is essential to understand the possible trade-offs between sectors and consider synergies and mitigation. In terms of knowledge, much cooperative effort is needed to develop, execute and interpret studies jointly. Mr. Lipsky also stressed the importance of climate change, which makes proper planning key to the long-term development of fisheries.

The discussions between stakeholders mainly focused on the coexistence between economic activities in Europe's sea basins. The fisheries industry in the North Sea stressed its concern that fishing areas were reducing. Strong support was expressed for MSP as a tool to recognise fishermen user rights. As one representative put it: "if you are not at the table, you are on the menu!".


The cost of collecting and harmonising data to be used for cross-sectoral dialogue was recognised as a major hurdle to cooperation. Especially, little data exists on effort displacement due to new activities – this is crucial in cross-border contexts.

Stakeholders also explored how MSP can facilitate synergies between sectors and the multi-use of marine space. In Lyme Bay, UK, fishermen and conservationists work through agreed code of practice on the protection of the reefs and the provision of high added-value sea food. In Germany, multi-usage of areas and structure will help develop the aquaculture sector in already crowded sea. Coherence of planning, timing and licensing between aquaculture and wind farms facilitate multi-usage considerably.

More information on the workshop, as well as the presentations, can be found on the website: http://www.amiando.com/MSPworkshops_Vilnius.html?page=1022769


The next workshop will take place in May 2014 in Greece and will be focused on shipping and ports. The following one will discuss tourism during the Italian Presidency. Please contact MARE-E1@ec.europa.eu if you wish to be kept informed.

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EL SALVADOR: Interceptan embarcaciones por depredación de fauna

EL SALVADOR: Interceptan embarcaciones por depredación de fauna | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

En un operativo la Policía y la Fiscalía General capturaron a cuatro capitanes de barco por violar el artículo 260 del Código Penal.

 

Al menos cinco embarcaciones pesqueras de bandera salvadoreña fueron interceptadas ayer por la mañana en la playa Costa del Sol por la división de Medio Ambiente de la Policía Nacional Civil (PNC), por incurrir en el delito de depredación de fauna; sin embargo, una de ellas logró huir y hoy es prófuga de la justicia.

 

Según Lina Pohl, viceministra de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, esos barcos fueron detenidos en un operativo sorpresa realizado en conjunto con 30 elementos de la Fiscalía General de la República, Grupo de Reacción Policial, grupos aéreos policiales y la Unidad del Mantenimiento del Orden (UMO).

 

Las cinco tripulaciones industriales realizaban pesca masiva de diferentes especies marinas a dos millas náuticas de la costa del país. Sin embargo, la ley del país establece a través del artículo 260 del Código Penal que las embarcaciones industriales solo pueden extraer a tres millas náuticas de la costa.

 

“Dentro de sus labores ponen en peligro otras especies como las tortugas marinas, por su forma de pescar con redes especiales”, indicó Pohl.

 

De hecho, algunas prácticas ejecutadas por los grandes pesqueros se realizan con mallas especiales y redes prohibidas con explosivos, que en muchas ocasiones afectan a otras especies marinas y sus hábitat de reproducción.

 

Dichas técnicas están haciendo disminuir la pesca de algunas especies como el tiburón, camarones, mero y pargo, lo que produce una afectación de la disponibilidad de las especies.

 

Capturas


De acuerdo con Pohl, esos barcos pesqueros ya habían sido advertidos dos semanas antes de los riesgos que conllevaba la práctica cerca de la zona costera. Sin embargo, los barqueros hicieron caso omiso de las advertencias realizadas por las autoridades a pesar del delito en que incurre.

 

Nelson Campos, jefe de la división de Medio Ambiente, indicó que durante el operativo la Policía capturó a cuatro capitanes responsables de cada una de las tripulaciones.

 

Entre los detenidos están:  Visai Carranza, capitán de la embarcación “Santa Sofía”, Santos Gutiérrez Morales, capitán del barco “Don Nachito”, Saúl Saravia Aguirre, capitán del barco “Atoche”, Cristian Alexander Flores Domínguez , capitán del barco “León Dorado” y un tripulante de ésta, identificado por el apellido Gutiérrez. Algunos de esos detenidos serán acusados por la Fiscalía por el delito de depredación animal y otros por portación ilegal de armas de fuego, ya que a uno de los imputados se les encontraron dos armas que fueron decomisadas.

 

Delito medioambiental


• En el artículo 260 del Código Penal se especifica que se incurre en delito realizar actividades de pesca industrial dentro de las tres millas marítimas contadas desde la línea de más baja marea.

 

• La pena indicada para este tipo de delitos va de dos a cuatro años de prisión, debido a los daños que se causan a diversas especies marinas e indirectamente a las terrestres.

 

• Sin embargo, dicho estatuto legal no es el único que estipula la prohibición total de la pesca a dicha distancia, ya que en el artículo 31 de la ley de Protección de Pesca y Acuicultura del país lo hace.

 

• Encargados de los barcos fueron capturados por los delitos.

 

• Embarcaciones violaron las leyes medioambientales.

 

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AUSTRALIA: Pescanova obtiene unas pluvalías de 17,9 millones por la venta de su 50% en la australiana Austral Fisheries

AUSTRALIA: Pescanova obtiene unas pluvalías de 17,9 millones por la venta de su 50% en la australiana Austral Fisheries | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Con esta venta Pescanova sale de la empresa australiana, que compartía al 50% con Kailis Fisheries Holdings y que se dedica a la captura, importación y distribución de productos marinos (crustáceos y pescados) dentro y fuera de Australia.

 

Pescanova ha obtenido unas plusvalías de 17,9 millones de euros tras vender el 50% que poseía en la australiana Austral Fisheries al grupo empresarial japonés Maruha Nichiro Holdings por 29,5 millones de euros, según ha informado la compañía gallega a la CNMV. De esta forma, Pescanova, que se encuentra inmersa en cerrar el convenio de acreedores antes de final de año, sale de Austral Fisheries, sociedad que compartía al 50% con Kailis Fisheries Holdings y que se dedica a la captura, importación y distribución de productos marinos (crustáceos y pescados) dentro y fuera de Australia.

 

En concreto, el precio de la transacción corresponde a la venta de las acciones titularidad de Pescanova (39% del capital social de Austral Fisheries) y a la venta de las acciones titularidad de Antartic Polar, filial australiana de Pescanova (11% del capital social de Austral Fisheries).

 

Fuentes conocederoras de la situación de la compañía han afirmado a Europa Press que esta operación significa una "buena oportunidad" para que la compañía siga avanzado en en su futuro.

 

Dicha transacción se enmarca en la planificación realizada en el proceso concursal y es consistente con el objetivo de la compañía de elaboración de una propuesta de convenio de acreedores.

 

Los activos en Australia, cuya venta se completa ahora, no estaban incluidos en el perímetro del plan de viabilidad elaborado por la consultora PwC, que contemplaba unas necesidades de capital circulante operativo e inversiones de 185 millones de euros en un año.

 

Dicho plan de negocio estimaba unas ventas para la pesquera de 1.624 millones de euros en cuatro años, con un crecimiento medio anual del 7%, y un resultado bruto de explotación (ebitda) de 202 millones, con un alza media anual del 19%.

 

"Estas necesidades requerirán de menores inyecciones de liquidez en función de la capacidad de generar ebitda a lo largo del primer año del plan", señala el plan de negocio, en el que se fijaba como primer año del mismo los primeros doce meses a partir de la inyección de capital circulante que se considera necesaria.

 

 

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JAPAN: Final decision by Japan on ethoxyquin in shrimp by Feb

JAPAN: Final decision by Japan on ethoxyquin in shrimp by Feb | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Ethoxyquin is primarily used as an antioxidant preservative in animal or shrimp feed. Clarity on this would further augment shrimp exports to Japan.

 

The Japanese health ministry has provisionally fixed the maximum residue limit (MRL) of ethoxyquin in shrimp, crucial for Indian exports to that country. A committee of the ministry has approved to fix the MRL at 0.2 ppm (parts per million) in crustaceans, including the farmed shrimp.The new MRL will be notified for comments from public and in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) according to the procedure.

The final MRL announcement is expected by Feb 2014. The decision will clear the stalemate on exports and would further augment India's shrimp exports to Japan.

Japan had enforced default level of 0.01 ppm for ethoxyquin in shrimp from India and Vietnam in July 2012. The issue was immediately taken up with the Japanese authorities by the Indian government, Marine Products Export Development Authority (Mpeda) and the Indian Embassy in Tokyo citing lack of scientific reasoning behind their action.

Based on this, the Japan government had referred the matter to the Food Safety Commission under the Cabinet secretariat to assess and recommend the accepted daily intake (ADI) of ethoxyquin in shrimp.

The issue was also taken up at various bilateral meetings. The sub-committee of the Food Safety Commission had fixed the ADI for ethoxyquin as 0.0083 milligram per kg body weight in its meeting in November this year.

The Japanese Health Ministry discussed and approved MRLs for 11 parameters and noticed the assessment period for ethoxyquin took only about a year in comparison with assessment period which varied from 5-10 years for many other parameters. Ethoxyquin is primarily used as an antioxidant preservative in animal or shrimp feed.

Japan's decision had stalled India's shrimp export to that country during July-Sept period. It had rejected several containers from India and this had badly hit the shrimp production in West Bengal and Odisha. It started rejecting consignments testing negative from July 2012. Exports from Odisha and West Bengal dropped more than 50 per cent during that period. With this, exports to Japan dropped 10.67 per cent in volume and 6.59 per cent in value terms during 2012-13. Total exports were 76,648 tonne, valued at Rs 1,999 crore as against 85,800 tonne valued at Rs 2140 crore in 2011-12.

Mpeda chairperson Leena Nair and SK Saxena, director of Export Inspection Council, visited Japan and discussed the issue with the Japanese authorities.

The aquaculture sector in the eastern parts of India was in a bad shape during that period as a major chunk of black tiger shrimp produced here is exported to Japan. More than 60 per cent of the production goes to Japan.

Due to this, India suffered serious setback in exports and has lost its sheen in Europe and USA. Anwar Hashim, former president of Seafood Export Association of India said Europe, America, Japan and China had lowered their buying, thanks to economic recession.

The latest decision would provide a clarity on the issue and was likely to help exporters and farmers take precaution on the content of ethoxyquin, he added.

 

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IRELAND: Oceans of potential for our food

IRELAND: Oceans of potential for our food | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Exciting research that aims to marry the mind-boosting properties of algae with infant milk powder and develop new premium niches for grass-fed beef are among the slew of new research projects that are kicking off around the country's main research centres this week.

 

 

Moorepark's Prof Catherine Stanton is leading a 10-strong team of researchers to look at how the mental benefits of microscopic algae can be harvested and combined with some of our most important dairy products.

 

Research has already proven that lower levels of Omega 3 fatty acids are linked with a higher incidence of depression.

 

Fish oil is the best known source of Omega 3, but the Teagasc researcher said that there was a real requirement for a different source of these health enhancing oils.

 

"The reality is that people don't eat enough fish," said Prof Stanton. "Even if they did, it may not be the most sustainable source of these oils if fish stocks are depleting."

 

The researchers also believe that these polyunsaturated fatty acids would have a wider use if they were sourced from algae.

 

"There could be huge demand for this type of ingredient in things like infant formula.

 

"But if there was a risk that it might contain traces of heavy metals that could, in theory, come from fish oils then it would be off the menu," said Prof Stanton.

 

Instead, she envisages large land-based water tanks where the microscopic algae could be propagated in a controlled environment where all contamination risks could be eliminated.

 

FATS


The microscopic algae, which are largely invisible to the naked eye, are preferred over macro-algae such as seaweed because they contain higher levels of the target fats.

 

However, Prof Stanton's counterparts are looking at alternative uses for macro-algae, along with other waste products from the fish processing sector.

 

Dr Dick FitzGerald of UL believes that seaweed, salmon skins and the huge amounts of blue whiting and boarfish that are going to be landed when the EU's fish discards rules change next year offer huge potential as cheap sources of proteins that could help in the battle against diabetes and obesity.

 

"There are estimates that up to 100,000t of additional fish will be landed here from 2014," said Dr FitzGerald.

 

His three-year programme looks into the possibility of using these protein fragments, or peptides, as bio-markers to help diabetes sufferers manage their blood sugar levels better. In addition, Dr FitzGerald is investigating the ability of these peptides to act as satiety enhancements, a feature that could play a big part in the battle against obesity.

 

Irish Independent

 

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DOCUMENT: Implementing improved tenure governance in fisheries

DOCUMENT: Implementing improved tenure governance in fisheries | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department has developed a new technical guide, Implementing improved tenure governance in fisheries, to assist in the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security with regard to fisheries in marine and inland waters.

FAO welcomes feedback and comments on this publication - send to Rebecca Metzner (rebecca.metnzer@fao.org); Nicole Franz (nicole.franz@fao.org; Francesca Romano (francesca.romano@fao.org).

 

Document: http://issuu.com/alieia.info/docs/a_technical_guide_to_support_the_im

 

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ΤΟΥΡΚΙΑ: Τρίτη χώρα παγκοσμίως στον τομέα της υδατοκαλλιέργειας

ΤΟΥΡΚΙΑ: Τρίτη χώρα παγκοσμίως στον τομέα της υδατοκαλλιέργειας | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Ο πλέον ταχύτερα αναπτυσσόμενος κλάδος μεταξύ των τροφίμων στην Τουρκία θεωρείται σήμερα η αγορά προϊόντων αλιείας και πιο συγκεκριμένα ο τομέας της υδατοκαλλιέργειας, σύμφωνα με τα στοιχεία του Γραφείου Ο.Ε.Υ.

 

Πιο αναλυτικά, η Τουρκία είναι η τρίτη χώρα παγκοσμίως στην ανάπτυξη παραγωγής προϊόντων υδατοκαλλιεργειών, κατέχει το 25% του μεριδίου της ευρωπαϊκής αγοράς στα λαβράκια και στις τσιπούρες ενώ έχει ηγετική θέση στην παραγωγή πέστροφας εσωτερικών υδάτων στην Ευρώπη. Το μερίδιο της Τουρκίας στην παραγωγή προϊόντων υδατοκαλλιέργειας παγκοσμίως αυξήθηκε από 0,03 σε 0,3 μέσα στην τελευταία δεκαετία.

 

Το 2012, η συνολική παραγωγή προϊόντων αλιείας και υδατοκαλλιέργειας στην Τουρκία ανήλθε στους 644.852 τόνους σημειώνοντας μείωση της τάξεως του 8,3% σε σχέση με το προηγούμενο έτος .Το 48,95% της συνολικής παραγωγής συνίσταται στη θαλάσσια αλιεία, το 32,94% στις υδατοκαλλιέργειες, το 12,51% σε άλλα θαλασσινά και το 5,6% στην αλιεία εσωτερικών υδάτων.

 

212.410 τόνοι προήλθαν από υδατοκαλλιέργειες ενώ το 52,52% της παραγωγής τους πραγματοποιήθηκε σε εσωτερικά ύδατα και το 47,48% σε θαλάσσια. Στα εσωτερικά ύδατα παρήχθησαν πέστροφες σε ποσοστό 52,42% και λαβράκια σε 30,84%. Στα θαλάσσια ύδατα ο πιο σημαντικός τύπος ψαριού που αλιεύτηκε ήταν η τσιπούρα σε ποσοστό 14,47%.

 

Η παραγωγή προϊόντων θαλάσσης σημείωσε πτώση κατά 17,03%το 2012 σε σχέση με το προηγούμενο έτος και ανήλθε στους 369.322 τόνους. Το 41,31% της συνολικής παραγωγής προέρχεται από το ανατολικό τμήμα της Μαύρη θάλασσα, το 30,02% από το δυτικό, το 12,26% από τη θάλασσα του Μαρμαρά, το 9,41% από το Αιγαίο και το 7% από τη Μεσόγειο.

 

Οι κυριότερες χώρες προέλευσης αλιευτικών προϊόντων στην Τουρκία είναι η Νορβηγία, το Βιετνάμ , το Μαρόκο, η Πορτογαλία και η Ινδία.

 

Οι τουρκικές εξαγωγές σε προϊόντα του Κεφαλαίου 3 (Ψάρια και μαλακόστρακα, μαλάκια και υδρόβια) σημείωσαν αύξηση το πρώτο δεκάμηνο του 2013 κατά 28% σε σχέση με την αντίστοιχη περίοδο του 2012 και έφτασαν σε 421.835.116$. Αντίθετα οι τουρκικές εισαγωγές των εν λόγω προϊόντων σημείωσαν πτώση κατά 2,6% και ανήλθαν σε 144.686.096.

 

Οι κυριότερες χώρες προορισμού των τουρκικών εξαγωγών προϊόντων αλιείας και υδατοκαλλιέργειας είναι η Ολλανδία, η Γερμανία, η Ιταλία, η Ρωσία, Το Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο και η Ισπανία.

 

Ο όγκος του διμερούς εμπορίου Ελλάδας – Τουρκίας σε προϊόντα αλιείας και υδατοκαλλιέργειας έχει σημειώσει σημαντική πτώση την τελευταία πενταετία. Από 53.683.188$ το 2008 ανήλθε στα 12.363.816$ το 2012 καταγράφοντας μείωση της τάξεως του 76,95%.

 

Πιο συγκεκριμένα οι τουρκικές εξαγωγές από 50.658.544$ το 2008 έπεσαν στα 11.044.298$ το 2012 (- 78%) ενώ οι τουρκικές εισαγωγές από την Ελλάδα ανήλθαν το προηγούμενο έτος στα 1.319.524 από 3.024.644 το 2008 (-56,37).

 

Πηγή: Γραφείο Ο.Ε.Υ. Κωνσταντινούπολης

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UNITED KINGDOM: Slow Food International Reiterates Negative Standpoint on Intensive Fish Farms

UNITED KINGDOM: Slow Food International Reiterates Negative Standpoint on Intensive Fish Farms | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

In the wake of Irish Minister for Agriculture, Food & the Marine, Simon Coveney’s upcoming decision on whether or not to grant the state agency for fishing and aquaculture in Ireland, Bord Iascaigh Mhara, licenses for fish farms in Galway Bay, Slow Food International has reaffirmed its position on intensive fish farms.


Slow Food does not consider open net pen fish farms an environmentally sound practice, Piero Sardo, President of the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity, confirms. “Open net pen aquaculture is not a solution to the problem of overfishing: It damages natural ecosystems on a local and a global level, including wild stocks, habitats and water quality.

 

Feeding carnivorous salmon in farms means other wild species must also be harvested, resulting in a larger carbon footprint - since the fish feed must be fished, processed and transported”.

 

Slow Food acknowledges the value of traditional wild salmon and would like to see political action to help preserve this threatened species. Rather than putting further pressure on stocks with intensive farm operations, effective conservation programs should be implemented before it is too late. “If you must farm salmon, then at least reduce the local impact by using closed pens removed from the marine open environment”, Sardo adds.

 

John Volpe, PhD, Director of the School of Environment at the University of Victoria in British Columbia, also expresses his opinion in this regard: “The independent scientific community speaks with a single voice; open net pen salmon farms are not only a net loss of marine resources and human food but threaten our collective marine environment with potentially irreversible damage. Governments that continue to support this industry in spite of overwhelming contrary ecological, social and economic evidence do so at their - and our – peril”.

 

Amoebic Gill Disease (AGD), one of numerous farm pathogens potently catastrophic to already threatened wild salmon is once again infecting open cage installations along the west coast. The threat is widespread and clearly not under control; from Bantry Bay in Cork to Mulroy Bay in Donegal, as well as the B.I.M.\'s flagship open cages at Clare Island Co Mayo; this is typical of the information that the public has not been made aware of.

 

In regard to the Minister’s imminent decision, Slow Food International wishes to reiterate its opposition to intensive open pen fish farms, correcting any misconception resulting from the mention of Slow Food in the Environmental Impact Statement published by B.I.M.

 

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UNITED STATES: Sysco to Buy US Foods for About $3.5B

UNITED STATES: Sysco to Buy US Foods for About $3.5B | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

One of the largest food supply companies is buying one of its key rivals, creating an even larger, global distribution company.

 

Sysco is buying privately held US Foods for about $3.5 billion in cash and stock. When the deal closes, Sysco expects the addition of US Foods to boost its annual sales by about 46 percent to around $65 billion.

 

Sysco shares rose almost 10 percent Monday and hit their highest point in decades.

Houston's Sysco will pay $3 billion in common stock and $500 million in cash. It will also assume or refinance about $4.7 billion in debt. That puts the total value of the deal at about $8.2 billion.

 

Sysco President and CEO Bill DeLaney said that the two companies have highly complementary core strengths including large product portfolios.

For the fiscal year that ended in June, Sysco's sales totaled $44.41 billion. It trucks food and cooking supplies to about 425,000 customers through 193 locations in the U.S., Bahamas, Canada, Ireland and Northern Ireland.

 

US Foods' customers include independent and chain restaurants, health care and hospitality companies, and government and educational institutions. Major stakeholders in the company, based just outside of Chicago, in Rosemont, Ill., include Clayton, Dubilier & Rice LLC and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. LP.

 

Representatives from both of those investment firms will join Sysco's board.

 

When the deal closes, US Foods shareholders will own about 87 million shares, or about 13 percent, of Sysco's common stock.

 

The buyout has been approved by the boards of both companies. Sysco said it expects the deal, which is set to close in the third calendar quarter of 2014, to immediately boost its profit after adjusting for acquisition-related costs and expenses. It's also expected to create annual cost savings of at least $600 million after three or four years.

 

Moody's Investors Service placed all of Sysco's ratings, including its investment-grade "A1" long-term rating, under review for possible downgrade. Moody's said that while the deal makes sense and the price seems fair, a downgrade is likely given the amount of debt Sysco will assume.

 

Sysco shares rose $3.31, or 9.7 percent, to close at $37.62. The stock peaked earlier Monday at $43.40, its highest point since at least 1985. It's up 19 percent this year.

 

 

 

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Υπαρχιφύλακας και δύο κακοποιοί νεκροί στη Φλώρινα έπειτα από ανταλλαγή πυροβολισμών

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Υπαρχιφύλακας και δύο κακοποιοί νεκροί στη Φλώρινα έπειτα από ανταλλαγή πυροβολισμών | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Οι κακοποιοί από την Αλβανία άνοιξαν πυρ με καλάσνικοφ εναντίον των τριών αστυνομικών που διενεργούσαν ελέγχους για παράνομη αλιεία.

 

Αιματηρό επεισόδιο, στο οποίο έχασαν τη ζωή τους ένας υπαρχιφύλακας και δύο άτομα αλβανικής καταγωγής, σημειώθηκε τις πρώτες πρωινές ώρες της Κυριακής, στην περιοχή Βροντερού Φλώρινας, κοντά στα ελληνοαλβανικά σύνορα.

 

Στο περιστατικό ενεπλάκησαν συνολικά τρεις αστυνομικοί από το τμήμα Συνοριακής Φύλαξης Πρεσπών που πήγαν να ελέγξουν άτομα μέσα σε αυτοσχέδια καλύβα, στο πλαίσιο ελέγχων για παράνομη αλιεία.

 

Οι κακοποιοί όταν κλήθηκαν να ελεγχθούν αντέδρασαν και πυροβόλησαν με καλάσνικοφ κατά των αστυνομικών, οι οποίοι ανταπέδωσαν τα πυρά.

 

Αποτέλεσμα της ένοπλης συμπλοκής ήταν να τραυματιστεί θανάσιμα ο 43χρονος υπαρχιφύλακας του τμήματος Συνοριακής Φύλαξης Πρεσπών, ο οποίος ήταν πατέρας ενός 12χρονου κοριτσιού και οι δύο δράστες από την Αλβανία.

 

Ο υπαρχιφύλακας υπέκυψε πριν μεταφερθεί στο νοσοκομείο.

Ειδικές μονάδες της αστυνομίας κινούνται στην περιοχή προκειμένου να διαπιστώσουν αν υπάρχουν και άλλοι επικίνδυνοι κακοποιοί, ενώ προανάκριση ενεργείται από το Τμήμα Ασφαλείας Φλώρινας.

 

kathimerini.gr

 

 

Τρεις δεκαετίες αρπάζουν δίχτυα και κλέβουν βάρκες και εξωλέμβιες

 

Τρεις δεκαετίες κρατά η παράνομη αλιεία στη Μικρή και τη Μεγάλη Πρέσπα, στα ελληνοαλβανικά σύνορα. Οι λαθραλιείς κινούνται στο σκοτάδι της νύχτας και με γάντζους αρπάζουν τα δίχτυα των ελλήνων ψαράδων. Κατά καιρούς κλέβουν βάρκες ή μηχανές για να εξοπλίσουν τα καΐκια τους και να ανταγωνιστούν τους απέναντι στις ψαριές. Εδώ, ανάμεσα σε 17 ήδη ψαριών, κολυμπούν το περιζήτητο γριβάδι και το τσιρόνι που εξάγεται στη Γαλλία. 

 

Το φαινόμενο έχει περιοριστεί αρκετά, αλλά δεν έχει εκλείψει τα τελευταία χρόνια. Οι αστυνομικοί περιπολούν δύο με τρεις φορές την ημέρα αναζητώντας λαθραλιείς. «Πέρσι μου έκλεψαν δίχτυα αξίας 2.000 ευρώ. Το πρόβλημα παραμένει αν και όχι τόσο έντονο στις μέρες μας», λέει στα «ΝΕΑ» ο ψαράς Αντώνης Τουτουντζής.

 

Περίπου 60 είναι οι έλληνες αλιείς στην περιοχή, μοιρασμένοι σε Μικρή και Μεγάλη Πρέσπα. «Αποφεύγουμε να ρίχνουμε δίχτυα κοντά στην πλευρά της Αλβανίας και προσεγγίζουμε περισσότερο την πλευρά της FYROM γιατί εκεί δεν ασχολούνται με το ψάρεμα και δεν έχουμε κρούσματα κλοπών», λέει στα «ΝΕΑ» ο ψαράς Αχιλλέας Παπαδόπουλος.

 

Μια από τις πιο πρόσφατες συλλήψεις για παράνομη αλιεία και παράνομη είσοδο στη χώρα μας έγινε στις 23 Οκτωβρίου, όταν αστυνομικοί του Τμήματος Συνοριακής Φύλαξης Πρεσπών συνέλαβαν στη Μικρή Πρέσπα δύο Αλβανούς ηλικίας 36 και 31 ετών. Ενδεικτικά, αντίστοιχα περιστατικά καταγράφηκαν στις 12 Μαρτίου (τρεις συλλήψεις) και στις 4 Ιουλίου (μία σύλληψη). Πέρυσι, στις 17 Ιουλίου, οι αστυνομικοί συνέλαβαν 69χρονο Ελληνα για παράνομη αλιεία και κατέσχεσαν μία μηχανοκίνητη ξύλινη βάρκα, τα δίχτυα και μία απόχη. tanea.gr 

 

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Οικονομικές επιδόσεις του τομέα της υδατοκαλλιέργειας στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση - Economic performance of the EU aquaculture sector

Οικονομικές επιδόσεις του τομέα της υδατοκαλλιέργειας στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση - Economic performance of the EU aquaculture sector | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Δύο νέες εκθέσεις για τις οικονομικές επιδόσεις του τομέα της υδατοκαλλιέργειας στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση είναι διαθέσιμες στην ιστοσελίδα της Επιστημονικής, Τεχνικής και Οικονομικής Επιτροπής Αλιείας (ΕΤΟΕΑ).

 

Two new reports on the economic performance of the EU aquaculture sector are now available on the website of  the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF).

 

The Economic Performance Report on the EU Aquaculture sector (STECF-13-29). 2013: http://stecf.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/43805/622206/2013-12_STECF+13-29+-+Aquaculture+economics_JRCxxx.pdf

 

 

Summary of the 2013 Economic Performance Report on the EU Aquaculture sector (STECF-13-30). 2013: http://stecf.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/43805/622206/2013-12_STECF+13-30+-+Aquaculture+economics+Summary+report_JRCxxx.pdf

 

 

Edited by Jordi Guillen & Arina Motova

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: 16 and 17 December 2013 - Agriculture and Fisheries Council - Agenda

AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES Council,

 

16 and 17 December 2013


Time: 10.00, 10.00

 

 


Place: Justus Lipsius building, Brussels


Chair(s): Vigilijus JUKNA, Minister for Agriculture of Lithuania
The following points will be discussed at this session:


FISHERIES


- Fishing opportunities 2014 - EU and non-EU waters


Political agreement


- Fishing opportunities 2014 - Black Sea


Political agreement

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PUBLICATION: Exporting Exploitation

Exporting Exploitation: How retired EU fishing vessels are devastating West African fish stocks and undermining the rights of local people 

Dokument - 26 november, 2013

 

Sweden has operated a system of individual transferable quotas (ITQs) for its pelagic fleet since 2009, to reduce its fishing capacity by allowing fishermen to sell out and retire from unprofitable fishing operations. Since the introduction of the system the number of vessels and the capacity of the fleet (measured in both total engine power and gross tonnage) has decreased.

 

However, many of the vessels that have left the fleet were not actually decommissioned, but were sold and moved to other countries and other fisheries, including the waters of occupied Western Sahara. This report will show that Swedish fishermen are profiting by exploiting the resources in the occupied territory of Western Sahara, by shifting their businesses from Sweden to Africa, despite the fact that the Swedish government is opposing any EU fishing off the coast of Western Sahara because of concern that it infringes the rights and interests of local communities. 

 

Greenpeace therefore demands that EU Member States:

 

- remove excess fishing capacity by scrapping or converting to non-fishing purposes those vessels that have the biggest impact in terms of overfishing and the destruction of marine habitats;

 - allocate access to fishing opportunities in a way that rewards fishermen who minimise the environmental impacts of fishing and that maximises the socio-economic benefits for local communities; and 

- prevent the transfer of excess fishing capacity to other regions.

 

reenpeace further demands that the EU stop exploiting the fishing grounds off the coast of Western Sahara and Morocco, unless and until it can ensure that fish stocks are managed in a sustainable manner and that the fishery takes into account the wishes and benefits of the people of the territory.

 

Exporting exploitation: How retired EU fishing vessels are devastating West African fish stocks and undermining the rights of local people: http://www.greenpeace.org/sweden/Global/sweden/hav/dokument/2013/western-sahara-webb.pdf

 

 

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MAGAZINE: SeaFood Business - Volume 32, Edition No. 12 - December 2013

MAGAZINE: SeaFood Business - Volume 32, Edition No. 12 - December 2013 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

SeaFood Business is the global trusted authority for seafood buyers and sellers. We are the seafood industry's leading trade magazine with more than 30 years of experience.

 

Read: http://seafoodbusiness.epubxp.com/i/214698/0

 

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PERU: Government assures continuity of anchovy fisheries management

PERU: Government assures continuity of anchovy fisheries management | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Despite the declaration of partial unconstitutionality of Supreme Decree 005 by the Supreme Court, Deputy Minister of Fisheries Paul Phumpiu ensures that the fisheries sector management initiated by the Ministry of Production (Produce) will continue.

 

The decree prohibits industrial fishing vessels to catch anchovy within the marine area extending between 5 and 10 miles of the Peruvian coast.

 

"Beyond these judicial and legal issues to be examined, the management system must continue because the State has the duty to ensure the aquatic resources and that their capture is carried out in a sustainable way," pointed out the deputy minister.

 

"The State can not resign or abdicate its duties. The management system has to continue," stressed Phumpiu.

 

While he avoided detailing what the situation of the strip between 5 and 10 nautical miles will be like and if industrial fisheries can operate in it, he clarified "there are different ways of performing the management."

 

"We can not superimpose private interests over the public interest," the deputy minister of Fisheries continued explaining. "What can exist is a kind of compatibility according to the rulings that are being given."

 

Besides, he indicated that there are still other constitutional processes whose resolution by the judiciary is pending, reported El Comercio.

 

Phumpiu stressed that the ministry will continue promoting direct human consumption so that "all resources are accessible to all Peruvians."

 

On the other hand, Luis Huerta, constitutional attorney of Produce, explained that the entity has no chance to appeal the decision to the Supreme Court.

 

"Against this ruling there is no chance of presenting an appeal to the Constitutional Court," he admitted. "The ruling is definite, it is final."

 

Finally, the National Fisheries Society (SNP) clarified that it agreed on the need of controls set by the DS 005 for the anchovy fishery management.

 

Therefore, the entity urged the Peruvian government to form a task force with the different members to improve the fisheries management, La Republica reported.

 

By Analia Murias - FIS.com

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PAKISTAN: Tilapia from farm to plate using US soy

PAKISTAN: Tilapia from farm to plate using US soy | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

A landmark fish feed programme in Pakistan is proving that US soybean meal is a powerful ingredient for Asian aquaculture to grow and meet the protein needs of the world’s sixth most populous country.

 

The American Soybean Association's (ASA) World Initiative for Soy in Human Health (WISHH) is implementing the FEEDing Pakistan Project with funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS). The three-year effort supports the Pakistani government priority to reduce the "protein gap" and meet the protein needs of the country's 187 million people. "Marine fish catch is down, and processing plants are running at approximately 30% of their capacity," says ASA/WISHH Country Representative-Pakistan R.S.N. Janjua. "FEEDing Pakistan reduces the protein gap through the introduction and production of high-protein fish feeds made with soy."

 

Pakistan has an extensive system of fish farming but no commercial floating fish feeds were produced in the country until FEEDing Pakistan. The initiative is focused on improving capacity, productivity and quality in the Pakistani aquaculture sector. To accomplish these goals, the program reaches local fish farmers, Pakistani government officials and commercial members of the aquaculture industry. Key partners are the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, Pakistan Fisheries Development Board, Pakistan Provincial Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Pakistan fish farmers and feed millers, Kansas State University, Kansas Soybean Commission and Oryza Organics.

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UNITED KINGDOM: Frankenfish - GM super salmon muscling its way onto your plate

UNITED KINGDOM: Frankenfish - GM super salmon muscling its way onto your plate | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Genetically modified salmon which grow at twice the rate of regular salmon have been developed by AquaBounty, a company based in Massachusetts.

 

As they splash around in their tanks, they look like any other healthy Atlantic salmon. Their eyes are bright, their skin is gloriously silvery and their fully grown bodies exude power.


It’s only when you look closely at their hatching dates that the alarm bells start to ring. A normal Atlantic salmon takes 30 months to grow to maturity . . . this variety took just 16.


The majestic specimens are ‘frankenfish’ — genetically modified salmon created in a secretive research base in the Panama rainforest.


The salmon have been given genes from two other species of fish to make them grow twice as fast as normal. And while most people would baulk at the prospect, GM fish could soon be coming to a dinner table near you.


Last week, Canadian authorities gave approval for the commercial production of GM salmon eggs for the first time, while U.S. food regulators are in the final stages of approving the fish for sale in supermarkets and restaurants.


And where GM salmon lead, other animals will follow. Plans are in place to genetically modify up to 50 other species, including trout and the tropical white fish tilapia, for human consumption.


GM chickens, cattle, sheep and pigs won’t be far behind.

The prospect of the first commercially produced GM livestock has, not surprisingly, raised concerns. Even those who support GM crop production believe the risks involved in GM animals are simply too great.


So what is so dangerous about these innocuous-looking fish? And could they be served in the UK soon?


GM salmon are the creation of AquaBounty, a biotechnology company based in Massachusetts and listed on the London Stock Market.


The firm has owned the rights to produce GM salmon since 1996. It also produces feeds to speed up the growth and boost the immunity of farmed shrimp.


The fish have been given two genes from other species — a growth hormone gene from the Chinook salmon, the largest of the Pacific salmon species, and a gene from the eel-like ocean pout which ‘switches on’ the growth hormone.


The combination of these two genes allows the GM salmon to keep producing a growth factor hormone — the substance that triggers their metabolism to eat more and put on weight — all the year round.


Normal young salmon, in contrast, go through growth spurts only in the spring and summer. The rest of the year — when food is less scarce — their growth slows dramatically.


With growth hormone coursing through their bodies, the GM salmon can reach market size of around 13lb in 16 to 18 months, making them cheaper to produce.


AquaBounty is spreading the production and marketing of the GM fish over three countries.


Around 100,000 salmon eggs will be created every year in its factory at Prince Edward Island, Canada, before being shipped to Panama.


There they will be grown into adults in landlocked ‘sealed tanks’ for 18 months, killed and sold in the U.S.


Pro-GM scientists insist there is no reason why GM food should be any more dangerous to humans than ordinary food.


After all, mankind has been tampering with the genetic make-up of animals and plants since the dawn of farming through selective natural breeding.


Genetic modification, they say, is simply a more precise addition or subtraction of genes.


But there are two major differences with GM. Changes in animals and plants that once took centuries can now take place within just one generation.


And genes from one species can be added to another. Tomatoes can be given anti-freeze genes from Arctic fish to make them withstand frosts. Rice can be given genes from daffodils to make it a rich source of Vitamin A.


Critics say the combination of genes from different species could have unforeseen consequences.


While the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found no worrying differences between the meat of GM and ordinary fish, no one has yet been able to show whether the fish are safe over many years of consumption.

 

And according to U.S. charity Ocean Conservancy, there are significant differences between GM and conventional farmed salmon.


GM salmon appears to have less omega 3 — the fatty acid that can protect against heart disease. It also appears to have higher levels of a growth hormone called IGF-1.


Studies of a small number of salmon suggest that six nutrients are present at values that differ by more than 10 per cent.


The GM variety had less folic acid, less zinc, less magnesium and less phosphorus — but more niacin and vitamin B6.


The findings suggest ‘potential food quality differences’, according to the charity Ocean Conservancy.


There are also concerns that GM salmon could have more allergy-triggering chemicals. The FDA concluded that was not the case — but its findings were based on a study of only six fish.


This is not enough evidence to conclude that GM salmon is harmful. But it raises questions which have not been fully answered.


There are more concerns about the threat to the environment they pose. Wild Atlantic salmon are already threatened by over-fishing and the accidental release of farmed salmon.


Introducing a population of bigger, tougher and faster-growing salmon could finish them off.


Dr Robert Devlin, who has grown his own variant of GM salmon at the Centre of Aquaculture and Environmental Research in Vancouver, says they are more aggressive than conventional fish.


‘They’re hungry all the time,’ he told CBC News.

A study at McGill University in Quebec this summer found that GM salmon can breed with wild brown trout, creating a hybrid that grows even faster than the GM salmon.


In a simulation, the hybrid ate far more food than wild fish sharing the same waters, and led to wild fish being far smaller than they should have been.

  

AquaBounty insists that won’t happen because it processes the eggs in its factory to make the fish sterile and so unable to breed.


However, data from the company suggests the process is not 100 per cent effective. And, according to regulators, it needs to make only 95 per cent of eggs sterile.


AquaBounty also says the risks of escape are minuscule because the fish will be stored in secure tanks miles from the sea.


But the experience in Scotland —where at least two million farmed salmon have escaped into the wild in the past decade — shows that keeping salmon secure is difficult.


Just last month, thousands escaped from a ‘secure’ Norwegian farm and could now mate with wild salmon.


The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs says no company has yet applied to the European Commission to farm commercially or import GM fish into Europe.


Approval from the commission would need a rigorous environmental risk assessment from the European Food Safety Authority.


But European firms are watching closely. And the technology has supporters at the heart of Government.


The previous chief scientist Sir John Beddington warned three years ago that the world faced a ‘perfect storm’ of a growing human population, food shortages and climate change. He argued it was hard to justify not using GM to feed the world.


GM fish farms are unlikely in the UK for the foreseeable future. But, as pressure from scientists and biotech companies grows, it is possible imported canned GM salmon could arrive within the next few years.


Fish experts are deeply concerned. Sir Michael Wigan, author of The Salmon, believes GM salmon almost certainly will get into the wild.


‘Salmon are incredible survivors’, he says. ‘They survived the industrial revolution in England where water wheels went up every five miles of river. They survived in the Tyne when it was an industrial sewer.


‘With the aid of its GM boost, who knows what this fish will be capable of doing.’


And once in the wild these super-charged, aggressive salmon — with their year-round appetite — could be devastating for the endangered natural wild salmon beloved by anglers and conservationists.


Nature finds a way. And that way could be into the Atlantic, into British waters and ultimately onto our dinner plates.


By David Derbyshire

  
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AUSTRALIA: Accordo in vista per riduzione quote pesca tonno nel Pacifico

AUSTRALIA: Accordo in vista per riduzione quote pesca tonno nel Pacifico | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Sidney, 5 dic. Accordo in vista sulla riduzione delle quote di pesca di tonno nel Pacifico.

 

Dopo diversi giorni di negoziati tra ambientalisti e rappresentanti del settore ittico, la Commissione Pesca del Pacifico centrale e occidentale riunita a Cairns, in Australia, ha annunciato progressi: "Siamo a metà strada nelle trattative", ha dichiarato Amanda Nickson, responsabile della divisione protezione mondiale del tonno in seno all'organizzazione Pew Environment. "Ma ci sono ancora diverse questioni da risolvere, come l'ampiezza della riduzione delle quote e i gruppi di pescatori che ne saranno affetti".

 

Nel 2012 sono stati pescati nel Pacifico 2,65 milioni di tonnellate di tonno, una quantità record, pari al 60% del pescato mondiale di questo pesce. La gran parte viene pescato da imbarcazioni d'alto mare, provenienti da Europa, Stati Uniti, Cina, Corea del Sud e Taiwan.

Le WCPFC comprende 25 membri, dalla minuscola isola di Niue con i suoi 1.200 abitanti fino all'Unione europea. L'organizzazione prende le decisioni all'unanimità, il che comporta spesso un fallimento dei negoziati.

 

Finora non è mai riuscita a trovare un accordo sulla riduzione della pesca del tonno, nonostante i ripetuti avvertimenti da parte di scienziati ed ambientalisti sul rischio legato a una pericolosa diminuzione delle riserve mondiali. (fonte afp) AFP

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