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Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing
Διεθνής Ενημέρωση, νέα και ειδήσεις για θέματα που αφορούν την Αλιεία και τις Υδατοκαλλιέργειες.
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WORLDWIDE: Vietnam, Japan eye further agro-fisheries cooperation

WORLDWIDE: Vietnam, Japan eye further agro-fisheries cooperation | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Nearly 100 Japanese businesses on March 4 gathered at a forum in Chiba prefecture, Japan, to exchange success stories and experience in investing in agriculture and fisheries in Vietnam.

The event, jointly held by the Vietnam Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Vietnamese Embassy in Japan, created partnership opportunities for 13 participating Vietnamese companies as well.

According to Commercial Counsellor to Japan Nguyen Trung Dung, agro-fisheries cooperation has significantly contributed to the two countries’ economic development.

Apart from traditional realms such as the manufacturing industry and trade, Japanese firms could be potential investors in Vietnam’s agro-fisheries, he said, adding that the partnership in the field will be a win-win one.

To Thi Tuong Lan, Deputy General Secretary of the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers, pointed to the fact that while Japan is Vietnam’s third largest seafood exporter, making up 7.8 percent of the country’s market share, the Southeast Asian country ranked eighth among Japan’s seafood providers with 9 percent in 2012.

Between 1993 and 2011, Japan remained the largest single import market of Vietnam’s seafood, accounting for an average 26 percent.

Along with fisheries, Vietnamese fruits such as mango, durian, grapefruit and dragon are also seeking ways to enter Japan, where market requirements are particularly strict.

Nguyen Thanh Binh, Director of VEGETEXCO JSC, said last year Vietnam shipped 1,000 tonnes of dragons to Japan, suggesting Vietnamese businesses pay more attention to improving the quality of products.

At the forum, a representative of Yasaka - a Japanese firm operating in Vietnam for two decades - affirmed the significance of technical transfer in the preservation of fruits and other farm produce, saying this is the key for Vietnamese fruits to conquer the Japanese market.-VNA

 

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MAGAZINE: Industria Acuícola - Vol. 10.2 - Enero 2014

Coloración del hepatopáncreas relacionada a Vibrios para predecir la sobrevivencia de los camarones ante el EMS
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MAGAZINE: Tasmanian Fishing and Boating News - December 2013 / January 2014

The online back issues of Tasmanian Fishing and Boating News. www.tasfish.com is the website for Tasmanian Fishing and Boating News. Tasmania fishing, fly fishing, trout, bream, stories, tides, boating and Tasmanian news
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MAGAZINE: Global Aquaculture Advocate - Volume 17, Issue 2 - March / April 2014

MAGAZINE: Global Aquaculture Advocate - Volume 17, Issue 2 - March / April 2014 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
The Global Magazine For Farmed Seafood, bimonthly publication of the Global Aquaculture Alliance. Read it free online: http://www.gaalliance.org/mag/2014/Mar-Apr/index.html
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PUBLICATION: Fly Fishing - Angler's Guidebook by Adam Sikora

Based on an extensive experience on how to effectively teach the fundamentals of fly fishing to beginners and further train more experienced anglers, very famous Polish angler, Adam Sikora published in 2010 in Polish a book called WEDKARSTWO MUCHOWE (in English FLY FISHING - ANGLER’S GUIDEBOOK). We obtained the permission (from Adam and from the publisher MULTICO) to translate this book to English and share it with you in the form of this eBook.
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UNITED KINGDOM: Executive comes to the aid of fishermen

UNITED KINGDOM: Executive comes to the aid of fishermen | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Struggling fishermen will receive financial help as part of a support package announced by the Department of Agriculture.


Exceptionally poor weather has left many boat crews facing hardship and yesterday the Stormont Executive approved aid of up to £500,000 to help alleviate the crisis.

 

Minister O’Neill said: “The hardship that fishermen and their families have endured as a result of fishermen unable to put to sea due to the stormy weather has had a real impact, and I am therefore pleased that my proposals have been approved to help address the severe difficulties they have been facing.”

 

Speaking to the News Letter this week, boat skipper Norman McBride from Kilkeel said he was relying on emergency payments from the Fishermen’s Mission to make ends meet.

 

“This has been the worst year without a doubt,” he said.

 

“Last year was bad but this year has been a lot worse. EU quotas are a problem too, as we’re not allowed to catch cod. The prawn fishing starts in May or June but three months [fishing] doesn’t make a year.”

 

Ms O’Neill said the aid would go to fishermen who “can demonstrate they have been engaged in at least 50 days fishing activity in the past 12 months”.

 

She added: “I also propose to limit the scheme to vessels under 27 metres. This distinction reinforces my desire to target support towards those in our fishing industry who need it most. I would encourage vessel owners to take advantage of this support to mitigate hardship including among their crews and their families.”

 

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MAGASINET: Fiskerbladet - Marts 2014

DANISH MARITIME FAIR Første maritime messe i Danmark - THYBORØN HAVNENYT
Rekordomsætning for Thyborøn Havn - THYBORØN Vigtig uddybning i fuld gang - VESTVÆRFTET Afleverer hidtil største nybygning
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PUBLICATION: Right to Work? - World Bank Publications

"India's 2005 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act creates a justiciable 'right to work' by promising up to 100 days of wage employment per year to all rural households whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Work is provided in public works projects at the stipulated minimum wage.

This study asks: Are the conditions stipulated by the Act met in practice? How much impact on poverty do the earnings from the scheme have? Why might that impact fall short of its potential? How can the scheme bridge that gap? The bulk of the study focuses on the scheme's performance in one of India's poorest states, Bihar, where one would hope that a scheme such as this would help reduce poverty.

The study finds that the scheme is falling well short of its potential impact on poverty in Bihar. Analysis of the study's survey data points to a number of reasons. Workers are not getting all the work they want, and they are not getting the full wages due. And participation in the scheme
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PUBLICATION: Diversified Development - World Bank Publications

"This report is about the twelve countries of the former Soviet Union (Eurasia). About 85 percent of the region?s economic output is in six resource-rich economies. Today, 85 percent of Eurasia?s 280 million people are no longer poor. But academics who study resource-based economies debate whether these countries are cursed or blessed. And Eurasia?s policymakers long for the day when their economies are less extractive and more innovative. These observations prompt questions: Are resources a blessing or a curse? If it is one of these things, what would make it into the other? How much should Eurasia try to diversify their exports and economies away from natural resources? Are there ways to make Eurasian economies both extractive and innovative?
The answers: a large majority of Eurasia?s people should consider themselves blessed. To make sure that this blessing does not become a curse, Eurasian economies have to become efficient?more productive, job-creating, and stable. But efficiency
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SOMALIA: Puntland Maritime Police Capture Illegal Fishing Vessel

SOMALIA: Puntland Maritime Police Capture Illegal Fishing Vessel | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

According to a report by Horseed Media, which quotes the Deputy Mayor of the Alula District, Ali Salah, the unidentified vessel, seized on Monday, had Yemeni national fishermen on board.


“Our marine forces conducted an Operation in which they managed to seize this illegal fishing boat. It got a trawl which can deplete all the fish in the whole area just in few hours,” he told the press.


Reports further indicate two Somali guards were also apprehended on the vessel. Mr. Salah has noted that all the suspects in custody will be tried.


Illegal fishing by foreign vessels has been a cause of concern for Somali nationals since the country’s federal government collapsed in 1991.


Reports indicate that large foreign trawlers make their way to Somali waters to fish in commercial quantities and also dump industrial waste.


The activities of these foreign trawlers have been linked with the rise of piracy off the Somali coast – which is reportedly one of the longest in Africa.


Local reports indicate that pirates have justified their actions with the fact that foreign trawlers have made fishing unprofitable by destroying the nation’s waters.


Local fishermen say due to the deplorable state of the nation’s marine environment, they have to venture farther into sea to make increase their chances of success.


Fishermen have also alleged attacks by foreign vessels and the destruction of their nets by trawlers.


Puntland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Abdinur Elmi Bindhe, has voiced his ministry’s resolve to take action against illegal fishing by levying heavy penalties on suspects.


Meanwhile, Somali authorities have called on foreign navies to join the fight against illegal fishing on the country’s coast.


Last month, Somali officials revealed that the government is planning to acquire warships to equip its navy force dispatch their duties more effectively.


Although the presence of the European Union Naval Force Somalia (EUNAVFOR) as well as the presence of many other naval authorities have drastically reduced maritime crime off the Somali coast, isolated incidents have been reported frequently.


Puntland, which is estimated to have a third of Somalia’s total population, declared itself semi-autonomous in 1998, following a prolonged war in Somalia.

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MAGAZINE: Water LIFE - March 2014

Fishing, boating and other water related subjects in the pristine environs of Charlotte Harbor Florida and the Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve
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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Νέος έλεγχος στα κλουβιά της Σελόντα

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Νέος έλεγχος στα κλουβιά της Σελόντα | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

Ο νέος έλεγχος στα κλουβιά της Σελόντα από νορβηγική και πάλι εταιρεία.

 

Σελόντα: Σήμερα καταφθάνει, όπως ακούμε, κλιμάκιο – άλλης- νορβηγικής εταιρείας η οποία θα διενεργήσει κανονική απογραφή των βιολογικών αποθεμάτων της εταιρείας επιβεβαιώνοντας τις σχετικές πληροφορίες ( Έρχεται ρελάνς ψαράδων) της στήλης.

 

Ο έλεγχος θα ξεκινήσει άμεσα και θα αφορά στο σύνολο του ιχθυοπληθυσμού σε αντίθεση με το δειγματοληπτικό έλεγχο που διενήργησε η Akvaplan Niva για λογαριασμό των πιστωτριών τραπεζών.

 

Σύμφωνα με τις εταιρείες, η Akvaplan διενήργησε έλεγχο αφενός σε μικρό δείγμα (σ.σ. λένε ότι δεν ξεπερνά το 5%) και όχι αντιπροσωπευτικό γεωγραφικά, με αποτέλεσμα να προκύπτουν αναγωγές που δεν ισχύουν για το σύνολο του ιχθυοπληθυσμού.

 

www.euro2day.gr - chameleon

 

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THAILAND: Thai fisheries under pressure

THAILAND: Thai fisheries under pressure | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

David Hayes reports on the challenges that Thai fisheries are currently facing.

 

Thailand’s fisheries industry is facing challenging times as an outbreak of Early Mortality Syndrome (EMS) on the Kingdom’s eastern seaboard has badly hit farmed shrimp production during the past year, creating a global shortage that has driven up shrimp prices in major markets, including the United States and Europe.

 

The EMS epidemic is not the Thai fishing industry’s only problem. Accusations by various international organisations over the alleged use of forced labour and child workers by some fishing boats and fishery processing plant operators have prompted the Department of Fisheries and other concerned government departments to set up a Good Labour Practices programme in cooperation with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) to ensure fishing and fishery processing businesses comply with Thai labour laws and relevant ILO conventions.

 

“Aquaculture has gone down this past year, maybe by 30% or more because of an EMS outbreak which began in eastern Thailand. We are trying to find out the cause of the problem and recover output,” commented Dr Waraporn Prompoj, Senior Expert on International Fisheries Affairs in the Department of Fisheries.

 

“Production has started to improve again in the last few months as we have started to import bio-secure brood stock from Hawaii. The Department of Fisheries sent a mission to Hawaii to visit facilities there and to bring brood stock back to Thailand.”

 

Outbreak


Research continues into how EMS entered Thailand after an earlier EMS outbreak in Vietnam in 2012. Shrimp farmers report that EMS outbreaks typically occur within one month of a new shrimp pond being inhabited.

Various causes have been suggested including that the bacteria are carried in the gut of seaworms imported from China, where EMS started in 2009, which are fed to farmed shrimp parent stock.

 

Another suggestion is that the bacteria causing EMS may have entered the ocean current.

 

Thailand is the world’s largest supplier of shrimp. According to Somsak Paneetatyasai, President of the Thai Shrimp Association, the Kingdom’s total shrimp exports in 2013 are expected to be about 200,000 tons, worth around US$2.15 billion, when figures are confirmed for the year, representing a sharp drop in tonnage and value compared with shrimp exports of 350,000 tons worth $3.39 billion in 2012.

 

Somsak was recently quoted in the Bangkok Post as saying that Thailand still remained the world’s leading supplier of shrimp in 2013, in spite of the sharp fall in export shipments.

 

The United States is the Kingdom’s largest shrimp export market, though Indian shrimp exporters have overtaken Thai exporters as the US’s major shrimp suppliers since Thailand’s EMS outbreak occurred, Somsak said.

While research into EMS continues, the Fisheries Department is working with shrimp farmers to try and eradicate the disease.

 

“We have closed prawn farms in contaminated areas. We have asked for cooperation from prawn farmers for this,” Dr Waraporn said. “Now the situation is better as we are cleaning up prawn farms and we will reintroduce brood stock there.

 

“We are applying to the government for a 200 million baht (US$6.2m) brood stock grant. We are not sure how long the brood stock programme will last.”

 

Processing


In addition to pushing up the price of shrimp in the domestic market and in major Thai shrimp importing countries, the shrimp shortage resulting from the EMS outbreak has badly affected local seafood processing plants which have been unable to find sufficient raw material to process for overseas clients.

 

“We have a lack of material for shrimp processing. That’s why we are trying to bring the production volume back to the previous level,” Dr Waraporn said. “We used to export around 600,000 tonnes of shrimp a year in the past but that volume has now reduced.”

 

According to the Fisheries Department, Thailand exported fish and fishery products worth US$7.3 billion in 2011. Major export markets are the United States, which took 53% of Thai shrimp and 22% tuna exports by value that year, Japan, the European Union and Canada.

 

Processed tuna, mostly canned tuna and tuna loins, is Thailand’s other major fishery export apart from shrimp with around 560,000 tons exported in 2012, according to government figures, compared with over 600,000 tons the previous year.

 

Unlike shrimp, which are locally farmed, Thailand’s fishing fleet catches only a small share of the tuna that is processed for export.

 

The volume of tuna and other fish species caught in Thai waters has fallen sharply during the past two decades due to overfishing. As a result, more than one million tons of fishery products are imported frozen each year for export processing, much of it tuna for canning.

 

Thailand’s fisheries production in 2012 is estimated at about 3 million tons, not including distant waters fisheries. Aquaculture is believed to have accounted for almost half of total production. Mariculture represented over half of the total aquaculture output due to the large share of shrimp production.

 

Labour


Meanwhile, the Fisheries Department is one of several government departments and ministries involved in implementing a number of initiatives that are intended to promote improved labour standards and working conditions in Thailand’s fishing industry.

 

Under implementation in cooperation with various public organisations, private agencies and NGOs, the Fisheries Department’s Good Labour Practice action plan is targeting the fishing, shrimp farming and fisheries processing sectors to ensure fishing and fishery processing businesses comply with Thai labour laws and relevant ILO conventions, following allegations by international organisations of forced labour and child workers along with other unlawful practices being used in Thailand’s fishing industry.

 

On 2 September 2013, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) announced that a new study based on 598 interviews with people working in the Thai fisheries sector had discovered a number of shortfalls in the Kingdom’s fishing industry in relation to national and international labour standards.

 

The study noted that 32 respondents (5.4%) had stated they were deceived or coerced into work in fishing, with the largest proportion working on distant waters fishing vessels.

 

The study found that 17% of those surveyed said they were working against their will and unable to leave because of the threat of financial penalties or for other reasons including the threat of violence or denunciation to the authorities.

 

In addition the study revealed 33 children under the age of 18 working on fishing vessels, of which seven were aged under 15 years old.

 

The ILO report stated that many of the problems faced by fishermen are compounded by a lack of employment contracts and that 94% of those surveyed did not have a written contract. As a result, working hours and conditions, the method of calculating pay, and the frequency of pay and deductions were not clearly defined.

 

Other factors contributing to fishermen’s problems include the irregular status of migrant fishermen, limited monitoring by Thailand’s labour inspectorate and other relevant bodies, and the lack of any representative workers’ group.

 

LCCs


To tackle these problems, the Thai government has set up a number of Labour Coordination Centres (LCCs) specifically for the fishing industry to enable fishermen, shrimp farm workers and fishery processing plant workers to be registered and trained.

 

The government initiative, which is being implemented by the Fisheries Department and Department of Labour with technical support from the ILO and in cooperation with employers, is intended to ensure greater protection for fishing industry workers in both recruitment and employment.

 

Other initiatives underway include measures to improve labour inspection, occupational safety and health, and to develop a code of conduct and a good labour practices training programme for fishing vessel owners and captains.

 

“We have set up seven LCC centres to serve 32 coastal provinces. Fishing companies bring their workers to get registered, so those people who are illegal workers are legalised and then treated properly,” Dr Waraporn explained. “Before they were unseen, now they are seen.

 

“We have a database to record them in our system under the Department of Labour. The Department of Fisheries will issue a license to fishing companies with registered fishermen.

 

“We have joined hands with other departments for the labour inspection: the Labour Department is in charge of the labour inspection; the Marine Department does fishing vessel registrations and Fisheries Department does the fishing licenses every year.”

 

Because the fisheries sector is labour intensive by its nature, the industry provides a large number of job opportunities to Thai workers along with large numbers of migrant workers, many of whom are from neighbouring Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia.

 

The government estimates that the fisheries sector generates jobs for more than one million workers in fishing, shrimp farming, fishery processing and other related sectors.

 

One reason for the large number of foreign fishermen working on Thai vessels is that many Thai fishermen left the industry after Typhoon Gay caused many deaths among Thai fishing crews in 1992.

 

Work continues to ensure that all workers in the fishing industry are properly registered with companies importing seafood from Thailand and government agencies in major importing countries following progress and developments with interest.

 

“The reaction from foreign importers is that they are eager to know what we are doing,” “Dr Waraporn said. “Walmart and Costco of the United States have planned to do a social audit. Fisheries Department officials have visited them and explained to them about labour practices here.”

 

Encouraged


Fisheries Department and Labour Department officials are contacting fishing companies and fishing boat owners to inform them of the registration programme and encourage them to register all their fishermen and other workers.

 

Estimates of fishermen numbers working on Thai fishing boats range from 150,000 to 200,000 workers. Actual numbers will be known as registration progresses.

 

“The Fisheries Department is trying to engage coastal fishing groups to register their workers at LCC and Labour Department offices,” Dr Waraporn said. “Also, we encourage Thai vessels fishing in Myanmar’s waters to register their staff – about 100 vessels employing around 3,000 fishermen, mostly from Myanmar, already have joined the programme.”

 

Another group the Fisheries Department, working with the Department of Special Investigation under the Ministry of Justice and the Department of Employment, has persuaded to cooperate are the Samaesan fishermen’s group based in Chonburi on the eastern seaboard.

 

The group, which operate 192 fishing boats employing about 2,000 fishermen, recently agreed to bring its illegal workers from Myanmar and Cambodia to register at the local LCC centre and with the Labour Department.

 

“We have been working hard to improve the labour situation; we have had a few headaches,” Dr Waraporn said. “Although the Fisheries Department is not in charge of fisheries labour, this is important to the fishing industry so we have to work with fishing groups and other government departments to solve this situation.

 

“Fishery importers in Europe also have learned about this. The EEC Commission has asked us about the situation. We have sent a full report to the Commission in November and explained what we have done.

“Also, in May 2014 at the European seafood show we will hold a seminar to explain what we are doing.”

 

Action plan


Meanwhile, the Fisheries Department in conjunction with the Labour Department, and with technical support from the ILO, is continuing to implement its Ten Point fisheries sector action plan, that is intended to promote improved labour standards and working conditions in Thailand’s fishing industry.

 

The action plan includes development of Good Labour Practices (GLP) programme targeting the fishing, shrimp farming and fisheries processing sectors following original allegations by international organisations of forced labour and child workers along with other unlawful practices being used in Thailand’s fishing industry.

 

Other action plan targets involve the development of recommendations for a Hazardous Work List for the shrimp and seafood industry to protect young workers; the surveying and registration of primary processing shrimp and seafood enterprises; and development of a Safety and Health Training Manual for the commercial fishing industry.

 

The development of a system for registration and documentation of fishing vessels and fishing crews for efficient inspection, is included in the action plan; also, development of a system of fishing vessel, fishing gear and crew inspection; and development of a Vessel Monitoring System to monitor fishing crews’ movements in Thai vessels in international waters.

 

Development of operational guidelines for Port in - Port out inspection for fishing vessels in international waters is another action plan target; also, development of labour reduction technology for fishing vessels; and setting up LCC centres for the fishing industry which, as noted earlier, already is underway.

 

“On 16 September 2013, we had 178 stakeholders, namely: 81 primary fishery processing companies, 65 frozen seafood processors and 32 seafood canning companies, who signed a Letter of Intent to commit to Good Labour Practices,” Dr Waraporn said.

 

“In early 2014 we plan to be training fishing companies to apply Good Labour Practices to the fishing industry. The fishery processing industry has done it first.”

 

Further backing to the Good Labour Practices Programme was given in November when eight industrial associations involved in Thailand’s fishing industry signed a MoU to encourage sustainable fishing to protect the Kingdom’s fishery sector.

 

Under the MoU, all stakeholders commit to focus on fishery production using sustainable, non-harmful fishing methods, to use legal labour, and to meet required food safety standards.

 

Those signing the MoU were: the National Fisheries Association of Thailand, the Overseas Fisheries Association, Thai Fishmeal Producers Association, Thai Feed Mill Association, Thai Frozen Foods Association, Thai Shrimp Association, Thai Tuna Industry Association and Thai Food Processors’ Association.

 

“We cannot afford to lose this fishing industry,” Dr Waraporn said. “The eight associations joining shows the importance of this.”

 

World Fishing & Aquaculture

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PUBLICATION: Sustainable Energy for All 2013-2014 - World Bank Publications

"A team of energy experts from 15 agencies worked under the leadership of the World Bank and the International Energy Agency to produce this comprehensive snapshot of the status of more than 170 countries with respect to energy access, action on energy efficiency and renewable energy, and energy consumption. The report’s framework for data collection and analysis will enable us to monitor progress on the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) objectives from now to 2030.

The report also shows how different countries can boost progress toward sustainable energy. Reaching universal energy access depends decisively on actions in some 20 ""high-impact"" countries in Africa and Asia. Attaining the global objectives for energy efficiency and renewable energy hinges on efforts in some 20 developed and emerging economies that account for 80 percent of global energy consumption. Finally, the report identifies a number of ""fast-moving"" countries whose exceptionally rapid progress on the triple
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PUBLICATION: Performance / Based Financing Toolkit - World Bank Publications

"Performance-based financing (PBF) approaches have expanded rapidly in lower-and middle income countries, and especially in Africa. The number of countries has grown from three in 2006 to 32 in 2013. PBF schemes are flourishing and cause considerable demand for technical assistance in executing these health reforms in a rational and accountable manner.

Currently there is a lack of knowledge among many health reformers of how to implement performance-based financing pilot projects, and scale them up intelligently. In a context of tremendous demand for solid design and implementation experience and given the rapid expansion of results-based financing (RBF) programs, there is an urgent need to build capacity in designing and implementing PBF programs. As yet there has been little attempt to gather the learning from these experiences together in one volume and, moreover, in a form that serves as a guide to implementers. This toolkit answers the most pressing issues related to the supply-s
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MAGAZINE: Water LIFE - March 2014

Fishing, boating and other water related subjects in the pristine environs of Charlotte Harbor Florida and the Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve
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