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UNITED STATES: Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks Launches Free Android Hunting and Fishing Application

UNITED STATES: Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks Launches Free Android Hunting and Fishing Application | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks (MDWFP) is pleased to announce the release of their Hunting and Fishing Android Application.

 

The Android version of the wildly popular MDWFP iPhone application contains a variety of useful tools and information for Mississippi hunters, anglers and outdoor enthusiasts.

 

Android users can download the application for free in the Google Play store (https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.nicusa.huntfishms).

 

“The MDWFP Hunting and Fishing mobile apps were designed as gateways for sportsmen and sportswomen of Mississippi to communicate with the department using an interactive mobile application,” said Curtis Thornhill, Chief Information Systems Officer for MDWFP.

 

“The hunters and anglers of Mississippi now have a variety of wildlife resources at their fingertips while they are enjoying the outdoors of Mississippi.”

 

The MDWFP Hunting and Fishing application allows users to purchase their hunting and fishing license, renew their boat registration and access information designed for use in the natural outdoors of Mississippi, all from their mobile device.

 

Outdoor enthusiasts can access the GPS mapping feature to pinpoint nearby state parks and wildlife management areas or capture images of their game in the application’s trophy case.

 

Additionally, a location based sunrise and sunset timer, daily feeding times/moon phases, as well as up to date MDWFP news feeds are all features of the application.

 

iPhone users can also enjoy the feature-rich application by searching “MDWFP Hunting and Fishing” in the Apple App Store and downloading the application free of charge on their iPhone, iPod Touch or iPad devices. The iPhone version has been downloaded almost 6,000 times since its release in July of 2012.

 

Other Information


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks – http://www.mdwfp.com

 

Google Play link for Android devices – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.nicusa.huntfishms

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AUSTRALIA: Tassie oysters wear their heart on their shells

AUSTRALIA: Tassie oysters wear their heart on their shells | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Protecting the future of Aussie aquaculture farming through new sensor technology

Whether you prefer your oysters from the rock or the Pacific, served kilpatrick or mignonette, there is one sound which will soon dictate if they are worthy of making it to our plate or not – a heartbeat.

 

Working together with the University of Tasmania our researchers have developed new bio-sensors that can measure the heartbeat of an oyster. The technology is being trialled as part of Sense-T’s Aquaculture Optimisation Project, which harnesses existing sensor networks and makes information available to the industry through easy-to-use web and phone apps.

 

Synchronising data for better business

By making a wide range of real-time information available at the click of a button, the technology is helping the aquaculture industry to improve productivity, manage risks and minimise environmental impact.

 

CSIRO Project Leader John McCulloch says oyster farmers will benefit from this technology because it will allow them to make predictions about what might be happening in the next few days, which is critical for their business processes.

 

“The project aims to tie a range of environmental sensing, from salinity levels to water conditions together and present it in one place that will allow people to maximise their operations,” he says.

 

Sarah Andrewartha, a post doctoral scientist with the CSIRO Food Futures Flagship says that in addition to the environmental sensors, the project is bringing animals back into the lab where researchers can simulate a whole lot of different environmental situations and learn about the oyster’s response to those.

 

“We can put animals into higher or lower temperatures, change salinity and measure the oyster’s response; even irregularities in their heartbeat. This information and the environmental data is combined, so when we put the animals out into the field with these sensors inside them, the farmers can understand what this data means for the oysters and when the right time to move or harvest oysters is,” she says.

 

Super sensors put farmers at ease

As one of the first participants to trial the new technology, Justin Goc, General Manager of Barilla Bay restaurant and oyster farm says the new project has enabled him to overcome some major challenges within the Tasmanian oyster industry.

 

“The biggest challenge we face is getting a handle on the environment in terms of the temperature, the salinity, freshwater impacts and all those environmental cues that can have major impacts on the growth of the oyster,” he says.

 

“The Sense-T project enables and guarantees that everything is as it should be in the water. This gives farmers the confidence to ensure that when they go and sell to their respective customers everything is as it should be.”

 

Justin says it is also allowing him to improve his business efficiencies and put better produce on our plates.

 

“We can incorporate the data collected by the sensors into our computer based management strategy, which enables us to be able to look at how the oysters are growing in any point in time. Combine this with the other environmental data it collects and we have an accurate reading which enables us to be able to grade on time, to harvest on time,” he says.

 

“It’s allowing us to make decisions based on what the evidence is in the water, as opposed to what we may feel the oysters need.”

Speedy broadband will bring even greater potential

As the first state to be fully connected to the National Broadband Network (NBN), the Sense-T project aims to take advantage of the potential benefits of high-speed broadband by creating a world first economy wide sensor network.

Director of Sense-T, Ros Harvey, says the oyster farming web application would be the first of many web and phone apps developed as part of the program.

 

‘Sensor networks exist everywhere and collect so much information, but we can’t always access it or make sense of it’, she says.

 

‘Using the speed and coverage of the NBN, Sense-T will bring all that data together in one place and make it available so communities, governments and businesses can make better-informed decisions.’

 

While the first stage of the Aquaculture Optimisation Project has been initially focused on oyster farming, there are significant applications for the wider aquaculture industry. As our research matures, and further regions become connected to high speed broadband we are hoping to broaden its scope to incorporate other markets such as abalone and salmon farming.

 

For more information on the sensor network research visit the Intelligent Sensing and Systems Laboratory.

 

Videos transcript is available:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=UZ50ekji7sY#t=136s

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZ50ekji7sY&feature=youtu.be

 

 

 

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ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Το χαβιάρι εξαφανίζει τον οξύρρυγχο

ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Το χαβιάρι εξαφανίζει τον οξύρρυγχο | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Ανυπόμονα, τα θηλυκά του οξύρρυγχου της Κασπίας που έχουν φτάσει σε ηλικία αναπαραγωγής εγκαταλείπουν τη θάλασσα και καταφεύγουν στα ποτάμια, το Βόλγα ή τον Ουράλη, για να αποθέσουν τα αβγά τους, που καταλήγουν στο βυθό. Κι έρχεται η σειρά των αρσενικών, να τα ακολουθήσουν και να εναποθέσουν το σπέρμα τους πάνω στα ωάρια. Μία εβδομάδα αργότερα ξεπηδούν από τα γονιμοποιημένα ωάρια μικροί οξύρρυγχοι, που αρχίζουν να κολυμπούν ελεύθεροι.

 

Η εικόνα που περιγράψαμε ανήκει πλέον στο παρελθόν. Μισός αιώνας έχει περάσει από τότε που τα συγκεκριμένα 4 - 5 είδη που επιζούν στην Κασπία μπορούσαν να αναπαραχθούν ελεύθερα στη φύση. Μόνο τα μη γονιμοποιημένα και επεξεργασμένα αβγά του οξύρρυγχου μπορούν να ονομαστούν «χαβιάρι». Ομως, η ζήτηση του πανάκριβου εδέσματος έχει προσλάβει υστερικές διαστάσεις, απειλώντας με αφανισμό και τα 27 είδη που επί 250 εκατομμύρια χρόνια κολυμπούν ελεύθερα στις θάλασσες της υδρογείου. Απειλούνται επίσης από τη ρύπανση, τα υδροηλεκτρικά έργα, την παράνομη αλιεία και εμπορία και τις σπείρες των κερδοσκόπων.

 

Πάντως, παρά τις δυσοίωνες προοπτικές, ίσως καταφέρουν τελικά να επιβιώσουν. Οι προσπάθειες της καθηγήτριας Ellen Pikitch, επικεφαλής του ινστιτούτου Ocean Conservation Science του Πανεπιστημίου Stony Brook, της Νέας Υόρκης, επιτρέπουν έστω και λίγη αισιοδοξία. Μαζί με τη δρα Φαίδρα Δουκάκη του Πανεπιστημίου της Καλιφόρνια και άλλους ερευνητές διενήργησαν έρευνες σε εκτροφεία και ποτάμια στην Κασπία Θάλασσα και επισκέφτηκαν ψαράδες. Σε συνεργασία με τοπικούς υδροβιολόγους και εκτροφείς, κυρίως στο Καζακστάν και τη Ρωσία, συγκέντρωσαν δείγματα από τον ποταμό Ουράλη, την τελευταία γωνιά της Γης όπου η μπελούγκα πολλαπλασιάζεται στη φύση.

 

Η μπελούγκα έχει τη μεγαλύτερη ζήτηση, καθώς μας εφοδιάζει με το καλύτερο γκρίζο χαβιάρι. Σκοπός των επιστημονικών ερευνών είναι να υπολογίζουν τα επιτρεπτά όρια αλίευσης, ώστε να αποτραπεί η εξαφάνιση του είδους.

 

Γευστική απόλαυση

 

Στόχος των βιολόγων δεν είναι να περιοριστούν οι γαστρονομικές απολαύσεις των καταναλωτών, αλλά να καθοριστεί το πλαίσιο της ισόρροπης και λελογισμένης αλιείας του οξύρρυγχου. Υπόθεση καθόλου εύκολη, αν συνυπολογίσει κανείς τα τεράστια οικονομικά συμφέροντα που εμπλέκονται στο συγκεκριμένο ζήτημα. Σε κάθε περίπτωση, οι καλοφαγάδες θα έχουν και στο μέλλον την ευκαιρία να απολαύσουν την πολυπόθητη λιχουδιά. Η Ellen Pikitch και η Φαίδρα Δουκάκη πάντως καταναλώνουν με εξαιρετική φειδώ χαβιάρι και μόνο εφόσον προέρχεται από αναγνωρισμένο εκτροφείο.

 

Η ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια είναι ένας τρόπος να διασωθεί ο οξύρρυγχος, αν όχι στη φύση τουλάχιστον σε εκτροφεία, κάτω από ελεγχόμενες συνθήκες. Τα τελευταία εκατό χρόνια πολλαπλασιάζονται τα εκτροφεία εμπορικής καλλιέργειας όχι μόνο γύρω από την Κασπία, αλλά και σε χώρες όπως η Γερμανία, η Γαλλία, η Ισπανία, το Ισραήλ και οι ΗΠΑ. Περιορισμένη καλλιέργεια οξύρρυγχου γίνεται και στη λίμνη των Ιωαννίνων. Επιχειρήθηκε επίσης να τοποθετηθούν ιχθύδια σε διάφορες θάλασσες, όπως στη Βαλτική, με πενιχρά ωστόσο αποτελέσματα.

 

Ενα ακόμη μέτρο για την ανάσχεση της απειλητικής μείωσης του οξύρρυγχου είναι η αφαίρεση με καισαρική των ωαρίων του, χωρίς να προκληθεί ο θάνατος του ψαριού. Μελετώνται διάφορες τεχνικές. Ωστόσο, αναμένεται να περάσει αρκετός καιρός έως ότου βρεθεί η πιο πρακτική και αποδοτική μέθοδος. Ισως έχουν επιτυχή κατάληξη οι προσπάθειες να παρασκευαστεί τεχνητό χαβιάρι, με την ίδια γεύση ή αντίστοιχη του γνήσιου. Η ιαπωνική μάρκα Cavianne, που παρασκευάζει χαβιάρι από φύκη και θαλασσινά, παράγει τεχνητό χαβιάρι σε ποσότητες που αντιστοιχούν στο 1/5 της συνολικής που καταναλώνεται στη χώρα.

 

Στη διάσωση του οξύρρυγχου θα πρέπει να συνδράμουν και οι καταναλωτές, όπως επισημαίνει η Ellen Pikitch. Στη Νέα Υόρκη καταγράφεται στροφή των καταναλωτών προς το χαβιάρι που διατίθεται από πιστοποιημένα εκτροφεία. Για να γίνει όμως κοινή συνείδηση η ανάγκη ευαισθητοποίησης επί του θέματος, απαιτείται πολύς χρόνος. Χρόνος που δε διαθέτει ο οξύρρυγχος. Αν δεν υπάρξει συντονισμός των προσπαθειών, οι άγριοι οξύρρυγχοι της Κασπίας θα εκλείψουν την επόμενη 50ετία.

 

Εξίσου αρνητικά είναι τα προγνωστικά και για άλλα είδη του πλανήτη. Ειδικότερα, τα βορειοαμερικανικά έχουν να αντιμετωπίσουν τη ρύπανση, τα υδροηλεκτρικά έργα και την υπεραλίευση. Το ίδιο και οι οξύρρυγχοι από την Κεντρική Ευρώπη, μέχρι την Ασία και τον Ειρηνικό.

 

Επομένως, είναι μείζονος σημασίας οργανώσεις, όπως η IUCN, και διεθνή όργανα, όπως η σύμβαση CITES, να συνεχίσουν το διάλογο με επιστήμονες και τοπικές αρχές, ώστε να παρακινηθούν οι χώρες όπου υπάρχουν οξύρρυγχοι να εφαρμόσουν σχέδια διάσωσής τους. Σε αυτήν την περίπτωση το χαβιάρι θα διατίθεται μόνο από τα πιστοποιημένα εκτροφεία, ενώ εκτιμάται ότι μακροπρόθεσμα θα καταστεί συμφέρουσα η παραγωγή του «μαύρου μαργαριταριού».

 

Αν μπει φραγμός στο παράνομο εμπόριο και περιοριστούν τουλάχιστον κατά 1/5 οι ποσότητες του οξύρρυγχου που αλιεύονται, τότε θεωρείται πολύ πιθανή η σταθεροποίηση του πληθυσμού του κατά τη διάρκεια των επόμενων 30-40 ετών, εκτιμά η Ellen Pikitch. Τότε ο αργός, θωρακισμένος γίγαντας που υφίσταται πάνω από 250 εκατομμύρια χρόνια θα εξακολουθήσει να κολυμπά σε θάλασσες και ποταμούς.

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NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand's top three fisheries celebrate sustainable management

NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand's top three fisheries celebrate sustainable management | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

The New Zealand seafood industry will today receive formal recognition of its strenuous efforts in recent years to achieve high standards of environmental good practice.

 

The accreditation of three key offshore fisheries: albacore tuna, hoki and southern blue whiting, by the globally recognised Marine Stewardship Council standard will be officially announced at a reception jointly hosted by the Deepwater Group, the Tuna Management Association, the MSC and the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI).  

 

Rigorous assessment and ongoing commitment

 

"I commend the fishing companies involved for their commitment in seeking this certification," says George Clement, Chief Executive of the Deepwater Group. "[They] have been subject to rigorous, independent third party assessment to gain MSC certification. Certification independently verifies that these fisheries are being managed sustainably and to the world’s best standards. The rigour of the assessment cannot be underestimated.  It doesn’t stop there either, there is tight policing of ongoing performance to ensure these fisheries continue to meet the standard."



MSC's science-based standard and certification program is recognised by international environmental organisations including WWF, as thebest available program for sustainable seafood. Only fisheries that maintain healthy fish stocks, reduce impacts on the global marine ecosystem and have effective management systems in place are able to meet MSC's standard.

 

Proven sustainability credentials

 

Rupert Howes, the MSC's Chief Executive, is in New Zealand to mark the occasion and will also be speaking at the reception. "I am delighted to be back in New Zealand and to be able to personally congratulate the New Zealand fishing industry on the certification of these three commercially important species. These fisheries have proven their sustainability credentials," Mr Howes said.


"On behalf of the MSC's global program, I congratulate the hoki, albacore tuna and southern blue whiting fisheries on their MSC certifications. These fisheries have used good management practices to safeguard jobs and secure these precious renewable resources into the future. I congratulate the fishers and the MPI on their achievement.

 

"I'm particularly excited to congratulate the hoki fishery, one of the first white fish fisheries in the world to enter our program, which has been certified as sustainable by MSC for a third time." said Mr Howes.

 

Endorsement of good management practices

 

Scott Gallacher, MPI’s Deputy Director General Resource Management and Programmes said: "The Ministry is committed to sustainable utilisation of our fisheries and we fully support the public review and endorsement of our management practices offered by MSC certification."


Mr Doug Saunders-Loder, President of the Tuna Management Association said: "Certification of the New Zealand albacore troll fishery reiterates New Zealand’s resolve and continued commitment to managing all fish stocks within our Economic Exclusion Zone (EEZ) in a sustainable manner, while ensuring these fisheries are environmentally sustainable."       

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Can new technology save fish?

EUROPEAN UNION: Can new technology save fish? | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Europe’s fisheries chief calls for smart nets and on-board enforcement cameras as the EU moves slowly towards fisheries reform.

 

Maria Damanaki is calling for boats to be fitted with smart nets to filter out fish which would later be discarded as too small or above quota.

 

And she wants more on-board cameras to ensure that crews cannot cheat on fishing rules.

 

She told BBC News that the hoped-for reform of the Common Fisheries Policy could not happen unless fishermen harnessed new technology.

 

Spy-in-the-wheelhouse CCTV cameras trialled in the UK are said to have cut cod discards from 38% to just 0.2%.

 

Fishermen on the trial are obliged to land all the cod they catch, whatever the size. They have been rewarded with increased quotas and permitted extra days at sea.

 

Ms Damanaki says cameras will be essential – especially for the biggest boats – if the EU adopts a policy of zero fish discards.

 

Smart nets


The other key technology is fishing net design, which Ms Damanaki says is the single most important component of fisheries reform.

 

At the North Sea Centre in the Danish port of Hirtshals, fishery technologists are testing new styles of nets which may answer her prayer.

 

Fishing crews travel here to learn about smart nets which separate catches by new designs.

 

One innovation is a slanting plastic grid at the centre of a trawl net. Large fish are diverted by the grid into the keep end of the net whilst young fish and shrimps pass through the slots. The grid is bendable so it can be wound up with fishing gear.

 

The bendy grid costs around £2,000 – a sum which prompted British fishermen visiting Hirtshals to laugh out loud.

 

But Mrs Damanaki told me she hopes to subsidise the cost of new technology for small boats by 85%. The bendy grid may prove the difference between being allowed to fish and being kept out of the water.

 

The Rollerball net is another recent arrival. Traditional beam trawlers seeking flatfish drag heavy gear along the sea bed, churning up the sand and destroying much that lies in their path.

 

Rollerball runs over the seabed on what look like beach-balls. It is said to reduce damage and drag by between 11 and 16%, and there are hopes for further improvements. Cutting drag also trims fuel bills and pollution.

 

Embracing change


Mike Montgomerie from the UK quango Seafish introduces crews to the latest technologies at Hirtshals. He said: “In the past few years I have noticed a real change among crews. They are hearing that the public won’t put up with wasteful fishing any more, and a lot of them are embracing change.”

 

Ms Damanaki went further: “The most important (thing is) how we are going to implement selective gear so we can reduce unwanted catches. This is the most important element of the whole policy.”

 

The crews I met appeared to be accepting change rather than actually embracing it.

 

In Scarborough, Yorkshire, boat owner Fred Normandale said he resented the trial cameras on his trawler Emulator, but the trial made financial sense: “It feels like we are being spied on - I wouldn’t want the cameras to be mandatory,” he said. “I have only done it because they paid for it and made it worth my while in quotas and extra days at sea.”

 

His skipper, Sean Crowe, told me the spy cameras have changed the way he operates. “It makes you think more about where you are fishing. In the past if we brought up a lot of young fish we might have another haul to see what would happen. Now we move somewhere else and we check with other boats to see what they are bringing up.”

 

The on-board spy is a sophisticated system employing cameras; GPS; and infra-red and hydraulic sensors to monitor the winches. It produces a map of exactly where the boat has fished in the last two months, as well as evidence of what it has caught.

 

The kit costs £7,000, installation adds £2,000 and software puts on a further £300 a year.

 

Vested interests?


But the Marine Management Organisation (MMO), which is running the trial, says this is still cheaper than human observers on boats – and much more effective, as the computer hard-drives hold far more information.

 

“A fisheries observer on a boat has one pair of eyes,” says Grant Course, head of the marine trials team. “With the cameras we can watch four areas of the boat at the same time, including the discards chute. We can see the fish being sorted. We really know what’s going on.”

 

The wheelhouse spy has been used for a decade in North America’s successful attempt to restore fisheries, but it may be resisted by some European governments.

 

The new net technologies are also effective, but the highly individual local conditions of fisheries may confound the sort of blanket technological rules that appeal to Brussels for ease of enforcement. A net that protects the environment in one fishery may not work well in another.

 

It will be hard for politicians to sort genuine complaints about inappropriate gear from the vested interest that has driven Europe’s fish stocks to their current depleted level.

 

Commission sources fear that France and Spain may accept the principle of a discards ban but raise sufficient technical objections over gear rules to render reform ineffective.

 

That, insists Ms Damanaki, must not be allowed to happen. But it is a sign of the changing times that the EU is no longer talking about whether fishing reform is necessary, but how it is achieved.

 

 

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INDIA: Flashy ribbons to help protect aquaculture farms too

INDIA: Flashy ribbons to help protect aquaculture farms too | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The flashy reflective ribbons developed by the Kerala Agricultural University to keep away birds from paddy-growing and vegetable-growing fields, might turn out to be a blessing for aquaculture farms too.

 

 The scarlet red tapes with a metallic shine on them became a hit with agricultural farmers in Ernakulam, Thrissur and Malappuram districts who were fed up with bird attacks during or just before the harvest season.  “When it twists and turns in the wind, the tapes reflect the sunlight and gives out the appearance of fire flashes or flames that scare away the birds,” said Mani Chellappan, officer-in-charge of the All-India Network Project on Agricultural Ornithology, based in Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur.

 

 While the red ribbons give out maximum reflection during daytime, tapes in golden yellow colour were developed for the wee hours of the morning and the dusk. Farmers use the two simultaneously - yellow for the low-light hours and red for the bright sunny hours.

 

 While the innovative eco-friendly initiative was developed against the avian predators of food crops, the scientists at the Agriculture University soon realised that the same principle could work against the bird predating on the aquaculture farms.  “The aquaculture farmers said they needed protection from birds for just two months when the small fry developed into a mature fish. So we thought of trying out these tapes,” said Mani Chellappan, who had developed these tapes.

 

 The experimental use of the ‘flash’ producing tapes in aquaculture farms had begun at Chazhoor near Thrissur.  “A comparative analysis of fish loss on farms that have used these tapes and those that have not will give us a correct picture on how effective these tapes are against fish-eating birds,” said Mani Chellappan.

 

 Both migratory as well as domestic birds are attracted to the broad expanses of open fish farms. Fish-eating birds such as cormorants that dive into the water and herons and egrets that wade around the aquaculture ponds are a common problem faced by the aquaculture facilities.  The ‘flashy’ ribbons could give an ecofriendly solution to the problem. For one acre, a farmer would need at least 10 ribbon rolls. For every 5 metres of the ribbon, a support is necessary to hold the tapes tightly stretched.

 

  “When the tapes are taut, a slight wind will cause it to make a sound as well, which will be an additional help in scaring away the birds,”  said Mani Chellappan.

 

 The cost of these coloured tapes supplied by KAU comes to Rs 60 per roll. The tapes are tied above the crop plants at a height of approximately 60 cms in the North-South direction, where the reflection of the sunlight is the maximum. While indiscriminate use of the tapes would have the birds figuring out what is happening, the use of the flashy tapes are limited to 15-20 days in the cultivated areas where the bird attack is the most. For aquaculture, these re-usable tapes will have to be used for a little longer. If found effective, this technique will reduce significantly the economic loss due to bird predation in aquaculture farms.

 

 

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GERMANY: maribus Publishes Fisheries Report "World Ocean Review 2"

GERMANY: maribus Publishes Fisheries Report "World Ocean Review 2" | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

"World Ocean Review 2 - Die Zukunft der Fische, die Fischerei der Zukunft" is the first comprehensive analysis of the condition of the world's fisheries, the impact on world food supplies and the marine ecosystem.

 

On 21 February, "World Ocean Review 2 - Die Zukunft der Fische, die Fischerei der Zukunft" (WOR 2) was released.

 

In the new report published by the non-profit organisation maribus gGmbH with support from mare magazine, the International Ocean Institute (IOI) and the "Ozean der Zukunft" cluster of excellence, Kiel scientists have presented one of the most comprehensive studies of world fisheries together with world-leading fisheries experts.

 

Will we still be able to eat fish with a clear conscience in future? How great is the threat and which fish species are affected? What are the possible solutions, particularly at a European level, for the sustainable management of the main edible fish species? And how can aquaculture help to secure the long-term supply of edible fish to the world's population?

 

At present, more than one quarter of all edible fish are deemed to be overfished and a further 30 percent are deemed to be endangered. The situation is even more drastic in Europe where almost half of all stocks are under threat from overfishing. Since 1950, the quantity of fish caught annually has increased fivefold to a current figure of 78.9 million tonnes of fish and seafood.

 

The over-exploitation of fish as a resource not only threatens the food supply to a growing world population, but above all it poses a threat to the sensitive ecological balance of the oceans.

 

"In 'World Ocean Review 2', we present, for the first time, the relationships between the world's fisheries and the threats and consequences posed by these relationships in their full complexity," says Nikolaus Gelpke, mare publisher and founder of maribus gGmbH. "In so doing, we are not just sounding the alarm, but are proposing specific solutions." Thanks to constructive co-operation between scientists and mare journalists, the report is easy to understand and can be read by anyone: this is a knowledge base for politicians and publicists who want to increase their awareness of the problem.

 

The new report provides a comprehensive overview of the significance of fish as part of the marine ecosystem, examines fish as a food source and livelihood for hundreds of thousands of fishermen and puts forward possible solutions in the form of long-term and sustainable management plans. Another chapter is devoted to the prospects for aquaculture - which is already the fastest-growing food sector in the world.

 

The report also provides advice on decisions on what to buy at the fish counter: "With 'World Ocean Review 2', we are raising public awareness about buying fish on a sustainable basis," says Professor Martin Visbeck, spokesman for the "Ozean der Zukunft" cluster of excellence, during his presentation on WOR 2 in Hamburg.

 

One of the greatest problems today, according to Visbeck, is that individual fish species are currently often viewed in isolation, not in terms of their interaction with other species and their significance to the whole marine ecosystem. "This has to change fast and on a fundamental basis," says Visbeck. "There are now positive examples from around the world showing how fish stocks can be managed on a sustainable basis, both from an economic and social perspective. We want to publicise these examples in 'World Ocean Review 2'."

 

Background

 

maribus gGmbH was established in 2008 by mare publisher Nikolaus Gelpke. It is a non-profit organisation with the aim of raising public awareness of how the diverse aspects of the marine environment are all interconnected and of helping to ensure more effective marine conservation.

 

The first maribus publication, "World Ocean Review 1" (WOR 1), was a comprehensive and unique report, illustrating the state of the world's oceans and the interplay between the ocean and ecological, economic and sociopolitical aspects. To date, around 70,000 copies of this overview in German and English have been requested from around the world.

 

The second maribus publication, "Die Zukunft der Fische - die Fischerei der Zukunft" was also produced in co-operation with WOR partners; they have a longstanding commitment to the oceans and work at the highest academic level:

 

-- the International Ocean Institute (IOI), established by Elisabeth Mann-Borgese in 1972

 

-- the Kiel cluster of excellence "Ozean der Zukunft", an association of more than 250 scientists from various disciplines, supported by Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel, the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research in Kiel, the Institute for the World Economy (IfW) and the Muthesius Academy of Fine Arts and Design, with funding provided by the federal government and states within the scope of the excellence initiative of the German Research Foundation (DFG), and

 

-- mare - the magazine of the oceans

 

The "World Ocean Review" appears in a run of 60,000 copies (German/English). The publication is not for sale, but is available free of charge. There is no profit-making aim. It can be obtained at

http://www.worldoceanreview.com. An English version will soon be available in addition to the German version. The complete publication will appear at the same time on the Internet at http://www.worldoceanreview.com.

 

"World Ocean Review 2 - Die Zukunft der Fische, die Fischerei der Zukunft", published by maribus gGmbH, Hamburg 2013, a 148-page paperback with numerous graphics and photographs.

 

 World Ocean Review 1“, Ein Bericht über den Zustand der Weltmeere, 240 Seiten, mit zahlreichen Abbildungen und Grafiken Herunterladen WOR 1 PDF > http://worldoceanreview.com/wp-content/downloads/WOR1_gesamt.zip

 

 

„World Ocean Review 2“, Die Zukunft der Fische – die Fischerei der Zukunft, 150 Seiten, mit zahlreichen Abbildungen und Grafiken Herunterladen WOR 2 PDF > http://worldoceanreview.com/wp-content/downloads/WOR2_gesamt.zip

 

 

 

Contact:

 

maribus gGmbH

 

Stephanie Haack

 

Press and Public Relations

 

Telephone: +49-40-368076-22

 

Email: haack@maribus.com

 

http://www.worldoceanreview.de

 

http://www.mare.de

 

http://www.ozean-der-zukunft.de

 

 

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WORLD: Die Mafia der Piratenfischer

WORLD: Die Mafia der Piratenfischer | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Aus Profitgier plündern Fischereikonzerne auf illegale Weise die Weltmeere. Der Schwarzmarkt gefährdet die Bestände.

 

Die Briefe aus Brüssel waren unangenehm. Anfang Dezember attestierte die EU-Kommission gleich acht Staaten, zu wenig gegen die illegale Fischerei in ihren Ländern zu tun – darunter Panama, Sri Lanka, Belize und Kambodscha. Die Beamten drohten sogar damit, die Staaten auf eine Schwarze Liste zu setzen.

 

Für Länder wie Panama hätte das schwerwiegende Folgen. Das Land lebt gut vom Geschäft mit Reedern aus aller Welt, die aus steuerlichen Gründen gerne unter der Flagge des Inselstaates fahren. Käme das Land auf eine schwarze Liste, dürften dort registrierte Schiffe keine Häfen innerhalb der EU mehr anfahren. Auch dürften sie den Fang nicht mehr in der EU verkaufen – in einem der wichtigsten Absatzmärkte der Welt. Prompt schickten die Regierungen der angemahnten Länder ihre Vertreter nach Brüssel und gelobten Besserung. Sechs Monate Zeit haben sie nun, um bessere Kontrollen einzurichten.

 

Illegale Fischerei – oft auch als Piratenfischerei bezeichnet – ist ein Milliardengeschäft mit Folgen. "Illegale, nicht gemeldete und nicht regulierte Fischerei bedroht die Fischbestände der Welt", schreiben Wissenschaftler in neuen World Ocean Review (WOR), der am Donnerstag erschienen ist. Der Bericht, erstellt von Meereswissenschaftlern des Exzellenzclusters Ozean der Zukunft in Kiel und der Zeitschrift MARE, ist die erste umfassende Analyse über den Zustand der Fischbestände und der Fischerei weltweit. Er beschäftigt sich auch mit illegaler Fischerei.

 

Deren Ausmaß ist nur schwer zu schätzen. Schließlich handelt es sich um einen Schwarzmarkt. Glaubt man dem Bericht der Wissenschaftler, wurden im Jahr 2011 zwischen elf und 26 Millionen Tonnen Fisch illegal gefangen – rund ein Drittel des legalen Fischfangs. Ein Milliardengeschäft. Allein die EU-Kommission schätzte vor zwei Jahren den Wert des illegalen Fischs auf rund zehn Milliarden Euro.

 

Die britische Umweltschutzorganisation Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) kommt sogar auf mehr als 20 Milliarden Dollar. "Für die Fischer ist illegale Fischerei vor allem deshalb so attraktiv, weil sie weder Abgaben noch Steuern auf diese Fänge zahlen", schreiben die Wissenschaftler.

 

Sogar Interpol beschäftigt sich mit der Piratenfischerei

Kristin von Kistowski, Fischereiexpertin der US-Organisation Pew Environmental Group, spricht gar von "organisierter Kriminalität" im großen Stil. Fischereikriminalität könne zudem mit Geldwäsche, Steuerflucht und Betrug verbunden sein. "Das ist kein randständiges Umweltthema", sagt die Fachfrau. In der kommenden Woche wird sich sogar die internationale Kriminalpolizei Interpol dem Thema zuwenden. Die Organisation wird eine eigene Sparte zur Bekämpfung der illegalen Fischerei gründen.

 

Wie genau funktioniert das Geschäft? Mit einem Mix aus verschiedenen Strategien. Da sind etwa die riesigen Fangschiffe, so genannte Trawler, die ohne Genehmigung in den Hoheitsgebieten anderer Staaten fischen, vor allem vor den Küsten Westafrikas. Weil die Länder die Schiffe nur selten effektiv kontrollieren können, kommen die Fischer meist ungeschoren davon.

 

 

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UNITED KINGDOM: Government, Industry to Work Together to Combat Poor Fish Prices

UNITED KINGDOM: Government, Industry to Work Together to Combat Poor Fish Prices | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

SCOTLAND - Poor market prices for fish are currently having a severe economic impact on the Scottish fleet, sparking calls from the Scottish Fishermen’s Federation (SFF) for all sectors of the seafood industry and government to work together to find ways of stimulating demand for home caught product


A global recession affecting the export trade combined with increased quantities of fish on the market from across northern Europe because of recovering stocks, along with fish imports from Asia and other parts of the world, are all thought to be contributing factors behind the fall in prices for Scottish caught fish.

The SFF says it is now essential that a joint ‘from net to plate’ strategy is developed across all sectors of the supply chain to try and stimulate demand, focusing on the provenance and quality of Scottish caught seafood.

Bertie Armstrong, SFF chief executive, says: “The fall in prices on the market for Scottish fish has been quite dramatic and is seriously hitting the economic viability of our fishing fleet, especially against a background of increasing fuel and other operating costs.

“At a time when the mass-produced food sector is under huge public scrutiny because of the horse meat scandal, we should be shouting from the rooftops about the quality of Scottish seafood and the short supply chain it takes to reach the plates of consumers.

“Fishermen, fish producer organisations, processors, government, retailers, food service companies and other relevant agencies all need to work more closely together to identify the reasons for the poor prices for fish and develop solutions and strategies that will help rectify the situation.

“The quality of Scottish seafood has a fantastic reputation both on the domestic and international markets and we need to capitalise upon this as much as we can. Our seafood is sustainably caught, tastes great and is one of the healthiest food products to eat there is.”

 

TheFishSite News Desk

 

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Adam McCourt's curator insight, February 22, 2013 12:43 PM

We need to get more fish because they can become a profitable source of money for us in the future. 

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EUROPEAN UNION: 3225th AGRICULTURE and FISHERIES Council meeting - Bruxelles, 25 and 26 February 2013 - Agenda

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NAMIBIA: Brazilian defence minister visits Namibia

NAMIBIA: Brazilian defence minister visits Namibia | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
WINDHOEK - Namibia and Brazil continue to strengthen ties in their joint fight against illicit activities such as illegal fishing, piracy and drug trafficking in the South Atlantic.

 

This came to light in Windhoek yesterday at a media briefing on the two-day official visit of Brazilian Minister of Defence Celso Amorim to Namibia. The visit started on Tuesday and ended yesterday.

 

Namibian Minister of Defence Nahas Angula said Namibia and Brazil are united in the promotion of peace and stability in the South Atlantic ocean given the fact that the two maritime nations are separated only by the Atlantic Ocean.

 

“As good neighbours, we should promote goodwill, stability and peace in the South Atlantic,” Angula said. His counterpart, Amorim, said even though cases of piracy and other illegal activities have not been regular occurrences in the South Atlantic like in the Indian Ocean, the horn of Africa and Equatorial Guinea, the region is not immune to such activities, therefore the two countries should be prepared to face those challenges should they arise.

 

“We need to keep the South Atlantic free from conflicts, free from weapons of mass destruction and nuclear weapons,” said the visiting Brazilian defence minister. He further said that, even though the two countries are committed to solving conflicts through diplomacy, in order for diplomacy to work, there is a need for a strong defence mechanism.

 

Apart from the need to strengthen already existing cooperation, especially in helping the Namibian Navy, whereby about 40 Brazilian experts are training locals, the two delegations agreed to expand cooperation to other defence wings such as the Army and the Air Force.

 

“The two delegations agreed to cooperate in different areas of the defence industry to build operational and productive capabilities of the two countries,” reads a joint communiqué issued at the briefing. Namibia and Brazil would also examine possibilities for cooperation between the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) and the Union of Southern American Nations (Unasul).

 

The Brazilian Minister of Defence was accompanied by a select group of industrialists and businesspersons to promote trade and joint ventures between Brazilian and Namibian businesspeople.

 

Namibia and Brazil signed an agreement in 1994 to develop Namibia’s naval capabilities. That agreement was renewed in 2001 and is still operational, and progress is said to be satisfactory. Apart from over 40 Brazilian naval officers in Namibia, who are conducting training, about 100 Namibians are also in Brazil gaining training and expertise in various naval disciplines.

 

Before he concluded his official tour Amorim also paid a courtesy call on State House yesterday where he had an audience with President Hifikepunye Pohamba and also conferred with Alpheus !Naruseb, the Minister of Lands and Resettlement.

 

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UNITED STATES: Asian carp DNA may not signal live fish

UNITED STATES: Asian carp DNA may not signal live fish | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

TRAVERSE CITY - Live Asian carp don't necessarily have to be present for their DNA to turn up in the environment, according to a government study released Wednesday that could intensify the debate over how to prevent the aggressive, hungry invaders from reaching the Great Lakes and other vulnerable waters.

 

DNA is found in excrement, slime and scales from live fish. But the report by three federal agencies identifies six other possible means through which genetic fingerprints from bighead and silver carp could find their way into locations such as the Chicago waterway system and western Lake Erie, where it has been detected in dozens of samples taken in recent years.

 

Those potential pathways include storm sewers, fisheries sampling gear, fish-eating birds, dead fish carcasses, barges and sediments, the report said. It said carp DNA attached to any of those sources could remain for days before disintegrating.

 

Scientists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey are conducting a three-year study designed to answer questions raised by the repeated discovery of Asian carp DNA in rivers and canals in the Chicago area — including locations beyond an electric barrier intended to block the carp's northward march toward Lake Michigan. Their DNA also has been found in the Mississippi River beyond Minneapolis.

 

"The purpose ... is to improve the understanding and interpretation of Asian carp environmental DNA results, so we can refine and make this relatively young monitoring tool the most effective to detect live Asian carp presence," said Kelly Baerwaldt, an Army Corps fisheries biologist and Asian carp program manager. Additional reports are planned as the study continues.

 

Bighead and silver carp escaped into the Mississippi River from sewage treatment ponds and fish farms in the Deep South decades ago and have migrated northward, invading numerous tributary rivers. The filter feeders gobble massive volumes of plankton — microscopic plants and animals crucial to aquatic food webs.

 

Scientists say if allowed to infest the Great Lakes, the carp eventually could crowd out native species, endangering the region's $7 billion fishing industry. Silver carp, which spring from the water when startled and have collided jarringly with boaters, pose a threat to tourism.

 

Some state and local officials in the Great Lakes region want structures placed in the Chicago waterways to seal off Lake Michigan from the Mississippi watershed. Business and government leaders in Chicago say that would devastate shipping in the area, and some question whether the DNA findings are sufficient evidence that the carp have evaded the electric barrier.

Just one live carp has been found beyond the barrier, which is in a canal 37 miles southwest of the city, despite intensive netting operations after repeated positive DNA findings.

 

Asian carp DNA discoveries also have ignited a debate over whether to close a Mississippi River shipping lock in Minnesota's Twin Cities area.

 

In their report, the federal scientists said they have conducted experiments to determine the feasibility of alternative explanations for the sampling results. Skeptics have suggested the previously detected DNA could have come from excrement of birds that feed on dead carp, or perhaps from ice and wastewater flushed into Chicago sewers from markets that sell the carp, or from boats that touched the fish.

 

Without taking sides in the debate, the scientists found that fish-eating birds "have the capacity" to transmit carp DNA in their droppings, which could contaminate barges and other vessels. They found the telltale DNA in feces of birds that were fed Asian carp.

 

The study also found "considerable amounts" of DNA stuck to boat hulls, which can remain for days "and does not appear to be completely or quickly washed off of boats moving through the water."

 

Team members reported finding Asian carp DNA in Chicago's storm sewers. They said boats, nets and other gear used by commercial fishermen and natural resource agencies could spread the genetic markers.

 

Chris Jerde of the University of Notre Dame, who's among the scientists who have detected Asian carp DNA in recent years, said they never claimed that all the positive hits came from live fish. But alternatives suggested in the report don't explain the persistent DNA findings in the same general locations, he said.

 

Jerde said he and colleagues have tested more than 1,700 water samples from the Chicago waterways, Lakes Michigan and Erie, and many rivers in the region. The positive results have been concentrated in areas relatively close to where a live carp was landed in Chicago in 2010 and where a bighead was caught in Lake Erie around 2000, he said.

 

"These patterns ... would seem to indicate that there's at least some live carp present in the system, although we don't know how many," Jerde said.

 

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WORLDWIDE: Icelandic gillnet lumpfish fishery enters MSC assessment

WORLDWIDE: Icelandic gillnet lumpfish fishery enters MSC assessment | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Today Vignir G. Jónsson hf. entered its Icelandic gillnet lumpfish fishery into assessment for MSC certification. It is the first lumpfish fishery in the MSC program. The fishery will be assessed against the MSC standard for sustainable and well-managed fisheries, and, if successful, Icelandic gillnet lumpfish products will be eligible to carry the MSC ecolabel. The assessment will be carried out by independent certifier Vottunarstofan Tún ehf.

About the fishery

Lumpfish is caught by small decked or open boats called “trilla,” using special large-mesh gillnets. Currently over 330 small vessels are registered with licenses to catch the Icelandic lumpfish within the Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone (FAO statistical area 27, ICES Va2). The fishery is seasonal, from March to June. In 2012 a total of 6195 tonnes of female lumpfish and 30 tonnes of male lumpfish are brought ashore.

Luxury caviar and fish skin a delicacy

Lumpfish has been harvested around Iceland for centuries while fishing for the collection and marketing of the roes began in the late 1920s. The male fish (raudmagi) is caught mostly for local consumption as the female fish (grásleppa) is traditionally caught for the valuable roe which is exported as luxury caviar, primarily to the EU countries. Lumpfish is known for its gelatinousness and thick skin. In China the skin is seen as a delicacy for its taste and texture, which is similar to the popular sea cucumber.

Fulfilling consumer demand for MSC certified fish roe

Eiríkur Vignisson, CEO of Vignir G. Jónsson hf says:  “Lumpfish products find their main market in Northern Europe, where the demand for MSC labeled products is high. Our customers started to ask for MSC certified fish roe and we decided to go into MSC pre-assessment. The positive outcome of this assessment made us decide to go into MSC full assessment and thereby to continue the steps towards MSC certification. Successful completion meets our customers demand and, even more valuable, equally communicates to world markets that our lumpfish fishery is sustainable.”

What the MSC says

Gísli Gíslason, MSC Senior Fisheries Outreach Manager in Iceland says:  “Lumpfish are caught along the Icelandic coast by small boat operations. Vignir G. Jónsson hf. is known for its proactive approach and progressive image and the lumpfish fishery is an important part of its total fishery activities. The fishery has now entered MSC full assessment working towards MSC certification. MSC certification will give the company tools to communicate their sustainability to its wide range of customers.  We warmly welcome this development.”

About Vignir G. Jónsson hf.

Family company Vignir G Jónsson hf. was founded in 1970 in England. Two years later the company was transferred to Iceland to be closer to the source of the best raw materials. Today Vignir G Jónsson hf. has 30 employees and is the oldest manufacturer of lumpfish caviar in Iceland. The company specializes in products made out of fish roe from cod, lumpfish,  saithe,  capelin, haddock and salmon.

More Information about the MSC

For media inquiries, please contact media@msc.org

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AUSTRALIA: DoD, Department of Fisheries WA to Monitor, Manage Marine Pests in WA Waters

AUSTRALIA: DoD, Department of Fisheries WA to Monitor, Manage Marine Pests in WA Waters | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Australian Department of Defence has joined forces with the Department of Fisheries WA to monitor and manage marine pests in Western Australian waters.


The Defence Support Group (DSG), the Royal Australian Navy and the Department of Fisheries specialist Marine Biosecurity Research and Monitoring Group has worked together to develop and manage a marine pest monitoring program around Garden Island.

 

As part of the program, Royal Australian Navy Clearance Divers have taken part in marine pest surveys in waters surrounding HMAS Stirling, which involved collecting samples by scraping mussel fouling off pylons, from a prescribed depth. On the surface, the research group then sort through the fouling looking for the pest mussel.

 

The surveys are designed to ensure the early detection of marine pest incursions, vastly improving the chances of eradicating any pests that are found.

 

While the Asian Green Mussel has been a pest targeted by the program, this particular pest has not been found in the vicinity of Garden Island to date.

 

Navy, DSG and the Department of Fisheries WA intend to continue their vigilance to keep the marine area surrounding Garden Island free from marine and environmental pests.

 

 

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ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Η 19η Φεβρουαρίου, ημέρα της φάλαινας

ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Η 19η Φεβρουαρίου, ημέρα της φάλαινας | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Στις 19 Φεβρουαρίου οι οικολόγοι γιόρτασαν την Παγκόσμια ημέρα της φάλαινας και των άλλων θαλάσσιων θηλαστικών. Την ημέρα αυτή πριν από 27 χρόνια η Διεθνής Επιτροπή Φαλαινοθηρίας απαγόρευσε την εμπορική αλιεία της φάλαινας.

 

Παρά το τεράστιο μέγεθός τους, οι φάλαινες είναι απροστάτευτες μπροστά στα καμάκια. Πιάνοντας τουλάχιστον μία από αυτές, ο ιδιοκτήτης του σκάφους καλύπτει όλα τα έξοδα της αποστολής. Η ασύστολη αλιεία των θαλάσσιων θηλαστικών πραγματοποιείται από τον 17ο αιώνα. Και μόνο στα μέσα του 20ου αιώνα, μετά την ολική εξαφάνιση μερικών ειδών φάλαινας, και την μείωση άλλων κατά δεκάδες φορές, άρχισαν να ακούγονται δυνατά οι διαμαρτυρίες των οικολόγων. Μετά την έναρξη ισχύος το 1986 της απαγόρευσης της εμπορικής φαλαινοθηρίας, ο πληθυσμός ορισμένων ειδών άρχισε αργά να ανακύπτει, επισήμανε ο συν-πρόεδρος της Παγκόσμιας Οικολογικής ομάδας «Εκοζασίτα» Βλαντίμιρ Σλιβιάκ:

 

Η απαγόρευση της εξόντωσης των θηλαστικών αυτών αποδίδει θετικά αποτελέσματα. Θα πρέπει να σημειωθεί ότι υπάρχουν ορισμένες χώρες, όπως η Ιαπωνία, οι οποίες συνεχίζουν την εμπορική αλιεία της φάλαινας. Και εδώ πρέπει φυσικά να επιτευχθεί μια γενική απαγόρευση.


Την τελευταία εικοσιπενταετία το Τόκιο πραγματοποιεί την λεγόμενη επιστημονική αλιεία, η οποία προκαλεί διαμαρτυρίες των οικολόγων. Ετησίως τα ιαπωνικά φαλαινοθηρικά σκάφη, δήθεν για ερευνητικούς σκοπούς, σκοτώνουν πάνω από 800 φάλαινες. Το κρέας τους στη συνέχεια πάντα πάει στα εστιατόρια και στα σούπερ μάρκετ της χώρας. Το περασμένο έτος τα σκάφη τους αναγκάστηκαν να σταματήσουν το κυνήγι της φάλαινας στα νερά της Ανταρκτικής, μετά από επίθεση εθελοντών οικολόγων, οι οποίοι πέταξαν βόμβες καπνού και χρησιμοποίησαν κανόνια νερού εναντίων τους. Το μεγαλύτερο φαλαινοθηρικό στόλο κάποτε είχε η Σοβιετική Ένωση. Όμως αργότερα ο στόλος αυτός καταργήθηκε λόγω της μη χρήσης του, επειδή η Ρωσία απαρνήθηκε από την εμπορική αλιεία.

 

Σήμερα στη Ρωσία υπάρχουν μερικά προγράμματα για την προστασία της φάλαινας, λέει ο Ντμίτρι Γκλάζοφ, ειδικός στα θαλάσσια θηλαστικά:

Για παράδειγμα η εταιρεία Γκαζπρόμ έχει προγράμματα για την προστασία των ειδών. Έχει και η Ρωσική Γεωγραφική Εταιρεία. Επίσης παρόμοια προγράμματα έχουν και οι εταιρίες που πραγματοποιούν εξόρυξη πετρελαίου σε υφαλοκρηπίδα.


Τα επιστημονικά προγράμματα μελέτης της φάλαινας κατανέμονται ανά περιοχή. Κοντά στις ακτές της Καμτσάτκα και Σαχαλίνης δίνεται έμφαση στη γκρίζα φάλαινα, στην καμπούρα και στη φάλαινα της Γροιλανδίας. Στη Λευκή Θάλασσα, βάσει προγράμματος της Ρωσικής Γεωγραφικής Εταιρείας, μελετάνε την φάλαινα μπελούγκα.

 

Η αποστολή της Σαχαλίνης για την μελέτη της μετακίνησης της γκρίζας φάλαινας χρησιμοποιεί την δορυφορική επικοινωνία. Οι αναμεταδότες στηρίζονται απευθείας στις ράχες των θαλάσσιων γιγάντων. Κάθε έτος πραγματοποιούν ένα ταξίδι 10000 χιλιομέτρων από τον Αρκτικό Ωκεανό μέχρι τη μεξικανική χερσόνησο της Κάτω Καλιφόρνιας. Συνολικά σήμερα υπάρχουν πάνω από 100 είδη θαλάσσιων θηλαστικών. Και ο στόχος των επιστημόνων είναι όχι μόνο η διατήρηση των ειδών, αλλά και η αύξηση του πληθυσμού τους.

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ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Συζητήσεις για την εφαρμογή καινοτόμων τεχνολογιών στην αλιεία

ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Συζητήσεις για την εφαρμογή καινοτόμων τεχνολογιών στην αλιεία | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Η επίτροπος της ΕΕ Μαρία Δαμανάκη, αρμόδια για τη Θαλάσσια Πολιτική και την Αλιεία ζήτησε να ολοκληρωθεί η τεχνολογική επανάσταση σε αυτόν τον τομέα και να σταματήσουν να πετούν τα ψάρια, που αλιεύονται καθ' υπέρβαση της επιτρεπόμενης ποσόστωσης.

 

Η Δαμανάκη δήλωσε ότι τα αλιευτικά σκάφη θα πρέπει να εφοδιαστούν με δίχτυα, τα οποία θα διαθέτουν ειδικούς αισθητήρες που θα υπολογίζουν την ποσότητα των αλιευμάτων και θα ελευθερώνουν ένα μέρος αν κρίνεται απαραίτητο.

 

Πρότεινε επίσης να τοποθετηθούν κάμερες στα αλιευτικά σκάφη ώστε οι αλιείς να μην παραβιάζουν τους κανόνες. Την Τρίτη, η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση θα αποφασίσει για την ενδεχόμενη μείωση του επιτρεπόμενου ποσοστού αλιευμάτων.

 

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UNITED STATES: 59% of the 'Tuna' Americans Eat Is Not Tuna

UNITED STATES: 59% of the 'Tuna' Americans Eat Is Not Tuna | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Nonprofit ocean protection group Oceana took 1,215 samples of fish from across the United States and genetically tested them in order to bring us the following astonishing facts:

 

- 59% of the fish labeled "tuna" sold at restaurants and grocery stores in the US is not tuna.

 

- Sushi restaurants were far more likely to mislabel their fish than grocery stores or other restaurants.- In Chicago, Austin, New York, and Washington DC, every single sushi restaurant sampled sold mislabeled tuna.

 

- 84% of fish samples labeled "white tuna" were actually escolar, a fish that can cause prolonged, uncontrollable, oily anal leakage.

 

- The only fish more likely to be misrepresented than tuna was snapper, which was mislabeled 87% of the time, and was in actuality any of six different species.

 

If you've ever wondered why the sushi in the display case is so affordable, given the dire state of the world's tuna supply, well, now you know.

 

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AUSTRALIA: Algal bloom revisits east coast fisheries

AUSTRALIA: Algal bloom revisits east coast fisheries | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
An algal bloom that closed the rock lobster and abalone fisheries on Tasmania's East Coast this summer has returned.

 

Testing at Great Oyster Bay has found a resurgence of the algae although authorities are yet to determine whether it is producing the paralytic shellfish toxin.

 

The Fisheries Minister Bryan Green says more testing is being done to determine whether the latest bloom will have any impact on shellfish bound for export markets.

 

"We are undertaking tests on bivalves now and we'll understand the impact of that with a view to making a decision as to whether or not those fish can be exported.

 

"And at the same time, it would allow us to understand what the situation is with the crayfish as well, even thought we're not testing for crayfish at the moment."

 

Mr Green says it is too early to say if there will be any impact on the lucrative fishery.

 

"I'll take advice from the department on that issue, as I have right the way through this natural occurrence.

 

"But suffice to say, if the toxicity is above the acceptable levels, we'll have to close the fishery," the Minister said.

 

The return of the bloom is bound to create more uncertainty for an industry trying to claw back from the last closure and difficulties with export markets.

The rock lobster industry alone is worth $60 million a year.

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Preparation of Agriculture and Fisheries Council, 25-26 February 2013

EUROPEAN UNION: Preparation of Agriculture and Fisheries Council, 25-26 February 2013 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Agriculture and Fisheries Council meeting of February will take place in Brussels on 25 and 26 February 2013, under the presidency of Mr Simon Coveney, Irish Minister of Agriculture, Food and the Marine. The Commission will be represented by Maria Damanaki, Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Dacian Cioloş, Commissioner for Agriculture & Rural Development and Tonio Borg, Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy. Agriculture points will be dealt with on Monday, while Tuesday will be dedicated to Fisheries and Health issues. A press conference will be held for each session at the end of the discussions. The public debates and the press conferences can be followed by video streaming: http://video.consilium.europa.eu.

 

Agriculture

 

The Council will have 2 public debates – webstreamed "live" - on direct payments and on transparency, two major aspects of the reform of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).


For direct payments, the Commission proposed in October 2011 to support farmers' income in a fairer, better targeted and simpler way, in particular with a more equitable distribution of funds between farmers, between regions and between Member States (respectively internal and external convergence) - see IP/11/1181. The Presidency has circulated a paper setting out a number of amendments to the Commission proposal, as well as new provisions relating to internal convergence.


On transparency, Ministers will discuss the Commission proposal of September 2012 aimed at reconciling the need for transparency with the protection of personal data. Previous rules had been put on hold following a 2010 judgment by the European Court of Justice partially invalidated transparency rules on the basis that they went beyond data protection rules for "natural persons". The new proposal – see IP/12/1006 - sets out limits on the publication of individual names and asks Member States to publish more detailed information, particularly on the type of aid and the description of the measures for which the funds have been allocated. Discussions will be structured around three questions put forward by the Presidency – the objective pursued by the Commission's proposal; elements relating to beneficiaries of funding to be published; and possible thresholds.


Any other business

 

The Austrian delegation will present a document on a new European protein strategy, concerning the EU's continued dependence on imports for protein supplies.

 

Fisheries

 

Fisheries reform: Discard ban and environmental obligations

The Council will discuss the main Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Common Fisheries Policy, proposed by the Commission in July 2011, as part of the package of proposals for a new, reformed fisheries policy for the EU.

 

Ministers will try to reach a general approach on the remaining parts of the Regulation, after the partial approach they agreed in June 2012 under Danish Presidency. More specifically, the Council will focus on the environmental obligations of Member States and on the ban of discards that are foreseen in the Regulation.


The objective of the reformed fisheries policy is to end overfishing and make fishing sustainable - environmentally, economically and socially. The new policy aims to:

 

- bring fish stocks back to sustainable levels by setting fishing opportunities based on scientific advice,

 

- provide EU citizens with a stable, secure and healthy food supply for the long term,

 

- bring new prosperity to the fishing sector, end dependence on subsidies and create new opportunities for jobs and growth in coastal areas. IP/11/873.

 

EU-Morocco

 

The Commission will inform ministers on the latest state of play in the negotiations between the Commission and the government of Morocco for the signing of a new Protocol under the Fisheries Partnership Agreement.

 

Health and Consumer Policy

 

The Irish Presidency has put the "mislabelling of beef products" on the agenda of the February Agriculture Council. The issue was first discussed in Coreper on 13 February 2013, followed by an Informal Ministerial meeting on 13 February evening organised by the Irish Presidency where the Member States most affected by the mislabelling of beef products, France, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Sweden and the United Kingdom participated.

 

The Commission proposed an intensive monitoring plan comprising two elements:

 

1. Extensive DNA tests on beef products (taken from the shelves) to check for the presence of horsemeat;

 

2. Verification of the absence of phenylbutazone in horsemeat in slaughterhouses or at the border when imported from third countries.

These tests will be carried out for three months with the first phase during March. The results of the first phase will be reported to the Commission by 15 April and will be published immediately. The number of tests to be conducted in each Member State will be proportionate to its meat product trade, the number of slaughtered horses, and the quantity of imported horsemeat.

 

The Commission is in close contact with the enforcement authorities in the Member States, in order to ensure that all information related to the investigations is circulated through the RASFF system allowing Member States to target their investigations.

 

 

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ECUADOR: Armadores pedirán extender plan para pesca de merluzas

ECUADOR: Armadores pedirán extender plan para pesca de merluzas | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

 

A pocos días de que culmine la fase experimental de la pesca de merluza, los armadores solicitarán a las autoridades que se permita seguir con la pesquería hasta que se adopte una decisión sobre la factibilidad de autorizar la actividad.

La captura de merluza se prueba como alternativa a la pesca de arrastre que se prohibió desde el año pasado. El plan piloto arrancó el 15 de enero y terminará este 28 de febrero.

Juan Carlos Correia, presidente de la Asociación Ecuatoriana de Armadores de Barcos Pesqueros-Camaroneros, dijo que durante este periodo han obtenido resultados favorables que pueden hacer viable la pesca del recurso.

Los once barcos involucrados en el programa han capturado entre 1.000 y 1.200 toneladas. Cada uno ha pescado de 6 a 7 toneladas durante las faenas de 24 horas y según datos preliminares, el pescado capturado oscila en promedio entre 30 a 35 cm, con un peso de unos 180 gramos.

El empresario explicó que con las redes que están usando, que tienen un ojo de malla más grande, el 98% de las capturas corresponde a merluza y el 2% a otras especies. “El primer objetivo que era no capturar otras especies se ha cumplido”, afirmó Correia.

Como los armadores han realizado una inversión que hasta el 28 de febrero aún no la recuperarán, Correia consideró que “bien se podría trabajar durante marzo hasta que haya una respuesta” del Gobierno sobre si es factible o no dar permisos para la actividad. Esta decisión la tomará el Ejecutivo.

Dámaso Zambrano, armador de un barco que participa en el plan experimental, estimó que se podría autorizar con cupos a unas 20 embarcaciones para que se involucren en la pesca de la especie. “Se quiere trabajar ordenado para que (el recurso) no se lo vaya a devorar en dos años”, sostuvo.

El armador cree que de concederse los acuerdos ministeriales para la pesca de merluza, el producto debe ser focalizado para la exportación debido a que el hábito de consumo en Ecuador no es tan fuerte.

Zambrano, quien ha capturado cerca de 125 toneladas de merluza, ha destinado casi la totalidad de esa producción al mercado de exportación. El precio de cada kilo procesado ha oscilado los $ 1,60.

 

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UNITED KINGDOM: Crayfish Moved as Threat of Crayfish Plague

UNITED KINGDOM: Crayfish Moved as Threat of Crayfish Plague | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

An endangered species of crayfish has been moved from a stream near Sheffield by the Environment Agency to give it a better chance of survival. The white-clawed crayfish are native to the area but are in danger from various factors, including the larger invasive signal crayfish which out-competes them for food and also spreads crayfish plague.


The white-clawed crayfish population will be caught by hand and moved from Sheffield’s Porter Brook, which carries one of the most threatened populations in the Yorkshire region, to a tributary further up in the hills, above a reservoir.

There has already been an outbreak of crayfish plague in the downstream reaches of Porter Brook, and the invasive signal crayfish are advancing upstream. The new location will be kept secret.

The reservoir will act as a barrier, halting the upstream spread of the alien signal crayfish and the plague it carries, and hopefully giving the white-clawed crayfish a safe haven to help it survive.

Ian Marshall, a biodiversity officer for the Environment Agency said: “The new home for the white-clawed crayfish will be what we call an ‘ark site’ – a place which is physically and biologically remote, giving the best protection for our native crayfish from the crayfish plague which has decimated them, and the invasive crayfish itself.

“Once at this secure site the native population should be able to settle and reproduce safely, without the problems caused by the signal crayfish. The new location should also have less pollution, another factor in the decline of the white-clawed crayfish.”

The Environment Agency is using contractors to plan the operational side of the work and apply to Natural England for the licence to move the crayfish.

The agency is also working with the National Park Authority, Yorkshire Water, Sheffield Council and the Hillsborough Motorcycle Club on the project.

The Hillsborough Motorcycle Club have agreed to alter the route of their 90-year-old annual trials motorcycle event, which takes place in the beck channel.

 

TheFishSite News Desk

 

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PHILIPPINES: Pangasius Fish Forum Encourages Potential Investors in Rizal

PHILIPPINES: Pangasius Fish Forum Encourages Potential Investors in Rizal | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Local farmers, Municipal Agriculture Officers, and businessmen of Rizal province recently attended Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)-Rizal’s Investment Opportunity Forum on the fish called pangasius Antipolo City. Romy Pol of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources – National Inland Fisheries Training Center briefed the attendees on the characteristics and history of pangasius.


According to Pol, pangasius comes from the family of the catfish and originates from the Mekong River which runs through China, Myanmar, Viet Nam, and Thailand. The specie is very hardy and lays around 50,000 eggs. However, studies show that pangasius only lays eggs in the Mekong River and must be induced to lay eggs in other habitats or fishponds. The fish also only reach sexual maturity after two to three years. BFAR also reiterated that pangasius are only allowed to be bred in inland fishponds in the country.

Feeds for pangasius are cheap due to the specie being detrivores (animals which feed on detritus or food particles in water).

The forum, in cooperation with the Rizal Provincial Government, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources – National Inland Fisheries Training Center (BFAR-NIFTC), Pangasius Industry Association of Rizal (PIAR) and Vitarich Corporation, was held February 15 to give potential investors a background of the Pangasius industry.

According to DTI-Rizal Provincial Director Mercedes Parreno the value chain of pangasius has already been identified at the regional level and several linkages have already been created in Calabarzon to support the industry.

DTI recently identified 32 key industries nationwide, 18 of which are feasible in Calabarzon. Eleven out of the 15 industries prioritized in the region are highly feasible in Rizal including the pangasius industry.

The agency also coordinates with the Cooperative Development Authority (CDA) and Department of Agriculture (DA) for convergence programs to help cooperatives and farmers with the food and processing aspects of pangasius.

However, Director Parreno reiterated that while the department prioritizes the strengthening of the pangasius industry, it does not aim to replace any staple fish.

“We do not intend to replace tilapia or any other staple fish with pangasius but we want to increase the food options we have.” Parreno said.

Also present during the forum were former Rizal governor Rebecca “Nini” Ynares, Provincial Agriculture Officer Dr. Reynaldo Bonita and PIAR President Orlando Rico.

 

TheFishSite News Desk

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Joint Committee EU-Mauritania

EUROPEAN UNION: Joint Committee EU-Mauritania | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The EU-Mauritania Joint Committee, under the current EU-Mauritania Fisheries Partnership Protocol, took place on 19-20 February in Paris.


Both parties agreed to convene rapidly a Joint Scientific Committee with the aim of updating the status of all fish stocks, including cephalopods, as well as examining other technical measures for various fisheries.

 

Technical conditions have been improved with the aim of making the Protocol more economically viable, including the increase of by-catch for the shrimps category and the extension of the southern pelagic zone.

 

Moreover, a number of clarifications were introduced and agreed upon on various issues, aiming to ensure more efficient fishing operations.

 

The Commission welcomes the fact that good progress has been made without deviating from the main principles of the Protocol, such as sustainability and the respect of scientific advice.  This outcome will definitely have a positive impact on the future implementation of the Protocol.

 

 

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JAPAN: No decision made on whale hunt

JAPAN: No decision made on whale hunt | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
JAPANESE officials insist no decision has been made to cut short the country's Southern Ocean whaling season after a dramatic clash with Sea Shepherd vessels.

 

Japan's whaling fleet was forced to abandon a refuelling operation on Wednesday after a series of collisions with the conservation activist group's boats.

 

Sea Shepherd captain Paul Watson said whaling had been suspended and he didn't expect the remaining 18 days of the season would see any hunting.

 

But Japan's Consul-General in Melbourne, Hidenobu Sobashima, said that comment was wide of the mark.

 

"That is not correct," Mr Sobashima told AAP.

 

"We have temporarily suspended refuelling activities but not more and not less than that."

 

Asked if the season would continue, Mr Sobashima said: "I'm not in a position to explain the detail of the movements of the whaling fleet."

 

News agency AFP also quoted a Japanese Fisheries Agency official in Tokyo saying the whaling program would continue.

 

Japan's Institute for Cetacean Research (ICR), which co-ordinates the annual hunt, was yet to comment.

 

Mr Sobashima said Japan had protested to the embassies of Australia and The Netherlands in Tokyo, but would not respond to federal environment minister Tony Burke's comment that whaling was in "flagrant violation" of international law.

 

"However, I'd like to say that what is being done is lawful in accordance particularly with article eight of the international convention for the regulation of research whaling," he said.

 

Sea Shepherd said its three vessels in the area - the Steve Irwin, Bob Barker and Sam Simon - were rammed by the Nisshin Maru, but Mr Sobashima laid the blame with the conservation group.

 

"It's the Sea Shepherd who are endangering the life and property of the crew and the safe navigation of the sea and therefore the Sea Shepherd activities are illegal and impermissible," he said.

 

"It's the Sea Shepherd vessels who approached the Japanese vessel and collided."

 

Captain Watson rejected that version of events.

 

"Their argument is that we hit their fist with our face," he said.

 

"It was more like a case of road rage."

 

Mr Sobashima said Sea Shepherd's claim the Japanese fleet had been illegally refuelling was false.

 

As the Greens repeated their call for an Australian naval ship to be sent to patrol the area, Prime Minister Julia Gillard continued to rule it out, saying it would put Australian personnel at risk.

 

"When did we become the nation that apparently has got the capacity to police every ocean in the world?" she told reporters in Adelaide.

 

Sea Shepherd estimates only 12 whales have been caught so far this season, while Mr Sobashima said figures were not available.

 

The Consul-General said he was confident Australia's case at the International Court of Justice to ban the annual hunt would not succeed.

 

"We believe that what we are doing is lawful, therefore the International Court of Justice would favour the Japanese position," he said.

 

Japan claims it conducts scientific research that is lawful under an International Whaling Commission Ban, and is continuing a cultural tradition.

 
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SOUTH AFRICA: Environmental impact guideline for aquaculture published

SOUTH AFRICA: Environmental impact guideline for aquaculture published | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Water and Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa has published the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Guideline for Aquaculture in South Africa, for public comment in Gazette No. 36145 of 11 February 2013.

 

Aquaculture incorporates the breeding, trading or rearing of aquatic organisms in a controlled or selected aquatic environment for the purposes of recreation, commercial or subsistence.

Published under section 24J of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 107 of 1998), the guideline seeks to, amongst others, align the EIA process and environmental authorisations to the specific nature of aquaculture.

It also seeks to identify and promote awareness of the potential positive and negative impacts associated with aquaculture and present measures of mitigation to the potential impacts of aquaculture.

"Aquaculture does not take place in a vacuum and the guideline emphasises this and provides particulars around the authorisation requirements in aquaculture underpinned by various environmental legal frameworks, including the Biodiversity Act, the Protected Areas Act and the Waste Act," said the department.

The guideline also highlights the scale of the potential impacts of aquaculture and the risks posed to the environment if aquaculture is not implemented along the principles of sustainability.

Aquaculture has the potential to impact on water, biodiversity, ecosystems and wild fish stocks. As such, the need for integrated planning that is flexible and detailed in the sustainable operation of an aquaculture venture is stressed.

The newfound support from government, the growing need for integrated use of resources and the socio-economic needs behind the diversification of food production has led to a rapid growth in the aquaculture sector.

In 2009/2010, the Department of Environmental Affairs identified a gap in the sector. Several role players lacked adequate information on the environmental aspects of the aquaculture sector.

The department developed this information and guideline document covering all aspects relating to the environment of the aquaculture sector to assist all stakeholders, environmental practitioners, academics, aquaculturalists and the general public.

Molewa said that the implementation of this guideline would assist with the creation of an environmentally responsible and more sustainable aquaculture industry.

"It is envisaged that the principles outlined in this guideline will result in the development of environmentally sustainable projects and ultimately an environmentally responsible aquaculture sector for South Africa," she said.

Interested and affected parties are invited to submit written comments to the Minister within 30 days of publication of the notice in the Gazette.

Comments received after 30 days may not be considered. Written comments or inputs can be delivered by hand, mail, email or telefax transmission.

It should be addressed to: The Director-General: Department of Environmental Affairs, Attention Mr S Zondi, Private Bag X 447, Pretoria, 0001.

If delivering by hand, it should be to the 2nd Floor (Reception), Fedsure Forum Building, 315 Pretorius Street, Pretoria, or by email to: szondi@environment.gov.za or by fax +27 (0) 12 310 3688

To access the gazette: http://cdn.biz-file.com/f/1302/eia_aquaculture_guidelines.pdf

 

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