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SENEGAL: Senegal's firebrand fisheries minister turns his ire on foreign factory ships

SENEGAL: Senegal's firebrand fisheries minister turns his ire on foreign factory ships | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Activist turned politician Haïdar el Ali derides countries that deplete stocks of local food staples and then donate aid.


Donor countries are acting at cross purposes by tolerating, and in some cases registering, giant trawlers whose fishing techniques undermine west African food security, according to Senegal's fisheries minister.

"The giant ships, like the Kiyevska Rus that we are currently pursuing for illegal fishing, trawl small pelagic fish and grind it into animal feed," Haïdar el Ali said. "Small pelagics [fish that swim near the surface] are a food staple in the entire Sahel region. In a single day those ships can trawl what an artisanal crew takes in a year. Countries like Russia, Ukraine, Korea but also Spain are depleting one of our staples and at the same time some of them are giving us aid. It does not make sense."


The loquacious activist turned minister has just been greeted like a pop star in the bustling fishing port of Mbour, south of the capital, Dakar. He turned his back on his furniture-trading Lebanese family to become an environmental campaigner in the 1980s, and is the fishermen's David to the trawler industry's Goliath. In January, in a first for a Senegalese fisheries minister, El Ali brought ashore the 120-metre Russian trawler Oleg Naydenov and kept it in Dakar for three weeks. "The ship was carrying 1,000 tonnes of fish and it all rotted," he said with a giggle.


El Ali's passion leads to un-ministerial outbursts. He catches himself sounding more like the passionate diver and global militant he is than the minister he has become. "Small pelagics are a food resource from Sierra Leone to Morocco. They desperately need protecting all along the west African coast." He thinks neighbouring Mauritania should not tolerate huge ships that literally suck fish out of the water but "Mauritania is a sovereign country and the ships are there under a European Union agreement", he said.


Some people say complaints from the timber industry led to El Ali being moved to fisheries last September from the environment portfolio, which he had held since April 2012. But, if anything, the shift was a promotion in a country with a 435-mile (700km) coastline and an estimated 2 million people dependent on the sea for income.


After 20 years running his environmental charity, Oceanium, El Ali says he went into politics as a result of his frustration with the fisheries ministry. "The political will was lacking to stand up to the industry, which has considerable power to corrupt. I will stay in politics for as long as it takes to put the environment on to the African political agenda."


He chews on a seed from a moringa tree. "This is like a miracle energy tablet. We are planting it all over Senegal," he said, dropping in a plug for Oceanium and its 300 community bushfire-fighting units, bamboo-growing schemes and a mangrove-planting programme that he claims is the biggest in the world.


He is full of praise for militants of the waves, such as the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, and scornful of mainstream environment charities. "The World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature are just seminar organisers. It's a disgrace that they stuff their faces while our firefighters have to beat back flames with tree branches."


Even in his day job, El Ali has plenty on his plate. He wants radar stations all along the coast. The Senegalese navy has only two frigates, and it depends on weekly French air force flights for photographic evidence of fishing incursions by "a good 50 ships".


He wants harsher fines that are a real deterrent. "The Ukrainian Kiyevska Rus is in and out of our waters. It can hold 3,000 tonnes of fish. In one trawl it can board fish worth 50m CFA francs [$100,000]. It can trawl 10 times in a day. Yet the maximum fine we can impose at the moment is 200m CFA francs. I have written to the Ukrainian foreign ministry, but it is difficult to arrest a vessel. I'm working on a new fisheries code that will give us the power to jail the captains and make the vessels Senegalese property. We will sink them. We need a few artificial reefs to combat coastal erosion."


Earlier in Mbour, El Ali had been greeted with drumming and dancing, but he was not moved by it. In a short speech he managed to wipe the smiles off every face in the crowd. He told them: "On the shore this morning I saw 15kg sea bass alongside 500g sea bass. That 500g bass hasn't finished breeding. He should be thrown back in the water. How do you expect me, as a minister, to be the guardian of your resource if you are fishing like amateurs?"


In interview, however, he makes it clear that the industrial ships are by far the biggest villains. But, he says: "We are all responsible. You can look at the sea and think it is eternal. Regrettably it is not. It is a living thing, just as was the tropical forest we today call the Sahara desert. The sea must not become a desert."



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MAGAZINE: FishMe - Numero 15

La pêche passion extrême, passion qui prend tout mon temps… passion qui m’entraine. Dans ce numéro nous avons la chance de voir revenir Quentin Dumoutier, avec un article sur la pêche de la truite aux leurres. Précis et concis il vous donne envie d’y aller… Sans oublier notre grand concours photo…qui a mobilisé pas mal de gens, motivés et doués… Ne lâchez pas, et continuez à faire de belles images !!! Une nouvelle version évolutive, restez donc sur vos gardes et allez voir de temps en temps EM

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EUROPEAN UNION: European Parliament's Fisheries Committee votes for the Baltic Plan

EUROPEAN UNION: European Parliament's Fisheries Committee votes for the Baltic Plan | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Yesterday (31-3-2015) the Fisheries Committee of the European Parliament has voted on the multiannual Baltic Plan, a management plan adopted by the European Commission in 2014 which establishes targets and conservation reference points for stocks and promotes regionalised decision making for fisheries in the Baltic.


The plan concerns cod, sprat and herring and aims to make fishing in the Baltic more sustainable. European Commissioner for Environment, Fisheries and maritime Affairs Karmenu Vella said: 'The European Commission welcomes European Parliament's progress that ensures the adoption of the Baltic Plan as soon as possible. This is what the fishing industry needs. The 196 amendments submitted by the Members of the European Parliament confirm that the plan has drawn a huge interest and not only from the Baltic states. The Commission needs time to analyze the voting results in order to understand better the implication of the voted amendments'.


Background on Baltic Sea fisheries

The Baltic multiannual plan was adopted by the Commission in October 2014. It was discussed in the Council’s working group and PECH Committee. At the end of April 2015, the AGRIFISH Council will discuss its general approach and the Parliament will vote on the report in its plenary session.


The main fisheries in the Baltic are cod, herring and sprat:


- Cod in the Eastern Baltic and Western Baltic are considered to be separate stocks.


- Different herring stocks exist in the Baltic, with the main stock being found in the sea's eastern basin. There are smaller stocks in the Bothnian Sea, the Gulf of Riga and the Western Baltic. The latter stock spawns in the western Baltic and then migrates into the Skagerrak and the Eastern North Sea in order to feed.


- There is one stock of sprat.


Only three herring stocks (out of the seven stocks in total that are considered in the plan) in the Central Baltic, the Gulf of Riga and the Bothnian Sea are currently exploited at levels consistent with Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY).


The cod stocks are currently subject to a long term management plan, which does not address anymore the reality of the status of the stocks. The targets established in the plan are not coherent with the MSY approach. The plan introduced a parallel system of stock management by limiting the fishing effort, which scientists lately concluded as unnecessary. The main management tool for pelagic stocks is a yearly catch limit established by the Council.


The Total Allowable Catches (TACs) and quotas are based on yearly political agreements in the Council and there can be large fluctuations from year to year. This makes it very difficult to ensure that fishing mortality will be consistent with MSY by 2015. The unpredictability in the level of future fishing opportunities makes it difficult for the industry to plan ahead, risking additional adaptation costs. Too high or exceeded TACs have contributed to fishing mortality leading to reduced yields and income.



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EUROPEAN UNION: Revealing Europe's hidden landscape

EUROPEAN UNION: Revealing Europe's hidden landscape | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The Commission is advancing in achieving its marine knowledge objectives with the release of a new digital map of Europe's seabed topography with a higher resolution than had previously been publicly available; about 230 metres compared to 1 kilometre before the launch of the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet).


It covers all of European seas, including the Norwegian and Icelandic Seas and waters around the Canary Islands. The new digital map is based on over 6000 survey data sets and composite maps provided by 29 data providers from 17 countries.

The data are freely available and downloadable by industry, public authorities, researchers and civil society. Service providers can build added-value products based on these data and so contribute to innovation in the blue economy.


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PUBLICATION: International Training Course in Fisheries Statistics and Data Collection

PUBLICATION: International Training Course in Fisheries Statistics and Data Collection | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Knowledge of the status and trends of capture fisheries, including socio-economic aspects, is key to sound policy-development, better decision-making and responsible fisheries management. Inventories of national data collection systems carried out by the FAO FishCode–STF Project indicated that main problems/challenges in the fisheries monitoring system are: (i) a lack of human and financial resources; (ii) a lack of capacity/knowledge in fisheries monitoring at local level; (iii) a lack of appropriate, cost-effective data collection systems; (iv) a lack of reliable, adequate and accurate information; and v) gaps in data collection, processing and analysis. Capacity building in data collection and fisheries statistics is a high priority for the FAO FishCode–STF Project. Therefore, FAO in collaboration with the Department of Oceanography and Fisheries of the University of Ghana, Accra, developed the International Training Course in Fisheries Statistics and Data Collection.

The primary objective of the course is to illustrate sampling methods for improving routine data collection, which can provide the desired precision of estimates at the lowest possible cost and yet possess a higher degree of accuracy. The design techniques are based on international standards, illustrated with the collection of fisheries statistics and analysis from the region. The specific objectives are: (i) to introduce basic concepts of the importance of fisheries information; (ii) to introduce international standards and concepts in fisheries data collection; (iii) to introduce the basic concepts of sampling and design of routine fisheries data collection schemes; (iv) to introduce basic concepts of statistical data analyses; (v) to introduce basic concepts of data storage and dissemination; and (vi) to provide practical issues and examples relevant to fisheries statistics and data collection.


de Graaf, G.J., Nunoo, F., Ofori Danson, P., Wiafe, G., Lamptey, E. & Bannerman, P. 2015.

International training course in fisheries statistics and data collection. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1091. Rome, FAO. 134 pp.




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MAGASINET: Fiskerbladet - April 2015

TEMA - De unge fiskere: Det har ikke skortet på negative historier i pressen om faldende kvoter, vrede fiskere og dårligt økonomi. Det er da heller ikke forkert, at mange fiskere i dag føler sig presset. Men den negative omtale til trods, søger rigtig mange unge alligevel hvert år ind på Fiskeriskolen i Thyborøn for at prøve kræfter med en fremtid på havet. - Vodbinderfaget skal genoplives: Tilgangen til det ædle håndværkerfag som vodbinder har gennem de senere mange år lidt en krank skæbne. De unge har ikke haft interesse i at samle kordeler til større tovværk eller for den sag skyld fremstille eller reparere net og klargøre dem til morgendagens fangster på havet. Det skal en ny type uddannelse nu rette op på. - Lønmodtager bliver selvejer igen: Efter nogle år som skipper på et fiskeskib, ejet af en skibsreder, har Niels Henrik Bøndergaard, valgt igen, at blive selvejer og dermed få foden på eget dæk. Det skete gennem et køb af en rejetrawler i skipper Bøndergaards hjemby Hvide Sande.
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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Κερδίζει έδαφος στο ελληνικό τραπέζι η κατανάλωση ψαριών

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Κερδίζει έδαφος στο ελληνικό τραπέζι η κατανάλωση ψαριών | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |


Την εκτίμηση ότι το ψάρι έχει επιστρέψει στο “μενού” των ελληνικών σπιτιών, αποσπώντας σταδιακά μερίδια από τα πιο “δυτικά” τρόφιμα, διατύπωσε σήμερα, από τη Θεσσαλονίκη, ο σεφ Λευτέρης Λαζάρου, με την ευκαιρία τής πρώτης ενημερωτικής παρουσίασης σε επαγγελματίες σεφ και φορείς για τα προϊόντα ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας.


Πρόσθεσε ότι τα πλεονεκτήματα τής τσιπούρας και του λαβρακιού που προέρχονται από ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες είναι πολλά, αφού μπορούν να δώσουν στις επιχειρήσεις εστίασης τη δυνατότητα να προσφέρουν ποιοτικά και νόστιμα πιάτα με σχετικά χαμηλό κόστος παραγωγής, ενώ επιπρόσθετα είναι διαθέσιμα ανά πάσα στιγμή, κατόπιν παραγγελίας. Στην Ελλάδα λειτουργούν σήμερα 324 μονάδες εκτροφής ψαριών, γεγονός που διασφαλίζει την ελληνική "ταυτότητα" της τσιπούρας και τού λαβρακιού ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας, που φτάνει στο πιάτο μας.

Μάλιστα, ο σεφ ετοίμασε επί τόπου και παρουσίασε στους παρευρισκόμενους επαγγελματίες σεφ μια σειρά από πιάτα με έντονο μεσογειακό χαρακτήρα, όπως τσιπούρα με ταχίνι και σησαμέλαιο και μους κουνουπίδι με φέτα λαβράκι.

Από την πλευρά της, η διαιτολόγος-διατροφολόγος Κωνσταντίνα Καρασούλη παρουσίασε τα οφέλη μιας διατροφής που ενσωματώνει την τακτική κατανάλωση ψαριών. Όπως είπε, τα ψάρια είναι πλούσια σε ωφέλιμα λιπαρά Ω3 και ιδίως όταν συνδυαστούν με πρώτες ύλες όπως το ταχίνι, που έχει Ω6, προσφέρουν μια ιδανική λύση για υγιεινή διατροφή.

Στις 7 απόψε θα πραγματοποιηθεί ενημερωτική εκδήλωση για το ίδιο θέμα, αυτή τη φορά για γονείς και κηδεμόνες, στην αίθουσα “Αιμίλιος Ριάδης” της ΔΕΘ-Ηelexpo, στο διεθνές εκθεσιακό κέντρο Θεσσαλονίκης.

Οι παρουσιάσεις εντάσσονται στο πλαίσιο του ολοκληρωμένου σχεδίου προώθησης ευρύαλων μεσογειακών ειδών (τσίπουρα - λαβράκι ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας), που υλοποιεί η Ελληνική Εταιρεία Επενδύσεων και Εξωτερικού Εμπορίου – Enterprise Greece (φορέας εποπτευόμενος από το Υπουργείο Ανάπτυξης).




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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Συνάντηση αντιπροσωπείας Πανελλήνιας Ένωσης Μικροκαλλιεργητών με τον Αναπληρωτή Υπουργό Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Συνάντηση αντιπροσωπείας Πανελλήνιας Ένωσης Μικροκαλλιεργητών  με τον Αναπληρωτή Υπουργό  Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Ο βουλευτής Θεσπρωτίας του ΣΥΡΙΖΑ Μάριος Κάτσης, κατόπιν αιτήματος της Πανελλήνιας Ένωσης Μικρομεσαίων Ιχθυοκαλλιεργητώνγια συνάντηση με τον Αναπληρωτή Υπουργό Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης & Τροφίμων κ. Ευάγγελο Αποστόλου, παρέστη σε συνάντηση η οποία πραγματοποιήθηκε στις 12/3/2015 στο Υπουργείο.


Ο κ. Κάτσης επισήμανε στον κ. Υπουργό, ότι η Ελληνική υδατοκαλλιέργεια και ιδιαίτερα η θαλάσσια υδατοκαλλιέργεια αποτελεί έναν δυναμικό κλάδο του πρωτογενούς τομέα. Ο έντονα εξαγωγικός της χαρακτήρας, δεδομένου ότι σε ποσοστό 70 - 80% των παραγόμενων προϊόντων εξάγονται στο εξωτερικό, συμβάλει σημαντικά στο ισοζύγιο εισαγωγών – εξαγωγών της χώρας. Επίσης, οι άμεσα απασχολούμενοι στον συγκεκριμένο κλάδο υπολογίζονται στα 10.000 άτομα πανελλαδικά.


Τόνισε δε, ότι η υδατοκαλλιέργεια στη Θεσπρωτία, κατέχει περίπου το 10% της συνολικής πανελλήνιας παραγωγής και αποτελεί ισχυρό μοχλό ανάπτυξης και απασχόλησης για ολόκληρη την περιοχή.


Η ΠΑΝ.Ε.Μ.Ι από την πλευρά της, αφού ενημέρωσε τον Υπουργό για τα προβλήματα του κλάδου,  κατέθεσε υπόμνημα και αναλυτικό φάκελο με τα βασικά αιτήματα της. Αυτά έχουν να κάνουν με εκκρεμείς εκδόσεις ερμηνευτικών εγκυκλίων (ΚΥΑ – ΥΑ), το χωροταξικό σχεδιασμό των υδατοκαλλιεργειών, ζητήματα που αφορούν το ΕΠΑΛ 2007 – 2013 και την κατάρτιση του ΕΠΑΛ 2014 – 2020 (εξειδίκευση μέτρων, πιστώσεις, χρονοδιαγράμματα).


Ο κ. Αποστόλου αφού ενημερώθηκε για τα ζητήματα, παρέλαβε το υπόμνημα των  αιτημάτων τους και εξέφρασε την πρόθεση του Υπουργείου να ενισχύσει τον ρόλο της μικρομεσαίας ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας, η οποία μπορεί να συνδράμει στη διαδικασία παραγωγικής ανασυγκρότησης της χώρας. Επίσης δήλωσε ότι θα αναλάβει πρωτοβουλίες ώστε να προχωρήσουν οι απαραίτητες διαδικασίες για την επίλυση των ζητημάτων που αφορούν τον κλάδο.


Σύλλογος Υδατοκαλλιεργητών Θεσπρωτίας

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EUROPEAN UNION: EU strengthens fisheries conservation in Mediterranean

EUROPEAN UNION:  EU strengthens fisheries conservation in Mediterranean | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |


The European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Karmenu Vella welcomed the political agreement that the European Parliament and the Council of the EU have provisionally reached today to ensure the full implementation of the measures adopted by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM)


"I wish to thank the Members of the European Parliament and more particularly Mr Gabriel Mato as rapporteur for the file, and the Council, steered by the Latvian Presidency who have worked on a consistent and constructive basis on this file. I fully trust that this agreement will be formally endorsed in the coming weeks by both institutions, thus enhancing the EU commitments in the Mediterranean and in the Black Sea", said Mr Vella.


The GFCM is a Regional Fisheries Management Organization (RFMO) with 23 Member countries along with the European Union which has the authority to adopt binding recommendations for fisheries conservation and management in the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and connecting waters. The new legislation consists of technical measures for the sustainable exploitation of red coral as well as for the mitigation of incidental catches of certain marine species such as sea turtles and cetaceans; it also contains a coherent framework for the recording of relevant data by fishermen and for reporting to the GFCM.



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GREECE: Nireus Aquaculture signing Memorandum of Understanding with the Group’s Creditor Banks

GREECE: Nireus Aquaculture signing Memorandum of Understanding with the Group’s Creditor Banks | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

NIREUS AQUACULTURE announces that, on March the 24th, 2015, it entered a Memorandum of Understanding with the Lending Banks that contains the basic terms guiding the restructuring of its loans.

Based on this agreement, which is expected to give impetus to the Group to enter a new period of growth and profitability, the Company will immediately proceed to all procedures, as stated by the Law and the Articles of Association, for the convention of a Meeting of the Shareholders and a Meeting of the Bondholders of the existing CBL, in order to implement until 31.10.2015 a series of corporate actions and new agreements that will result, not only to the financial, but also to the operational restructuring of the Group.


The main axes of the restructuring of the Group’s loans are:

    A. Capitalization of bank loans up to € 58.600.000 with the issuance of new NIREUS shares to the Lending Banks, of € 0,30 par value, which is expected to result into a 75%, appr., ownership of the Share Capital by the Creditors.

    B. Issuance of 10-year common secured bonds up to € 94.552.126 at a rate of interest set at EURIBOR + 4,25%.

    C. Issuance of one 10-year convertible bond loan (CBL) amounting to € 24.466.293 at a rate of interest set at 1% and conversion price € 0,30 per share.

The company will propose to the bondholders of the existing CBL to align its basic terms to those of the new CBL.

It is also stipulates that the Company will start the procedures for the merger by absorption of its subsidiary Seafarm Ionian S.A., as well as specific corporate actions for the rationalization of its business structure.

All the procedures required for the above will be followed before the competent corporate bodies of the Group’s companies, including the Boards of Directors, the shareholders meetings and the Bondholders Meeting of the existing CBL, as well as the supervising authorities.  Detailed information for all the above will be issued through specific announcements for the decisions of the Board of Directions of the Group’s companies, the assemblies that will convene, and the Prospectus that the Company will prepare and make available to investing public.

Mr. Aristides Belles, president of BoD and CEO, commented on having reached the agreement: “After a long period of negotiations, an agreement has been reached with the Creditor Banks that will rationalize the financial position of the Group and set the foundation and support for the firm progress of the Company to new achievements that will continue to benefit significantly the economy of the country and our shareholders, employees and partners.

We will continue to work decisively and methodically for the improvement of the Company’s efficiency while we maintain our leading position as one of the largest export companies of the country.  This, in conjunction with the restructuring agreement, gives an even greater value to our Group, and makes us all proud for the prospects of our business”.



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EUROPEAN UNION: Important progress towards sustainable fisheries in South Indian Ocean

EUROPEAN UNION: Important progress towards sustainable fisheries in South Indian Ocean | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The members of South Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement (SIOFA) achieved important progress in the meeting held in Mauritius last week.


A recommendation was adopted to enable the member states of SIOFA to ban gillnets in the Indian Ocean. It was also agreed that the headquarters of SIOFA will be installed in La Reunion; however the annual meeting will be held in Mauritius every second year.


The EU delegation presented a Monitoring and Control Surveillance (MCS) system including issues of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing, which has been well received by the contracting Parties as a starting point for future discussions.


The SIOFA is a non-tuna Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO) which completes the coverage of RFMOs in the Indian Ocean. The Agreement was concluded in 2006 but entered into force only in 2012. The present Members of the SIOFA are Australia, Cook Islands, the EU, France, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mauritius and Seychelles.



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MAGAZINE: Water LIFE - April 2015

Fishing, boating and other water related subjects in the pristine environs of Charlotte Harbor Florida and the Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve

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GREECE: NIREUS in Seafood Expo Global 2015

GREECE: NIREUS in Seafood Expo Global 2015 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

NIREUS will again this year participate in the Seafood Expo Global 2015, to be held 21-23 April 2015 in Brussels, Belgium.

Come and meet us at the Greek Pavillon, Booth No.: 6-901 (Hall 6, Booth  901).


To save waiting time, take 2’ now to time to register online: or by phone by using the Priority Code 110139.

To pre-arrange appointments with us, please contact us by April 15 at: Fish Sales Department - T: +30 210 6698273 - F: +30 210 6620070 -  E:

We are all looking forward to meeting with you in Brussels.

The NIREUS sales and customer service team



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PUBLICATION: Climate change vulnerability in fisheries and aquaculture

PUBLICATION: Climate change vulnerability in fisheries and aquaculture | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |
A synthesis of six regional studies


Global reviews of the impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture systems carried out in 2009 revealed a paucity and patchiness of information concerning climate impacts on the sector. Six follow-up regional case studies were then launched by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in an attempt to start filling the gaps and to provide direction and initial steps in adaptation planning. Fisheries and aquaculture systems were selected across the globe to allow for diversity. The approach of the case studies followed a template allowing them to: (i) define vulnerability to climate change by understanding potential impacts on the system, the sensitivity of the system to such changes and the current adaptive capacity; (ii) identify gaps in existing knowledge in assessing the vulnerability of the system; (iii) identify potential strategies for reducing vulnerability to climate change; and (iv) provide policy guidance in reducing system vulnerability.

The objective of this publication is to consolidate, further interpret, refine and draw conclusions from the information gathered on climate change impacts, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of fish production systems in the diverse and geographically distinct socialecological systems covered by the six case studies. Although the specificity of each case study and the complexity of vulnerability prevent a generalization of issues and the drawing of broad conclusions, the present document captures common threads from a close examination of the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the systems considered. Information on these three characteristics of vulnerability is particularly relevant to policymakers, development practitioners and members of the academic community concerned with the impacts of climate change on aquatic resources and the communities and economies they support. It can be used to identify areas in which interventions, policy development and/or further research are needed to better equip these systems and their stakeholders to reduce their vulnerability and enhance their adaptation to long-term climate-induced changes. It can also be used as a benchmark against which improvements in capacity may be measured or monitored over time.


Brugère, C. 2015.
Climate change vulnerability in fisheries and aquaculture: a synthesis of six regional studies. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1104. Rome, FAO. 88 pp.



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REVISTA: pesca - Abril 2015

La revista Pesca es un medio de información alternativo referido a temas del mar y de la pesquería. Difunde información, ideas y corrientes de opinión que tienen por objeto crear conciencia de la necesidad de hacer sostenible la extracción de los recursos marinos, de seguridad alimentaria y del cuidado del medio ambiente. Pero sobre todo, contribuir con información para que el lector empiece a formarse una opinión propia sobre la problemática pesquera. Contiene información diversa que no necesariamente interesa totalmente al lector, pero bajar la revista es gratuito y le permite acceder cuando desee a los artículos que le interesen. Difundamos la Revista Pesca.

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MAGAZINE: The Scottish Flyfisher - April 2015

The fly fishing magazine in relation to all aspects of fly fishing within Scotland. By Scottish fly fishers for fly fishers around the world

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ΤΑΪΛΑΝΔΗ: Στο επίκεντρο ο ανταγωνισμός από τα δουλεμπορικά

ΤΑΪΛΑΝΔΗ: Στο επίκεντρο ο ανταγωνισμός από τα δουλεμπορικά | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |


Υποκριτικές πιέσεις για τερματισμό της δουλείας χιλιάδων εργατών από χώρες της Νοτιοανατολικής Ασίας, που δουλεύουν στα κάτεργα δουλεμπορικών στόλων που εργάζονται για λογαριασμό της διεθνούς βιομηχανίας κατεψυγμένων και νωπών αλιευμάτων, άσκησε χτες η εκπρόσωπος του Στέιτ Ντιπάρτμεντ και οι επικεφαλής μεγάλων αμερικανικών επιχειρήσεων, που βλέπουν ανταγωνιστικά όσα γίνονται σε θαλάσσιες περιοχές χωρών όπως η Ινδονησία και η Ταϊλάνδη, εν γνώσει των τοπικών αρχών. «Ξεχνώντας», προφανώς, τις πρακτικές εκμετάλλευσης και τα ψίχουλα που δίνουν Αμερικανοί γαιοκτήμονες και εργολάβοι στους εκατοντάδες χιλιάδες Μεξικανούς μετανάστες που δουλεύουν, π.χ., στους οπωρώνες και τα αμπέλια της Καλιφόρνια...


Αφορμή έδωσε η τελευταία έρευνα του πρακτορείου «Ασοσιέιτεντ Πρες» (ΑΡ), που διαπίστωσε ότι εκατοντάδες μετανάστες από την Ταϊλάνδη και τη Μιανμάρ δουλεύουν νυχθημερόν σε δουλεμπορικά του απομακρυσμένου μικρού νησιού Μπεντζίνα της Ινδονησίας δίχως την παραμικρή αμοιβή από Ταϊλανδέζους καπετάνιους και εργολάβους. Η εκπρόσωπος του Στέιτ Ντιπάρτμεντ, Τζεν Ψάκι, αρκέστηκε εντούτοις στη διαπίστωση της εξαθλίωσης και εκμετάλλευσης των μεταναστών - εργατών, λέγοντας ότι γίνεται «σε διάφορα στάδια της παραγωγής, από την αλιεία ως τη συσκευασία και τις εξαγωγές».


Ο αντιπρόεδρος της ταϊλανδέζικης κυβέρνησης, στρατηγός Πραουίτ Γονγκσουβάν, αρνήθηκε πως υπάρχουν σκλάβοι που δουλεύουν για ταϊλανδέζικα αλιευτικά στην Ινδονησία, επιρρίπτοντας, εμμέσως πλην σαφώς, την ευθύνη για ανήθικες εργασιακές πρακτικές στις ινδονησιακές αρχές. Μάλιστα, σε ανακοίνωση που εξέδωσε αργότερα η ταϊλανδέζικη κυβέρνηση αναφέρεται πως οι ξένοι μετανάστες εργάτες στην Ταϊλάνδη είναι τουλάχιστον 1.600.000 άτομα και οι περισσότεροι δουλεύουν στη βιομηχανία αλιείας «υπό το ίδιο καθεστώς προστασίας» που επιφυλάσσεται και για τους Ταϊλανδούς εργάτες...


Ωστόσο, λίγη ώρα νωρίτερα η μεγαλύτερη ταϊλανδέζικη εταιρεία κατεψυγμένων αλιευμάτων, η «Thai Union Frozen Products», διέψευσε τον Ταϊλανδό αντιπρόεδρο, αφού ανέφερε σε ανακοίνωσή της ότι ανέστειλε τη συνεργασία με τους εργολάβους που προσδιορίζονται στο ρεπορτάζ - έρευνα του πρακτορείου ΑΡ.


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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Το 75% της «Νηρεύς Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες» περνάει στις πιστώτριες τράπεζες

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Το 75% της «Νηρεύς Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες» περνάει στις πιστώτριες τράπεζες | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Μετά τη Σελόντα, μία ακόμη από τις ηγέτιδες εταιρείες του κλάδου θα περάσει στον έλεγχο των τραπεζών.



Στις πιστώτριες τράπεζες θα περάσει το 75% της εταιρείας Νηρεύς Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, όταν ολοκληρωθεί η διαδικασία αναδιάρθρωσης των δανείων της. Αυτό προβλέπει η συμφωνία αμοιβαίας κατανόησης που υπέγραψε η εταιρεία Νηρεύς με τις τράπεζες ύστερα από πολύμηνες διαπραγματεύσεις. Επί της ουσίας, μετά τη Σελόντα, μία ακόμη από τις ηγέτιδες εταιρείες του κλάδου των ιχθυοκαλλιεργειών θα περάσει στον έλεγχο των τραπεζών, με απώτερο σκοπό την πώληση ή τη συγχώνευσή της με άλλη ομοειδή επιχείρηση. Το προσεχές διάστημα αναμένεται να συγκληθεί έκτακτη γενική συνέλευση των μετόχων της εταιρείας Νηρεύς, προκειμένου να εγκρίνει τη συμφωνία με τις τράπεζες, ενώ στόχος είναι να έχει ολοκληρωθεί η διαδικασία της αναδιάρθρωσης έως τις 31 Οκτωβρίου 2015.

Το προσεχές διάστημα αναμένεται να συγκληθεί έκτακτη γενική συνέλευση των μετόχων της «Νηρεύς», προκειμένου να εγκρίνει τη συμφωνία με τις τράπεζες, ενώ στόχος είναι να έχει ολοκληρωθεί η διαδικασία της αναδιάρθρωσης έως τις 31 Οκτωβρίου 2015.


Σύμφωνα με ανακοίνωση που εξέδωσε χθες η εταιρεία Νηρεύς, η συμφωνία με τις τράπεζες προβλέπει τα ακόλουθα:

• Κεφαλαιοποίηση δανειακών απαιτήσεων ποσού έως 58.600.000 ευρώ με έκδοση νέων μετοχών της εταιρείας Νηρεύς και τιμή έκδοσης 0,30 ευρώ ανά μετοχή, υπέρ των πιστωτριών τραπεζών, που αναμένεται να αποδώσει συνολικά ποσοστό ιδιοκτησίας του μετοχικού κεφαλαίου της εταιρείας στις πιστώτριες περί το 75%.


Σήμερα, ο ιδρυτής και επικεφαλής της εταιρείας Νηρεύς, Αρ. Μπελλές, διαθέτει το 21,16%, το 23,68% ανήκει στο fund Linnaeus Capital Partners και το 5,38% στον κ. Ν. Χαβιαρά. Αν και δεν έχει διευκρινισθεί ακόμη ποιο θα είναι το ποσοστό που θα κατέχουν οι παραπάνω μετά την κεφαλαιοποίηση των δανείων, πληροφορίες αναφέρουν ότι το ποσοστό του κ. Μπελλέ θα υποχωρήσει στο 5,5%.

• Εκδοση κοινών εξασφαλισμένων ομολογιακών δανείων ύψους έως 94.552.126 ευρώ και επιτόκιο Euribor +4,25%.

• Εκδοση μετατρέψιμου σε μετοχές ομολογιακού δανείου συνολικού ύψους 24.466.293 ευρώ δεκαετούς διάρκειας, με επιτόκιο 1% και τιμή μετατροπής 0,30 ευρώ ανά μετοχή.

• Η εταιρεία Νηρεύς θα προχωρήσει στην έναρξη διαδικασιών συγχώνευσής της με απορρόφηση της θυγατρικής κατά 26,45% εταιρείας Sea Farm Ionian A.E. καθώς και σε επιμέρους εταιρικές πράξεις εντός του oμίλου που στοχεύουν στον εξορθολογισμό της δομής του.

Ως προς το υφιστάμενο μετατρέψιμο ομολογιακό δάνειο ύψους 20 εκατ. ευρώ, η εταιρεία Νηρεύς θα προτείνει στους ομολογιούχους δανειστές να εναρμονισθούν οι βασικοί όροι αυτού με τους όρους του νέου ΜΟΔ. Στις 30/9/2014 το υπόλοιπο του εν λόγω ΜΟΔ ανερχόταν σε 23,9 εκατ. ευρώ.

Αυτό, πάντως, που δεν έχει αποσαφηνισθεί ακόμη είναι ποιος θα αναλάβει το μάνατζμεντ της εταιρείας μετά την αναδιάρθρωση του δανεισμού.


Της Δήμητρας Μανιφάβα | Kathimerini

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MAGAZINE: Inshore ireland - February / March 2015

News, views and features from Ireland's inshore, and freshwater environment

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EUROPEAN UNION: Council adopts measures to help sea bass to recover

EUROPEAN UNION: Council adopts measures to help sea bass to recover | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The Council today has adopted measures to help sea bass recover. For recreational fishing, which accounts for 25% of sea bass mortality, the decision will mean the introduction of a limit of three fish per day per angler. Learn more about sea bass with our infographic (available in English and in French).


Sea bass is a very valuable fish, on which many fishermen, especially small fishing enterprises, depend. With over 1.3m recreational anglers in France and another 800 000 in the UK, many thousands of jobs also depend on recreational fishing.


Recent scientific analyses have reinforced previous concerns about the state of the stock and advised urgently to reduce fishing by 80%. We are witnessing a rapid decline of sea bass that risks leading to a collapse if no action is taken. 


The daily limit on recreational catches complements the emergency measures which the Commission adopted earlier this year, and which targeted pelagic fisheries.


The Commission has previously taken such emergency measures to protect vulnerable stocks, most recently with anchovy in the Bay of Biscay.




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NORWAY: RV Dr Fridtjof Nansen explores seamounts of the Southeast Atlantic

NORWAY: RV Dr Fridtjof Nansen explores seamounts of the Southeast Atlantic | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The UN General Assembly has listed seamounts among marine habitat that may have particularly vulnerable benthic communities and fisheries resources. The recent cruise of the RV “Dr. Fridtjof Nansen”, from the 15. Jan to the 12. Feb 2015 aimed at mapping the occurrence and abundance of benthopelagic fish and sessile epibenthos in the southeast Atlantic.


This included indicators of vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs sensu FAO Guidelines for Deep-sea Fisheries in the High Seas), in selected ‘existing fishing areas’ and areas closed to fishing within the convention area of the Southeast Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (SEAFO). Using towed video systems and other samplers, the international scientific party enhanced information of both fish and VME-indicators such as corals, on the seamounts known as Schmitt-Ott, Wüst, Vema, Valdivia, and Ewing.


The cruise was a contribution to the Southeast Atlantic Fisheries Organization (SEAFO) resulting from a co-operation between SEAFO, the EAF-Nansen project, and the FAO. The aim is to facilitate activities in support of the efforts by SEAFO to meet objectives in relation to the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution 61/105 and the associated FAO Guidelines on Deep-sea Fisheries in the High Seas. The south eastern Atlantic was selected by the recently initiated GEF-sponsored FAO ABNJ programme (“Common Oceans”) as an area of particular attention.


Despite a shortage of data on the occurrence of ‘vulnerable marine ecosystems’ (VMEs, as defined in the FAO Guidelines), SEAFO has introduced comprehensive measures to protect such ecosystems from significant adverse impacts within the convention area. SEAFO has closed 10 subareas of the convention area to all fishing activity, a regulation most recently revised in 2011. Best available bathymetry data were compiled to locate subareas recognised in the FAO guidelines as VME features, essentially primarily seamounts. Fishing was assumed restricted to the upper 2000m of any feature, hence an updated map of areas shallower than 2000m was the basis of further selection (Fig. 1). In SEAFO such areas are seamounts or seamount complexes of various sizes and shapes.


The spatial distribution of VME indicators such as corals and sponges (i.e. as given in FAO guidelines) is however not well known in SEAFO, hence a need for further information from scientific investigations at sea has been recognised. Also, there is a pronounced shortage of fisheries-independent data for assessing the status and providing advice on targeted fisheries resources such as Patagonian toothfish, pelagic armourhead, alfonsino and deep-water crabs.


The international scientific party comprised competent scientists from SEAFO Contracting Parties supplemented by invited experts to strengthen the competence on benthos and fish taxonomy and identification. Five of seven SEAFO CPs were represented on the cruise, i.e. Namibia. Angola, the European Union, South Africa and Norway.



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