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PUBLICATION: Deep–sea Cartilaginous Fishes of the Indian Ocean. Volume 1. Sharks, David A. Ebert, 2013

PUBLICATION: Deep–sea Cartilaginous Fishes of the Indian Ocean. Volume 1. Sharks, David A. Ebert, 2013 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |




This volume is a comprehensive, fully illustrated Catalogue of the Deep–sea Sharks of the Indian Ocean, encompassing FAO Fishing Areas 51 and 57, and that portion of Area 47 off South Africa from about 18°42’E to 30°00’E.


The present volume includes 8 orders, 23 families, 46 genera, and 117 species of shark–like fishes occurring in the Indian Ocean deep–sea. It provides accounts for all orders, families, and genera and all keys to taxa are fully illustrated.


A species representative account of each genus is also provided and includes: valid modern names and original citation of the species; synonyms; the English, French, and Spanish FAO names for the species; a lateral view and often other useful illustrations; field marks; diagnostic features; distribution, including a GIS map; habitat; biology; size; interest to fisheries and human impact; local names when available; a remarks sections; and literature.


The volume is fully indexed and also includes sections on terminology and measurements for sharks including an extensive glossary, and a dedicated bibliography.




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ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Τα ψάρια διασκεδάζουν παίζοντας, δείχνει νέα μελέτη

ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Τα ψάρια διασκεδάζουν παίζοντας, δείχνει νέα μελέτη | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Νέα μελέτη του Πανεπιστημίου Νόξβιλ του Τεννεσσί δείχνει πως τα ψάρια διασκεδάζουν παίζοντας.


Ο επικεφαλής της μελέτης, Γκόρντον Μπούργκαρντ, καθηγητής Ψυχολογίας και Εξελικτικής Βιολογίας, ορίζει το «παιχνίδι» με έναν τρόπο που επιτρέπει τον εντοπισμό τέτοιας συμπεριφοράς σε είδη όπως ερπετά, ασπόνδυλα και σφήκες, που προηγουμένως δε θεωρούνταν ικανά για κάτι τέτοιο.


«Το παιχνίδι είναι μία επαναλαμβανόμενη συμπεριφορά η οποία είναι ατελώς λειτουργική στο πλαίσιο ή στην ηλικία κατά την οποία λαμβάνει χώρα, και ξεκινάει οικειοθελώς όταν το ζώο ή το άτομο βρίσκεται σε μία χαλαρή κατάσταση χαμηλού στρες», δήλωσε ο Μπούργκαρντ.


Ο Μπούργκαρντ και η ομάδα του, σε συνεργασία με το Εθνικό Ζωολογικό Πάρκο Σμιθσόνιαν στην Ουάσιγκτον, αποτελούν τους πρώτους ερευνητές που κατέγραψαν συμπεριφορά παιχνιδιού σε ψάρια με διάφορα αντικείμενα. Αρκετά είδη ψαριών εμφανίζουν τέτοιες συμπεριφορές αλλά ένα συγκεκριμένο είδος πέρκας τους τράβηξε την προσοχή.


Η ομάδα μελέτησε και κατέγραψε τη συμπεριφορά τριών αρσενικών ψαριών κατά τη διάρκεια δύο ετών, και παρατήρησαν τα ψάρια να χτυπούν επανειλημμένως ένα θερμόμετρο στο βυθό της δεξαμενής τους. Η παρουσία ή μη φαγητού ή άλλων ψαριών μέσα στο ίδιο ή σε διπλανό ενυδρείο δε φέρεται να επηρέαζε τη συμπεριφορά τους. Αυτή η συνεχόμενη επίθεση στο θερμόμετρο ικανοποιεί τα κριτήρια του Μπούργκαρντ για τον ορισμό του παιχνιδιού.

«Η γρήγορη ανόρθωση –σαν εκκρεμές- του θερμομέτρου ήταν πιθανότητα το πρωταρχικό ερέθισμα που διατήρησε το ενδιαφέρον και τη συμπεριφορά των ψαριών», δήλωσε ο Μπούργκαρντ. «Έχουμε παρατηρήσει χταπόδια να κάνουν κάτι παρόμοιο τραβώντας μπάλες στο βάθος του ενυδρείου και μετά να τις παρατηρούν να επανέρχονται στην επιφάνεια. Αυτό το αντιδραστικό χαρακτηριστικό είναι κοινό και στα παιχνίδια που χρησιμοποιούνται για μικρά παιδιά και κατοικίδια», πρόσθεσε.


Η έρευνα απεικονίζει πώς το παιχνίδι είναι ενσωματωμένο στη βιολογία των ειδών, συμπεριλαμβανομένου του εγκεφάλου. Το παιχνίδι, όπως και μεγάλο μέρος της ψυχολογίας και της συμπεριφοράς των ζώων, αποτελεί μέρος της εξελικτικής τους ιστορίας και δεν είναι απλά μία τυχαία συμπεριφορά χωρίς νόημα, υποστηρίζει η έρευνα.



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EUROPEAN UNION: Commission reports on plans to save the European Eel

EUROPEAN UNION: Commission reports on plans to save the European Eel | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |


The European Commission has today issued a report on the measures taken by EU countries to ensure the recovery of European eel.


After scientific evaluation of national progress reports, the Commission's report concludes that whilst measures on controlling fisheries have been fully implemented, more needs to be done to manage other human activities and improve river habitats.


Despite a significant increase in the number of baby eel produced since 2011, the population at all stages of adult eels remains very low. The Commission's report, issued to the European Parliament and Council, includes a number of recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the Eel regulation and ensure that the situation can improve further.


The stock's critical situation led to the 2007 Eel Regulation under which Member States with eel habitats in their territory must prepare and implement national eel management plans. According to the legislation, EU countries must take measures that allow 40 % of adult eels to escape from inland waters to the sea, where they can spawn.


To demonstrate how they intend to meet the target, EU countries have drawn up national eel management plans at river-basin level. In their plans, EU countries propose measures such as limiting fisheries, making it easier for fish to migrate through the rivers, and restocking suitable inland waters with young eel.


European eel is listed on Annex II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). International trade of European eel into and out of the EU is currently prohibited.


More information:;ELX_SESSIONID=RGJLJF6XQvh7j1vckG1DLpsDdzGmpNjQXq1NcvgSx1XP2V6JVR8J!-1095106434?uri=CELEX:32007R1100

National Eel Management Plans:

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EUROPEAN UNION: Regional plans adopted as landing obligation nears

EUROPEAN UNION: Regional plans adopted as landing obligation nears | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The European Commission has today adopted a series of discard plans as it gears up for the introduction of an obligation to land all catches on 1 January 2015.


Discarding, the practice of returning unwanted fish back into the sea, is banned by the new Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) which stipulates that fishermen will instead have to land everything that they catch. The five discard plans adopted today contain some practical rules, as well as a limited number of exemptions, to help fishermen implement the new rules.


The plans, which cover all pelagic fisheries in EU waters and fisheries in the Baltic, were put together by Member States who developed joint recommendations regionally in the Baltic, North Sea, North Western Waters, South Western Waters, and the Mediterranean. Input was also received from local industry and stakeholders through Advisory Councils which under the new CFP have a right of consultation when EU countries decide the rules for fishermen in that region. The Commission reviewed the joint recommendations against the objectives and requirements of the CFP before adopting the plans today.


In order to support fishermen during the challenging period when the landing obligation enters into force, the discard plans introduce some limited exemptions in certain cases where unwanted fish have a high chance of survival if returned to sea, where increases in selectivity are impossible to achieve, or where fishermen would incur disproportionate costs when handling unwanted catches. These exemptions have been assessed by the scientific advisory body of the Commission, the STECF, to ensure that they meet the CFP's high sustainability standards. All fish released back into the sea under the allowed exemptions must still be reported and accounted for in order to ensure full transparency and data for scientific advice.


Support to adapt to the new rules will also be available from the EU's Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), with financial help for more selective fishing gears and techniques; or investments in equipment on board and port facilities necessary to use unwanted catches.


There were no joint recommendations for the Black Sea pelagic fisheries. Based on the information available to the Commission, there would be no need at this stage for any detailed rules to facilitate the introduction of the landing obligation in the Black Sea.


Next steps

The discard plans will enter into force on 1 January 2015, after a two-month scrutiny period by the Parliament and the Council. This marks the first phase of the landing obligation which will be introduced gradually between 2015 and 2019 for all commercial fisheries.

Following this first step, the landing obligation will apply to the main target species of demersals in the North Sea and Western Waters on 1 January 2016, and to the main target species of demersals in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and all other fisheries by 1 January 2017. The landing obligation for all other species will apply by 1 January 2019 at the latest. Work has already started regionally to prepare for the second step of the implementation of the landing obligation on 1 January 2016.



Discarding is the practice of returning unwanted catches to the sea, either dead or alive, either because they are too small, the fisherman has no quota, or because of certain catch composition rules. The new CFP does away with the wasteful practice of discarding through the introduction of a landing obligation.  Under the landing obligation all catches have to be kept on board, landed and counted against the quotas. Undersized fish cannot be marketed for human consumption purposes.


This change in regime serves as a driver for more selectivity, and provides more reliable catch data. To allow fishermen to adapt to the change, the landing obligation will be introduced gradually, between 2015 and 2019 for all commercial fisheries (species under the total allowable catch (TAC) regime, or under minimum sizes) in European waters.


For further information

Discard plans:



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SRI LANKA: Several foreign countries willing to import fish products from Sri Lanka

SRI LANKA: Several foreign countries willing to import fish products from Sri Lanka | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Colombo: After the European Commission proposed to ban imports of fisheries products from Sri Lanka, several foreign countries have already expressed their willingness to purchase their fish product requirements from Sri Lanka, the Minister of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources said today.


Participating in a program at the national radio SLBC the Minister of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Dr. Rajitha Senaratne said representatives of two major fish exporting companies are due to visit Sri Lanka shortly.


The Japanese Ambassador has expressed willingness to hold discussions on importing fish products from Sri Lanka, and the Chinese ambassador is also scheduled to meet the Minister tomorrow on the matter, Dr. Senaratne added.


The European Commission last week said it moved to ban the fishery imports from Sri Lanka, the second biggest exporter to the bloc, due to Sri Lanka's failure to demonstrate that it sufficiently addressed illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing after four years of intense dialogue with the country.


The Minister said that the European Union has imposed several conditions for the export of Sri Lanka's fish products and most of these conditions have already been fulfilled.


He said the European Union has charged Sri Lanka of carrying out fishing activities in the international maritime areas and said that a fine should be paid in that connection. Accordingly Sri Lanka has paid 1.5 million rupees as fines, but the EU has informed that payment is not sufficient.


The Minister said that Sri Lanka does not need permission from anyone to carryout fishing activities in the international maritime areas.


The ban will come into force in January 2015 and Sri Lanka has three months to take measures to avoid the ban.


Fisheries products caught by vessels flagged in Sri Lanka will not be able to enter the EU market after three months' time if Sri Lanka fails to comply with the EU requirements.


Sri Lanka is the second biggest exporter of fresh and chilled swordfish and tuna to the EU with euro 74 million of imports in 2013.





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WORLDWIDE: Antarctic conference to vote on huge marine parks amid strained relations

WORLDWIDE: Antarctic conference to vote on huge marine parks amid strained relations | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Meeting of 25 nations, including Russia and Ukraine, in Hobart will consider proposals on the future of Antarctic research and marine protection.


Tense international relations could sway the outcome of vital research and protection proposals for the Antarctic, the head of a global meeting of scientists says.


Russia and China are among 25 delegate nations meeting in Hobart for the annual gathering of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.


Representatives from both countries, and others including Ukraine, have previously opposed the creation of two huge marine protected areas, arguing the zones would have a devastating impact on fishing.


This year the commission will again consider the establishment of the ocean sanctuaries – in an amended form – one of which is proposed by Australia, France and the EU, the other by the US and New Zealand.


But international relations, including Australia’s strained links with Russia, could affect the talks.


“No one hangs their coat and hat up at the door, some of those issues come through,” the commission secretary, Australia’s Andrew Wright, told reporters on Monday’s opening day of the meetings.


“We do expect, and it is not unreasonable in a multilateral setting such as this, that there are other issues going on ... that do impact on a member’s political position.”


All 25 delegate nations were represented at this year’s meeting, Wright confirmed.


Talks had been going on between Australian and Russian delegations, but they had been affected by the MH17 tragedy, he said.


“How that plays out over the next fortnight I can’t forecast.”


The agenda for the 10-day meeting includes setting up protected marine areas, combating illegal fishing, limiting catches of krill and other fish species and improving monitoring of Antarctic waters.


The marine park proposal, which Australia has put its name to, has almost halved in size to one million square kilometres since it was last considered by the commission. It also allows restricted fishing activity in its new guise.


The chairman of the commission’s scientific committee, Christopher Jones from the United States, said the initial response to the proposal has been positive.


“It is very important that we make some progress this year,” Jones said of plans for the marine park, which are being considered for a fourth year.


Deep End's curator insight, October 20, 6:53 PM

Marine Life: Hopefully we'll all be able to agree on the importance of protecting this fragile environment.

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EUROPEAN UNION: The EFCA adopts its Work Programme for 2015 and elects the Chairperson of its Administrative Board

EUROPEAN UNION: The EFCA adopts its Work Programme for 2015 and elects the Chairperson of its Administrative Board | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA) has adopted its Multiannual Work Programme for 2015-2019 and the Annual Work Programme at the meeting of the Administrative Board held on 17 of October 2014.


Moreover, the budget adopted in the meeting for 2014 is of €9,2 mio., almost the same figure as last year’s budget, and subject to the adoption of the EU Budgetary Authority.


Mr Reinhard Priebe, a lawyer from Germany, has been elected the new Chairman of the EFCA Administrative Board. Mr Priebe is a retired European Commission official, who has been Director in the European Commission in the Directorate General for External Relations and before in the Directorate General for Fisheries and Maritime Affairs.


EFCA’s Administrative Board adopted its new Multiannual work programme 2015-2019 and the Annual work programme for 2015, which will very much focus on the effective assistance to Member States and the Commission in the implementation of the reformed Common Fisheries Policy. In this sense, the EFCA offers a renewed approach of cooperation to the Administrative Board with the ultimate goal of enhancing a culture of Compliance in the Common Fisheries Policy and achieving the level playing field in the most cost-efficient way.


The new features of the Common Fisheries Policy basic regulation entail significant changes related to the landing obligation for catches, new international requirements and in the fight against IUU activities. The EFCA offers its technical expertise, brokers cooperation and gives the necessary support to the Member States and the European Commission in the implementation of the control regime of the Common Fisheries Policy.

Beyond operational coordination, this support will comprise of the training for trainers and inspectors, as well as the facilitation of data management systems, that can operate in a smart and strategic way. Further, support will be extended to the proceedings of the expert group on compliance where the EFCA will be an observer.


“Indeed, the recently agreed Common Fisheries Policy regulation offers new challenges and the EFCA - in cooperation with Member States, EU institutions and other stakeholders - will strive to ensure its effective implementation which will put the EU firmly on the path of a sustainable fishing sector and fishing communities,” said Pascal Savouret, EFCA Executive Director.



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MAGAZINE: The Indoor Gardener Magazine - September / October 2014

Become part of the growing indoor gardening family by sharing The Indoor Gardener magazine online. Stay up-to-date on the latest from the world of indoor gardening and its industry. Get the latest from the front lines in indoor gardening innovations to the latest garden trends, exciting new products, current techniques and technologies, and companies or personalities who make indoor gardening advance. In The Indoor Gardener magazine, you’ll read the world’s best-informed and skilled contributors, meet folks living the indoor gardening lifestyle worldwide, and experience the excitement and energy of becoming yourself a more successful indoor gardener!
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ΑΥΣΤΡΑΛΙΑ: Οι ωκεανοί σημειώνουν τη μεγαλύτερη αύξηση στάθμης τα τελευταία 6.000 χρόνια

ΑΥΣΤΡΑΛΙΑ: Οι ωκεανοί σημειώνουν τη μεγαλύτερη αύξηση στάθμης τα τελευταία 6.000 χρόνια | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Τα τελευταία χρόνια η στάθμη των ωκεανών σημείωσε τη μεγαλύτερη άνοδο εδώ και 6.000 χρόνια, σύμφωνα με νέα μελέτη Αυστραλών επιστημόνων.


Υπάρχουν δύο τρόποι που μπορούν να αυξήσουν το ύψος των επιπέδων της θάλασσας. Ο πρώτος είναι η θερμική διαστολή, κατά την οποία το νερό των ωκεανών διαστέλλεται, καθώς ανεβαίνει η θερμοκρασία του, και ο δεύτερος είναι η εισροή επιπλέον νερού, το οποίο εισέρχεται στη θάλασσα από την τήξη των πάγων. Είναι αποδεδειγμένο εδώ και καιρό πως τα επίπεδα της θάλασσας αυξάνονται, καθώς και ότι οι πάγοι λιώνουν πολύ ταχύτερα από ό,τι προηγουμένως νομίζαμε.


Αυτό που δεν είχε επαληθευθεί ακόμα ήταν αν η εξέλιξη αυτή είναι πρόσφατη ή όχι, δηλαδή αν κατά τη διάρκεια των τελευταίων αρκετών χιλιάδων ετών, η στάθμη της θάλασσας εμφάνιζε διακυμάνσεις. Τώρα μια νέα μελέτη του Εθνικού Πανεπιστημίου Αυστραλίας δείχνει ότι ο ωκεανός ήταν εκπληκτικά στατικός από το 4.000 π.Χ. και μετά.


Ωστόσο αυτό άλλαξε τα τελευταία 150 χρόνια. Προσομοιώνοντας 35.000 χρόνια διακυμάνσεων της θάλασσας, οι ερευνητές διαπίστωσαν ότι οι ωκεανοί παρουσιάζουν τη μεγαλύτερη άνοδο στάθμης από οποιαδήποτε στιγμή κατά τη διάρκεια των τελευταίων 6.000 ετών. «Πιστεύω ότι αυτό οφείλεται ξεκάθαρα στην επίδραση της αύξησης της θερμοκρασίας» δήλωσε ο επικεφαλής συγγραφέας Κερτ Λάμπεκ, καθηγητής στο Εθνικό Πανεπιστήμιο της Αυστραλίας.


Υπάρχουν ισχυρές ενδείξεις ότι τα επίπεδα της θάλασσας έχουν αυξηθεί ως αποτέλεσμα της κλιματικής αλλαγής. Κατά τη διάρκεια του περασμένου αιώνα, η παγκόσμια μέση στάθμη της θάλασσας ανέβηκε κατά 1,7 χιλιοστά ετησίως,ενώ τα τελευταία χρόνια μεταξύ 1993 και 2010, ο ρυθμός αυτός αυξήθηκε στα 3,2 χιλιοστά το χρόνο, αναφέρει η έρευνα. Συνολικά, η θάλασσα έχει ανέβει κατά περίπου 20 εκατοστά από την αρχή του 20ου αιώνα.


Χρησιμοποιώντας τα δεδομένα από 1.000 αρχαία δείγματα ιζημάτων από τις ακτές της Αυστραλίας και της Ασίας, καθώς και από νησιά του Ειρηνικού και του Ινδικού Ωκεανού, οι ερευνητές συνέδεσαν την ιστορία των θαλασσών μελετώντας δείκτες όπως οι ρίζες των δέντρων ή μαλάκια. Αυτό που ανακάλυψαν ήταν ότι ένα μεγάλο στρώμα πάγου έλιωσε πριν από 16.000 χρόνια, το οποίο σταθεροποιήθηκε πριν από 8.000 χρόνια. Στη συνέχεια, τα τελευταία 6.000 χρόνια, ελάχιστα πράγματα άλλαξαν μέχρι την κλιματική αλλαγή των τελευταίων ετών.


«Όλες οι μελέτες δείχνουν ότι δεν μπορούμε απλά να αναστρέψουμε αυτή την τάση», δήλωσε ο Λάμπεκ. «Η στάθμη της θάλασσας θα συνεχίσει να αυξάνεται για μερικούς αιώνες αν διατηρήσουμε τις εκπομπές διοξειδίου του άνθρακα στα σημερινά επίπεδα», πρόσθεσε.



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EL MUNDO: Montevideo acogió el Taller Regional para combatir la Pesca ilegal, no Declarada y no Reglamentada

EL MUNDO: Montevideo acogió el Taller Regional para combatir la Pesca ilegal, no Declarada y no Reglamentada | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Simposio Regional para combatir la Pesca ilegal, no Declarada y no Reglamentada (Pesca “INDNR”)


Del 29 de septiembre al 3 de octubre la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) celebró en Montevideo el Taller Regional relativo a la “Implementación del Acuerdo FAO del 2009 sobre Medidas del Estado Rector del Puerto destinadas a prevenir, desalentar y eliminar la Pesca Ilegal No Declarada y No Reglamentada (pesca INDNR)”. Este taller fue organizado por la FAO con la financiación del Gobierno de Noruega y con el apoyo de la Organización de Pesquerías del Atlántico Nordeste (NEAFC).


El taller contó con la participación de representantes de 15 países de la región, Belice, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Perú, El Salvador, Uruguay, Venezuela, representantes de organizaciones intergubernamentales, Comisión Permanente del Pacifico Sur (CCPS), INFOPESCA, y organizaciones no gubernamentales, MarViva, PEW Charitable Trust y WWF.


En la ceremonia de apertura Kai Bethke, representante a.i. de la FAO en el Uruguay, indicó que el Acuerdo ha sido reconocido como un instrumento práctico y futurista que servirá para fortalecer la colaboración regional e internacional en sus esfuerzos por combatir la pesca INDNR. 


Matthew Camilleri, oficial del Departamento de Pesca de la sede de la FAO en Roma, afirmó que “el principal objetivo del taller es dar a conocer el Acuerdo de la FAO del 2009 a los países poniendo de relieve sus principales beneficios como instrumento efectivo para combatir la pesca INDNR. En particular, con la ratificación del Acuerdo a nivel mundial se conseguiría impedir que los productos de la pesca INDNR llegaran a los mercados, a través de la implementación de procedimientos estándar globales de control de los buques pesqueros extranjeros en los puertos”.


Blaise Kuemlangan, jefe del Servicio de Derecho para el Desarrollo de la FAO en Roma, indicó que “dos de los países de la región, Chile y Uruguay ya han ratificado el Acuerdo y están desarrollando políticas, legislación y medidas operativas para la implementación del mismo. Se espera que estos países sirvan de motor regional para la implementación en otros países de la región”.


América Latina y el Caribe ha sido identificada  por el Comité de la Pesca de la FAO en su última reunión de junio del 2014 como una de las regiones prioritarias para beneficiarse de un taller de estas características. En este sentido Daniel Gilardoni, Director General de la DINARA (Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos) manifestó a la prensa que Montevideo es el puerto más importante del océano Atlántico sudoccidental para la recalada de buques pesqueros que no pertenecen a Uruguay, Argentina y Brasil. Así mismo, expresó también que “este tipo de oportunidades son excelentes para intercambiar experiencias y ver de qué manera intentamos defender mejor los recursos pesqueros en nuestras aguas”. Agregó que se intentarán acordar medidas de cooperación entre los países de la región y también a través de las organizaciones regionales de ordenación pesquera para combatir la pesca INDNR.


En la finalización del Taller se llegó a una serie de recomendaciones elaboradas por los países participantes entre las que se encuentran: promover a nivel nacional la revisión y ajustes de la normativa existente a nivel jurídico y con todos los órganos competentes (Ministerios, autoridades de pesca entre otros), fortalecimiento a nivel regional de las capacidades y de los recursos humanos para la implementación del Acuerdo del 2009, promover el fortalecimiento de la Red Latinoamericana de monitoreo, control y vigilancia pesquera.



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REVISTA: AQUA Acuicultura + Pesca - Octubre 2014

Todo indica que las inversiones futuras continuarán en la búsqueda de mejores alternativas de control para cáligus y SRS.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE: Dual Roles of an Algal Farming Damselfish as a Cultivator and Opportunistic Browser of an Invasive Seaweed

RESEARCH ARTICLE: Dual Roles of an Algal Farming Damselfish as a Cultivator and Opportunistic Browser of an Invasive Seaweed | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Abstract Herbivory is a fundamental process determining reef resilience, and while algal farming damselfishes can help shape benthic assemblages, an understanding of their contribution to areas outside of defended territories is relatively unexplored. Here, we demonstrate how the farming damselfish Stegastes marginatus plays a dual role in benthic structuring by 1) contributing to persistence of the invasive macroalga Acanthophora spicifera within a Hawaiian marine protected area, where the macroalga occurred exclusively inside Stegastes territories, and 2) behaving as an opportunistic browser of the exotic alga outside their territorial borders. 


Greater than 50% of the biomass of tethered A. spicifera was consumed within one-hour when placed outside Stegastes territories, compared to <5% lost from tethers within territories or herbivore exclusion cages. In situ remote video revealed that tethered A. spicifera located outside territories was grazed primarily by the surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus (~68% of total bites) and, surprisingly, by S. marginatus (~27% of total bites) that left their territories to feed on this resource on 107 occasions during 400 min of filming.


Further, for over half of those occurrences where S. marginatus grazed on the tethered macroalga outside of territories, they fed alongside conspecifics and other species, displaying little of the aggressiveness that characterizes this damselfish. 


These results show that S. marginatus plays a wider role in determining benthic assemblages than previously recognized, acting both as cultivators of a canopy-forming invasive macroalga within their territories, and as opportunistic browsers in neighboring sites. Consequently, S. marginatus can affect benthic species composition across their territory borders. 


These results provide a rare example of interspecific facilitation of an exotic alga by an indigenous marine fish. Accounting for fish behaviors more broadly is important to further our understanding of ecological processes that shape reef ecosystems to improve management of MPAs that often support extensive farming damselfish populations.


About the Authors


- Kimberly A. Peyton, Lauren M. ValentinoHawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii – Manoa, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America


- Karen P. MaruskaDepartment of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America


Corresponding Author





Competing Interests


The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.


Author Contributions


Conceived and designed the experiments: KAP KPM. Performed the experiments: KAP KPM LMV. Analyzed the data: KAP KPM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KAP KPM. Wrote the paper: KAP KPM LMV.



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PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.


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EVENT: 30 October 2014, Port of Augusta, Sicily - Blue Day

EVENT: 30 October 2014, Port of Augusta, Sicily - Blue Day | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Event organised on the 30 October by the Italian Presidency and the European Commission (with the support of the Port Authority of Augusta and the Italian Navy).




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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Αίσιο τέλος είχε η περιπέτεια των 3 Καλύμνιων ψαράδων στην Αίγυπτο

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Αίσιο τέλος είχε η περιπέτεια των 3 Καλύμνιων ψαράδων στην Αίγυπτο | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |


Αίσιο τέλος είχε η περιπέτεια των 3 Καλύμνιων ψαράδων που συνελήφθησαν στην Αίγυπτο με την κατηγορία της παράνομης εισόδου και αλιείας.

Μια περιπέτεια που κράτησε περισσότερο από 40 ημέρες και από χθες Δευτέρα(20 Οκτωβρίου 2014) απόγευμα, παίρνει και ουσιαστικά τέλος ,αφού ήδη με το σκάφος τους αναχώρησαν από Αίγυπτο και επιστρέφουν στην Κάλυμνο.

Συγκεκριμένα στις 8 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014 ενώ το αλιευτικό σκάφος «Άρχοντας Μ» Νηολογίου Καλύμνου 524, κυριότητας Μιχαήλ Καρδούλια του Νικολάου, στο οποίο επέβαιναν ως πλήρωμα 3 Καλύμνιοι ψαράδες έπλεε σε διεθνή ύδατα σε απόσταση 20 και πλέον ναυτικών μιλίων από τις Αιγυπτιακές ακτές ,στις έντεκα το βράδυ σκάφος της Αιγυπτιακής ακτοφυλακής το ακινητοποίησε για έλεγχο και στη συνέχεια μετέφερε το σκάφος μαζί που τους επιβαίνοντες στη Ναυτική Βάση EL SALUM.


Να σημειώσουμε ότι το σκάφος είχε νόμιμη «Άδεια Αλίευσης» από τις Ελληνικές Αρχές με ισχύ από 1/1/2014 έως 31/12/2014 για την αλιεία των ειδών Ξιφίας και μακρύπτερος τόνος με τα αλιευτικά εργαλεία LLD,LHP,LTL στα Εθνικά και Διεθνή ύδατα Μεσογείου.

Οι τρεις Καλύμνιοι ναυτικοί οδηγήθηκαν στη φυλακή όπου κρατήθηκαν για 3 ημέρες και μετά την παρουσία τους ενώπιον δικαστηρίου, αφέθηκαν ελεύθεροι.

Βέβαια η αποφυλάκιση τους ήταν μία θετική εξέλιξη χωρίς όμως αυτό να αποτελεί τη ζητούμενη λύση αφού η Αιγυπτιακή Ακτοφυλακή δεν αποδέσμευε το σκάφος καθόσον θα έπρεπε να διερευνήσει αν ο εξοπλισμός του ήταν συμβατός και προβλεπόμενος για αλιευτικό σκάφος.

Μία διαδικασία δύσκολη και χρονοβόρα που δεν ήταν εύκολο να εκτιμηθεί σε πόσο χρόνο θα ολοκληρωνόταν.

Από το ρεπορτάζ της εφημερίδας μας προκύπτει ότι άμεση ήταν η παρέμβαση του Προέδρου της Ομοσπονδίας αλιευτικών συλλόγων Γιώργου Κατσοτούρχη.

Βέβαια τα πράγματα δεν ήσαν τόσο εύκολα ,όσο αρχικά φαινόντουσαν ιδιαίτερα με την επιστροφή του σκάφους.

Η σύζυγος του Καπετάνιου και ιδιοκτήτη του σκάφους κα Δέσποινα Καρδούλια μετά από συνεννόηση με τον σύζυγο της Μιχάλη Καρδούλια, επισκέφθηκε τον τέως Δήμαρχο Δημήτρη Διακομιχάλη, ζητώντας τη συνδρομή του, γνωρίζοντας ότι και κατά το παρελθόν είχε χειριστεί με επιτυχία παρόμοιες περιπτώσεις .

Ο τέως Δήμαρχος Δ.Διακομιχάλης, που από την πρώτη στιγμή παρακολουθούσε την υπόθεση και είχε επικοινωνήσει ήδη τις οικογένειες των 3 ναυτικών, άμεσα ενεργοποιήθηκε έχοντας δίπλα του τον Αντώνη Κουντούρη, συνεργάτη του και γνώστη παρομοίων θεμάτων από την θητεία του στο Υπουργείο Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης.

Αρχικά ο Δ.Διακομιχάλης ενημερώνει τον Υπουργό Εξωτερικών Ε. Βενιζέλο, τον Υφυπουργό Εξωτερικών κ. Κούρκουλα , και επικοινωνεί τηλεφωνικά με τον πρέσβη στο Κάιρο Χριστόδουλο Λάζαρη, με τον Πρόξενο κ. Καποδίστρια στην Αλεξάνδρεια, αλλά και με τον πρώην Υφυπουργό Εξωτερικών Γιάννη Βαληνάκη, του οποίου στη συνέχεια η παρέμβαση του ήταν ουσιαστική.

Για κάθε ενέργεια του, επί καθημερινής βάσεως επικοινωνούσε με το καπετάνιο Μιχάλη Καρδούλια τον οποίο ενημέρωνε για την εξέλιξη και για τα επόμενα βήματα που θα ακολουθούσε.

Τη Δευτέρα 7 Οκτωβρίου ο Δ.Διακομιχάλης μεταβαίνει στην Αθήνα συνοδευόμενος από τον Αντώνη Κουντούρη και το Γιάννη Καρδούλια , αδερφό του καπετάνιου .

Την Τρίτη συναντούν τον Υφυπουργό Εξωτερικών κ.Κούρκουλα και το διευθυντή του Διπλωματικού του γραφείου, πρέσβη κ. Αθανασίου, ενημερώνοντας τους αναλυτικά για τις ενέργειες που απαιτούνταν για να ξεμπλοκάρει το θέμα.

Την Τετάρτη ο Δ. Διακομιχάλης μαζί με το Βουλευτή Δωδεκανήσου Δ. Κρεμαστινό επισκεφτήκαν τον Υπουργό Εξωτερικών Ε. Βενιζέλο ο οποίος τους υποσχέθηκε ότι θα έθετε το θέμα επίσημα στον ομόλογο του, κατά την επίσκεψη που θα πραγματοποιούσε στην Αίγυπτο στις 11 και 12 Οκτωβρίου 2014 , πράγμα που έγινε.

Την Τρίτη 14 Οκτωβρίου το Δ.Διακομιχάλη ενημερώνουν από το Γραφείο του Υπουργού Εξωτερικών, ότι ο Αρχηγός της ακτοφυλακής της Αιγύπτου, υπέγραψε την σχετική απόφαση προκειμένου να επιστραφεί το σκάφος στους Καλύμνιους ψαράδες και να τους επιτραπεί να αναχωρήσουν.


Μετά από την διεκπεραίωση κάποιων τυπικών διαδικασιών,οι 3 Καλύμνιοι ψαράδες με τη συνοδεία του Προξένου παρέλαβαν το σκάφος που φυλασσόταν στο ναύσταθμο και χθες τις απογευματινές ώρες αναχώρησαν για να επιστρέψουν στην Κάλυμνο.

Τέλος καλό όλα καλά, απλά κρίναμε απαραίτητο να παραθέσαμε αναλυτικά τα παραπάνω στοιχεία , επειδή τις τελευταίες ημέρες πολλά ακούστηκαν για διάφορους που δήθεν «κατόπιν ενεργειών τους» τακτοποίησαν το θέμα.


Η Δημοκρατική της Ρόδου


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AUSTRALIA: New tuna research has implications for vulnerable bigeye

AUSTRALIA: New tuna research has implications for vulnerable bigeye | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Latest resasearch on bigeye tuna - the most vulnerable of all the tuna species fished in the waters of Pacific Island nations - shows there is much more mixing of stocks from the western and eastern Pacific than previously thought.


Scientists working for the Secretariat of the Pacific Community have found there is an exchange zone in the central Pacific - and this has big implications for how the fish are managed.


The scientists say their findings suggest Pacific Island nations need to work with the fisheries management authorities in the far-eastern Pacific if they want to ensure a future for the species.




Presenter: Jemima Garrett

Speaker: Bruno Leroy, a fisheries scientist with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community

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AUSTRALIA: Rapid shellfish toxins test may be soon available

AUSTRALIA: Rapid shellfish toxins test may be soon available | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

A new project to develop a rapid shellfish toxin screen test is underway at the University of Tasmania.

The test, using a similar platform to home pregnancy test kits, is one of the first steps in a AUD 600,000 (USD 525,800) Fisheries Research and Development Corporation project to improve the understanding of Tasmanian harmful algal blooms.

The partial 2012 shutdown of the Tasmanian shellfish industry cost producers AUD 23m (USD 20m) because of a toxic dinoflagellate bloom identified too late on the state's east coast. The new test can reduce screening and analysis times from days to hours or less.

Project leader, Prof Gustaaf Hallegraeff, said research will lead to a quick turnaround water and shellfish toxin sampling procedure able to identify the onset of any harmful blooms, which evolve with changing ocean and climatic conditions.

"Ultimate adoption by the Australian shellfish industry of these improved diagnostic tests will provide an on-site tool for farmers to manage their seafood harvest.

"The outcome is to reduce blanket closures of fisheries, and reducing the risk of unsafe product reaching domestic and export markets," Prof Hallegraeff said.

The project was recently outlined to shellfish growers and industry managers at a meeting held by the Australian Shellfish Quality Assurance Advisory Committee (ASQAAC) in Hobart.

Prof Hallegraeff said the unnecessary closure and delayed opening/closure advice for marine farmers was recognised as the industry's top problem, with industry calling for more rapid and reliable biotoxin and toxic species analysis.

As well as marine farmers, recreational fisheries on the east coast were impacted, estimated at a cost of nearly AUD 2m (USD 1.75 m).

He said the 2012 Tasmanian biotoxin event represents a paradigm shift for seafood risk management in Tasmania and Australia as a whole.

The offending species of dinoflagellates are extremely difficult to identify by routine plankton monitoring, and are toxic at very low cell concentrations.

Sampling the extensive Tasmanian coast line poses a major logistical challenge, with early hints that the blooms originate offshore.

The project brings together expertise from the Institute for Global Food Security of Queens University, Belfast, the University of Tasmania's Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), CSIRO , the South Australian Research and Development Institute , the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services, Cawthron Institute (New Zealand), the University of Technology Sydney and Advanced Analytical Australia Pty Ltd.

As part of the project, Queens University's Dr Katrina Campbell, a UK specialist in diagnostic testing on algal species, will train IMAS postdoc Dr Juan Dorantes-Aranda in the state-of-the-art technology of rapid shellfish toxin screen tests.

The project has four research objectives:  


- Develop, test and calibrate screening techniques for rapid detection and evaluation of toxins.
 - Identify genetic population structure and biology (inshore or offshore origin) of toxic Alexandrium tamarense- group algae using state-of-the art molecular and biotoxin screening techniques.
 - Integrate existing Tasmanian east coast oceanographic modeling with field bloom biology data to enable risk zone prediction during biotoxin event development.
 - Establish the relative risk of Tasmanian seafood species to accumulate marine biotoxins to underpin a state-wide approach to biotoxin risk management.

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MARSHALL ISLANDS: All sides say $90M mega fisheries treaty must be changed

MARSHALL ISLANDS: All sides say $90M mega fisheries treaty must be changed | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Despite an historic US$90 million one-year fisheries deal reached in Honolulu earlier this month, all sides say the Pacific’s over 25-year-old treaty with the United States must be redrawn.
Officials from Kiribati, which controls some of the best tuna fishing grounds in the Pacific, surprised U.S. negotiators in Honolulu when they said they will only put 300 days into a pool of 8,000 fishing days the U.S. is buying for $90 million in 2015. In previous years, Kiribati provided several thousand days to the U.S. fleet through the treaty and with the majority of purse seine tuna fishing centered in Kiribati’s lucrative ocean zone, U.S. officials say this change “is a heavy blow to the U.S. fleet.”
Kiribati is one of eight members of the Parties to the Nauru Agreement, which controls waters where over 50 percent of the world’s skipjack tuna is caught. The other PNA nations are working out arrangements to provide the 7,700 days needed to fulfill U.S. treaty terms, said Marshall Islands Marine Resources Authority Director Glen Joseph Wednesday in Majuro. Joseph, who was at the Honolulu talks, said although the price was agreed to, “we haven’t completed negotiations on all the issues for a complete package to be approved.”
The treaty has given U.S. purse seiners access to all eight PNA member nations’ waters to fish. But Kiribati officials told negotiators in Honolulu that U.S. vessels can only fish in Kiribati waters using the 300 days Kiribati is contributing. PNA CEO Dr. Transform Aqorau said that Kiribati is not telling the U.S. “don’t come and fish. If they want to fish, the U.S. fleet has to buy days bilaterally.” This would be an extra cost to the U.S. fleet.   Aqorau said reports that Kiribati had already sold all its fishing days to Chinese and Taiwanese fleets were inaccurate. “The Chinese don’t have a major purse seine fleet in the Pacific,” he said.
Kiribati is negotiating with Japanese, South Korean and European Union fleets for fishing access, he said.
The US$90 million the U.S. has agreed to pay in 2015 is over four times more than what the U.S. was paying just four years ago, an indication of the value of the PNA-controlled skipjack tuna fishery.
“The new level of payment is not viable for the U.S. fleet with the low price of fish the past year,” said Hallman. “Actually, vessels will be losing money with these high license fees. However, the fleet felt as if it had no choice but to accept these payments, especially considering how late in the year it is.”
Aqorau said Kiribati’s action should come as no surprise since the PNA has been saying since 2010 that the treaty needed to change.
James Movick, director of the Forum Fisheries Agency that administers the U.S. treaty funding for its 17 members, agrees with Aqorau. “In my view, we will have to seriously reconsider the structure of the U.S. treaty,” he said last week.   
“The treaty has been in effect for 26 years, but if it is to survive into the future, it will have to be restructured somehow,” said Hallman, a member of the U.S. negotiating team. “The U.S. fleet simply cannot continue as we have for the past few years, with no certainty of operation or fishing grounds.”
With fishing day prices jumping from $6,000 to $8,000 a day in 2015 and Asian and European fleets competing with the U.S. for fishing access that is capped at 44,000 days annually, PNA countries want flexibility to sell fishing days to the highest bidder. But the treaty locks in the price for 8,000 days, and in the view of PNA nations, loses them money because 15 percent of the $90 million is shared equally among all 17 island members of the Forum Fisheries Agency, cutting into the money that goes to the PNA nations where most of the tuna is caught. “With the treaty, we are forced to give days,” said Aqorau. “People don’t like that.”
“This treaty has to be reshaped,” said Aqorau. “This is what we’ve been saying since 2010. We can still have a treaty that allows multiple exclusive economic zone access and serves U.S. geopolitical interests. But it must allow for flexibility for PNA to maximize benefits to their members. The treaty was good for the first 25 years, but it has to be reshaped.”..PACNEWS


By Online Editor




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MAGAZINE: Mid-Atlantic Koi - October 2014

October Magazine packed full of great articles including Hikarimono, Utsuri, Isa Koi Farm, History of Ponds and Winter Care Tips.


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MAGAZINE: Pond Trade - September / October 2014

There are some exciting times ahead for our industry. As you can see on our cover, the "POND Stars" of Aquascape are coming to a television set near you. The premiere is September 9th, and POND Trade has it covered. Turn to page 26 to read all about it. But that's not all. The September/October issue has articles about upper pond design, proper selection and placement of aquatic plants, finding the right balance/ratio of koi for your pond, how to price your construction jobs correctly, and much more!
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MAGAZINE: Montana Fly Fishing - Fall 2014

Montana Fly Fishing Magazine is the FREE online magazine devoted to fly fishing in the state of Montana.
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ΠΕΡΙΟΔΙΚΟ: Αγροτικός Συνεργατισμός - Σεπτέμβριος 2014

Περιοδικό της ΠΑΣΕΓΕΣ - Τεύχος 132


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ΙΣΠΑΝΙΑ: Ανάκαμψη του πληθυσμού του Ατλαντικού τόνου μετά από χρόνια

ΙΣΠΑΝΙΑ: Ανάκαμψη του πληθυσμού του Ατλαντικού τόνου μετά από χρόνια | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Ο πληθυσμός των τόνων του Ατλαντικού δείχνει σημάδια ανάκαμψης για πρώτη φορά μετά από μία δεκαετία, σύμφωνα με ανακοίνωση της περιβαλλοντικής οργάνωσης WWF που αναφέρει πως τα ψάρια «δε βρίσκονται πλέον σε κίνδυνο κατάρρευσης».


Η πολυετής καμπάνια για τη διάσωση του τόνου, που έλαβε αρκετή δημοσιότητα μετά τη στήριξή της από διεθνείς διασημότητες, φαίνεται να αποδίδει καρπούς, σύμφωνα με την επιστημονική ομάδα της Διεθνούς Επιτροπής για τη Διατήρηση των Ατλαντικών Τόνων (ICCAT) που συναντήθηκε στη Μαδρίτη αυτή την εβδομάδα για να αξιολογήσει την παρούσα κατάσταση του πληθυσμού των ψαριών στον ανατολικό Ατλαντικό και τη Μεσόγειο Θάλασσα.


Ο πληθυσμός των τόνων παραμένει σε ιστορικά χαμηλά επίπεδα λόγω της πολυετούς εκτεταμένης αλιείας, ωστόσο οι αριθμοί τους εμφάνισαν αύξηση μετά από αρκετά χρόνια. Μάλιστα το 2009 η επιστημονική επιτροπή είχε ανακοινώσει πως οι αριθμοί των τόνων είχαν σημειώσει πτώση 72 τοις εκατό στον ανατολικό Ατλαντικό Ωκεανό και 82 τοις εκατό στον δυτικό, τα τελευταία σαράντα χρόνια.

Υπάρχουν δύο κύριες ομάδες πληθυσμού του Ατλαντικού τόνου. Η μεγαλύτερη ομάδα βρίσκεται στον ανατολικό Ατλαντικό και τη Μεσόγειο ενώ η μικρότερη στον Κόλπο του Μεξικό και γενικά στη δυτική πλευρά του ωκεανού.


Οι εμπειρογνώμονες της ICCAT διαπίστωσαν πως οι συντονισμένες προσπάθειες των τελευταίων ετών έχουν οδηγήσει σε αύξηση του μεγέθους του πληθυσμού, ενώ είναι υπαρκτή η πιθανότητα οι αριθμοί να ανακάμψουν σύντομα σε ακόμα πιο βιώσιμα επίπεδα.


«Οι τόνοι δεν κινδυνεύουν πια με εξαφάνιση και αυτό είναι αποτέλεσμα του σχεδίου ανάκαμψης που ακολουθούμε», δήλωσε ο Σέρχι Τουδέλα της WWF Μεσογείου. «Ωστόσο, υπάρχουν ακόμα σημαντικά προβλήματα που πρέπει να ξεπεραστούν ώστε να φτάσουμε στον τελικό στόχο», πρόσθεσε.



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WORLDWIDE: Fisheries leaders set their sights on a more sustainable future for African oceans

WORLDWIDE: Fisheries leaders set their sights on a more sustainable future for African oceans | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Fisheries leaders from across government, NGOs and industry have gathered in Cape Town, South Africa to discuss solutions to over fishing.


The meeting marks the first time that the Marine Stewardship Council’s (MSC) international Stakeholder Council has met in Africa and coincides with World Food Day 2014 (


In recognition of the importance of seafood to developing world economies, representatives from African nations discussed the urgent need to take action towards securing healthy marine ecosystems and sustainable fishing livelihoods.


Government delegates express support for MSC


Government delegates from Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, the Seychelles, South Africa and Tanzania shared their experiences. The MSC sustainable seafood certification program was recognised as an important mechanism in delivering change towards sustainable fishing.


Peter Sinon, Minister of Natural Resources of the Republic of Seychelles addressed the meeting expressing his support for African nations working together with the MSC.


Minister Sinon said: “As a region, we share an invaluable resource. Tuna in the Seychelles does not stay there. Fish have no borders. They travel all over the Indian Ocean. If we do not work together to manage our fish populations, we will defeat our purpose as governments to ensure the long term economic prosperity of our countries. We need to implant sustainable fishing practices in the minds of everyone – this is something we need to do together.

“In the Seychelles we are very much prepared to be at the forefront of joint working. We are working with our tuna industry to support assessment towards MSC certification and encourage other nations to do the same.”

MSC commitment to developing world fisheries

The MSC program provides a mechanism for change. It sets a high standard for sustainable fishing. The MSC ecolabel enables retailers and consumers to recognise and reward sustainable fishing practises.

The MSC is committed to working with African nations. Werner Kiene, Chairman of the Marine Stewardship Council said: “The MSC’s board has made it clear that we are prepared to help African nations to deliver on their strong resolve to do justice to the idea of sustainable fishing. These improvements can be delivered on a solid basis of science and political experience.”

Rupert Howes, Chief Executive of the MSC said: “To deliver our vision of 20 per cent of wild capture seafood certified as sustainable by 2020, we must engage with regions around the Indian Ocean. To support this the MSC is developing new tools and methodologies which will increase the accessibility of the MSC program to fisheries within the developing world.

“There are no quick wins or easy fixes to the problem of unsustainable fishing, but creating consumer demand for sustainable seafood has an important role to play. Evidence shows that MSC certified fisheries deliver measurable benefits by keeping fish stocks at healthy levels whilst giving fisheries access to new markets where sustainable seafood is in increasing demand. I hope that today’s meeting is the beginning of new real and lasting improvements in the way that African oceans are fished.”

Visit to South African hake fishery


Delegates at the MSC Stakeholder Council meeting took the opportunity to visit the facilities of Irvin & Johnson (I&J), one of the fishing companies that is part of the MSC-certified-South African hake trawl fishery in Cape Town. The fishery is a great example of the benefits delivered as a result of the MSC program. Since achieving certification in 2004 the fishery has reduced bycatch of seabirds by 99 per cent and led to the rebuilding of hake stocks. Certification has also allowed the fishery to develop new export markets worth US$ 187 million, securing 12,000 jobs within South Africa’s fishing and related industries.  


The meeting of African regional representatives was also attended by inter-regional organisations and development agencies from across Africa, who agreed to work with governments to support this effort. This included representatives from the Southern African Development Community (SADC), African Union Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), WWF, East Southern African Regional Programme, the South West Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission (SWIOFC), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and German development agency (GIZ).

MSC's Stakeholder Council

Christine Penney, co-Chair of the MSC Stakeholder Council said: “I am delighted that this first meeting of the Stakeholder Council to be held in the developing world, and in Africa, has proved so productive. The Stakeholder Council includes representatives from many areas of society – fisheries, industry, environmental NGOs, independent scientists and retailers – from across the globe. It has a special sub-committee dealing with the developing world, which is of very high importance to the Council.”

New chairman for Developing World Working Group 


Professor Eyiwunmi Augustine Falaye of University of Ibadan in Nigeria has been appointed the new Chairman of the MSC’s Developing World Working Group and will continue to work with developing countries to inform the MSC’s work.

The need for sustainable fishing* 

- 29 per cent of the world’s oceans are overfished.


- Fish accounts for almost 17 percent of the global population’s intake of animal protein.


- Seafood industries the livelihoods of 10–12 percent of the world’s population.


- Fish remains among the most traded food commodities worldwide, worth almost US$130 billion in 2012.



MSC facts and figures


- MSC certification has developed over 15 years of partnerships and governance.


- MSC is working with fisheries responsible for 10% of the global wild capture landings.


- There are now 23,000 MSC ecolabelled products, an increase of 800 per cent since 2009.


- The retail market value consumer facing of MSC labelled seafood is US$4.8bn per year. This represents a growth of around 118% since 2009.


Read more about the MSC’s stakeholder council >

Read more about the MSC’s work with developing world fisheries >

Photographs of the MSC Stakeholder Council meeting in Cape Town >


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WORLDWIDE: Biodiversity not "detached from humankind"

WORLDWIDE: Biodiversity not "detached from humankind" | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

A mobile app that is intended to show that biodiversity or the natural world is not "detached from humankind" has been launched at a UN conference by an association of the world's zoos.


The app which is part of a broader campaign, called "Biodiversity is Us" shows how the behaviour of humans can directly affect the well-being of animals and the planet.


Florencia Soto Nino is in South Korea where the international community is meeting to discuss the Convention on Biological Diversity.


She caught up with Gerald Dick, Executive Director of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, who explained what the world zoo community was hoping to achieve with the campaign.


United Nations Radio


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