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EVENT: 3-6 September 2013, Rome, Italy - Biodiversity Informatics Horizons 2013 (BIH2013)

EVENT: 3-6 September 2013, Rome, Italy - Biodiversity Informatics Horizons 2013 (BIH2013) | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |
Biodiversity Informatics Horizons 2013 (BIH2013) is part of a continuing process that helps to structure and organise the biodiversity informatics community at the European level and beyond.


There have been many successful projects in biodiversity informatics, both at national and supranational level. In Europe this trend has grown under Framework Programmes 5, 6 and 7 and is expected to continue in Horizon 2020. Similar activities have occurred outside Europe, and efforts in biodiversity informatics are increasingly internationally coordinated on the global stage.


To respond to the challenges and priorities of the next decade in biodiversity and ecosystems research, structuring bottom-up and top-down interactions on informatics and cooperating across the community is now an essential activity.


Cooperation avoids unnecessary duplication of activity. It helps to maximise and focus effort on building the information resources, tools and infrastructure the scientists and policymakers need. We all know the importance of this as we face environmental, societal and human health challenges on global scale.


Science in support of policy to mitigate biodiversity loss due to climate and other man-made changes, to assure food security, and to combat invasive species (to give just a few examples) can only be achieved by full integration of the biodiversity research community through a commonly-shared, sustainable e-infrastructure across all sub-disciplines that reliably serves science and society alike. Hence, the need to coordinate.


Invited speakers will review challenging areas and promising technologies in biodiversity informatics, pathways to sustainable implementation and changing the community culture in the context of:


- The LifeWatch vision (Preparatory Phase 2008-2011 and Startup activities 2012-2013);


- Decadal priorities for biodiversity informatics, as expressed by the community whitepaper published in BMC Ecology (doi:10.1186/1472-6785-13-16); and,


- The EC roadmap workshop on biodiversity infrastructures, 19-20 March 2013 (summary here).


A panel discussion with experts from regions of the world beyond Europe will explore opportunities for international cooperation that lead towards a sustainable global infrastructure.

There will be a plenary discussion on working together towards building a more sustainable future, informed by networking opportunities throughout the conference.

Demonstration and training activities, provided by some of the FP7 projects associated with the conference will allow delegates to see first-hand some of the new and exciting infrastructure building blocks that will come together to deliver the LifeWatch vision.

Outcomes from the conference will include:

- Networking across the community


- Up-to-date knowledge of technical challenges facing the community


- Strong ideas and consensus on how to sustain the work the community is doing


- Raised awareness and greater commitment to coordinate across the community


Acting as a springboard to form and coordinate consortia to build bids for Horizon 2020 funding.





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ΑΚΤΗ ΕΛΕΦΑΝΤΟΣΤΟΥ: Το ναυτικό κατάσχεσε δύο κινεζικά αλιευτικά σκάφη και συνέλαβε το πλήρωμά τους

ΑΚΤΗ ΕΛΕΦΑΝΤΟΣΤΟΥ: Το ναυτικό κατάσχεσε δύο κινεζικά αλιευτικά σκάφη και συνέλαβε το πλήρωμά τους | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Δύο κινεζικά αλιευτικά σκάφη κατάσχεσε το Πολεμικό Ναυτικό της Ακτής του Ελεφαντοστού, αφού κατηγορούνται για παράνομη αλιεία κοντά στις ακτές της χώρας της δυτικής Αφρικής, δήλωσε ανώτερη πηγή του ναυτικού.

Συγκεκριμένα, τα δύο σκάφη με πλήρωμα 15 Κινέζων υπηκόων συνελήφθησαν την Τετάρτη κατά τη διάρκεια περιπόλου του ναυτικού.


«Τα σκάφη θα παραμείνουν ακινητοποιημένα στην αποβάθρα έως ότου καταβληθεί το πρόστιμο», δήλωσε στο πρακτορείο ειδήσεων Reuters η πηγή που δεν κατονομάστηκε. Η κυβέρνηση της χώρας σκοπεύει να λάβει σκληρότερα μέτρα σχετικά με το πρόβλημα της αλιείας στα χωρικά της ύδατα χωρίς την ανάλογη άδεια.



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ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: H Laskaridis Shipping διαψεύδει την Greenpeace για πρακτικές υπεραλίευσης

ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: H Laskaridis Shipping διαψεύδει την Greenpeace για πρακτικές υπεραλίευσης | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Ανακοίνωση με την οποία διαψεύδει την Greenpeace για τα περί εμπλοκής πλοίου συμφερόντων της σε πρακτικές παράνομης υπεραλίευσης εξέδωσε η ελληνική ναυτιλιακή εταιρεία Laskaridis Shipping.


Η εταιρεία κάνει λόγο για “υβριστική ανακοίνωση της  ’περιβαλλοντικής οργάνωσης’ Greenpeace” και “συκοφαντικούς ισχυρισμούς” σχετικά με τα περί της νομιμότητας των πρακτικών, διαψεύδοντας με αυτό τον τρόπο την αναδημοσίευση του econews, του Γαλλικού Πρακτορείου Ειδήσεων (AFP) και άλλων διεθνών και ελληνικών μέσων ενημέρωσης.


Η Laskaridis Shipping επισημαίνει τα εξής:


1.«Πλοία – τέρατα» όπως τα αποκαλεί η Greenpeace, υπάρχουν άνω των 300 σήμερα και αλιεύουν σε όλα τα μήκη και πλάτη της γης.  Τα συνδεόμενα με τις ιδικές μας αλιευτικές επιχειρήσεις είναι πλοία ολικού μήκους 105 μέτρων και ανήκουν στην μεσαία κατηγορία αλιευτικών πλοίων.


2.Ουδέποτε πλοίο δικών μας αλιευτικών συμφερόντων, ούτε και το M/T “ODIN”, έχει κατηγορηθεί για παράνομη αλιεία σε οποιοδήποτε αλιευτικό πεδίο του κόσμου μέχρι σήμερα.  Περιττό να τονίσουμε ότι όλες οι κατηγορίες εναντίον μας που αναφέρονται στην ανακοίνωση της Greenpeace είναι ανυπόστατες και κατασκευασμένες.


3.Το Vanuatu είναι μικρή νησιωτική πολιτεία του Ειρηνικού και ιδρυτικό μέλος της διεθνούς συνθήκης ελέγχου πελαγικής αλιείας του Ειρηνικού  Ωκεανού που αποτελείται από 22 χώρες μεταξύ των οποίων η Αυστραλία, η Νέα Ζηλανδία, οι Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες, η Χιλή και πολλές άλλες  μιας και η περιοχή που καταλαμβάνει βρίσκεται στο μέσον του Ειρηνικού Ωκεανού.


4.Το Vanuatu βρίσκεται επίσης στην πράσινη λίστα της Ευρωπαϊκής Κοινότητας σε ότι αφορά την παράνομη αλιεία και η συμμόρφωσή του με τους αυστηρότατους Ευρωπαϊκούς Κανόνες είναι πέραν πάσης αμφισβήτησης.


5.Η δική μας εταιρεία συνεργάζεται εδώ και πολλά χρόνια με τo Διεθνή Οργανισμό για την ίδρυση και, από το 2013, εφαρμογή της συνθήκης ελέγχου και διαχείρισης της πελαγικής αλιείας στον Ειρηνικό Ωκεανό και συνεργάζεται στενά τόσο με την κυβέρνηση του Vanuatu όσο και με τους Αυστραλούς συμβούλους της για την εφαρμογή και έλεγχο όλων των διαδικασιών  εφαρμογής των αυστηρών κανονισμών της Διεθνούς αυτής συνθήκης.


Επιπλέον, η εταιρεία επισημαίνει ότι οι Εθνικές Κυβερνήσεις ουδεμία πλέον αρμοδιότητα ελέγχου τέτοιων δραστηριοτήτων έχουν, καθώς τις χειρίζεται αποκλειστικά η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή και κατηγορεί την Greenpeace ότι επιχειρεί να αναμοχλεύσει στην Ευρώπη εδώ και χρόνια ένα θέμα για το οποίο οι αρχές της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης, η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή και οι Εθνικές Κυβερνήσεις της έχουν απαντήσει με τον πλέον κατάλληλο τρόπο και με πλήρη συνείδηση της προστασίας των παγκόσμιων αλιευτικών αποθεμάτων.


Τέλος, η εταιρεία υποστηρίζει δηλώνει ότι “η Greenpeace, στην απέλπιδα προσπάθειά της να εκμαιεύσει χορηγίες, δεν ορρωδεί προ ουδεμίας παραπληροφόρησης και συκοφαντίας πράγμα το οποίο την έχει οδηγήσει στην απώλεια του χαρακτηρισμού της ως Μη Κυβερνητικής Οργάνωσης σε αρκετές μεγάλες χώρες” και καταλήγει ότι “αν δεν ανασκευάσει τις συκοφαντικές της κατηγορίες, θα βρεθεί υπόλογη  ενώπιον της Ελληνικής (και όχι μόνο) δικαιοσύνης”.


Σημειώνεται ότι η λίστα με τα 20 πλοία έχει “κατέβει” από τη διεθνή ιστοσελίδα της Greenpeace:



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MAGAZINE: FishMe - September / October 2014

393 en 3 brochets, Le pays basque, La recette des frères Ibarboure, Au fond de la Mangrove Guadeloupéenne, Fish'n Thaï, La Namibie, Musky Fish Trip, La Pêche à vue avec Nico Cadiou, Des Fishs encore des Fiiish, Revisite du plomb-Palette, la Fraie des Bass, le Corégone au lac du Bourget avec Maistrello, la carpe à la mouche, Cap à l'Ouest 2nde partie, Report World Predator Classic, les images subaquatiques de Benoit Queguineur, Victor Nowakowski, WaterWolf, NJ Mastio...
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NORWAY: Have exceeded 70 per cent plant material in salmon feed

NORWAY: Have exceeded 70 per cent plant material in salmon feed | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

In 2013, marine raw materials for the first time represented less than 30 per cent of the feed for Norwegian farmed salmon, a report shows.


Scientist Trine Ytrestøyl of Nofima has led the work of documenting the status of utilisation of the raw materials used in feed for Norwegian aquaculture. The 2014 report includes a resource budget for Norwegian salmon production in 2013 that shows the flow of nutrients from feed raw materials to whole salmon and edible product. She has received data from the three largest feed companies in Norway, with information about what ingredients are used in feed for Norwegian farmed salmon.


“This is an exemplary documentation of the actual use of feed resources in an industry. No other type of food production in Norway has produced such complete documentation before. It is unique that an industry is so open about its use of feed ingredients,” says Ytrestøyl.


The report shows how the feed companies are choosing to solve the challenges of high production growth with relatively little access to fish meal and fish oil. The nutrients that farm salmon need must be obtained from other raw materials and it is here that plant materials dominate.


In 1990, some 90 per cent of the feed for Norwegian farmed salmon came from marine raw material. The corresponding figure in 2013 was 29.2 percent. This involved a 15 per cent reduction in the marine ingredient content between 2010 and 2013. The marine raw materials can be summarised as fish oil, fish meal and krill meal. 72 per cent of these raw materials come directly from fishery, the rest from off-cuts and by-products.


Of the plant raw materials, soya protein concentrate and rapeseed oil are the dominating ingredients.  A greater proportion of the protein in the feed now comes from soya protein concentrate than from fish meal. Of the pure oils in the fish feed, 19.2 per cent come from plant oils and 10.9 per cent from fish oil. Of the 50,000 tonnes of the marine omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA in the feed in 2012, around 13,000 tonnes were deposited in the edible product.


According to the EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), with these quantities, eating 130 grams of Norwegian salmon fillet per week is enough to cover the recommended intake of EPA and DHA.


Nofima has been commissioned by the Norwegian Seafood Research Fund (FHF) to conduct this project, which is a collaboration with Sintef and the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology (SIK).


 Nutrition and feed technology:


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ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Πρωταθλητής σε διαχειριστικά λάθη του προϋπολογισμού η γεωργία

ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Πρωταθλητής σε διαχειριστικά λάθη του προϋπολογισμού η γεωργία | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Στους δύο τομείς με τα περισσότερα σφάλματα όσον αφορά στη διαχείριση κεφαλαίων από τον κοινοτικό «κορβανά» του 2013 κατατάσσουν τη γεωργία τα ευρήματα του ετήσιου ελέγχου που διενεργεί το Ευρωπαϊκό Ελεγκτικό Συνέδριο (ΕΕΣ) για την εκτέλεση του προϋπολογισμού της Ε.Ε.

Με τον όρο σφάλματα, το ΕΕΣ εννοεί πόρους του προϋπολογισμού οι οποίοι δαπανήθηκαν παρά το γεγονός ότι η χρήση τους δεν έγινε σύμφωνα με τους όρους και τους κανόνες της Ε.Ε. (π.χ. ενίσχυση προς κάποια εταιρεία η οποία εμφανίστηκε ως μικρομεσαία αλλά αποδείχτηκε ότι ανήκε σε μια μεγάλη εταιρεία, άρα δεν δικαιούνταν την επιδότηση).

Σύμφωνα με τον έλεγχο, το ποσοστό σφάλαματος στον τομέα «Αγροτική Ανάπτυξη, περιβάλλον, αλιεία και υγεία» ήταν 6,7%, ελάχιστα μικρότερο δηλαδή από το 6,9% που καταγράφηκε στον τομέα «Περιφερειακή πολιτική, μεταφορές και ενέργεια».
Το Ελεγκτικό Συνέδριο επιρρίπτει ευθύνες στις εθνικές αρχές, δηλαδή στην ουσία, στα κράτη-μέλη καθώς αναφέρει ότι τα περισσότερα σφάλματα, δηλαδή τα διαχειριστικά λάθη εντοπίστηκαν σε τομείς δαπανών όπου η διαχείριση ήταν μοιρασμένη μεταξύ των κρατών και της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής.

Οι ελεγκτές σημειώνουν μάλιστα ότι το ποσοστό σφάλματος στην κατηγορία «Αγροτική ανάπτυξη, περιβάλλον, αλιεία και υγεία» θα μπορούσε να μειωθεί από 6,7% σε 2% αν οι εθνικές αρχές -οι οποίες, όπως διαπιστώνεται, διέθεταν επαρκή πληροφοριακά στοιχεία- για τα σφάλματα τα διόρθωναν προτού ζητήσουν την απόδοση των σχετικών δαπανών από την Κομισιόν.

«Στο εξής, απαιτείται προσεκτικότερη διαχείριση και έλεγχος των κεφαλαίων της ΕΕ», δήλωσε ο Πρόεδρος του ΕΕΣ, κ. Βίτορ Καλντέιρα. «Η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή και τα κράτη μέλη πρέπει να προσέχουν περισσότερο πώς δαπανούν τα χρήματα των φορολογουμένων […] Από εδώ και πέρα δεν θα αρκεί η τήρηση της συνήθους διαδικασίας.»

Οι ελεγκτές της ΕΕ, καταλήγουν επίσης στο συμπέρασμα ότι η είσπραξη των εσόδων της ΕΕ δεν εμφάνιζε σφάλματα. Ωστόσο, το εκτιμώμενο ποσοστό σφάλματος για τις δαπάνες της ΕΕ ήταν 4,7 % (έναντι 4,8 % το 2012).

Τα βασικά συμπεράσματα των ελεγκτών της ΕΕ:

- Κατά την περίοδο δαπανών 2007-2013 δόθηκε προτεραιότητα στην ανάλωση των κεφαλαίων (κανόνας της «απώλειας σε περίπτωση μη χρήσης») και όχι στην επίτευξη ικανοποιητικών αποτελεσμάτων. Για παράδειγμα, η επιλογή έργων για χρηματοδότηση με κεφάλαια της ΕΕ επικεντρώθηκε, πρώτον, στην εκταμίευση των διαθέσιμων κεφαλαίων, δεύτερον, στη συμμόρφωση με τους κανόνες και μόνον στο τέλος, και σε περιορισμένο βαθμό, στα αποτελέσματα και τον αντίκτυπο.


- Στα συνηθέστερα σφάλματα συγκαταλέγονται πληρωμές προς εταιρεία που δηλώθηκε ως ΜΜΕ, ενώ στην πραγματικότητα ανήκε εξ ολοκλήρου σε μεγάλη εταιρεία, ή οι προσθήκες σε υφιστάμενη δημόσια σύμβαση, χωρίς την παροχή της δυνατότητας υποβολής προσφοράς σε άλλους υποψηφίους.


- Η πλειονότητα των σφαλμάτων παρατηρήθηκε σε τομείς δαπανών στους οποίους η διαχείριση είναι επιμερισμένη μεταξύ των κρατών μελών και της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής.


- Σημειώνεται ότι οι δύο επιρρεπέστεροι σε σφάλματα τομείς δαπανών ήταν και πάλι ο τομέας «Περιφερειακή πολιτική, μεταφορές και ενέργεια» με εκτιμώμενο ποσοστό σφάλματος 6,9 %, και ο τομέας «Αγροτική ανάπτυξη, περιβάλλον, αλιεία και υγεία», με εκτιμώμενο ποσοστό σφάλματος 6,7 %.


- Στους τομείς υπό επιμερισμένη διαχείριση το εκτιμώμενο ποσοστό σφάλματος ήταν 5,2 %, έναντι 3,7 % για τα προγράμματα δαπανών τα οποία τελούν ως επί το πλείστον υπό την άμεση διαχείριση της Επιτροπής.


- Το εκτιμώμενο ποσοστό σφάλματος στον τομέα των διοικητικών δαπανών της ΕΕ ήταν 1%.


- Οι διορθωτικές δράσεις και οι δράσεις ανάκτησης κεφαλαίων εκ μέρους της Επιτροπής και των εθνικών αρχών επέδρασαν θετικά στο εκτιμώμενο ποσοστό σφάλματος. Σύμφωνα με τους ελεγκτές της ΕΕ, χωρίς αυτές, το ποσοστό σφάλματος για τις δαπάνες συνολικά θα ήταν 6,3 % αντί του 4,7%.


- Τέλος, συνολικά το ΕΕΣ, ως ανεξάρτητος ελεγκτής διαπιστώνει ότι η διαχείριση των δαπανών της ΕΕ συνολικά επιδέχεται βελτίωση, τόσο σε επίπεδο ΕΕ όσο και σε επίπεδο κρατών μελών.

Γιαννακοπούλου Φανή -


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SOMALIA: EU's Anti-Piracy 'Operation Atalanta' Extended to December 2016

SOMALIA: EU's Anti-Piracy 'Operation Atalanta' Extended to December 2016 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The European Union counter-piracy 'Operation Atalanta' off the Somali coast has been extended by two more years to December 12, 2016.


The main focus of 'Operation Atalanta' is the protection of World Food Programme vessels delivering humanitarian aid to Somalia and the deterrence, prevention and disruption of piracy off the Somali coast. In addition, 'Operation Atalanta' also contributes to the monitoring of illegal fishing activities off the coast of Somalia.


Anti-piracy activity has made significant progress d off the coast of Somalia since 'Operation Atalanta' was launched in 2008 and the levels of piracy have fallen significantly. However, the threat of pirate activity still remains, and according to the EU Naval Force "the pirate business model is fractured but not broken". With the decline in pirate activity, however, the EU Council has added a number of additional tasks to the mandate of 'Operation Atalanta'.


The EU Naval Force will now contribute "within existing means and capabilities" more widely to the EU's approach to Somalia. It will be able to offer support to the EU Special Representative for the Horn of Africa and is also allowed to contribute to other relevant international community activities helping to address the root causes of piracy in Somalia.


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UGANDA: Fisheries Sector Gets FAO Boost

UGANDA: Fisheries Sector Gets FAO Boost | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) managed Africa Solidarity Trust Fund has extended $3.9m to four East African countries to help boost aquaculture and poultry farming.


ASTF says the aim was to address food security and build capacity of rural youth to obtain decent employment in the agricultural sector.


Four countries will benefit from the funding: Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and Kenya. Alhaji Jallow, FAO's representative in Uganda, said Uganda's potion of the money would create decent employment opportunities for the youth, especially within the fisheries and aquaculture subsector.


"Uganda will receive $1,060,000 [roughly Shs 2.8bn]. The amount will be used to increase the overall productivity of aquaculture's value chain, improve the incomes of the youth and increase the availability of local produced fish," he said.


Jallow also explained that the project would run for three years (2014-17), and directly boost the production and marketing segment of businesses. Under the arrangement, the youths will produce seeds and fingerlings. The programme will set up well-trained out-grower groups to teach the youth about shorter production cycles and the risks involved.


The ASTF was launched in 2013 as a unique Africa-led initiative to improve agriculture and food security across the continent. Since its inception, the Fund has already provided financing for projects in six countries - Mali, the Niger, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Malawi.


According to the guidelines, FAO will provide guidance on the development of production systems on sustainable and efficient resource utilisation. Jallow said preference will be given to supporting already existing producer groups fostering youth inclusiveness.


"While Rwanda and Burundi will be on poultry farming, Kenya and Uganda will focus on aquaculture and in Uganda we are targeting the northern region districts of Adjumani, Soroti, Gulu, and Lira, among others," he said.


Lovelock Wadanya, the commissioner of Fisherie Management and Development in the ministry of Agriculture, said the fisheries sector needed such a boost.


"Uganda exports 18,000 tonnes of fish annually and harvests 100,000 tonnes a year. This is very little; Uganda has many fresh water lakes and there is an available market for fish. So, we expect this money to be used to further boost aquaculture in the country," he said.


Ruth Nankabirwa, the state minister for Fisheries, said the money would not be borrowed or given out in cash but FAO, working with the ministry of Agriculture, would manage it.


"We have a programme of adding value to fish, and we are going to work with the local governments of the benefitting areas who will give us more information of projects in their region," she said.


She also said the ministry would help in digging dams and ponds.


By Justus Lyatuu


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ARGENTINA: Fisheries-aquaculture cooperation issues with China agreed

ARGENTINA: Fisheries-aquaculture cooperation issues with China agreed | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Argentine and Chinese officials met in Beijing to address issues related to training in aquaculture, the resolution of authorizing additives use, fishmeal exports and new investments in the fisheries-aquaculture sector.


During the 5th meeting of China-Argentina Fisheries Subcommittee, held under the Fisheries Cooperation Agreement between the Argentine Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries and the Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China (MOA), representatives of the two countries agreed on actions to strengthen issues related to health matters, with cooperation and trade in fishery resources.


The meeting was attended by the Undersecretary for Fisheries and Aquaculture, Miguel Bustamante; Agricultural counselor of the Argentine Embassy in China, Omar Odarda; and the director general of MOA’s Fisheries Bureau, Zhao Xingwu.


China increased the demand for Argentine shrimp in recent years, both in volume and in currency. But the Argentine Government stresses that, as the Asian country is undergoing a current regulation and legislation reorganization process, there are differences in opinion regarding the use of sulphites by entities participating in the fishery product control.


Therefore, Bustamante asked the deputy director general of the Department of Food Safety in China, Zhang Leishi, for the corresponding authorization.


"We’ve held a meeting that is very important to us, almost essential to ensure and increase our exports in 2015, given China’s growing demand for shrimp," said the undersecretary.


"The authorization of the use of additives in China involves different agencies with different responsibilities in health control of fishery products. This meeting allowed us to generate a direct connection mechanism that will result in peace for our export fisheries sector in general and, in particular, of shrimp due to the use of metasulphite," he added.


Meanwhile, Bustamante and Xingwu agreed on the need to promote scientific and technological cooperation in fisheries issues between the Academy of Fisheries Sciences of China and the National Institute for Fisheries Research and Development of Argentina (INIDEP).


It is anticipated that this collaboration is settled after signing an agreement between the two scientific entities in 2015, the Undersecretariat of Fisheries informed.


Since maritime and inland aquaculture is considered an activity having great potential in Argentina, the Argentine government sent the Aquaculture bill seeking to promote development and adding value in origin to the National Congress.


On the other hand, China is the largest aquaculture producer in the world, producing almost 50 million tonnes a year. Given its extensive experience in this sector, 17 technicians from different Argentine institutions received the first training in aquaculture in the city of Beijing in mid-2013.


With regard to the request of Argentina to reduce or eliminate the current tariffs applicable on squid (Illex argentinus) and shrimp (Pleoticus muelleri) exports to the Chinese market, the general director of the Fisheries Bureau asked the Argentine government to send a concrete proposal to this end.


On the issue of fishmeal exports, from the Undersecretariat of Fisheries it is explained that the Hygienic Standard for Feed of the People’s Republic of China, which regulates the percentage of cadmium, was conceived based on the processing of whole fish.


And as in Argentina fishmeal is produced from the viscera and offal, cadmium levels in the finished product is higher.


Therefore, the Underecretariat will submit a technical report with the backing and support of the National Health and Food Quality Service (SENASA) and domestic enterprises that produce fishmeal, for the Ministry of Agriculture of China to evaluate the situation.


By Analia Murias

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SPAIN: Bluefin tuna trade fraud warned

SPAIN: Bluefin tuna trade fraud warned | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Bluefin tuna is involved in the biggest fraud occurring in Spain concerning fisheries resources, since about 25 per cent sold actually corresponds to other cheaper tuna species such as skipjack and yellowfin.


This was stated by the director of Institute of Marine Research (IIM), Carmen Gonzalez Sotelo, who is also coordinator of Labelfish project, on the first day of a symposium on labelling fishery products organized by the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) in Vigo.


The researcher noted that Spain is in "mid-ground" as to the compliance with traceability and labelling standards, and said that out of the 1,000 samples analyzed during the initiative, a level of 3 per cent fraud was detected.


On the other hand, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA) clarified that the fisheries sector is not where most fraud occurs when packing the product.


At the symposium, Cristina Clemente, deputy director general of MAGRAMA Food Control Laboratory clarified that each autonomous community is responsible for the investigations. She recalled that in 2013 a total of 15 companies received sanctions after 140 inspections were made and 270 samples were analyzed, the newspaper Faro de Vigo informed.


"The European traceability system -- which extends from the fisherman to the consumer -- is one of the best in the world," ensured Clemente.


Referring to the new EU labelling rule that will take effect on 13 December, the deputy director general of Fisheries Economics of MAGRAMA, Aurora de Blas, clarified that the exclusion of canned products from this legislation because they are "included in the 11-69 regulation with the rest of processed products".


"They have to meet the same requirements, differentiation is made with fresh products or with those with a simpler processing" she explained.


Labelfish project is coordinated from Vigo through the group of Food Biochemistry of Institute of Marine Research under the CSIC.

The final results of this initiative, which has a budget of EUR 1.9 million, will be released in April next year, the newspaper La Voz de Galicia informed.


By Analia Murias

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UNITED STATES: What Does Greed Look Like? Overfishing for Tuna in the 21st Century

UNITED STATES: What Does Greed Look Like? Overfishing for Tuna in the 21st Century | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

When we speak about the future of the ocean, we use words like sustainability and responsibility. We also lament the actions by many, often oil and gas interests, that declare their indifference to sustainability by word and irresponsibility by deed. Again and again, we identify instances when total consumption overwhelms any alternative approach, and regulation is opposed through politics, obfuscation, and corruption. The conflict, often mentioned in these blog posts, lies between human need and greed.


What does greed look like? Shannon Service, a journalist, in an article titled "Tuna Firm's Bungled IPO Exposes China's Flouting of Global Fishing Rules" published by The Guardian newspaper in October 2014, provides a stunning report into how greed works in a description of China Tuna Industry Group, from 2011 to 2013 the largest Chinese supplier of premium tuna to the Japanese market, a product considered by various international conservation organizations as "seriously over-fished" or "near endangered." China Tuna had applied for an initial public stock offering on the Hong Kong Exchange, and Service found in the draft IPO submission documents revelations about how the illegal fishing industry works. In her article, Service discovered the company stating:

"that it intended to circumvent international conservation limits by simply ignoring them. In a series of circular arguments, the document stated that China, which presides over the world's larges long-distance fishing fleet, would not crack down on companies engaged in illegal fishing because it never had in the past; that the catch limits set by Regional Fisheries Management Organizations apply only to China the country, not to actual Chinese fishing boats; and that even if the catch limits did apply, the regional fisheries organizations would not them because 'there is no sanction for non-compliance with Big Eye catch limits'."


Service attempted to follow up. She found the company was owned by a 24 year-old Chinese woman with a St. Kitt's passport, and her father. The company had no office, an unlisted telephone number, an accommodation address with another Chinese company that at first denied any connection, and a subsidiary company that finally admitted that China Tuna was indeed its parent while refusing to identify or connect with any company officers or directors. This attempt to unravel the complex skein of corporate entities, interlocking management, subsidiary arrangements, off-shore registrations, and more requires determination, knowledge of international law and forensic accounting, and courage--because the stakes are high.


In her article, Service writes,

"I have yet to speak with anyone who admits working directly for China Tuna. But the firm's combination of bravado and impenetrable corporate structure offers clues as to why the health of the oceans is in free-fall. China has told the world that from 2000 to 2011 it caught 368,000 tons of fish annually in international waters. But as the Wall Street Journal reported in 2012, the European Commission estimated the catch as closer to 4.6 million tons or 12 times greater."

In this, and in so many other instances, China defends its environmental practices by citing its status as "a developing country" with weak and unsophisticated management practices over which central government agencies have no control. Anyone with any awareness of Chinese finance, government structures, and monolithic centralized regulatory powers will only laugh at such assertions.



But there is more. Service quotes a China expert, Tabitha Mallory, who told her that

"fishing lies at the intersection of Chinese ambitions for military expansion and food security. While the many political analysts refer to the 21st century as 'the China century,' Mallory told the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission in 2012, China also calls it 'the ocean century.' She points to a 2010 Chinese task force report stating that 'marine biological resources are seen as the largest store of protein, therefore owning and mastering the ocean means owning and mastering the future'."


So, what we have here is fishing as an exercise of international power, the implementation of which needs be indifferent to treaty, law, international policy, or limiting regulation. Those Chinese fishing boats, sometimes accompanied by military vessels, into the claimed national waters of Japan, Vietnam, and South Korea may be more than the actions of rogue fishermen, but rather carefully applied tools of territorial aspiration and nationalistic political action. In such a case, rule of or by law does not pertain. Everything is a lie. Everything is possible to meet any objective regardless of impact on anyone else. Such an attitude and such action is a depressing portrayal of greed.




is Director of the World Ocean Observatory, a web-based place of exchange for information and educational services about the ocean defined as “an integrated, global, social system,” transcending conventional emphasis on species and habitat to relate the ocean to such issues as fresh water, climate, food, energy, trade, transportation, public health, international finance, policy and governance, economic development, mega-cities, and coastal traditions. World Ocean Observatory provides links and proactive services to aquariums, science centers, educational institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and individuals to build public awareness and a global constituency for the ocean.


Throughout his career, Mr. Neill has contributed to organizations devoted to marine affairs, education, and culture. He was President of the South Street Seaport Museum from 1985-2004. He is a past President of the Council of American Maritime Museums and the International Congress of Maritime Museums He is a co-founder of The Sound School, New Haven, CT., and The Harbor School, New York, NY, two innovative public high schools that use the marine environment as a context for teaching and learning. He has appeared on numerous television documentaries on The History Channel, Discovery, and National Geographic Society productions.



His publications include novels (A Time Piece, 1970; Mock Turtle Soup, 1972; Acoma, 1978); non-fiction (Maritime America, 1988; Great Maritime Museums of the World, 1991; On a Painted Ocean, 1998); anthologies (The City: American Experience, 1978; American Sea Writing, 2000); and numerous articles on maritime history and art. In 1972, Mr. Neill founded Leete’s Island Books, a small publisher specializing in literary reprints, the essay, photography, and profiles of indigenous healers and practitioners of complimentary medicine around the world. Mr. Neill has served as founding Chairman, High Mountain Institute, Leadville, CO (1995-2007); founding Chairman, The Apprenticeshop, Rockland, ME (1988-2006); President, Pilobolus Dance Theater, Washington, CT (1995-2004); Trustee, Ocean Classroom Foundation, Damariscotta, ME (2007- ); Trustee, Penobscot Marine Museum, Searsport, ME (2006- ); and Founding Trustee of Apogee Arts, a new dance company for Maine (2008- ).

Peter is host of World Ocean Radio, a weekly series of 5-minute audio essays on a wide range of ocean topics.

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INDIA: Ecologists worry about capture of juvenile sardines

INDIA: Ecologists worry about capture of juvenile sardines | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |
It could lead to destruction of precious fisheries resources: The landing of more than a hundred tonnes of juvenile sardines, measuring between 8 and 11 cm, on World Fisheries Day at the Thottappilly Fishing Harbour, Alappuzha, was a cause of worry for conservationists, who saw the incident as one of many acts of “wanton” destruction of precious fisheries resources.


The catch was not sent for sale to the market, but was packed off to a fish meal factory in Mangalore, a scientist involved in marine fisheries conservation activities told The Hindu. A few of these factories have recently been set up in Kerala too.


He said that fishermen had been reporting these incidents quite often. Charles George, president of Matsya Thozhilali Aikya Vedi, a forum for fishermen’s unions, had recently said that juvenile catch was a destroying precious resources and hurting the livelihoods of traditional fishermen.


“It is quite pathetic to understand this valuable fish resource is being destroyed by ring seine fishing,” said the conservationist.


It has been reported that large quantities of major fish varieties like sardine, mackerel and nemipterus (kilimeen), which are major items in the daily fish markets in the State are being captured and sent to fish meal factories, he added.


There appears to be no means of controlling such destructive practices, the conservationist pointed out.


He cited CMFRI data to show that sardine catch in 2013 was only one lakh tonnes, against the 3.9 lakh tonnes in 2012.


During that year, sardine catch contributed about 46 per cent of the total fish landings in Kerala.


The situation in this year “will be disastrous” if the practices of destructive fishing continue, he said and warned that sending juvenile catch to fish meal factories would end up with destruction of livelihood means for several lakhs of people.


Fishing harbours in other parts of the Kerala, too, have been witness of juvenile catch landings and threw was a big issue at the Chettuva fishing harbour in Thrissur district a few months ago, he said.


The fish workers refused to handle the juvenile fish landed at the harbour and only the intervention of the political leaders and the district administration ended the dispute, he added.


K. A. Martin




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MAGAZINE: 1max2pêche – Novembre / Décembre 2014

Et voilà déjà le 6ème et dernier numéro de l’année. C’était un pari, risqué, et il est désormais transformé! Retrouvez-nous en 2015 et sachez que nous comptons toujours autant sur vous, c’est essentiel que vous participiez à votre manière pour nous soutenir. Vous pouvez lire cet article et si vous souhaitez nous aider à promouvoir ce magazine gratuit, il vous suffit de vous rendre sur cette page qui vous explique comment faire. Bonne lecture à tous!

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Η εταιρεία ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΕΣ ΙΧΘΥΟΚΑΛΛΙΕΡΓΕΙΕΣ Α.Β.Ε.Ε. κατέθεσε έφεση – Ζητά ασφαλιστικά μέτρα

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Η εταιρεία ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΕΣ ΙΧΘΥΟΚΑΛΛΙΕΡΓΕΙΕΣ Α.Β.Ε.Ε. κατέθεσε έφεση – Ζητά ασφαλιστικά μέτρα | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Έφεση κατά της απόφασης του Πολυμελούς Πρωτοδικείου Αθηνών - απορρίπτει την αίτηση για επικύρωση της άμεσης συμφωνίας εξυγίανσης – κατέθεσε η Ελληνικές Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες του

Ταυτόχρονα, με την άσκηση έφεσης η εταιρεία υπέβαλε αίτημα λήψης ασφαλιστικών μέτρων προκειμένου να παραμείνει προστατευμένη έναντι διεκδικήσεων πιστωτών και προμηθευτών της.

Σύμφωνα με τις ίδιες πληροφορίες, αύριο θα γίνει γνωστό, εάν η ΕΛΙΧΘ κερδίσει τα ασφαλιστικά μέτρα.

Υπενθυμίζεται ότι η δικαιοσύνη δεν έχει κάνει δεκτή την αίτηση επικύρωσης της συμφωνίας εξυγίανσης.



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EUROPEAN UNION: Be a part of European Maritime Day 2015

EUROPEAN UNION: Be a part of European Maritime Day 2015 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Ahead of the 8th annual European Maritime Day Conference, to be held in Piraeus, Greece, on 28 and 29 May next year, the European Commission is organising two information sessions for anyone wanting to get involved in the conference.


Next year's event, entitled "Gateways to Maritime Growth" will see politicians, experts, CEO's and policy makers come together to look at the role of ports, coasts and the maritime sector in delivering the sort of sustainable growth and jobs that Europe needs and is committed to.


EMD 2015 will see the new European Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Karmenu Vella, address the high level plenary session on 28th May ahead of two days of thematic workshops touching on the different political and practical challenges facing ports, coastal cities, and the wider Blue Economy.


If you want to join Europe's maritime community and get involved in EMD 2015, there are two events in December where you can find out more on how to organise a workshop, exhibit or participate in networking events at the conference site in Piraeus:


1. Athens: Monday, 1 December 2014 at 10h00 – 12h30

Meeting hosted by the Representation of the European Commission in Greece (Vasilissis Sofias Avenue 2, 106 74 Athens).


2. Brussels: Thursday, 11 December 2014 at 9h30 – 12h00

Meeting hosted by the Permanent Representation of Greece to the European Union (19-21 Rue Jacques de Lalaing, 1040 Brussels).

EMD 2015 is organised by the European Commission in partnership with the Greek Ministry of Shipping, Maritime Affairs and the Aegean and the Municipality of Piraeus. It follows last year's successful conference in Bremen, Germany, and is now recognised as the premier event for Europe's maritime community to discuss and reflect the opportunities and challenges it faces.


More information:


Contact EMD 2015:


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ΡΩΣΙΚΗ ΟΜΟΣΠΟΝΔΙΑ: Ρώσοι επιστήμονες πάνε για ρεκόρ κατάδυσης στα 100 μέτρα!

ΡΩΣΙΚΗ ΟΜΟΣΠΟΝΔΙΑ: Ρώσοι επιστήμονες πάνε για ρεκόρ κατάδυσης στα 100 μέτρα! | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Αποστολή στην Ανταρκτική ετοιμάζει ομάδα Ρώσων επιστημόνων, οι οποίοι σκοπεύουν να βουτήξουν στα 100 μέτρα βάθος, προκειμένου να συλλέξουν δείγμα του υδάτινου περιβάλλοντος και να μελετήσουν τους μικροοργανισμούς.

Την αποστολή διοργανώνει η Ρωσική Γεωγραφική Εταιρεία, με την συμμετοχή της επιστημονικής ομάδας δυτών της Ρωσικής Δημοκρατίας του Ταταρστάν. Πρόκειται για εξαιρετικά φιλόδοξο εγχείρημα, δεδομένου πως μέχρι στιγμής η κατάδυση στην περιοχή είναι ασφαλής μόλις στα 20 μέτρα.

Όπως δήλωσε η εκπρόσωπος τύπου της οργάνωσης της αποστολής Αλίνα Ισκαντέροβα πρόκειται για ένα ακόμη στάδιο του γενικότερου πρότζεκτ «Παγωμένοι Πόλοι» (Cold Pole) που μελετά το υδάτινο περιβάλλον και εξελίσσει τις μεθόδους κατάδυσης σε ακραίες συνθήκες στον Βόρειο και το Νότιο Πόλο, στην Αρκτική και την Ανταρκτική. Οι δύο πρώτες αποστολές πραγματοποιήθηκαν με επιτυχία στις παγωμένες λίμνες Λαμπουνκίρ και Βορότα, στη Γιακουτία της ρωσικής Αρκτικής.


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ΝΙΚΑΡΑΓΟΥΑ: Διχασμός για τις περιβαλλοντικές επιπτώσεις της διώρυγας

ΝΙΚΑΡΑΓΟΥΑ: Διχασμός για τις περιβαλλοντικές επιπτώσεις της διώρυγας | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |


Η διάνοιξη της διώρυγας της Νικαράγουα, που θα διχοτομήσει τη χώρα, ενώνοντας τον Ατλαντικό με τον Ειρηνικό Ωκεανό, θα ξεκινήσει στις 22-24 Δεκέμβρη, περισσότερο από εκατό χρόνια μετά τις πρώτες σκέψεις πραγματοποίησης του έργου.


Η κυβέρνηση της Νικαράγουα χαρακτήρισε το ξεκίνημα της κατασκευής του έργου ως «χριστουγεννιάτικο δώρο για το λαό της χώρας». Ωστόσο αρκετοί ανεξάρτητοι επιστήμονες και μηχανικοί πιστεύουν πως η διώρυγα θα αποβεί καταστροφική τόσο για τους κατοίκους όσο και για το περιβάλλον της Νικαράγουα.


Η ανάδοχος εταιρεία Hong Kong Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Company δεσμεύτηκε να μελετήσει τις κοινωνικές και περιβαλλοντικές επιπτώσεις όμως η εκτίμηση αυτή δε θα είναι έτοιμη μέχρι τον Απρίλιο του 2015, τέσσερις μήνες μετά την έναρξη του έργου, το οποίο αναμένεται να ολοκληρωθεί μετά από πέντε χρόνια.


Τον περασμένο Οκτώβριο επιστημονικοί οργανισμοί με αντικείμενο την προστασία τον τροπικών οικοσυστημάτων κάλεσαν την κυβέρνηση της Νικαράγουα να σταματήσουν κάθε εργασία μέχρι να ολοκληρωθούν οι απαραίτητες μελέτες, με την υποστήριξη μερίδας τοπικού πληθυσμού που θα αναγκαστεί να εκκενώσει τις κατοικίες της λόγω της διώρυγας.


Σύμφωνα με τις έως τώρα εκτιμήσεις, οι επιπτώσεις του έργου θα περιλαμβάνουν την καταστροφή 3,9 τετραγωνικών χιλιομέτρων δασικών εκτάσεων, υγροβιοτόπων και ακτογραμμής, μεταξύ άλλων σε εννέα προστατευόμενες περιοχές. Απειλούμενα είδη όπως ιαγουάροι, θαλάσσιες χελώνες, αετοί, τάπιροι και πίθηκοι-αράχνες θα υποστούν απώλειες, όπως και διάφορα ριζοφόρα δέντρα τα οποία δρουν προστατευτικά απέναντι στις πλημμύρες.


Μία από τις πιο ανησυχητικές απώλειες είναι η πιθανή μόλυνση της λίμνης Νικαράγουα, η οποία παρέχει το περισσότερο από το διαθέσιμο πόσιμο νερό της χώρας της Κεντρικής Αμερικής. Εξάλλου οι πολέμιοι της διώρυγας τονίζουν πως το έργο παραβιάζει το σύνταγμα της χώρας, το οποίο προστατεύει τα δικαιώματα των ιθαγενών πληθυσμών.


Η διώρυγα θα έχει συνολικό μήκος 278 χιλιόμετρα, αρκετά μεγαλύτερο από την αντίστοιχη του Παναμά, η οποία έχει μήκος 77 χιλιόμετρα και φέτος γιόρτασε τα 100 χρόνια από τη διάνοιξή της.



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WORLDWIDE: West African countries to boost sustainable fisheries

WORLDWIDE: West African countries to boost sustainable fisheries | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

West African countries are cracking down on illegal fishing and starting to launch community rights based fisheries as part of new efforts to introduce sustainable fisheries management and protect their valuable marine resources.


Intended to extend the economic benefit from fisheries to a wider section of the population in future, national authorities in Senegal, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cape Verde already are seeing positive early results from tougher protection and various other measures adopted under a five year World Bank-backed regional programme to establish sustainable fisheries management systems in a number of important West African marine fishery nations.


West Africa is seriously impacted by illegal fishing with fish worth an estimated US$100 million being taken illegally from territorial waters across the region each year. In addition to illegal fishing, many West African countries lack the necessary fishing port infrastructure to allow industrial scale fishing vessels to land their catch.


This situation is holding back the development of fish processing and other downstream activities that would increase the value of fisheries to the region’s national economies.


Backed by soft loans and grant aid worth around US$56 million in total, the West Africa fisheries management programme is being implemented in two phases. To increase its effectiveness, the scheme also is designed to act as a model for sustainable fisheries development in other neighbouring countries.


Sustainable fisheries rely on robust management to tackle illegal fishing and control access to fishery resources. With this in mind, project consultants have assisted fishery authorities in the four participating countries strengthen their national fisheries governance as part of the first phase of the programme.



The results already have been dramatic - the fight against illegal fishing being particularly successful in countries suffering the most from illegal fishing activities. 


Improved detection of illegal fishing has been assisted by increased radar and satellite-based fishing vessel monitoring by all four countries, compared with only Senegal previously. 


In addition, a greater number of marine patrols is enabling national fishing authorities to catch more illegal vessels that their new vessel monitoring systems now are detecting.


Liberia, for example, has reported an 83% reduction in illegal fishing. In addition a number of fraudulent licenses have been discovered by fishery officials, worth more than annual revenues collected from official fishing licenses, the World Bank recently reported, revealing a pattern of fraud that operated in the past.


An idea of the value of lost fishery resources from illegal fishing can be seen from the case of the South Korean-owned, Sierra Leone-licensed Nine Star fishing boat which Liberia’s Ministry of Agriculture arrested for illegal fishing in the third quarter of 2013. 


The ministry later officially reported that it had auctioned the illegal catch for US$216,000, and in a warning to other illegal operators, the ministry fined the Nine Star’s owners $1 million for illegal fishing in Liberian territorial waters.


Tackling illegal inshore fishing benefits local fishing communities in addition to reducing lost government revenue. 


In Sierra Leone and Liberia, successful efforts to remove illegal trawlers from a three mile inner zone in coastal waters have cleared space for artisanal fishermen in local fishing villages to exploit. In Sierra Leone, some fishing villages have reported increases in catch of up to 42% in fishing grounds where illegal vessels previously operated.


Cape Verde’s fishing industry also is benefiting from government measures to strengthen sustainable fisheries management and fight illegal fishing which have included setting up a marine fisheries observer programme.


The efforts are important as the European Union in a recent assessment has commended Cape Verde’s effort to tackle illegal fishing, which is a condition for the country to be permitted to export fishery products to the EU.


Increased revenues

Measures to strengthen sustainable fisheries management and fight illegal fishing already have increased government revenues in some West African countries.


In Sierra Leone, for example, improved governance in the fisheries administration has resulted in official revenues from the fisheries sector increasing to US$3.8 million in 2013, more than four times the $900,000 recorded in 2008.


In Senegal, the introduction of community-led fisheries management systems has been successful in restoring depleted fishery resources; some fishing villages have reported more than doubling their fisheries catch as a result. 


Meanwhile, a number Territorial Use Rights Fisheries (TURFs) have been established in all four countries to act as a model for establishing other community-led fishery management systems in future. 


The number of communities or villages that are members of a TURF varies in each country and area. In addition, involving two or more communities in a single TURF requires a Co-Management Association (CMA) to be established to represent all member communities in running the fishery.


Sierra Leone, for example, has legally registered 15 TURFS as CMAs, while in Senegal 12 communities are members of eight TURFs, all being registered as CMAs.


Meanwhile, tracking the impact of improved management measures on fishery resources as part of the West Africa regional fisheries scheme includes monitoring two selected over-exploited fisheries in each of the four countries. 


Although it is still early to document signs of recovery with certainty, coastal shrimp numbers in Senegal and Sierra Leone already are reported to be showing signs of recovery along with spiny lobster in Cape Verde.



Among other developments attributable to the regional fisheries programme, Senegal, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cape Verde have almost all achieved 100% registration rates for their artisanal fishing fleets. 


Cape Verde, for example, has piloted an incentive-based registration scheme which is now considered as best practice in West Africa.


Although dramatic improvements already are being reported, the West Africa fisheries programme target of establishing sustainable management systems has still to be achieved and is the current focus of efforts as the World Bank-backed scheme draws to a close.


Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cape Verde still have to finalise and roll out their sustainable fisheries policy reforms which are due to include secured long term fishing rights for coastal communities.


In Liberia, the bank’s project team reported, the country’s new revised fisheries law has integrated a rights-based approach to coastal fisheries, while in Cape Verde the fisheries law recently has been revised but still requires fisheries management plans to be completed.


In Senegal, revision of the legal framework is nearing completion, while in Sierra Leone a rights-based approach to community fishing has been approved in principle and is being integrated into the fishery policy framework.


Senegal, in fact, already has implemented a robust management system for industrial scale fishing, having reduced the number of large fishing vessels operating in the country’s waters from 117 in 2005 to 2012 vessels in 2012 by operating a fishing boat buy-back scheme to reduce overfishing. 


The buy-back scheme’s success is evident as some fishing boat owners are reported to have rejected government buy-back offers as fishing recently has become more profitable due to fewer large fishing vessels being in operation.


Meanwhile, in a new development, the Senegal fishing authority’s focus is switching to managing the nation’s fast growing artisanal fishing fleet.


From 13,000 canoes in 2009, the number of officially registered fishing canoes has grown to around 21,000 at present as more coastal communities look to marine fisheries to improve their livelihood.



Meanwhile, new infrastructure facilities are under construction in West Africa to support fisheries development by providing fishing harbour and storage facilities capable of handling large fishing vessels.


In Liberia, for example, construction has started at Robertsport on Mesurado Pier which will be designed to handle large fishing vessels.


Elsewhere, in Sierra Leone, construction has started in Konakreedee on modern fish harbour facilities, while in Cape Verde construction is well underway on a cold storage facility on Sal Island to hold fishery products prior to export.


Meanwhile, a recent study funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has estimated the value added by the fisheries sector as a whole to all African countries in 2011 as US$24 billion or 1.26% the continent’s entire combined GDP


Due to be published shortly, the study ‘The value of African fisheries’ was carried out in the framework of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development NEPAD-FAO Fisheries Programme with the aim of estimating the contribution of fisheries to African nation’s GDPs and the employment generated by the whole fisheries sector including fishing, processing, licensing of local fleets, and aquaculture.


Total industrial scale marine fisheries including fishing, processing and licenses were worth $6.8 billion in 2011, the study revealed, while total artisanal marine fisheries including fishing, processing and licensing were worth $8.1 billion annually.


Although aquaculture is still developing in Africa and is concentrated mostly in a few countries, it is worth $2.8 billion a year already, the study found. 


Total inland fisheries, including fishing, processing and licenses, were worth $6.3 billion in total for all African countries.


In addition to the estimated value added of $24 billion in 2011, the FAO conservatively estimates that African countries received around $400 million in fishing licensing fees from foreign companies for fishing rights in their exclusive economic zones. 


The FAO points out that with 25% of all marine catches around Africa’s lengthy coastline being landed by non-African fishing vessels, the potential value added to local economies could be far higher than the $400 million received in fishing license fees if African fishing fleets also accounted for this portion of the continent’s total marine catch.


Morocco is Africa’s largest marine capture fisheries nation with a total marine catch of 1.16 million metric tons (mt) in 2012, up 22% compared with the previous year, ranking the country 18th in the world for marine capture fisheries.


Africa still lags behind the rest of the world in marine fishing boat technology with about 64% of marine fishing vessels used in Africa being non-motorised in 2012, according to the study, compared with a world average of 30% and the same average of 30% for fishing boats used in Asia.

Inland fisheries

Inland fisheries, meanwhile, are important in Africa where 2.7 million mt or one third of the continent’s total wild capture fisheries comes from inland waters. 


Uganda is Africa’s largest inland fisheries producer recording a catch of 408,000 mt in 2012 and ranking sixth in the world.

Nigeria is the second largest producer with a catch of 312,000 mt in 2012, followed by Egypt with 240,000 mt and Democratic Republic of the Congo with 214,000 mt.


Aquaculture also offers important growth potential. Egypt is the continent’s largest producer with total production of 1.02 million mt in 2012, all fin fish reared inland using mainly saline water.


Aquaculture production recently has grown quickly in West Africa where some 455,000 mt of farmed fish were produced in 2012.

Fishing and fisheries-related activities are important sources of employment in Africa and job opportunities could grow in countries where important fisheries resources remain undeveloped.



The study estimates that the fisheries sector as a whole employs 12.3 million people as full-time fishermen or full and part-time processors, representing 2.1% of Africa’s population aged between 15 and 64 years old.


Fishers represent half of all people employed in fisheries while 42.4% are processors and 7.5% work in aquaculture.


Women account for about 27.3% of all people employed in fisheries-related activities, representing 58% of those working as processors. Women, however, represent just 3.6% of fishers and 4% of those working in aquaculture.


In terms of regional employment trends, the study found that a high percentage of those employed in processing live in western and southern Africa, while in East African countries the number of fishermen often exceeds that of processors.


Nigeria is ranked first in Africa with two million people employed in fisheries and aquaculture followed by Morocco with almost 1.4 million people and Uganda with 1 million.


However, in terms of fishers, Morocco is ranked first with 870,000 fishers, followed by Nigeria with 790,000 and Uganda 470,000 and Mali 350,000 fishers.


Nigeria has the most processors, with over one million people employed in fisheries processing, followed by Morocco with slightly over 500,000, then Uganda 420,000 and Ghana 385,000.


Aquaculture, as noted already, is more developed in North Africa where Egypt has 580,000 people working on fish farms, followed by West Africa where 135,000 people are employed in aquaculture and Ghana with 53,000.


World Fishing & Aquaculture

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SOUTH AFRICA: Minister Molewa calls for public comments on the Draft Shark Biodiversity Management Plan

SOUTH AFRICA: Minister Molewa calls for public comments on the Draft Shark Biodiversity Management Plan | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The Minister of Environmental Affairs, Mrs Edna Molewa, has published the draft Shark Biodiversity Management Plan in the Government Gazette on the 29th April 2014 for public comment in terms of sections 43(3)(a), 47(1), 99 and 100 of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (Act No. 10 of 2004). Notice is hereby given in terms of section 100(1)(b) of the Act, that the public may submit comments on the draft plan.


The primary purpose of the plan is to attain and maintain a favourable conservation status for resident and migratory sharks within the Republic, taking into account the socio-economic value of these species.


Anyone who wishes to submit comments in connection with draft Shark Biodiversity Management Plan is invited to do so no later than 16:00 on the 25th of January 2015. Comments can be sent as follows:


By post to:

The Deputy Director-General
Department of Environmental Affairs
Oceans and Coasts
Attention: Mr. Gcobani Popose
P.O. Box 52126
V & A Waterfront, Cape Town


By e-mail to:

Enquiries: Ms. Zintle Mapekula, Tel: 021 819 2474

Copies of the English version are available at the offices of the Department’s Oceans and Coasts branch, located at East Pier Building, East Pier Road, V&A Waterfront and on the Department’s website.


Electronic copies of the Draft Shark Biodiversity Management Plan may be obtained by emailing a request for a copy to Ms. Zintle Mapekula (


To access the gazette, click on the following link:


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AUSTRALIA: Crab fishing in Cockburn Sound on hold until stocks recover

AUSTRALIA: Crab fishing in Cockburn Sound on hold until stocks recover | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Following a review of the stock status of blue swimmer crabs in Cockburn Sound, it has been decided not to reopen the area to either commercial or recreational crab fishing for the 2014/15 season to assist with the recovery of the stock.

The decision not to reopen the fishery next month follows the early closure of the last crabbing season in Cockburn Sound on 14 May this year.

Department of Fisheries South West Bioregions Manager Tim Nicholas said the latest review of the stocks shows the fishery needs to stay closed until crab numbers rebound.

“Our monitoring is showing the abundance of juvenile and residual crabs has decreased to very low levels and egg production has also declined significantly, so it’s vital the current breeding crabs are fully protected from fishing to allow the blue swimmer stock the maximum opportunity to rebuild,” Mr Nicholas said.

“The department believes the stock issues are largely being driven by ongoing unfavourable environmental conditions as well as biological factors.

“This creates a challenge for us because we cannot control the environmental or biological factors, but we can adapt the management to reduce fishing pressure on the stock and closures are effective in achieving this. Importantly, the department will maintain its close monitoring of the stock to check the progress of recovery.”

Mr Nicholas said the Department of Fisheries had consulted with Recfishwest and the WA Fishing Industry Council about the concerns for Cockburn Sound crabs, to work through the science and formulate management responses to aid the recovery of the stock.

“The department has a proven track record for identifying and dealing with issues regarding fishery stocks and, with the help of the sector bodies who take their stewardship roles very seriously, developed strategies that have previously resulted in the recovery of fish stocks – for example rock lobster and demersal scalefish species,” he said.

Fishers are reminded that the crab fishing closure area that applies to recreational fishing includes all waters of Cockburn Sound, as far north as the line from Woodman Point to the northern end of Carnac Island.


To find out more about the closure area for crab fishing in Cockburn Sound and other fishing closures, you can find details at

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AUSTRALIA: South Australian sardine fishermen get quota increase

AUSTRALIA: South Australian sardine fishermen get quota increase | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

South Australia’s sardine fishers have adopted a new management plan which aims to ensure the AUD 20 million (USD 17 million) sardine industry remains sustainable.

The 10-year plan sets out the allocation of the resource, as well as harvest strategies, stock assessment processes, compliance and monitoring arrangements, and regulations for the fishery.

Agriculture, Food and Fisheries Minister Leon Bignell launched the plan today in Port Lincoln, and said it was the result of extensive consultation with the industry.

“The fortunes of South Australia’s sardine fishery have fluctuated since its creation in 1991, hitting a peak catch of almost 57,000 tonnes in 2004-2005,” he said.

“In 2012-13 the total catch was almost 34,000 tonnes with a value of around AUD 20 million. Reduced catches and a fall in the price of sardines have impacted on the industry during the past few years.

“However, with co-operation between Primary Industries and Regions SA (PIRSA) and the industry, the development of this new management plan is set to deliver sustainable growth for our sardine fishers.”

This year the Total Allocated Commercial Catch has been increased by 4,000 tonnes, or 11.8 per cent, to 38,000 tonnes.

Following a two-month consultation period, the Fisheries Council of South Australia recommended the new management plan in September, and it commenced on 1 November.

The Fisheries Management Act 2007 requires that management plans be prepared for all South Australian fisheries.

The plans must also identify impacts of the fisheries on the ecosystem and any ecological factors that could impact the fishery.

Ecological Sustainable Development risk assessment workshops were conducted by PIRSA with the industry as part of the development of the new management plan.

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REVISTA: pesca - Diciembre 2014

Dejemos de vivir de espaldas al mar y a su pesca leyendo y accediendo a medios de información alternativos como la revista Pesca. De esta manera podemos empezar a formarnos un criterio propio sobre la pesca peruana y sobre la influencia que tiene o puede tener la política y el poder sobre la regulación y administración de las pesquerías. Podemos dejar de vivir de espaldas al mar y dejar de ser sujetos pasivos de la información que invade nuestras vidas. Leamos y opinemos.

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AUSTRALIA: Expert panel warns of supertrawler environmental risks

AUSTRALIA: Expert panel warns of supertrawler environmental risks | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

An expert scientific panel has warned of broad environmental risks of a supertrawler in Australia's small pelagic fishery.    


In a report on the controversial plan, the federal government-appointed panel found a host of protected native seals and seabirds would be at risk of losing their food to the fishing, even if special precautions were taken.      


"The panel's assessment has confirmed that there are considerable uncertainties relating to the extent of those impacts, and the level of impact that would create adverse environmental outcomes," the report released on Tuesday said.    


The panel was asked to examine the fishery for jack mackerel and redbait by the previous Labor government after it banned the Dutch-owned super trawler Margiris when it came to Australia to fish an 18,000-tonne quota in 2012.    


Prime Minister Tony Abbott said earlier this year that the supertrawler would remain banned, but the small pelagic quota holder Seafish Tasmania has entered the fishery for assessment of its sustainability by the independent Marine Stewardship Council.  


The expert panel, chaired by fisheries management consultant Mary Lack, was asked to report to the Environment Minister, now Greg Hunt, on the proposal's effects on protected species, and whether it would cause localised depletion of the target fish.    


The report found it was inevitable that the fishing would directly affect protected species of seals, dolphins and seabirds.    


"Some interactions will result in mortalities regardless of the adoption of the best available mitigation and management measures; however, there remains uncertainty about the extent of those interactions," the report said.    


Among species at greatest risk from localised depletion of their prey were fur seals, gannets, short-tailed shearwaters, little penguins and shy albatross.    


But it concluded the localised depletion of small pelagic target fish was unlikely to affect the overall stocks of the fish.  


The Greens' spokesman on fisheries, Peter Whish-Wilson, said the report vindicated opponents of the ship, including conservation groups and recreational fishers.    


"The Greens have long argued that the science on the wider impacts were too uncertain for the minister to make a call on allowing this gigantic floating factory into our waters," Senator Whish-Wilson said .    

"We are still a long way away from a point where we could be confident that industrial-scale fishing from a supertrawler wouldn't have these impacts."  


The Commonwealth Fisheries Association was contacted for comment.


It has defended the use of large vessels, saying size and dimensions should not be a driving factor when it comes to fisheries management decisions.


A spokesman for Mr Hunt said the government was considering its response to the expert panel report, as it worked to develop a permanent solution.


A two-year ban on a supertrawler hauling its nets lapsed earlier this month, but a further ban on a supertrawler acting as a mother ship, receiving and processing fish, is in place until next April.


Andrew DarbyHobart correspondent for Fairfax Media


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