A new tool can document sustainable cod and haddock fishing in the North Atlantic. A European Good Practice standard has been created.
The European white fish industry is subject to strict rules for documentation and traceability. Many of the world’s fish stocks are highly threatened and powerful forces are warning consumers not to eat white fish. Even though the cod and haddock stocks in the North Atlantic are still healthy and sustainable, the products have problems when they come onto the market in competition with cheap farmed species from Asia and Africa, and it is far from self-evident which products are sustainable and which are not.
In the three-year WhiteFish project, industry organisations and 15 researchers from all over Europe have developed a new method and standard to document the environmental impact and sustainability of cod and haddock. This is about documenting everything from the individual fishing vessel’s environmental audit, including fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, to the fisheries’ significance to society.
«We have systemised a huge quantity of data about everything that happens relating to harvesting, processing and distribution,» says Scientist Kathryn Donnelly of Nofima.
The fisheries industry is subject to strict rules for documentation and traceability. Using the standard developed in WhiteFish, individual companies can plot information about their operation and calculate their environmental audit and sustainability, which means that individual companies can identify where they could improve in terms of the environment, welfare and economy.
The Batch-based Calculation of Sustainability Impact (BCSI) method is based on a huge quantity of collected data and makes it possible for those in the industry to make ongoing sustainability assessments for their own products.
WhiteFish has been a three-year (2012-2014) EU project, with Senior Scientist Petter Olsen of Nofima as project coordinator. The method that was developed is now being implemented and tested in practice and the associated standard is under consultation with industry organisations and other stakeholders.
Νεκρά δελφίνια συνεχίζουν να ξεβράζονται στις ακτές του Κόλπου του Μεξικό, πέντε χρόνια μετά τη μεγαλύτερη πετρελαιοκηλίδα στην ιστορία.
Τα νεκρά δελφίνια, όπως και άλλα θαλάσσια ζώα, αποτελούν κοινό φαινόμενο από το 2010, μετά τη διαρροή 4,9 εκατομμυρίων βαρελιών πετρελαίου από την εξέδρα άντλησης πετρελαίου Deepwater Horizon στον Κόλπο του Μεξικό.
Νέα έρευνα του Εθνικού Ιδρύματος Θαλάσσιων Θηλαστικών των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών κατέγραψε τους συνεχιζόμενους θανάτους των δελφινιών και υποδεικνύει την πετρελαιοκηλίδα της BP ως κύριο υπαίτιο, αν και οι εκπρόσωποι της εταιρείας αρνούνται κάθε σχέση με τους πρόσφατους θανάτους.
Από το 2010, 1.305 δελφίνια έχουν ξεβραστεί στις ακτές του κόλπου, με το 94 τοις εκατό εξ αυτών να βρίσκονται ήδη νεκρά. Σε επίσημη ανακοίνωσή της στο διαδίκτυο, η BP ισχυρίζεται πως ο ασυνήθιστα υψηλός ρυθμός θνησιμότητας δεν οφείλεται στο ατύχημα του 2010, καθώς εμφανίστηκε για πρώτη φορά τρεις μήνες πριν το περιστατικό.
Ωστόσο, προηγούμενες μελέτες το 2014 αποκάλυψαν πως τα δελφίνια της περιοχής εμφανίζουν συμπτώματα έκθεσης σε πετρέλαιο και αυξημένη συχνότητα κρουσμάτων όπως παθήσεις του πνεύμονα, προβλήματα των επινεφριδίων και απώλεια δοντιών.
Τα ευρήματα αυτά υποστηρίζουν και ανεξάρτητες έρευνες της Εθνικής Υπηρεσίας Ωκεανών και Ατμόσφαιρας των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών (ΝΟΑΑ).
«Όσο μαθαίνουμε περισσότερα, τόσο γίνεται πιο εμφανές ότι η πετρελαιοκηλίδα της BP συνεχίζει να επηρεάζει αρνητικά την άγρια ζωή στον Κόλπο του Μεξικό», δήλωσε ο Ράιαν Φάικς, υπεύθυνος αποκατάστασης του κόλπου για το Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Άγριας Ζωής. «Οι υπεύθυνοι της εταιρείας οφείλουν να αναλάβουν τις ευθύνες τους», πρόσθεσε.
Koi ponds attract pond predators; this issue has several articles about how to control those unwanted predators and stories about them visiting our ponds. We are continuing the series on Goldfish Standards and visit Nogami Koi Farm in Japan.
Et voilà le 7ème et premier numéro de l’année. Nous revoilà parti pour une nouvelle année et 6 numéros qui vous accompagneront tous les 1er mercredi des mois impairs. Mais pour poursuivre notre aventure, nous avons toujours autant besoin de vous! Vous pouvez lire cet article et si vous souhaitez nous aider à promouvoir ce magazine gratuit, il vous suffit de vous rendre sur cette page qui vous explique comment faire. Bonne lecture à tous!
A JRC-organised session on coastal and marine ecosystem services generated a lot of interest and positive feedback from the participants at last month’s annual Association of the Sciences of Limnology & Oceanography (ASLO) 2015 meeting in Granada, Spain.
This year’s ASLO meeting, the theme of which was “Aquatic Sciences: Global And Regional Perspectives — North Meets South”, was attended by more than 5 000 scientists from all over the world.
There was standing room only at the JRC-organised session, entitled “Bridging the gap between ecosystem modelling and ecosystem services’ assessment in coastal and marine waters”. The JRC chaired the session and made two of the six presentations, which were complemented by sessions from French, Spanish and US research organisations. The session was very well received and generated lively discussions among the attendees.
The oceans and the coastal zones are considered to be the largest contributors to the total economic value of the biosphere through ecosystem services such as the provision of fish, water purification, carbon sequestration and recreation. However, the modelling and quantification of these services is relatively limited compared to terrestrial assessments. Ecosystem modelling assesses the structure and functioning of marine and coastal ecosystems, and is therefore a very suitable tool for assessing the related ecosystem services.
It is hoped that the improved assessment of coastal and marine ecosystem services will help raise awareness about the inherent value of the biosphere, and put a halt to the further degradation/destruction of this natural capital.
The continuing growth of aquaculture is no secret, but the technical and scientific know-how is far from simple. Consider the physical and nutritional demands of feed for differing aquatic environments, feeding habits, and sizes of the hugely diverse range of aquatic species farmed today and the complexity of producing aquafeeds becomes clear.
On top of this, the industry is seeking sustainable protein alternatives, cheaper carb sources and new functional ingredients, so we see algal products, co-products from biofuel production and other novel ingredients becoming available. They hold the promise of helping the aquafeed manufacturer be environmentally responsibility, and achieve production efficiency and profitability – but do we know their processing implications?
Brought to you by the industry’s knowledge communicator, Aquafeed.com, the 8th Aquafeed Horizons Conference will arm delegates with the latest processing information to meet head on the challenges facing this sector.
Emirates Diving Association (EDA) is a non-profit voluntary federal organization based in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates and is accredited by UNEP as an International Environmental Organization. EDA produces a quarterly magazine, ‘Divers for the Environment’, for the active and growing diving community in the UAE, for the neighbouring region and for its international members and readers.
The Global Aquaculture Advocate is a four-color trade magazine focused on efficient and responsible aquaculture throughout the world.
Written by and for professionals from all farmed seafood sectors, “The Global Magazine for Farmed Seafood” features a range of culture species in articles valued for both their technical content and informative perspectives. (Past issues now available in Spanish.)
Danmarks største fiskerederi udvider flåden: Gitte Henning A/S, der ejes af fiskeskipper Henning Kjeldsen, har udvidet flåden med yderligere to skibe. De er købt og straks efter sendt til Thyborøn for at blive forlænget og renoveret med henblik på at blive klar til sæsonen efter tobis og brisling starter hen på foråret. - Thyborøn Havn med ny rekordomsætning: Thyborøn Havn ser tilbage på 100 års jubilæumsåret med rekordomsætning igen. 2014 har budt på stor fremgang i fiskeriet krydret med nye godstyper og større aktivitet på skibsanløb til reparationer mv. - Nedskæring i kvoterne - et dødsstød til fiskerne: For fiskerne i Hundested i Nordsjælland var indgangen til 2015 absolut ikke nogen jubelscene. De nye kvoteordninger fra årsskiftet har betydet en halvering på primærfangsten - søtunger. Garnfisker og tidligere formand for Hundested Fiskeriforening nu formand for Hundested Havn, Børge Larsen, kalder det for dødsstødet til garnfiskerne i bl.a. Hundested.
While shark’s fin soup has long been a revered delicacy for the Chinese, trade in shark has recently declined, notes a new study from WorldFish scientist Hampus Eriksson and shark trade expert Shelley Clarke from the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security. The study also reports that while there is growing conservation momentum for shark, the trade in sea cucumber, another high-value Chinese delicacy, has not diminished. Seven species in this group of animals are now endangered due to overfishing.
Sea cucumber is the second most valuable seafood export from the Pacific Islands after tuna. However, unlike tuna fishing, which requires considerable investment in vessels and gears, sea cucumber harvesting can be done with minimal equipment, such as a bucket. Therefore, sea cucumber harvesting provides an important source of livelihoods for poor and vulnerable communities.
The report’s authors note that current regulatory environments are insufficient to safeguard sea cucumbers and recommend strengthened conservation strategies. Proper governance of fisheries and supply chains will be necessary to make sure that sea cucumbers are harvested sustainably and fishers livelihoods are not negatively impacted.
Stephen J Hall, Director General, WorldFish: “We must achieve a balance between conservation and the livelihoods of those that depend on this valuable resource. Improved trade monitoring systems will greatly assist in guiding appropriate management responses. In parallel we should also put greater effort into understanding the potential of aquaculture to reduce the pressure on wild caught sea cucumber.”
Scientists note that sea cucumber plays a vital role in the recycling of nutrients that can, in turn, feed algae and coral. Some believe that they may also play a role in reducing coral damage due to ocean acidification.
Part of the challenge is better understanding how global supply chains can be governed in ways that support equitable distribution of benefits to fishers and under what management models this can be achieved.
Chinese market responses to overexploitation of sharks and sea cucumbers also discusses how the Chinese seafood market for these products has adapted to compensate for declining wild catch stocks. For sea cucumbers, aquaculture is now a major contributor towards maintaining overall production in the face of overfished wild resources. A Chinese government led campaign against consumption of shark fin soup combined with mounting global concern has reduced trade the report concludes.
For more information or to request an interview:
Contact: Toby Johnson, Senior Media Relations Manager
WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Globally, more than one billion poor people obtain most of their animal protein from fish and 800 million depend on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods. WorldFish is a member of CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food-secure future.
CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. Its science is carried out by the 15 research Centers that are members of the CGIAR Consortium in collaboration with hundreds of partners.
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